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Sanning eller sensation?: En kvalitativ jämförelse av SVT Nyheter och Aftonbladets rapportering av mordfall
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Den här studiens syfte är att undersöka hur rapportering av mordfall skiljer sig i SVT Nyheter och Aftonbladets webbrapportering. För att besvara vår frågeställning har vi utfört en kvalitativ textanalys med inslag av kritisk diskursanalys och gestaltningsteori, på två artiklar från vardera nyhetstjänst. Artiklarnas texter har undersökts med fokus på ordval och språkliga handlingar. Vi har analyserat textens underliggande meningar, hur värdeladdade ord används och hur offer, förövare och eventuella sekundära aktörer har gestaltats i rapporteringen.

Vi har valt Kim Wall-fallet som vårt empiriska material. Det innehåller åtskilliga spektakulära detaljer och både förövaren samt offret är sedan tidigare kända för allmänheten. Detta bidrar till att rapporteringen kan formas på ett flertal olika sätt och gör därmed vår undersökning särskilt intressant.

Tidigare forskning visar på att journalistik tenderar att bli allt mer underhållande och dramatiserad, detta genom att sensationsjournalistiken fått en framträdande roll inom journalistik. Samtidigt anses brott och journalistik vara ett oskiljaktigt par som tillsammans utgör ett eget bevakningsområde inom journalistik.

Resultatet från vår analys visar att det finns tydliga skillnader i rapporteringen mellan public service och kommersiell kvällspress. SVT Nyheter är mer sakliga i sin rapportering och förhåller sig enbart till fakta, medan Aftonbladet bygger upp sina artiklar mer som en berättelse med kopplingar till populärkultur. Analysen antyder även att de båda nyhetstjänsterna tilldelar förövaren ett betydligt större fokus än offret.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate how reporting of murder cases differs from SVT Nyheter and Aftonbladet's web reporting. To answer our question, we have conducted a qualitative text analysis with elements of critical discourse analysis and framing theory, on two articles from each news service. The texts of the articles have been examined with focus on word choice and linguistic actions. We have analyzed the underlying meanings of the text, how emotive words are used and how victims, perpetrators and potential secondary actors have been framed in the reporting.

We have chosen the Kim Wall case as our empirical material. It contains several spectacular details, and both the perpetrator and the victim are known in the past. This helps the reporting to be formed in a variety of ways, making our research particularly interesting.

Previous research shows that journalism tends to become more entertaining and dramatized, because sensationalism has a prominent role in journalism. At the same time, crime and journalism are considered to be an inseparable couple, which together form a separate area of coverage in journalism.

The result of our analysis shows that there are clear differences in the reporting between public service and commercial evening paper. SVT Nyheter is more factual in their reporting, and relates only to facts, while Aftonbladet builds their articles more like a story with connections to popular culture. The analysis also suggests that both news services assign a significantly greater focus to the perpetrator than the victim.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
National Category
Social Sciences Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-67594DiVA, id: diva2:1217253
Subject / course
Media and Communication Studies
Educational program
Media and Communication: Visual Communication Design (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

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