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Acting out on Twitter: Affordances for animating reported speech in written computer-mediated communication
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur (from 2013).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0680-4275
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Text & Talk, ISSN 1860-7330, E-ISSN 1860-7349, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 121-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Quotative be like is a construction associated with informal spoken contexts and, especially, with various forms of embodied enactments. This study examines instances of quotative be like in a corpus of Twitter data (1,000,000 tweets; 1,113 quotative instances). Special attention is paid to how users of Twitter employ the platform's affordances to animate their speech reports - i.e. to represent voices, enact body language, or otherwise 'dramatize' the speech reports. The aim is to investigate how a linguistic format which is richly embodied in face-to-face interaction gets 're-embodied' on Twitter. The study finds that animation of reported speech on Twitter is visually, and predominantly typographically, afforded. In the material, oral practices are more frequently reconfigured and remediated rather than directly reproduced. That is to say, even when users are not reproducing spoken utterances, they often employ graphical strategies that are mainly understandable by analogy to spoken and embodied face-to-face interaction. However, users also draw on emergent online repertoires with no face-to-face analogues, such as 'pure' typographical play and the recruitment of established online memes. Thus, the findings suggest that orality lingers as a trace, but is not a necessary component, in bringing reported speech to life in a text-based computer-mediated setting. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
De Gruyter Mouton , 2019. Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 121-145
Nyckelord [en]
affordance, animation, computer- mediated communication (CMC), enactment, reported speech, social media, Twitter
Nationell ämneskategori
Språk och litteratur
Forskningsämne
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70580DOI: 10.1515/text-2018-2021ISI: 000453252800006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057301713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-70580DiVA, id: diva2:1273073
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Artikeln publicerad som manuskript i Wikströms doktorsavhandling I tweet like I talk: Aspects of speech and writing on Twitter

Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-20 Skapad: 2018-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. I tweet like I talk: Aspects of speech and writing on Twitter
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>I tweet like I talk: Aspects of speech and writing on Twitter
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation investigates linguistic and metalinguistic practices in everyday Twitter discourse in relation to aspects of speech and writing. The overarching aim is to investigate how the spoken–written interface is reconfigured in the digital writing spaces of social media.

The dissertation comprises four empirical case studies and six chapters. The first study investigates communicative functions of hashtags in a speech act pragmatic framework, focalizing tagging practices that not only mark topics or organize hypertextual interaction, but rather have more specific locally meaningful functions. Two studies investigate reported speech in tweets, focusing on quotatives typically associated with informal conversational interaction (e.g., BE like). The studies identify strategies by which Twitter users animate (Tannen, 2007) speech reports. Further, one of the studies explores how such animating practices are afforded (Hutchby, 2001). Lexically, orthographically, and with images, but primarily through typography, users make voice, gesture, and stance present in their tweets, digitally re-embodying the rich nonverbal expressivity of animation in talk. Finally, a study investigates notions of talk-like tweeting from an emic perspective, showing users' negotiations of how tweets can and should correspond to speech in relation to social identity, linguistic competence, and personal authenticity.

Six chapters situate and synthesize the case studies in an expanded theoretical framework. Together, the studies show how Twitter's speech–writing hybridity extends beyond a mix of linguistic features, and challenges a traditional idea of writing as a mere representation of speech. Talk-like tweeting remediates (Bolter & Grusin, 2000) presence and embodiment, forgoing the abstraction of phonetic print literacy for nonverbal expressivity and an embodied written surface. Twitter talk is shown not simply to substitute literacy norms for oral norms, but to complicate and reconfigure these norms. Talk-like tweeting makes manifest an ongoing cultural renegotiation of the meanings of speech and writing in the era of digital social media.

Abstract [en]

What does it mean to tweet like one talks? To pose this question is really to ask what happens to the relation between spoken and written language, and to cultural values tied to orality and literacy, in the digital writing spaces of social media. This dissertation investigates particular features of Twitter discourse in relation to questions concerning the technological mediation of language-in-interaction, with an emphasis on themes traditionally linked with ideas of speech and writing.

Based on the findings of four empirical case studies, the dissertation argues that Twitter writing remediates speech, hybridizing spoken and written language in ways that extend beyond a mere mix of linguistic features. The everyday digital texts of social media revive and reconfigure ideas about how, or whether, writing represents speech, about textual authenticity, about the conditions of possibility for personal presence and voice in virtual spaces, and about the educational norms of traditional literacy. What is at stake is not merely a substitution of literacy norms for conversational norms, but rather a complication of their relationship.

In its linguistic and reflexive practices, Twitter talk makes manifest a cultural renegotiation of the meanings of spoken and written language today.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. s. 117
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:44
Nyckelord
Social media, Twitter, speech, writing, orality, literacy, CMC, remediation
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik Studier av enskilda språk Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64752 (URN)978-91-7063-821-3 (ISBN)978-91-7063-916-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-12-15, Sjöströmsalen, 1B 309, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Artikel 4 publicerad i avhandlingen som manuskript. 

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-23 Skapad: 2017-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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