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The border as an engine for mobility and spatial integration: A study of commuting in a Swedish-Norwegian context
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Regional Development (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1918-6701
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1532-8474
Eastern Norway Research Institute, Norway.
Department of Travel and Tourism, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
2018 (English)In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 72, no 4, p. 217-233Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to analyse how cross-border commuting differed from intranational commuting in Sweden, and how cross-border mobilities affected spatial integration. The authors analysed patterns and spatial flows of cross-border commuting by comparing them with characteristics of intranational commuting. In the article, they explore the assumption that the border constitutes an ‘engine’ for work-related mobility, which affects processes of spatial integration in cross-border areas. The empirical material comprised data from surveys of commuting from the Swedish county of Värmland to Norway and commuting within Värmland. The findings showed that cross-border commuting shared common features with intranational commuting, including how the frequency of commuting was dependent on distance. The motives for commuting differed, and the reasons for working in Norway were economic rather than professional. In terms of spatial integration, cross-border commuting was mainly one-directional, from Sweden to Norway, while leisure mobility and migration tended to be in the opposite direction. The authors conclude that the border region is characterised by integration through specialisation, which involves a permanent state of ‘transient’ mobility. Thus, a win-win situation can be distinguished, in which the border serves as a resource and an ‘engine’ for cross-border integration, mobility and economic activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 72, no 4, p. 217-233
Keywords [en]
commuting, mobility, spatial integration, Swedish-Norwegian border region
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68766DOI: 10.1080/00291951.2018.1497698ISI: 000441663000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68766DiVA, id: diva2:1239168
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-09-07Bibliographically approved

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Möller, CeciliaAlfredsson-Olsson, Eva

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