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Vem förföljer kaninen?: En designstudie där barnen experimenterar med det fysikaliska fenomenet ljus och skugga
Karlstad University.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Who pursues the rabbit? : A design study where the children experiment with the physical phenomenon of light and shadow (English)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

The study is based on teaching design grounded in variation theory, and aims to develop knowledge about how teaching about physical phenomenon of light and shadow can be designed in an exploratory way to develop childrens`s science learning. A total of six children aged four to five were inkluded in the study. Through book talks and experiments, the children examined and reasoned about the phenomenon of light and shadow. The variation theory teaching approach was carried out and videotaped in two rounds in practice.

The film material was then studied based on a variation-theoretic analytic model, where attention was paid to how the teaching design gave pre-school children opportunities for interaction in order to develop an understandning of different aspects and features of shadows.

The result of the study show that through an active learning method, the children were able to discern the critical aspects of the learning object, which contributed to them gaining a better, more comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of light and shadow.

Abstract [sv]

Abstract

Studien bygger på en variationsteoretiskt grundad undervisningsdesign och syftar till att utveckla kunskap om hur undervisning om det fysikaliska fenomenet ljus och skugga kan designas på ett utforskande sätt för att utveckla barns naturvetenskapliga lärande. I studien ingick totalt sex barn i åldern fyra till fem år. Genom boksamtal och experiment undersökte och resonerade barnen kring fenomenet ljus och skugga. Undervisningsupplägget genomfördes i två omgångar och videofilmades.

Filmmaterialet studerades därefter utifrån en variationsteoretisk analysmodell, där det uppmärksammades på vilket sätt undervisningsdesignen gav förskolebarnen möjligheter till interaktion för att kunna utveckla förståelse för skuggans olika aspekter och drag.

Resultatet av studien visar att barnen genom en aktiv lärandemetod kunde urskilja lärandeobjektets kritiska aspekter vilket bidrog till att de fått en bättre helhetsförståelse av fenomenet ljus och skugga. Med kritiska aspekter menas de aspekter som barnen har svårt att förstå. De kritiska aspekter som fanns hos de deltagande förskolebarn i denna studie var skuggans längd och placering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
phenomenon of light and shadow, variation theory, teaching design, experiments
Keywords [sv]
fenomen ljus och skugga, variationsteori, undervisningsdesign, experiment
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-93731OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-93731DiVA, id: diva2:1738116
Subject / course
Applied Pedagogy
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-02-21 Created: 2023-02-20 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved

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