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Flytande inflytande: Affektiva relationer mellan barn och miljön i förskolan
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1687-9510
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Fluent Influence : Affective Relations between Children and the Milieu in Preschool (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this doctoral thesis is to develop more understandings concerning children’s influence in preschool. By adopting an immanent approach the study centers on young children’s affective relations with the milieu in preschool.

The empirical material was produced through approximately 30 hours of observations by video camera and field notes in a preschool department with children aged one to three years. Focus of the observations has been to follow the children in their everyday lives in preschool.

The result shows three forms of influence characterized by four qualities. One quality is that influence is understood as collective. This means that the children’s relations always involves other actors, both human and non-human which produces an understanding of influence as fluent in the relations between different actors. Children’s relations also emerge through active affects with a creative quality to produce difference and alternatives. This produces an understanding of a child-influence. The result shows how the active intensity in child-influence also sometimes involves the pedagogues. Other affects that has emerged between the children and the milieu in preschool are the passive ones. These affects decreases the intensity and are characterized by acting as usual and according to routines. The pedagogues’ responses to the children’s relations are characterized by both a standardized response that points to a territorialization of earlier routines and the recognizable, and an affective attunement which emerge as a quality where the pedagogues’ tune in to the children’s affective relations. The affective attunement becomes a possibility for a togetherness-influence.

The study concludes that instead of arranging certain situations where children verbally can express their opinions and take part in decision-making the influence of young children can be based on their bodily and affective relations with the milieu in preschool.

Abstract [sv]

Alla barn i förskolan skall ha reellt inflytande över verksamheten enligt förskolans läroplan. Tidigare studier visar att arbetet med barns inflytande ofta innefattar individuella förmågor som att verbalt uttrycka en åsikt, göra olika val samt förstå konsekvenser av dessa val. Detta riskerar att exkludera förskolebarn i åldern ett till tre år. Syftet med denna avhandling är att utveckla fler förståelser av de yngsta barnens inflytande i förskolan. Genom observationer av en förskoleavdelning har fokus riktats mot det barnen söker sig till i miljön i förskolan.

Studien visar hur inflytande kan förstås kollektivt där både mänskliga och ickemänskliga aktörer relaterar med varandra och blir delaktiga i det som sker. Det blir därmed inte intressant att förlägga inflytandet till en individ i sig själv. Inflytande lyfts även fram i relation till barnens både kreativa och nyskapande samt upprepande och upprätthållande relationer med miljön i förskolan. Pedagogernas respons till barnens relationer bemöts med att bromsa upp men också genom att tona in barnens kroppsliga uttryck vilket förstås som en möjlighet för barns inflytande.

Avhandlingen bidrar med ökad kunskap om hur de yngsta barnens inflytande i förskolan kan ta form genom deras kroppsliga relationer med förskolans miljö.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2019. , p. 175
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2019:10
Keywords [en]
Children’s influence, preschool, one- to three year olds, Deleuze & Guattari, affective relations, becoming-child, child-influence
Keywords [sv]
Barns inflytande, förskola, de yngsta barnen, Deleuze & Guattari, affektiva relationer, barnblivande, barninflytande
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71589ISBN: 978-91-7867-010-9 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7867-015-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71589DiVA, id: diva2:1297988
Public defence
2019-05-03, Nyquistsalen, 9C 203, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Ungerberg, Kristin

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