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Survivors’ experiences of journalists and media exposure: A retrospective qualitative study 15 years after a ferry disaster
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1358-5066
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, National Centre for Disaster Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 573-585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The media is an important part of disaster management, yet little is understood about their interplay with the disaster survivors. The purpose of this paper is to examine disaster survivors' long-term retrospective views of their experiences with journalists and the media coverage.Design/methodology/approachIn total, 22 Swedish adult survivors (of 49 eligible) from a ferry disaster in the Baltic Sea, in which only 137 of the 989 people onboard survived, were interviewed after 15 years about their experiences of meeting journalists in the immediate aftermath and the media coverage in a long-term perspective. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Findings

Survivors from the Estonia ferry disaster described a wide array of experiences from their contacts with the disaster journalists and being exposed in the media. From their experiences, four categories were extracted. The categories were common for both their media contacts and their media exposure: strain, support, rationality and evasion. The survivors' experiences were both negative and positive.

Research limitations/implications

These accounts of disaster survivors' experiences from an event 15 years ago provide an interesting comparison for future studies of contemporary disasters.

Originality/value

This study provides important perspectives on the role of disaster coverage in the media and documents how disaster survivors retrospect on the media as both a burden and a resource.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018. Vol. 27, no 5, p. 573-585
Keywords [en]
Media effects, Qualitative content analysis, Media coverage, Media ethics, Disaster survivors, Media management, Reporters, Trauma journalism
National Category
Media and Communications Psychology Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69232DOI: 10.1108/DPM-02-2018-0056ISI: 000447496300010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-69232DiVA, id: diva2:1248485
Available from: 2018-09-15 Created: 2018-09-15 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Englund, Liselotte

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