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Skarifieringsmetoders påverkan på frögroning av blomsterlupin (Lupinus polyphyllus)
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The influence of scarification methods on germination of Garden lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) (English)
Abstract [en]

Invasive species are the third largest cause of biodiversity loss because of their ability to outcompete native species. The Garden lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) is an invasive species in Sweden and is causing problems for native species by (I) outcompeting smaller plant species in terms of light, (II) it has nitrogen fixing abilities which causes unfavorable conditions for species that demands a more nutrient poor soil and (III) it also decrease the diversity of food sources for pollinators. The seeds of Garden lupine are physically dormant with hard seedcoats that are impermeable to water. In this study, different scarification methods were tested to improve water uptake in seeds and thereby improve germination. Scarification can be applied after a treatment which purpose is to fight the Garden lupine. This is to speed up germination time to determine the effects of the treatment sooner. The main purpose of the study was to examine the effect of scarification methods on germination and also to see if any of the methods could be standardized. The secondary purpose was to investigate how germination might be affected by the movement of soil masses. In the first experiment the effect on germination was tested by scarification with a scalpel, with sandpaper, sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and chilling. This was compared to a control group. In a second experiment the effect on germination was tested by shaking the seeds in either sand or gravel for 1, 5 or 15 minutes and was compared to the control. The results of the study showed that seeds scarified with a scalpel and sandpaper had a significantly higher germination percentage (95% and 91% respectively) compared to the control (6%). No difference in germination between treatment or time could be found for seeds that were shaken in sand or gravel. There was however a difference between seeds shaken in sand or gravel compared to the control group. This could indicate that the physical dormancy might break due to movement of soil masses containing seeds and thereby lead to further spread of the species.  

Abstract [sv]

Invasiva arter är den tredje största orsaken till förlust av biodiversitet på grund av dess förmåga att konkurrera ut inhemska arter. Blomsterlupinen är invasiv i Sverige och skapar problem genom att skugga ut andra mer lågväxande arter, de fixerar kväve i marken vilket skapar ogynnsamma förhållanden för arter som kräver mer näringsfattig jord samt att de minskar variationen av födokällor för pollinatörer. Lupiner har fysiskt dormanta frön med hårda fröskal som har svårt att ta upp vatten. I denna studie testades olika skarifieringsmetoder för att förbättra vattenupptag och därmed öka frögroning. Skarifiering kan appliceras efter en behandling vilken syftar till att bekämpa lupiner. Detta för att snabba på frögroning och tidigare avgöra om behandlingen haft effekt. Syftet med studien var att pröva effekten av olika skarifieringsmetoder på frögroning samt att undersöka om någon metod kan standardiseras. Delsyftet med studien var att analysera hur frögroning kan påverkas vid förflyttning av jordmassor. Ett första experiment testade effekten på frögroning genom skarifiering med skalpell, sandpapper, svavelsyra (H2SO4), kyla och jämförde mot en kontrollgrupp. I ett andra experiment testades effekten av skarifiering genom skakning av frön i sand eller grus under 1, 5 eller 15 minuter och jämfördes mot kontrollgruppen. Resultaten av studien visade att det var en signifikant skillnad i procentuell frögroning hos frön behandlade med skalpell och sandpapper (95% respektive 91%) jämfört med kontrollgruppen (6%). Det var ingen skillnad i frögroning mellan behandling eller tider för frön som skakats i sand eller grus. Det var dock en signifikant skillnad mellan sand respektive grus jämfört med kontrollgruppen. Frön skakade i sand eller grus skilde sig signifikant från kontrollgruppen vilket kan indikera om att den fysiska dormansen kan brytas vid förflyttning av jordmassor som innehåller frön och därmed främja spridning av arten.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 13
Keywords [en]
scarification, scarification methods, germination, Garden lupine, Lupinus polyphyllus, invasive
Keywords [sv]
skarifiering, skarifieringsmetoder, frögroning, blomsterlupin, Lupinus polyphyllus, invasiv
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-94067DiVA, id: diva2:1747607
Subject / course
Biology
Educational program
Biology programme, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-04-27 Created: 2023-03-30 Last updated: 2023-04-27Bibliographically approved

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