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Med andra ord: Samspel och villkor för litteracitet bland nyanlända barn
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. (Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik)
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
In Other Words : Exploring Newly-Arrived Children’s Participation in Literacy Practices (English)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis centres on six children, aged four to nine, who relatively recently immigrated to Sweden. The children’s encounters with literacy are in focus. These children are not only new arrivals to Sweden, they also have in common that Swedish is their second language and that their parents have had little or no formal education prior to arriving in Sweden. The study draws on sociocultural approaches to literacy, and more specifically the field of New Literacy Studies. In this study, reading and writing are viewed as social practices comprising different related sociocultural aspects such as norms, values, habits, traditions and ideologies, and the study concentrates on social and ideological perspectives on literacy. Bourdieu’s notions of habitus and symbolic capital have also been used for the analysis.

The empirical material was collected through an ethnographic approach. Each child was followed for one year, particularly at school/preschool. The children’s homes were also visited, and their parents and teachers were interviewed. Observations involved different degrees of participation and were documented through field notes and photographs. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. In addition, artefacts and school material from the field were collected or photographed. A qualitative content analysis of the collected data was performed.

The analysis show that sociocultural incongruence, coupled with flawed communication between the schools and the homes, caused the children less continuity between school and home practices. Though, the results also show, that the children studied to a considerable extent adapted to the monolingual, homogenous norms when they participated in school practices. These children are therefore highly adaptable, while their teachers found it much harder to handle or even be aware of sociocultural incongruences.

Abstract [sv]

I denna avhandling studeras litteracitetspraktiker hos en grupp nyanlända barn i åldrar mellan fyra och tio år. Det specifika för barnen är att deras föräldrar inte har någon eller endast en kort skolbakgrund från ursprungslandet. Under ett års tid har barnen följts i förskolan eller skolan samt i hemmet. Deras föräldrar och lärare har också intervjuats. Avhandlingens syfte är att skapa förståelse för hur samspelet runt barnens språkande ter sig samt vilka förutsättningar och villkor som råder för detta samspel.

Studien visar hur barnen skapar kontinuitet mellan hemmet och skolan, trots att deras tidigare erfarenheter och modersmål har en ytterst perifer plats i skolans och förskolans litteracitetspraktiker och trots att kommunikationen mellan skolan/förskolan och hemmet haltar. Barnen och deras föräldrar strävar efter att anpassa sig till de svenskspråkiga och monokulturella normer som skolans och förskolans litteracitetspraktiker vilar på.

Avhandlingens bidrag är att öka kunskapen om hur nyanlända barn, och i synnerhet barn till föräldrar utan eller med endast kort skolbakgrund, bättre kan tas emot i skolan och förskolan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:4
Keyword [en]
New Literacy Studies, newly-arrived, children, family literacy, literacy practices, home and school literacy, multilingualism, ethnography, Swedish as second language, sociocultural incongruence, habitus, symbolic capital, short or no education parents
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Educational Work; Swedish as a Second Language
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47481ISBN: 978-91-7063-740-7 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7063-741-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47481DiVA: diva2:1055930
Public defence
2017-02-24, 9c 203, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2017-09-14Bibliographically approved

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