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Wikström, F. & Williams, H. (2017). Packaging and Food Waste Behavior. In: Reference Module in Food Sciences: (pp. 1-4). Elsevier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Packaging and Food Waste Behavior
2017 (English)In: Reference Module in Food Sciences, Elsevier, 2017, p. 1-4Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Packaging saves food by protecting the content from physical and chemical degradation during the distribution and storage processes. However, packaging can do much more than that. This article explores how the design of a package may help, or indeed hinder, the consumer to avoid wasting food. A number of packaging attributes influence consumer behavior. The influence is different depending on the product‘s characteristics and the needs of the consumer. For many products, it might be better to add packaging material, for example, by creating smaller sizes of the product to reduce food waste and the overall environmental impact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Packaging, Food waste, Packaging attributes, Sustainable packaging, Behavior, Life cycle assessment, Environmental impact, Recycling, Consumer, Primary packaging
National Category
Materials Engineering Environmental Biotechnology Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67456 (URN)10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.21412-1 (DOI)978-0-08-100596-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lindh, H., Williams, H., Olsson, A. & Wikstrom, F. (2016). Elucidating the Indirect Contributions of Packaging to Sustainable Development: A Terminology of Packaging Functions and Features. Packaging technology & science, 29(4-5), 225-246
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elucidating the Indirect Contributions of Packaging to Sustainable Development: A Terminology of Packaging Functions and Features
2016 (English)In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 29, no 4-5, p. 225-246Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Packaging has great potential to contribute to sustainable development through its functions. Previous research has indicated a need for increased knowledge among consumers, suppliers, authorities and media of how packaging functions and features influence sustainable development. Previous research also shows the need for a common terminology of packaging functions and features in order to facilitate and improve communication and understanding in development and decision processes. This conceptual paper sets out to identify, collect, analyse and systemize packaging functions and features and evaluate them based on their indirect contributions to sustainable development. The systemized functions and features are expressed in generic terminology. Three clusters of packaging functions were identified from the literature: protect, facilitate handling and communicate. Nineteen packaging features were also identified. They were grouped under the three functions and elaborated based on their indirect contributions to the environmental, social and economic dimensions of sustainable development. Fourteen potential positive indirect effects were identified including decreased product waste, reduced risk for human health hazards, increased handling and transport efficiency. Decreased product waste was generated by 13 of the features and was thus the most frequently appearing. Reducing waste is thereby indicated to be a manifold matter, but also one of great potential. The proposed terminology can contribute to an increased understanding of how packaging can actually contribute to sustainable development. In a theoretical context, this paper attempts to complement earlier work in sustainable packaging development by its emphasis on the indirect contributions of packaging to sustainable development.

Keywords
sustainable packaging development, packaging functions, packaging features, indirect effects of packaging, literature review
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42615 (URN)10.1002/pts.2197 (DOI)000375104800002 ()
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Williams, H., Verghese, K., Lockrey, S., Crossin, E., Clune, S., Rio, M. & Wikström, F. (2014). The greenhouse gas profile of a “Hungry Planet”; quantifying the impacts of the weekly food purchases including associated packaging and food waste of three families. In: : . Paper presented at 19th IAPRI World Conference on Packaging from 15 to 18 June 2014 in Melbourne, Australia..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The greenhouse gas profile of a “Hungry Planet”; quantifying the impacts of the weekly food purchases including associated packaging and food waste of three families
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2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) have estimated that 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted across the supply chain, while food security emerges as one of the leading challenges facing a growing global population. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can illustrate the environmental implications of food production, consumption and waste. In 2005, Peter Menzel and Faith D’Aluisio presented a photographic study in “Hungry Planet – What the World Eats” documenting what thirty families across twenty-four countries ate during the course of one week. The weekly food purchasing inventories of three of these families have been combined with LCA data to report the greenhouse gas intensity of these food purchases. The greenhouse gas emission profile including those of 128 varieties of fresh food, along with data on packaging material production and household food waste, have been used in the calculations. The paper will present the findings illustrating the contribution each component has: food, packaging and food waste; and will also discuss the implications for food packaging design. 

Keywords
food packaging design, food purchases, greenhouse gas, life cycle assessment, LCA, packaging
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33986 (URN)
Conference
19th IAPRI World Conference on Packaging from 15 to 18 June 2014 in Melbourne, Australia.
Note

Fullstädningt program finns på hemsida. http://www.vu.edu.au/19th-iapri-world-conference-on-packaging. 

Karli Verghese gjorde muntlig presetnation

Available from: 2014-10-03 Created: 2014-10-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Wikström, F., Williams, H., Verghese, K. & Clune, S. (2014). The influence of packaging attributes on consumer behaviour in food-packaging life cycle assessment studies - a neglected topic. Journal of Cleaner Production, 73, 100-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of packaging attributes on consumer behaviour in food-packaging life cycle assessment studies - a neglected topic
2014 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 73, p. 100-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of packaging systems to reduce food waste is rarely modelled in life cycle assessment (LCA) studies. This means that a packaging system format with a lower environmental impact that causes high food waste, may appear to be a better alternative than a packaging system with a higher environmental impact that reduces food waste. This can be contradictory to the purpose of using LCA to reduce overall environmental impacts, because food generally has a higher environmental impact than the packaging system. This paper highlights packaging attributes that may influence food waste, and demonstrates via six packaging scenarios how the environmental impact for the functional unit of “eaten food” can be calculated when food waste is included. The results show that the function of “avoiding food waste” is a critical packaging issue. The connection between packaging design and food waste should be acknowledged and valued by relevant stakeholders such as: food producers, manufacturers, brand owners, retailers and consumers, and also in packaging regulations. To fully explore the potential for packaging systems to reduce their overall environmental impact, food waste should be included. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Packaging attributes, Consumer behaviour, Food waste, LCA
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33819 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.10.042 (DOI)000337852000012 ()
Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-24 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Williams, H., Wikström, F., Otterbring, T., Löfgren, M. & Gustafsson, A. (2012). Reasons for household food waste with special attention to packaging. Journal of Cleaner Production, 24, 141-148
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reasons for household food waste with special attention to packaging
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 24, p. 141-148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The amount of food waste needs to be reduced in order to sustain the world's limited resources and secure enough food to all humans. Packaging plays an important role in reducing food waste. The knowledge about how packaging affects food waste in households, however, is scarce. This exploratory study examines reasons for food waste in household and especially how and to what extent packaging influences the amount of food waste. Sixty-one families measured their amount of food waste during seven days and noted in a diary why each item was wasted. Thirty of the families had participated earlier in an environmental project including education in environmental issues of everyday life. About 20-25% of the households' food waste could be related to packaging. Three packaging aspects dominate the packaging related waste: packages that the consumer noted as being too big and packages that were difficult to empty, and wastage because of passed "best before date". The environmentally educated households wasted less, especially of prepared food. They also wasted less food due to passed "best before date". These households were more observant to packaging aspects in relation to food waste. The observations made could be used to learn more about packaging attributes that affect food waste. Although they recognised packaging influence on food waste, these households expressed lower satisfaction with packaging functions and wanted packaging to a lower extent. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
Keywords
Packaging functions, Packaging development, Food waste, Environmental education, Purchase habits, Sustainable development
National Category
Psychology Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Psychology; Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38520 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.11.044 (DOI)000300476800016 ()
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2015-11-23 Last updated: 2018-05-25Bibliographically approved
Wikström, F., Williams, H., Verghese, K. & Clune, S. (2012). The influence of packaging attributes on consumer behaviour in food-packaging LCA studies: a neglected topic. In: Corson, M.S., van der Werf, H.M.G. (Ed.), 8th International Conference on Life cycle assessment in the agri-food sector. Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Life cycle assessment in the agri-food sector, October 1-4, 2012 Saint-Malo, France (pp. 287-293).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of packaging attributes on consumer behaviour in food-packaging LCA studies: a neglected topic
2012 (English)In: 8th International Conference on Life cycle assessment in the agri-food sector / [ed] Corson, M.S., van der Werf, H.M.G., 2012, p. 287-293Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26969 (URN)978-2-7466-5740-3 (ISBN)
Conference
8th International Conference on Life cycle assessment in the agri-food sector, October 1-4, 2012 Saint-Malo, France
Available from: 2013-04-18 Created: 2013-04-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Wikström, F., Olsson, A., Nilsson, F. & Hellström, D. (2011). Bra förpackning skyddar och säljer i hållbart system. Miljöforskning (januari)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bra förpackning skyddar och säljer i hållbart system
2011 (English)In: Miljöforskning, ISSN 2000-8627, no januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10517 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Stawreberg, L. & Wikström, F. (2011). Does the energy labelling system for domestic tumble dryers serve its purpose?. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19, 1300-1305
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the energy labelling system for domestic tumble dryers serve its purpose?
2011 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 19, p. 1300-1305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-8243 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.03.016 (DOI)000292716800003 ()
Available from: 2011-09-14 Created: 2011-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Williams, H. & Wikström, F. (2011). Environmental impact of packaging and food losses in a life cycle perspective: a comparative analysis of five food items. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(1), 43-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental impact of packaging and food losses in a life cycle perspective: a comparative analysis of five food items
2011 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 43-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The environmental concern and development issues regarding packaging has for 20 years to a high extent been on packaging when it has become waste. To reduce the environmentalimpact from the whole foodpackaging system it is also important to develop the packaging’s ability to reduce food waste. In some cases it may be necessary to increase the environmentalimpactofpackagingin order to reduce food waste. In this paper, the environmentalimpactofpackagingandfoodlossesand the balance between the two has been examined for five different food items. The results show that packaging’s that reduce food waste can be an important tool to reduce the total environmentalimpact, even if there is an increase inimpact from the packaging itself. This is especially true for food items where the environmentalimpactof the food is high relative the packaging, for example cheese, and for food items with high losses, for example bread. It is important to analyse the risk of increasing foodlosses when packaging design changes, for example, when the aim is less packaging material, which is the main intention of the packagingandpackaging waste directive of the European Union.

Keywords
Packaging; Packaging development; LCA; Food; Foodlosses; Consumer; Environmentalimpact
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7340 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.08.008 (DOI)000284566000005 ()
Available from: 2011-05-26 Created: 2011-04-28 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, F., Olsson, A. & Wikström, F. (2011). Toward sustainable goods flow: a framework from a packaging perspective. In: Conference Proceedings of Nofoma 2011: . Paper presented at The 23rd NOFOMA conference - The Nordic logistics research Network, University College in Harstad, Norway, June 9-10, 2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward sustainable goods flow: a framework from a packaging perspective
2011 (English)In: Conference Proceedings of Nofoma 2011, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26970 (URN)
Conference
The 23rd NOFOMA conference - The Nordic logistics research Network, University College in Harstad, Norway, June 9-10, 2011
Available from: 2013-04-18 Created: 2013-04-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8669-6656

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