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Sørensen, Majken JulORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2311-2473
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Sørensen, M. J. (2019). Dynamics of interaction: how Israeli authorities succeeded in disrupting and containing the 2011 Freedom Flotilla to Gaza. Interface: a journal for and about social movements, 11(1), 14-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamics of interaction: how Israeli authorities succeeded in disrupting and containing the 2011 Freedom Flotilla to Gaza
2019 (English)In: Interface: a journal for and about social movements, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 14-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Groups working for change are met with many types of responses. Most attention has been given to reactions of overt repression or support for movements and campaigns. However, there exist a range of other pacifying responses, such as ignoring, placating, devaluing, disrupting and misinforming. These subtler forms of obstructions pose a different type of challenge and require different types of counter-strategies than violent repression. 

This article introduces a framework focusing on four different types of responses – 1. Validating, 2. Discrediting and attacking, 3. Manipulative and 4. Non-interfering. This model can be applied to analyse responses to all types of nonviolent campaigns from opponents and so-called third parties. The Freedom Flotilla to Gaza in 2011 serves as a case study to present the model and to analyse how the Israeli government and its supporters successfully disrupted and contained this flotilla with much more subtle means than the 2010 flotilla where nine activists were killed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Interface journal, 2019
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75035 (URN)
Note

Interface journal https://www.interfacejournal.net/

Available from: 2019-10-03 Created: 2019-10-03 Last updated: 2019-10-14
Sørensen, M. J. & Rigby, A. (2017). Frontstage and backstage emotion management in civil resistance. Journal of Political Power, 10(2), 219-235
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frontstage and backstage emotion management in civil resistance
2017 (English)In: Journal of Political Power, ISSN 2158-379X, E-ISSN 2158-3803, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 219-235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Civil resistance requires significant forms of emotion management by activists. In this paper, we distinguish between the different foci of emotion management carried out frontstage and backstage – the frontstage focus is typically oriented to influencing the emotions of onlookers, opponents and other targets, the backstage focus is typically concerned with managing the emotions of the activists themselves in preparation for their frontstage performances. Of course, in any particular resistance activity the two dimensions of emotion management interact more or less continuously. Activists need to continually engage in impression-management to ensure they are maintaining their display of the appropriate emotions intended to evoke the desired emotional response in the targets of their performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Emotions, social movements, civil resistance, frontstage, backstage
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64354 (URN)10.1080/2158379X.2017.1336340 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2017). Glorications and Simplications in Case Studies of Danish WWII Nonviolent Resistance. Journal of Resistance Studies, 3(1), 99-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glorications and Simplications in Case Studies of Danish WWII Nonviolent Resistance
2017 (English)In: Journal of Resistance Studies, ISSN 2001-9947, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 99-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irene Publishing, 2017
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64351 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Martin, B. & Sørensen, M. J. (2017). Investigating Nonviolent Action by Experimental Testing. Journal of Resistance Studies, 3(2), 42-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating Nonviolent Action by Experimental Testing
2017 (English)In: Journal of Resistance Studies, ISSN 2001-9947, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 42-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Strategic nonviolent action has developed enormously over the past century: there is a burgeoning body of research, widespread use in social movements, and regular training of activists. Even so, understanding of nonviolent action has been constrained by the methods used to investigate it, for example case studies and practical experience. Te experimental method, as widely used in scientifc research, has yet to be applied to the study of nonviolent action in systematic ways. In this article, two possible experiments with nonviolent action are presented to highlight some of the possibilities. Experiments with nonviolent action have the usual rationale of acquiring knowledge and two additional rationales: participant practical understanding and participant willingness to learn from experimentation. Tere are a number of obstacles to nonviolence experimentation, including lack of funding, ethical challenges, and opposition from various parties. Yet until experimental testing becomes routine, the full potential of nonviolent action will not be realized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ed: Irene Publishing, 2017
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70095 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2017). Laughing All the Way to Social Change: Humor and Nonviolent Action Theory. Peace and Change, 42(1), 128-156
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laughing All the Way to Social Change: Humor and Nonviolent Action Theory
2017 (English)In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 128-156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activists in both dictatorships and democracies use humor as a method of nonviolent resistance, and its special way of appealing to emotions and imagination through ambiguity frequently sets it apart from other forms of nonviolent action. This study analyzes three examples from twentieth‐century Sweden of the political uses of humor according to the ability of each to facilitate dialogue, break power, serve as an utopian enactment, and be a normative regulation. In these cases, humor is found to have a particular ability to break the power of dominant discourses, because their ambiguity makes them ideal as “guerrilla attacks” in the ongoing discursive guerrilla war the activists are waging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70094 (URN)10.1111/pech.12220 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2016). Constructive Resistance: Conceptualising and Mapping the Terrain. Journal of Resistance Studies, 2(1), 49-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructive Resistance: Conceptualising and Mapping the Terrain
2016 (English)In: Journal of Resistance Studies, ISSN 2001-9947, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 49-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People living in systems of domination and exploitation resist in many different ways. Some modes of resistance build and experiment with alternatives to the present in various forms, from the small to the large, the hidden to the open. An overall term for these efforts is “constructive resistance,” which covers initiatives in which people start to build the society they desire independently of the dominant structures already in place. This is initiatives which not only criticise, protest, object, and undermine what is considered undesirable and wrong, but simultaneously acquire, create, built, cultivate and experiment with what people need in the present moment, or what they would like to see replacing dominant structures or power relations. Within peace and conflict studies, this has been approached through Gandhi’s concept of the constructive programme. In the anarchist and Marxists traditions and social movement literature, a related notion is prefigurative politics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ed: Irene Publishing, 2016
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64349 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2016). Humour in Political Activism: Creative Nonviolent Resistance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humour in Political Activism: Creative Nonviolent Resistance
2016 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Annotation This book analyses how humour in political activism contributes to facilitating outreach, mobilisation and the sustaining of cultures of resistance. Drawing on examples of attention-grabbing stunts from around the world, Humour in Political Activism demonstrates how they succeed in turning relations of power upside down. The ambiguity and unpredictability of humour, Sørensen argues, makes it difficult to respond to this form of political activism when it is performed in public. Humorous political stunts can therefore challenge state power, help influence changes in law and make significant contributions to the conversations about how societies should be organised. The book also investigates the potential risks and limitations of using humour in nonviolent action and what makes humour unique compared with other forms of non-humorous political activism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. p. 237
Keywords
Government, Resistance To, Nonviolence, Political Activists, Political Science
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64350 (URN)10.1057/978-1-137-57346-9 (DOI)9781137573469 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2015). Humorous Political Stunts: Nonviolent Public Challenges to Power. (Doctoral dissertation). Sparsnäs, Sweden: Irene Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Humorous Political Stunts: Nonviolent Public Challenges to Power
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sparsnäs, Sweden: Irene Publishing, 2015. p. 589
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64347 (URN)9789188061010 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2015). Radical Clowning: Challenging Militarism through Play and Otherness. Humor: An International Journal of Humor Research, 28(1), 25-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Radical Clowning: Challenging Militarism through Play and Otherness
2015 (English)In: Humor: An International Journal of Humor Research, ISSN 0933-1719, E-ISSN 1613-3722, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, radical clowning has become an increasingly popular tactic among participants in the global justice movement in the western world. In order to discuss how radical clowns differ from conventional clowns and what they have in common, radical clowning can be interpreted through the lenses of clown theory and the four concepts of play, otherness, incompetence, and ridicule. Ethnographic data from the Swedish anti-militarist network Ofog reveals how play and otherness contribute to radical clowns' attempts to communicate nonviolent values, negotiate space, and recognize the human in the other. The findings demonstrate one way that humor can be rebellious and challenge established relations of power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Univ Wollongong, Fac Law Humanities & Arts, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.: Mouton de Gruyter, 2015
Keywords
political humor, absurdity, play, otherness, tactical carnival, CIRCA, Ofog, clowning, ridicule, resistance, subversiveness
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63951 (URN)10.1515/humor-2014-0146 (DOI)000349383600002 ()
Available from: 2017-09-25 Created: 2017-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Sørensen, M. J. (2015). Responses to Nonviolent Campaigns: Beyond Repression or Support. Sparsnäs, Sweden: Irene Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responses to Nonviolent Campaigns: Beyond Repression or Support
2015 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sparsnäs, Sweden: Irene Publishing, 2015. p. 108
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64348 (URN)9781326377076 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2311-2473

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