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Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013).ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6823-9016
Ctr Injury Prevent & Res Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 876-883Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective. MethodsSemistructured individual interviews with 24 children (13 boys and 11 girls), between the ages of 9 and 13years of which 11 were schoolgoing and 13 non-schoolgoing, were conducted during July 2013 and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. ResultsCM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were especially young children, girls, and poor children. The children's voices were not heard due to their low status and low position in their families, schools, and working places. The main theme that emerged in the analysis was children's subordination, which permeated the five categories: (a) perception of children's situation in society, (b) understanding children's development and needs, (c) CM associated to school achievement, (d) negative impact of CM, and (e) emotional responses. ConclusionsDifferent kinds of abuse are obviously common in Bangladesh, and the schools do not follow the law from 2011 prohibiting corporal punishment at school. The society has to take further steps to live up to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified already in 1990, to protect the Bangladeshi children from CM.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 876-883
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65869DOI: 10.1111/cch.12508ISI: 000412293800011PubMedID: 28871592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65869DiVA, id: diva2:1177533
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-25 Skapad: 2018-01-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Child Maltreatment in Bangladesh: Perceptions, Prevalence and Determinants
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Child Maltreatment in Bangladesh: Perceptions, Prevalence and Determinants
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background: Like most low- and middle-income countries Bangladesh have no prevalence data on Child Maltreatment (CM) and lack a reporting system.

Objectives: The overall aims of the thesis were to generate knowledge on CM in the Bangladeshi society and to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors.

Methods: The thesis is based on four studies. In Study I children’s experiences were explored and 24 school aged children were interviewed. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis. In Study II 790 newspaper articles on CM from six national daily newspapers were selected during three months in 2014. Data were analysed through descriptive content analysis. Studies III and IV were cross-sectional population surveys. The International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Children (ICAST-C) was translated for data collection. Face-to-face interviews were performed during March-April 2017 with 1,416 children aged 11-17 years. In Study III the prevalence and risk factors of child physical abuse (CPA) were estimated, while in Study IV the same for child psychological abuse (CPsyA) and neglect.

Results: CM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were young children, girls, and poor children (Study I). Physical and sexual abuse were the most common types of CM covered in the news articles. One third of the reported cases resulted in death. Boys were victims of physical abuse to a higher degree, while girls were reported as victims of sexual abuse. The identity of the victims was often disclosed (Study II). Approximately all children reported experiences of CPA and CPsyA. Neglect was less reported (Study III and IV). Boys, younger children, victim of family violence, and low maternal education were risk factors of CPA (Study III). Not living with parents, working, family size and victim of family violence were risk factors of CPsyA or neglect. More years of schooling was a protective factor (Study IV).

Conclusions: The results show that almost every child in Bangladesh experience CM. The studies incorporated in this thesis contribute to the knowledge on CM in the Bangladeshi cultural context.

Key words: Child Maltreatment, ICAST-C, Public Health, Bangladesh

Abstract [en]

Like most low- and middle-income countries Bangladesh have no prevalence data on Child Maltreatment (CM) and lack a reporting system. The overall aims of the thesis were to generate knowledge on CM in the Bangladeshi society and to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors.

The thesis is based on four studies. An explorative interview study to get children’s views on CM was the first study. A systematic analysis of newspaper content was then performed to get a societal picture of CM. The first two studies generated new research questions for the two successive studies. Study III and IV were population based cross-sectional surveys. The results show that CM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society (Study I). Boys were victims of physical abuse to a higher degree, while girls were reported as victims of sexual abuse. One third of the newspaper reported cases resulted in death. The identity of the victims was often disclosed (Study II). Almost every child in Bangladesh has experienced either physical or psychological abuse. Neglect was less reported (Study III and IV). The studies incorporated in this thesis contribute to the knowledge on CM in the Bangladeshi cultural context.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2019. s. 115
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2019:25
Nyckelord
Child Maltreatment, ICAST-C, Public Health, Bangladesh
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74655 (URN)978-91-7867-044-4 (ISBN)978-91-7867-049-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-10-25, 1B306, 651 88, Karlstad, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-04 Skapad: 2019-09-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Haque, M. AtiqulJanson, StaffanMoniruzzaman, SyedEriksson, Ulla-Britt

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