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Scott, David
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Scott, D. (2018). Enter the anti-politics machine?: Exploring conditions for emancipatory work in an era of marketization and management trends. In: : . Paper presented at Rethinking development, Development Research Conference 2018, 22-23 August..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enter the anti-politics machine?: Exploring conditions for emancipatory work in an era of marketization and management trends
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the last decades, marketization and management trends have become characteristic features in the field of international development cooperation. Economic ideals of efficiency and transparency have paved the way for the introduction of competitive principles in donor funding procedures, the integration of standardized models for constructing development interventions (e.g. LFA and RBM) and an increased focus on auditing, evaluation and reporting (e.g. Thörn, 2016; Follér, 2013; Mueller-Hirth, 2012). Furthermore, different services in the development aid sector are increasingly being outsourced to consultants who use the possibilities of call-offs by donors and other stakeholders. This paper, which is a snapshot of an ongoing PhD thesis, aims to explore the possible conflicts between these economic ideals of efficiency, and the emancipatory intentions in the development aid sector, especially from the perspective of Swedish CSOs working with rights-based approaches in various fields. This paper aims to present some tentative analyses of how the above mentioned practices constitute a form of governing aiming to incorporate CSOs in a neoliberal governmentality (cf. Dean, 2010; Miller & Rose, 2008), constructing these organizations “according to a specific image of the economic” (Brown, 2015, p. 10). With an intention of conducting an initial analysis of interviews and documents, collected from Swedish CSOs, the paper uses analytical concepts from governmentality theory to study political rationalities and technologies of governing (Dean, 2010). The idea here is to show how governing takes place “at a distance” with effects on how emancipatory work is enacted. However, the intention is not only to illuminate rationalities and technologies but also how these are contested through practices of politics (Li, 2007). The paper also touches upon the political consequences of the aid sector, and especially CSOs, being mobilized as vehicles for the reproduction of market and management rationalities in a post political society (cf. Mouffe, 2008; 2016).

 

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71584 (URN)
Conference
Rethinking development, Development Research Conference 2018, 22-23 August.
Available from: 2019-03-20 Created: 2019-03-20 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. (2017). A theoretical exploration of the blending of governing logics in nonprofit organizations: Comparing neoinstitutional and poststructuralist theory. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Political Science Association, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, 8-11 August 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A theoretical exploration of the blending of governing logics in nonprofit organizations: Comparing neoinstitutional and poststructuralist theory
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62639 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Political Science Association, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, 8-11 August 2017
Available from: 2017-08-14 Created: 2017-08-14 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. (2017). Doing transformative and feminist work in the management era: Exploring adaptation to and resistance against managerial techniques of governing in a feminist nonprofit organization. In: : . Paper presented at Statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsmöte (Swepsa), Karlstads universitet.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doing transformative and feminist work in the management era: Exploring adaptation to and resistance against managerial techniques of governing in a feminist nonprofit organization
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64784 (URN)
Conference
Statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsmöte (Swepsa), Karlstads universitet
Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2018-07-26Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. & Enander, A. (2017). Postpandemic nightmare: A framing analysis of authorities and narcolepsy victims in Swedish press. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 25(2), 91-102
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Postpandemic nightmare: A framing analysis of authorities and narcolepsy victims in Swedish press
2017 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 91-102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to explore the framing of victims and authorities in Swedishpress during the narcolepsy crisis, occurring in the aftermath of the A(H1N1) vaccinationcampaign. Reporting from five major newspapers was analysed using an inductiveand a deductive frame of analysis. The inductive analysis showed that the focus in thereporting on victims was their struggles in everyday life, coping with the disease, whilethe focus regarding authorities was on criticism and accountability. The deductive analysisrevealed the use of a number of framing devices that reinforced the view of victimsas vulnerable and authorities as deserving criticism. The underlying significance of themedia portrayal and the implications from a crisis communication perspective are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Samhällskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-49406 (URN)10.1111/1468-5973.12127 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. (2017). The inevitability of management?: Resistance against neoliberal and managerial techniques of governing in Swedish civil society. In: : . Paper presented at The 7th Nordic Geographers Meeting “Geographies of inequalities”, 18-21 June 2017, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The inevitability of management?: Resistance against neoliberal and managerial techniques of governing in Swedish civil society
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the recent decades new forms of governing, highly influenced by market logics, have emerged in the public administration of liberal democratic states. Often, these governing forms are gathered together under the umbrella term of “new public management” which is used to label management forms that emphasize privatization and marketization of public services. However, taking a power critical stance, these forms of governing can also be understood as an expression of a neoliberal rationality, structuring society, populations and subjects “according to a specific image of the economic” (Brown, 2015: 10). This form of rationality is not limited to public administration, but has also had spill-over effects on civil society. Research has shown that the effects of techniques related to the neoliberal rationality have created a civil society becoming more “business-like”, creating certain power and knowledge structures as well as neoliberal subjectivities (Maier et al., 2014). Furthermore, the neoliberal rationality has transformed civil society into “management bureaucracies” (Hall, 2012), meaning that civil society is subject to governing through managerial techniques such as auditing and performance measurement. From the perspective of radical democracy (e.g. Mouffe, 2008; Brown, 2015), this is problematic since the civil society’s role as a politicizing actor, that actively critiques power structures, becomes undermined by a neoliberal discourse, placing co-workers in civil society organizations into the subject position of “management bureaucrats”. Possibly, this could create resistance and conflict in civil society. This paper aims to present a theoretical and methodological framework for studying resistance in Swedish civil society organizations, specifically NGOs implicated in Swedish international development cooperation, against neoliberal and managerial techniques of governing, thus challenging the stipulated “truth” that the introduction of management techniques is inevitable.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-58592 (URN)
Conference
The 7th Nordic Geographers Meeting “Geographies of inequalities”, 18-21 June 2017, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2017-07-12 Created: 2017-07-12 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. (2016). Nyliberalism som rationalitet och polisiärt statsprojekt. In: : . Paper presented at Statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsmöte, Campus Gotland Visby 19 oktober.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nyliberalism som rationalitet och polisiärt statsprojekt
2016 (Swedish)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47344 (URN)
Conference
Statsvetenskapliga förbundets årsmöte, Campus Gotland Visby 19 oktober
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-12-02 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Scott, D. (2016). Resistance as political participation in the post-political region. In: : . Paper presented at Regional Studies Association Annual Conference, Graz, 3-6 April, 2016. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 87(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resistance as political participation in the post-political region
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Characterizing features of the Swedish political system, especially at the local and the regional level, are the highly stated ambitions of political participation. In Sweden there have been attempts to increase political participation through “democratic innovations”, which indicates pluralism in the forms of political participation. However, there is a vast literature criticizing the lack of a concrete political content, meaning that liberal democracy is unable to offer political conflict dimensions. The content of politics is largely about consolidating a neoliberal model of political governance, thus leading to a state of “post politics” or “post democracy”. An expression for this is the implementation of “new public management” which have implied the marginalization of politics in favour of market solutions. This development has been seen as the hollowing out of democracy since issues of power and conflict, the very essence of politics,  have been marginalized from the political agenda.

With Chantal Mouffe’s (2005) distinction of “the political” and “politics”, it can be claimed that “politics”, in the shape of the institutionalized forms for political practice, put up boundaries for what political issues that are included and excluded on the political agenda. This could stand in contrast with the actual desires of “the political” and puts up boundaries for what kind of political participation that is possible.

Starting with this theoretical framework, the aim of the PhD project is to explore how people (citizens, activists, established politicians, public servants) position themselves against a post-political rationality from a regional perspective. One way of conceptualizing the concept of positioning is to think of it as resistance. The act of resistance is a widely researched subject, but an interest guiding this project is how resistance against a post-political rationality comes to expression from a regional perspective. Some issues of interests include: How do resistance come to expression through spontaneous non-intentional micro-practices in regional organizations? Under what circumstances do resistance destabilize and reproduce post-political rationalities? Can practices of resistance lead to a re-politicization of the regional level?

The interest guiding the PhD project is to study the potentials of resistance to the post-political rationalities as a form of political participation in the regional context. In line with this, a PhD project which emphasizes other forms of political participation can offer an alternative to studies focusing on traditional forms of political participation. Furthermore, the regional focus can hopefully offer an opportunity to study this participation from a city-region perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2016
Keywords
post-politics, regions, resistance
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42649 (URN)10.3828/tpr.2016.31 (DOI)
Conference
Regional Studies Association Annual Conference, Graz, 3-6 April, 2016
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-12-05Bibliographically approved
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