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When States Strike Back: Failures of Mediatized Activism in Azerbaijan and Turkey
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). (HumanIT)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8225-3447
2016 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 496-515Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is an empirically grounded conceptual investigation of the failures of mediatized activism in 2011 in Azerbaijan and Turkey. By analyzing two specific cases, namely the complete dispersion of corporate social media based opposition in Azerbaijan, and arrests of Anonymous led hacktivistsin Turkey, the article aims to contribute to the discussion on the future of mediatized activism in the face of the growing pervasive surveillance, conducted by state intelligence agencies in collaboration with private infotainment and telecommunications companies. By elaborating on the shortcomings and the promises of social media based activism and hacktivism, the article discusses the possibility of building alternative online spaces, which can bring these two types of mediatized activism together, and help to connect activists with the rest of the society—especially the otherwise consenting middle classes of semi-authoritarian countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 14, no 2, p. 496-515
Keywords [en]
Azerbaijan, Hacktivism, Social Media Activism, Surveillance, Turkey
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47449ISI: 000392621200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47449DiVA, id: diva2:1052232
Available from: 2016-12-05 Created: 2016-12-05 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. “All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace”: Activist Practices in an Era of Mediatized Surveillance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace”: Activist Practices in an Era of Mediatized Surveillance
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One of the defining features of contemporary zeitgeist is that we live in an era of mediatization – a metaprocess, through (and by) which all everyday relations increasingly depend on networked media technologies and online communication channels.

Due to rapid developments in digital electronics, all these Internet- or mobile-enabled platforms, and devices, are prone to the processes of quantification and datafication, and as such, surveillance is a principal dimension that lies at the core of mediatization.

Through five peer-reviewed academic articles and the cover text, this dissertation provides a multi-faceted analysis of the complex relationships – built by Azerbaijan’s and Turkey’s state intelligence, security and law enforcement agencies with a number of local, and global, private information, entertainment and telecommunications companies. The articles are focused on different cases: the complete dispersion of commercial social media based oppositional activists in Azerbaijan, and the arrests of Anonymous led hacktivists in Turkey, both happening in 2011; and, the mass mobilization of millions of Turkish citizens during the Gezi Park protests of 2013. The current compilation puts forth in-depth accounts and scrutiny of how various social movements (in general), and individual activists (in particular), are affected by an amalgamation of public, political; and, private, economic, surveillance practices and seeks to illuminate the abusive extents of this transformation – vis-à-vis the changing media and communication environment – by way of using mediatization as an analytical tool.

Overall, this dissertation contributes a nuanced understanding of the complex interplay between the increasingly mediatized natures of activism and surveillance in semi-authoritarian states. The conclusions have relevance and significance – in considering both similar country contexts and on a global scale – in the light of contemporary technological and political transformations.

Abstract [en]

One of the defining features of contemporary zeitgeist is that we live in an era of mediatization – a metaprocess, through (and by) which all everyday relations increasingly depend on networked media technologies and online communication channels – and surveillance is a principal dimension that lies at its core.

Through five peer-reviewed academic articles and the cover text, this dissertation provides a multi-faceted analysis of the complex relationships built by Azerbaijan’s and Turkey’s state intelligence, security and law enforcement agencies with a number of local, and global, private information, entertainment and telecommunications companies. The current compilation puts forth in-depth accounts and scrutiny of how various social movements and individual activists are affected by an amalgamation of public, political; and, private, economic, surveillance practices and seeks to illuminate the abusive extents of this transformation by way of using mediatization as an analytical tool.

Overall, this dissertation contributes a nuanced understanding of the complex interplay between the increasingly mediatized natures of activism and surveillance in semi-authoritarian states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. p. 88
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:8
Keywords
Azerbaijan, mediatized activism, mediatized surveillance, surveillative apparatuses, rhizomated subactivism, Turkey
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47924 (URN)978-91-7063-754-4 (ISBN)978-91-7063-755-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, 12A 138 Geijersalen, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Mehrabov, Ilkin

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