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Educating far from Equilibrium: Chaos Philosophy and the Quest for Complexity in Education
Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Complicity : An International Journal of Complexity and Education, E-ISSN 1710-5668, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

It would be futile, John Dewey argued in 1902, to think that we have to choose between child-centered, progressive education and traditional, subject-matter-oriented approaches. Calling for adaptivity, he stressed that we need the act of balancing the one with the other. The tendency in current educational policy to lean in favor of traditional, disciplinary modes of control appears to lose sight of this need. The aim of this paper is to reconnect to the task of maintaining a balance between educational freedom and structure, using a variety of theoretical resources such as complexity science, and the philosophies of Deleuze and Guattari, Schiller, and Nietzsche. Based on these resources, the authors also discuss Steiner Waldorf education as an example of how educational practice may approach, and integrate the significance of chaos in the form of a “virtual pedagogy”.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Alberta, 2012. Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 1-14
Emneord [en]
Complexity Theory, Chaos Theory, Deleuze & Guattari, Schiller, Nietzsche
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-14850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-14850DiVA, id: diva2:553379
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-09-19 Laget: 2012-09-19 Sist oppdatert: 2023-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Disciplin och motstånd: Pedagogisk-filosofiska perspektiv på samtida svensk skoldisciplin
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Disciplin och motstånd: Pedagogisk-filosofiska perspektiv på samtida svensk skoldisciplin
2013 (svensk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Alternativ tittel[en]
Discipline and Resistance : Educational-Philosophical Perspectives on Contemporary Swedish School Discipline
Abstract [en]

As Sweden approached its 2006 national election, issues on order and discipline in educational environments came to the forefront of educational interest, debate, and reform. This thesis aims at a critical discussion of the discourses in question, making use of educational, post-structural as well as political philosophy. In a series of articles, disciplinary policies are contextualized within current understandings of major trends in global educational politics; empirically investigated with a focus on resistance and political subjectivation; but also theoretically/ philosophically examined with the intention of bringing alternative conceptualizations of discipline to light.

As a result, it is concluded that the political platform supporting contemporary school discipline is highly ambiguous, especially in terms of the different subjectification ideals that it embodies. In consequence, substantial possibilities for resistance, political influence and creative subjectification emerge in the breaks and ruptures between neoliberal and neoconservative territory. As for the disciplinary policies themselves, this thesis highlights the possibility that they amount to little more than a powerful simulation; a mode of perceptual management rather than a hands-on engagement with the real demands of contemporary education.

An alternative route, the thesis suggests, would be to radically re-conceptualize the meaning and relevance of discipline – using, for instance, philosophers like Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari and Jacques Rancière – but also while taking notice of relevant discussions in the fields of complexity and chaos theory. Such a re-conceptualization would allow for an immanent form of discipline, one that affords a circular segmentation to emerge; contextualized and sensitized to the particular demands of each learning situation rather than pre-stratified, pre-territorialized according to the ideals of classical discipline.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den här avhandlingen är, att inom ett pedagogiskt-filosofiskt ramverk föra en kritisk diskussion av 2000-talets skolpolitiska diskurser om disciplin och ”ordning & reda”. Med hjälp av filosofer som Deleuze & Guattari, Foucault, Baudrillard och Rancière diskuteras den moderna disciplinens utmaning: att svara an på sin egen samtids behov av ordning och reda.

 

I sömmarna mellan de politiska krafter som den nya disciplinen hämtar sin kraft ur – neoliberalism och neokonservatism – identifierar avhandlingen också möjligheter till motstånd. Genom att påvisa de skillnader och komplexiteter som finns under ytan av politisk konsensus, utgör dessa former av motstånd nya potentialer till politiskt inflytande – samt nya möjligheter till kreativa subjektblivanden.

 

Slutligen hävdar studien, att vägen till en gräsrotsförankrad skoldisciplin för 2000-talet knappast kan ligga i återuppväckandet av forna tiders maktutövning, utan i en radikal omtolkning av disciplinbegreppet – en som tillvaratar den moderna människans förutsättningar till självdisciplin och självorganisering. En förutsättning är att vi, som en kontrast till neoliberalismens självtillräckliga subjektivitetsideal, börjar utforska subjektivitetens kollektiva och territoriella karaktärer.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. s. 84
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:36
Emneord
Discipline, Resistance, Power, Subject, Subjectivation, Subjectification, Order, Chaos, Complexity, Deleuze, Guattari, Foucault, Rancière, Baudrillard, Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, Disciplin, motstånd, makt, subjekt, subjektivering, subjektifiering, ordning, kaos, komplexitet, Deleuze, Guattari, Foucault, Rancière, Baudrillard, nyliberalism, nykonservatism
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Pedagogik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28647 (URN)978-91-7063-514-4 (ISBN)
Disputas
2013-10-04, 9C203, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-16 Laget: 2013-08-15 Sist oppdatert: 2013-09-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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