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Empowering marginal lifescapes: The heritage of crofters inbetween the past and the present
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). (CRS)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0571-2624
Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Oslo, Norway.
Directorate for Cultural Heritage, Oslo, Norway.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 17-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a rich, but unacknowledged, heritage of rural subalterns, crofters, in Scandinavia. A Swedish-Norwegian interdisciplinary research-network investigated the most prominent category – the remains of crofts. Due to industrialisation, urbanisation and the modern welfare state, the institution of crofting was abolished, and many crofters left for opportunities elsewhere. The welfare state transformed a landscape of living and working people into a one filled with relicts mostly from the nineteenth century. Although numerous and important to local citizens, these sites fall outside the authorised heritage discourse (AHD) in terms of both research and heritage management. This paper takes an environmental justice perspective to challenge the AHD. Three themes are in focus: (1) bringing out the history of a subaltern and marginalised group of people; (2) promoting crofts as heritage of importance to local citizens and demanding complex management due to the various historical narratives and risks; (3) considering the crofting landscapes in relation to the (economisation) framing of heritage in development processes, especially in relation to fair development in present rural communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 17-34
Keywords [en]
Environmental justice; bring out subalterns; crofts as heritage; framing heritage in rural development
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63748DOI: 10.1080/13527258.2017.1362579ISI: 000426617900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-63748DiVA, id: diva2:1141885
Funder
Swedish National Heritage Board, 3.2.2-3094-2013Available from: 2017-09-17 Created: 2017-09-17 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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Svensson, EvaHulling, Hans

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