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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Ekman, M. & Jakobsson, N. (2024). The impact of earlier pub closing hours on emergency calls to the police during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden. Addiction Research and Theory, 32(2), 138-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of earlier pub closing hours on emergency calls to the police during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden
2024 (English)In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 138-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On 20 November 2020, the government of Sweden banned on-premise alcohol sales after 10:30 p.m. and then after 8 p.m. on December 24. This study aims to estimate the impact of earlier pub closing hours on emergency calls to the police. We use a quasi-experimental hybrid differences-in-differences design, drawing on data for emergency calls in Sweden. The primary outcome measure is the daily number of emergency calls to the police in Sweden 70 days before the intervention and 70 days after the intervention. The primary control series is the daily number of emergency calls to the police in Sweden during the preceding year, 70 days before the intervention and 70 days after the intervention. We fail to find an effect on daily emergency calls, or nighttime emergency calls to the police, from the restrictions on the sale of alcohol. There is, however, some evidence indicating that weekend emergency calls may have been affected, but that potential effect does not translate into an overall effect. While our study is limited in its focus, it contributes to using a wide range of time windows and a large geographical area (the whole of Sweden) to inform on displacement effects, as well as in considering a broader set of robustness checks. We suggest that our results and future work should be seen in light of our limitations and our contribution, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
Alcohol policy, closing hours, natural experiments, crime
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-96104 (URN)10.1080/16066359.2023.2228682 (DOI)001018035000001 ()2-s2.0-85163613229 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-13 Created: 2023-07-13 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Bonander, C., Ekman, M. & Jakobsson, N. (2023). When do default nudges work?. Oxford Open Economics, 2, Article ID odad094.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When do default nudges work?
2023 (English)In: Oxford Open Economics, E-ISSN 2752-5074, Vol. 2, article id odad094Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nudging is a burgeoning topic in science and in policy, but evidence on the effectiveness of nudges among differentially incentivized groups is lacking. This paper exploits regional variations in the rollout of the Covid-19 vaccine in Sweden to examine the effect of a nudge on groups whose intrinsic incentives are different: 16- to 17-year-olds, for whom Covid-19 is not dangerous, and 50- to 59-year-olds, who face a substantial risk of death or severe disease. We find a significantly stronger response in the younger group compared with the older (11.7 vs 3.6 percentage point increase in our study period), consistent with the theory that nudges are more effective for choices that are not meaningful to the individual.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2023
Keywords
behavioral intervention, default, decision-making, nudge, pre-booked
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-98394 (URN)10.1093/ooec/odad094 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-07 Created: 2024-02-07 Last updated: 2024-02-08Bibliographically approved
Ekman, M. (2022). Advance voting and political competition. Constitutional Political Economy, 33(1), 53-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advance voting and political competition
2022 (English)In: Constitutional Political Economy, ISSN 1043-4062, E-ISSN 1572-9966, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 53-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper appears to be the first to analyse political campaign incentives when the electorate vote at different moments before Election Day, a phenomenon known as early or advance voting. Many jurisdictions accommodate such voting by accepting mail-in ballots or by opening polling places before Election Day. Since politicians can thereby add campaign promises while citizens vote, they have an incentive to add promises valued by late-voting segments as Election Day approaches. This implies that early-voting segments of the electorate will pay higher taxes and receive lower transfers than had been announced when they voted. Late-voting segments benefit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Advance voting, Political competition
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-87273 (URN)10.1007/s10602-021-09351-9 (DOI)000705837600001 ()2-s2.0-85116533695 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-11-22 Created: 2021-11-22 Last updated: 2023-06-20Bibliographically approved
Ekman, M. (2022). Buildings and Welfare. Rationality and Society, 34(4), 526-547
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Buildings and Welfare
2022 (English)In: Rationality and Society, ISSN 1043-4631, E-ISSN 1461-7358, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 526-547Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

If welfare stigma depends upon social attitudes, only the neediest apply for welfare when they can more easily be seen to do so. Using GoogleMaps' 'StreetView' feature, this article finds that the approval rate of applications for social assistance is higher in welfare offices with building characteristics that enhance the visibility of entry. A fitting explanation for this finding is that persons looking for social assistance dislike being thought of as 'welfare cases', and apply more conservatively when others can see it. The effects decline in the rate of poverty, suggesting that the self-reliance norm weakens as poverty increases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022
Keywords
Building characteristics, welfare stigma, social image, C90, H29, I38, J13, R53, Z13
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-92170 (URN)10.1177/10434631221129056 (DOI)000860129000001 ()2-s2.0-85139143981 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-10-12 Created: 2022-10-12 Last updated: 2023-02-01Bibliographically approved
Bonander, C., Ekman, M. & Jakobsson, N. (2022). Vaccination nudges: A study of pre-booked COVID-19 vaccinations in Sweden. Social Science and Medicine, 309, 1-11, Article ID 115248.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vaccination nudges: A study of pre-booked COVID-19 vaccinations in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 309, p. 1-11, article id 115248Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A nudge changes people’s actions without removing their options or altering their incentives. During the COVID-19 vaccine rollout, the Swedish Region of Uppsala sent letters with pre-booked appointments to inhabitants aged16–17 instead of opening up manual appointment booking. Using regional and municipal vaccination data, wedocument a higher vaccine uptake among 16- to 17-year-olds in Uppsala compared to untreated control regions(constructed using the synthetic control method as well as neighboring municipalities). The results highlight pre-booked appointments as a strategy for increasing vaccination rates in populations with low perceived risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
COVID-19; health policy; vaccination; vaccine, adolescent; adult; Article; attitude to health; comparative study; controlled study; coronavirus disease 2019; drug utilization; educational status; foreigner; health behavior; health impact assessment; human; patient information; reminder system; Sweden; underage drinking; vaccination; young adult, Sweden; Uppsala [Sweden]
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Economics
Research subject
Public Health Science; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-91871 (URN)10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115248 (DOI)000921441500014 ()35969977 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85136549930 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Tore Browaldhs stiftelseForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020–00962The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P22-0018
Available from: 2022-09-13 Created: 2022-09-13 Last updated: 2023-06-20Bibliographically approved
Ekman, M. (2017). A coasian solution to problems of initial acquisitions. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics, 10(2), 45-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A coasian solution to problems of initial acquisitions
2017 (English)In: Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics, E-ISSN 1876-9098, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 45-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article extends the Coase Conjecture to ethical issues of initial acquisitions of property rights. The Coase Conjecture complements the Lockean labour-mixing criterion to limit the boundaries of morally legitimate initial acquisitions of unowned property; whenever the Coase Conjecture applies, the Lockean Proviso that there be "enough and as good" left is automatically satisfied. This holds provided that, when a claim is made, the marginal willingness to pay for the last portion of it is zero (infra-marginally, willingness to pay may be arbitrarily high). Thus, the market price of the claim is zero, except for the part of it that the claimant inhabits or improves. "Excessive" claims therefore come to have a zero market price, so anyone may take possession of them, by purchase or theft. In either case they must compensate the original claimant by a zero amount. It follows that non-claimants do not lose by putatively "excessive" grabs by claimants. This article argues that any initial claims are just under these circumstances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EIPE, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017
Keywords
Initial acquisition, Labour-mixing criterion, Property rights
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-86848 (URN)10.23941/ejpe.v10i2.277 (DOI)2-s2.0-85038890449 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-11-03 Created: 2021-11-03 Last updated: 2023-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ekman, M. (2017). Puzzling evidence on voter turnout. Rationality and Society, 29(4), 449-470
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Puzzling evidence on voter turnout
2017 (English)In: Rationality and Society, ISSN 1043-4631, E-ISSN 1461-7358, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 449-470Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this empirical analysis of voting patterns in five countries on days when one or more national referenda were held, voter turnout appears to decline in the number of concurrent referenda, in contrast to standard theories' predictions and regardless of method used to hold constant the quality of the referenda. Multiple concurrent referenda imply quantity discounts' as one may vote on more ballots in one visit to the polling station. They should also draw more voters due to the wider range of interests attracted when more issues are up for vote. Yet, none of this seems to happen in the data. More recent developments, such as rule utilitarian and information-based theories of voting, fare similarly poorly in light of the evidence presented in this article; a social theory of voting does better.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Referenda, social incentives to vote, voter turnout
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-86849 (URN)10.1177/1043463117734178 (DOI)000415137600003 ()
Available from: 2021-11-03 Created: 2021-11-03 Last updated: 2023-06-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1681-9067

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