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Anställningsbidrag: integration eller etnisk segmentering?
Sociologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5376-9006
Sociologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1139-5653
2020 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 30-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Antalet subventionerade jobb har växt samtidigt som andelen utrikes födda bidragsanställda ökat och andelen funktionsnedsatta minskat. Anställningsbidragen är särskilt frekventa i handels-, restaurang-, städoch bemanningsbranscherna. I föreliggande studie har samtliga nya anställningsbidrag 2016 i de fyra branscherna i Helsingborg undersökts. En tydlig etnisk segmentering påvisas genom att en betydande del av utrikes födda med subventionerade jobb finns hos arbetsgivare med utrikes bakgrund, medan inrikes födda (inklusive nästan alla funktionsnedsatta) vanligen finns hos arbetsgivare med inrikes bakgrund. De flesta bidragsanställda hos arbetsgivarna med utrikes bakgrund finns i mindre företag utan kollektivavtal. En slutsats är att anställningsbidragen riskerar förstärka den etniska segmenteringen på arbetsmarknaden.

Abstract [en]

The number of persons in Sweden with subsidized jobs has grown. At the same time, the share of foreign-born with subsidized jobs has increased,  while the share of disabled has declined. The subsidized jobs are most common in the retail, restaurant, cleaning and staffing sectors. The present study investigates all new subsidized jobs in 2016 in these sectors in Helsingborg. The study found clear signs of ethnic segmentation as a significant share of foreign-born persons with subsidized jobs had employers with a foreign background, while the domestic-born (including almost all disabled) usually had native employers. Most subsidized jobs provided by employers with a foreign background were in small firms without collective agreements. A conclusion is that subsidized jobs risk reinforcing the ethnic labour market segmentation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2020. Vol. 26, no 1, p. 30-52
Keywords [en]
subsidized jobs, ethnic segmentation, collective agreement, disabled, foreign-born
Keywords [sv]
anställningsbidrag, subventionerade jobb, etnisk segmentering, kollektivavtal
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-77663OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-77663DiVA, id: diva2:1426644
Available from: 2020-04-27 Created: 2020-04-27 Last updated: 2020-04-27

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Frödin, OlleKjellberg, Anders
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