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Usefulness of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms among young elite athletes
University of Basel, Switzerland.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4495-6819
University of Basel, Switzerland.
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 39, p. 104-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Having psychometrically sound instruments is essential to the understanding of the determinants and consequences of athlete burnout. Therefore, this study examines the psychometric properties of a German version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) and its usefulness as a screening tool for the detection of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Design: Prospective study. Method: 257 young elite athletes were recruited from Swiss Olympic Sport Classes (37% females; M = 16.8 years, SD = 1.4). 197 students were assessed a second time after six months. All students filled in a standardized questionnaire about domain-specific and domain-unspecific burnout symptoms, depressive symptoms, stress, and life satisfaction. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor structure of the ABQ. Moreover, all subscales had acceptable internal consistency. Support was also found for the convergent validity of the ABQ; all subscales were positively correlated with perceived stress, burnout and depression, whereas negative correlations existed with life satisfaction. By contrast, some ABQ subscales shared only limited variance, the three ABQ subscales did not predict each other across time, and none of the ABQ subscales was suitable for the screening of clinically relevant burnout symptoms. Conclusions: While the factor structure and internal consistency of the ABQ was supported, our study corroborates previous concerns about the psychometric properties and validity of the ABQ. While the ABQ has advanced research on athlete burnout, we hold that further debates about the most suitable way to assess burnout among elite athletes are urgently needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 39, p. 104-113
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, Athlete burnout, Confirmatory factor analysis, Convergent validity, Depression, Psychometric properties, Sensitivity, Specificity, Stress
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69096DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.08.005ISI: 000448093200013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85051113759OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-69096DiVA, id: diva2:1246339
Available from: 2018-09-07 Created: 2018-09-07 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved

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