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Barns tankar om den egna kroppen: En undersökning om barns uppfattningar med uppföljning efter 18 månader
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children's thoughts about their own body : A study of children's comprehensions with a follow-up after 18 month (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med rapporten var att undersöka hur barn i åldern fyra-fem år tänker om sin egen kropp, vilka uppfattningar om kroppen som finns. Sju barn har deltagit genom kvalitativa intervjuer och en uppföljning ca 18 månader senare visar hur uppfattningarna förändrats eller utvecklats. Barnen blev även erbjudna att måla en teckning som visade insidan på en människokropp.

   Barnens svar var bundna till situationer och uppfattningarna om kroppen hade utvecklats sedan de första intervjuerna, även om en del svar var ganska lika. Barnens spontana svar om den egna kroppen var många; det finns ett hjärta, hjärna, skelett, blod för att nämna några svar. Några av barnen kände till hjärtat och hjärnans funktion.

   Barnen fick också besvara frågor om vad som händer med maten vi äter, vad som händer med människokroppen när man blir gammal och om sjukdom. Fyra barn berättade att maten först hamnar i magen och därefter i rumpan/toaletten, de andra barnen menade att maten stoppar i magen. När man blir gammal menade några barn att man dör eller att kroppen blir trött och orkar mindre. Barnen berättade även om olika sjukdomar de haft eller känner till, om medicin och att man kan bli sjuk genom smitta.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the essay was to examine how children of the age of four to five years old think about their own body, and their understanding of the body. Seven children have participated through qualitative interviews and a follow-up after about 18 months shows how the comprehensions have changed or developed. The children were also offered to make a drawing that showed the inside of a human body.

   The answers of the children were tied to situations and the comprehensions of the body had evolved since the first interviews, even though some answers were rather similar. The children's spontaneous thoughts about their own body were many; there is a heart, brain, skeleton, and blood, to name a few answers. Some of the children know the function of the heart and brain.

   The children were also asked about what happens to the food we eat, what happens with the human body when you grow old, and about illness. Four children said that the food at first ends up in the stomach and then in the rump/toilet, the other children advocated that the food will stop in the stomach. Some children advocated that you die when you grow old or that the body gets tired and have less energy. The children also talked about different diseases they had or knew about, about medicine and the fact that it's possible to get a disease through contagion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Children, comprehension, human body, illness.
Keywords [sv]
Barn, uppfattning, människokroppen, sjukdom.
National Category
Other Biological Topics Natural Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-3669OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-3669DiVA, id: diva2:174446
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
bio-/geovetenskap
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-04-14 Created: 2009-02-22 Last updated: 2009-04-14Bibliographically approved

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