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Boundary layers for discrete kinetic models: Multicomponent mixtures, polyatomic molecules, bimolecular reactions, and quantum kinetic equations
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013). (Kinetisk teori)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1232-3272
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Kinetic and Related Models, ISSN 1937-5093, E-ISSN 1937-5077, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 925-955Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We consider some extensions of the classical discrete Boltzmann equation to the cases of multicomponent mixtures, polyatomic molecules (with a finite number of different internal energies), and chemical reactions, but also general discrete quantum kinetic Boltzmann-like equations; discrete versions of the Nordheim-Boltzmann (or Uehling-Uhlenbeck) equation for bosons and fermions and a kinetic equation for excitations in a Bose gas interacting witha Bose-Einstein condensate. In each case we have an H-theorem and so for the planar stationary half-space problem, we have convergence to an equilibrium distribution at infinity (or at least a manifold of equilibrium distributions). In particular, we consider the nonlinear half-space problem of condensation and evaporation for these discrete Boltzmann-like equations. We assume that the flow tends to a stationary point at infinity and that the outgoing flow is known at the wall, maybe also partly linearly depending on the incoming flow. We find that the systems we obtain are of similar structures as for the classical discrete Boltzmann equation (for single species), and that previously obtained results for the discrete Boltzmann equation can be applied after being generalized. Then the number of conditions on the assigned data at the wall needed for existence of a unique solution is found. The number of parameters to be specified in the boundary conditions depends on if we have subsonic or supersonic condensation or evaporation. All our results are valid for any finite number of velocities.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2017. Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 925-955
Emneord [en]
Nordheim-Boltzmann equation, discrete velocity models, Boltzmann equation, mixtures, polyatomic molecules, chemical reactions, boundary layers, half-space problems
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Matematik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-48057DOI: 10.3934/krm.2017037ISI: 000396010800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-48057DiVA, id: diva2:1078190
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-02 Laget: 2017-03-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-17bibliografisk kontrollert

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