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Improving the Timeliness of SCTP Message Transfers
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8731-2482
2008 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Due to the cheap and flexible framework that the underlying IP-technology of the internet provides, IP-networks are becoming popular in more and more contexts. For instance, telecommunication operators have started to replace the fixed legacy telephony networks with IP-networks. To support a smooth transition towards IP-networks, the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) was standardized. SCTP is used to carry telephony signaling traffic, and solves a number of problems that would have followed from using the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) in this context. However, the design of SCTP is still heavily influenced by TCP. In fact, many protocol mechansisms in SCTP are directly inherited from TCP. Unfortunately, many of these mechanisms are not adapted to the kind of traffic that SCTP is intended to transport: time critical message-based traffic, e.g. telephony signaling.





In this thesis we examine, and adapt some of SCTPs mechanisms to more efficiently transport time critical message-based traffic. More specifically, we adapt SCTPs loss recovery and message bundling for timely message transfers. First, we propose and experimentally evaluate two loss recovery mechanisms: a packet-based Early Retransmit algorithm, and a modified retransmission timeout management algorithm. We show that these enhancements can reduce loss recovery times with at least 30 50%, in some scenarios. In addition, we adapt the message bundling of SCTP to better support timely message delivery. The proposed bundling algorithm can in some situations reduce the transfer time of a message with up to 70%.





In addition to these proposals we also indentify and report mistakes in some of the most popular SCTP implementations. Furthermore, we have continuously developed the network emulation software KauNet to support our experimental evaluations

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstad University Studies , 2008.
Nyckelord [en]
SCTP, transport protocols, network emulation, loss recovery, Nagle algorithm
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Forskningsämne
Datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-20244ISBN: 9789170632020 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-20244DiVA, id: diva2:593901
Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-21 Skapad: 2013-01-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11

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