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Parametric Study for Production of Dimethyl Ether (DME) As a Fuel from Palm Wastes
University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3945-4926
University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7508-3117
Mälardalens University.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4359-2232
Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: / [ed] Jinyue Yan, Fengchun Sun, SK Chou, Umberto Desideri, Hailong Li, Pietro Campana, Rui Xiong, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 105, s. 1242-1249Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Dimethyl Ether (DME) has been getting numerous attention as it's potential as the second generation bio-fuel. Traditionally DME is produced from the petroleum based stock which involves two steps of synthesis (methanol synthesis from the syngas and DME synthesis from methanol). DME synthesis via single step is one of the promising methods that has been developed. In Malaysia, due to the abundance of oil palm waste, it is a good candidate to be used as a feedstock for DME production. In this paper, single step process of DME synthesis was simulated and investigated using the Aspen HYSYS. Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) from palm wastes has been taken as the main feed stock for DME synthesis. Four parameters (temperature, pressure, steam/biomass ratio and oxygen/biomass ratio) have been studied on the H-2/CO ratio and DME yield. The results showed that optimum H-2/CO ratio of 1.0 has been obtained when having an oxygen to biomass ratio (O/B) of 0.37 and steam to biomass ratio (S/B) of 0.23. The increment in the steam to biomass ratio increased the production of DME while the increment in oxygen to biomass ratio will cause reduction in DME production. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 105, s. 1242-1249
Serie
Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102
Nyckelord [en]
Biomass Gasification, DME synthesis, Process simulation, Aspen Hysys
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemiteknik
Forskningsämne
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74912DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.431ISI: 000404967901051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-74912DiVA, id: diva2:1355944
Konferens
8th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE2016, 8-11 October 2016, Beijing, China
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-30 Skapad: 2019-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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Naqvi, Muhammad

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Inayat, AbrarGhenai, ChaoukiNaqvi, MuhammadAyoub, Muhammad
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