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Criminality, thinking patterns and treatment effects: Evaluation of the Swedish cognitive intervention programme ‘new challenges’ targeting adult men with a criminal lifestyle
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7453-5399
2018 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 19, p. 204-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The cognitive intervention programme 'New Challenges' targeting adult men with a criminal lifestyle was evaluated in a pilot study. The participants were divided into a cognitive treatment group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 11). In the control group, six participants had no treatment and five participated in 12-step treatment. The participants were measured pre and post using the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS), the abridged version of sense of coherence (SOC), Positive and Negative Affect Scale, and Bergström's quality of programme delivery (QPD). The results of the treatment group showed that criminal thinking patterns dropped significantly from high values to close to normal level. SOC and positive affect increased significantly in the treatment group. Both SOC and positive affect showed positive correlation with QPD. Regarding the possible influence of the 12-step treatment, there was no difference in the control group between participants receiving 12-step treatment and those not receiving treatment. The main conclusion is that the cognitive treatment programme 'New Challenges' can contribute to reduced criminal thinking and increased SOC and positive affect, which may prove to be important precursors of reduced criminality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 19, p. 204-224
Keywords [en]
Criminality, crime prevention, PICTS, SOC, PANAS, client satisfaction
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67398DOI: 10.1080/14043858.2018.1513202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-67398DiVA, id: diva2:1210829
Note

Ingick i licentiatuppsatsen som manuskript med titeln: Evaluation of the Swedish Cognitive Intervention Programme "New Challenges" Targeting Adult Men with a Criminal Lifestyle

Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Kognitiv behandling av livsstilskriminalitet: En utvärdering av programmen Ett nytt vägval och Nya utmaningar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kognitiv behandling av livsstilskriminalitet: En utvärdering av programmen Ett nytt vägval och Nya utmaningar
2018 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The primary aim of this thesis was to make an initial evaluation of the cognitive-oriented treatment programs “A New Direction” for young people and ”New Challenges” for adult men. The treatment programs were examined in two studies mainly aimed at measuring treatment effects on criminal thought patterns and sense of coherence. In the study of the Youth Program (Paper I), pre- and post-measurements were made with the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) and the shortened version of Sense of Coherence (SOC-13). In addition, recidivism over a two-year period was analysed. The results show that the criminal thinking clearly decreases for participants in individual treatment for 9-30 weeks and that the rate of recidivism is lower compared with the control group. In the Adult Program (Paper II) study, pre- and post-measurements were made with PICTS, SOC-13, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Quality of Program Delivery (QPD). The result shows that criminal thinking is clearly reduced, and positive affect is increased for participants in cognitive treatment that included one-week group treatment, four weeks individual treatment and finally one-week further group treatment. The individual treatment for four weeks was combined with 12-step treatment. No significant results were shown for either control participants who received 12-step treatment or no treatment.  There is also a positive correlation between QPD and sense of coherence and between QPD and positive affect. The main conclusions are that the programs can reduce criminal thinking and improve salutogenic resources, which can help reduce criminal behaviour.

Abstract [sv]

Licentiatuppsatsen representerar ett pilotprojekt som förväntas ge en första bild av effekterna av behandling med kriminalitetsprogrammen ”Ett nytt vägval” för ungdomar och ”Nya utmaningar” för vuxna män. Det övergripande syftet har varit att bidra till evidensforskningen av kriminalitetsprogram som kombinerar både ett risk- och skyddsfokus och som utvärderats inom missbruksvården.

I studie I (ungdomsstudien) visade resultatet att flerveckors individuell behandling minskar det kriminella tänkandet, ökar känslan av sammanhang och minskar brottsåterfallsfrekvensen. Studiens resultat är valida för individuell behandling under 9 till 30 veckor för målgruppen svenska pojkar med en medelålder på 17 år i förkriminell och tidig fas av kriminalitet. I Studie II (vuxenstudien) undersöktes den behandlingsform som kallas Valbo modellen som kombinerar ”Nya utmaningar” med tolvstegsbehandling. Efter att tolvstegsbehandlingens inverkan på resultatet analyserats antas den största direkta förändringsfaktorn vara behandlingen med ”Nya utmaningar”. Tolvstegsbehandlingen antas ha en mer indirekt och långsiktig verkan och vara av betydelse för den känslomässiga förankringen och hållbarheten i ett förändrat normsystem och ny livsstil. Studiens resultat är valida för svenska män i 30 års-åldern i avancerad fas av kriminalitet.

Studierna utgör ett första steg mot att programmen ”Ett nytt vägval” och ”Nya utmaningar” kan sägas motsvara dagens begrepp för evidens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 63
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:28
Keywords
Criminality, thinking patterns, sense of coherence, treatment effects, Kriminalitet, tankemönster, PICTS, SOC-13, PANAS, evidens
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67330 (URN)978-91-7063-861-9 (ISBN)978-91-7063-956-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2018-06-19, Undénsalen, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-17 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, LarsHiltunen, Arto

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