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Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Nordgren, K., Kristiansson, M., Liljekvist, Y. & Bergh, D. (2019). Lärares planering och efterarbete av lektioner: Infrastrukturer för kollegialt samarbete och forskningssamverkan. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lärares planering och efterarbete av lektioner: Infrastrukturer för kollegialt samarbete och forskningssamverkan
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport beskrivs de huvudsakliga resultaten från en enkätstudie om hur lärare i svensk skola uppfattar sina förutsättningar att planeraoch efterarbeta sina lektioner. Studien visar för det första att de flesta lärare inte har organiserad tid för kollegialt samarbete runt planering och efterarbete av lektioner. För det andra visar studien att när det finns organiserat samarbete så är lärarna betydligt mer positiva till sin arbetsmiljö och sina möjligheter att planera och efterarbeta sina lektioner. För det tredje visar studien att skolor i liten utsträckning arbetar med formativ undervisning. Detta även på skolor med tid för organiserat samarbete. Sammantaget tyder resultaten på att vissa grundläggande förutsättningar för en skola på vetenskaplig grund saknas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2019
Series
Studier i de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik ; 2019:35Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2019:11
Keywords
Enkät, Planering, Efterarbete, Lärare, Infrastruktur, Skola
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71597 (URN)978-91-7867-011-6 (ISBN)978-91-7867-016-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Utbildning, Lärande, Forskning
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2019-04-12
Bergh, D. (2019). Skolprestationer & psykisk ohälsa. Skolhälsan (1), 14-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolprestationer & psykisk ohälsa
2019 (Swedish)In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 1, p. 14-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Riksföreningen för skolhälsovård, Riksföreningen för skolsköterskor, 2019
Keywords
psykisk ohälsa, skolprestationer, ungdomar, skola
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Samhällskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71450 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Aronson, O. & Bergh, D. (2019). Smoking Motivation in the Face of Stigmatization: A Bourdieusian Analysis of Impressions. Stigma and Health, 4(1), 30-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smoking Motivation in the Face of Stigmatization: A Bourdieusian Analysis of Impressions
2019 (English)In: Stigma and Health, ISSN 2376-6972, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Earlier research from Western countries has indicated that individuals with low socioeconomic status(SES) initiate tobacco smoking even though smoking is a stigmatized practice. We propose thattheoretical developments of Bourdieu’s theories on capital can reveal a plausible mechanism thatexplains smoking motivation in the face of stigmatization, and we perform a double-blind randomizedcontrolled experiment with the impressions of a smoking adolescent girl to test and elaborate on ourproposition. The empirical data was collected through questionnaires distributed to 622 Swedishadolescents during the fall of 2015. Half the questionnaires included a picture of a smoking girl and halfthe questionnaires included an identical picture without the act of smoking. Binary logistic regressionsindicate that the girl in the picture was perceived as significantly less likable, more popular, less kind,less compassionate, more deceitful, more conceited, and more liable to bully when she smoked a cigarettethan when she did not smoke. The theoretical analysis implies that adolescents with low SES may seekto smoke in the face of stigmatization because of a motivating mechanism that functions in accordancewith Bourdieu’s economic logic of action. The concluding section presents implications for tobaccocontrolpolicies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019
Keywords
Stigma, tobacco smoking, Bourdieu, impression, tobacco control
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63761 (URN)10.1037/sah0000118 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved
Nordgren, K., Liljekvist, Y., Kristiansson, M. & Bergh, D. (2018). Reformer verkningslösa om lärare inte får tid att planera [Review]. Dagens nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reformer verkningslösa om lärare inte får tid att planera
2018 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheterArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dagens nyheter, 2018
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69586 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Steigen, A. M. & Bergh, D. (2018). The Social Provisions Scale: psychometric properties of the SPS-10 among participants in nature-based services. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Social Provisions Scale: psychometric properties of the SPS-10 among participants in nature-based services
2018 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose:This article analyses the psychometric properties of the Social Provisions Scale 10-items version.Methods:The Social Provisions Scale was analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model, applied todata on 93 young adults (16–30 years) out of school or work, participating in different nature-based serv-ices, due to mental or drug-related problems.Results:The psychometric analysis concludes that the original scale has difficulties related to targetingand construct validity. In order to improve the psychometric properties, the scale was modified to includeeight items measuring functional support. The modification was based on theoretical and statisticalconsiderations.Conclusion:After modifications the scale showed not only satisfying psychometric properties, but it alsoclarified uncertainties regarding construct validity of the measure. However, further analysis on larger sam-ples are required

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Young adults, Rasch, Social Provisions Scale, social support, nature-based services
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66342 (URN)10.1080/09638288.2018.1434689 (DOI)29402143 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-09-30Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. & Giota, J. (2018). The Social Responsibility Goal Orientation: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using adolescent data from Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement Developments with Rasch Models, January 17-19, 2018, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Social Responsibility Goal Orientation: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using adolescent data from Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: In the Achievement Goal Theory, different reasons for learning are contrasted. Mastery and Performance are most commonly used while less attention is paid to Social Responsibility goal orientations, despite that this is an integral part of many curricula. Aims: The purpose of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Social Responsibility goal orientation by means of the polytomous Rasch model. Mehods: This study is based on data from the longitudinal ETF project (Evaluation Through Follow up) among Swedish students. Two cohorts (born in 1992 and 1998) of students in school year 9 were subjected to analysis. Data was collected by a self-administered postal questionnaires to randomly selected students. In total, 6,010 students responded in 1992 and 4,573 in 1998. A scale consisting of 6 polytomous items is analysed. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate the fit to the Rasch model. Strategies to handle large samples in statistical test of fit are discussed.   Results: The social responsibility scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of individuals, and showing no reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories work as intended. The estimates are also relatively stable over cohorts. However, there are indications of Differential Item Functioning (DIF) by sex.    Conclusions: Although, the Social Responsibility scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there are room for improvements. In particular, targeting may be improved by the inclusion of additional items of appropriate difficulty. 

Keywords
Rasch Measurement
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66346 (URN)
Conference
Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement Developments with Rasch Models, January 17-19, 2018, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-19Bibliographically approved
Steigen, A. M., Eriksson, B. G., Kogstad, R. E., Toft, H. P. & Bergh, D. (2018). Young Adults in Nature-Based Services in Norway: In-Group and Between-Group Variations Related to Mental Health Problems. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 9, 110-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young Adults in Nature-Based Services in Norway: In-Group and Between-Group Variations Related to Mental Health Problems
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2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 110-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young adults with mental health problems who do not attend school or work constitute a significant welfare challenge in Norway. The welfare services available to these individuals include nature-based services, which are primarily located on farms and integrate the natural and agricultural environment into their daily activities. The aim of this study is to examine young adults (16–30 years old) not attending school or work who participated in nature-based services in Norway. In particular, the study analyses mental health problems among the participants and in-group variations regarding their symptoms of mental health problems using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-10). This paper compares symptoms of mental health problems among participants in nature-based services with those of a sample from the general population and a sample of those receiving clinical in-patient mental healthcare. A questionnaire was developed for the study and was completed by 93 participants in nature-based services. The majority of these participants were recruited from the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), local mental health services, and school authorities. Results indicate that just more than half of the respondents exhibited symptoms of mental health problems based on their HSCL-10 scores. In general, they reported fewer symptoms than the clinical in-patient sample (18–30 years old) and more symptoms than the general population sample (18–19 years old). Among the participants in nature-based services, those recruited through NAV and local mental health services exhibited no differences in symptoms. Half of the participants older than 23 years in nature-based services had not completed upper secondary school. The participants, including those with symptoms of mental health problems and low expectations at the outset of their participation, generally expressed high satisfaction with the services.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70659 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. & Williamsson, V. (2016). Går det att höja kvaliteten och effektivisera examination i samhällskunskap?. In: : . Paper presented at Konferens om undervisning och examination på Karlstads universitet, Den 15 september, 2016, Karlstad.. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Går det att höja kvaliteten och effektivisera examination i samhällskunskap?
2016 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Examination utgör en central del i våra utbildningar, inte desto mindre verkar det vara ovanligt med djupare reflektioner över kvaliteten i dessa.

Det projekt som vi vill dela med oss av här är ett pågående utvecklingsprojekt som har till syfte att  analysera examinationen i samhällskunskap inom ämneslärarutbildningen. Redovisningen baserar sig på en kvantitativ analys av hur väl en salsskrivning i samhällskunskap 1 på ämneslärarprogrammet tjänar sitt syfte, d.v.s. fungerar tentamen bra som examination betraktat? Hur skulle den kunna göras bättre?

En central fråga rör om tentamens svårighetsgrad verkar vara anpassad till den studentgrupp som avses. Om några frågor skulle visa sig vara för enkla – alla studenter klarar frågorna - hjälper ju inte dessa oss med att mäta studenternas kunskaper. På motsatt sätt kan man tänka sig att några frågor är alldeles för svåra, d.v.s. inga studenter klarar av frågorna.  Analysen visar bl.a. att:

  • Genom att formulera väl övervägda frågor i förhållande till aktuella lärandemål skulle den insats och tidsåtgång som krävs för bedömning av tentamen kunna göras mer effektiv med ökad kvalitet, och studenter utsätts inte för onödiga frågor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016
Keywords
Examination och bedömning
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Samhällskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-46275 (URN)
Conference
Konferens om undervisning och examination på Karlstads universitet, Den 15 september, 2016, Karlstad.
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. (2015). Chi-Squared Test of Fit and Sample Size-A Comparison between a Random Sample Approach and a Chi-Square Value Adjustment Method. Journal of Applied Measurement, 16(2), 204-217
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chi-Squared Test of Fit and Sample Size-A Comparison between a Random Sample Approach and a Chi-Square Value Adjustment Method
2015 (English)In: Journal of Applied Measurement, ISSN 1529-7713, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 204-217Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chi-square statistics are commonly used for tests of fit of measurement models. Chi-square is also sensitive to sample size, which is why several approaches to handle large samples in test of fit analysis have been developed. One strategy to handle the sample size problem may be to adjust the sample size in the analysis of fit. An alternative is to adopt a random sample approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze and to compare these two strategies using simulated data. Given an original sample size of 21,000, for reductions of sample sizes down to the order of 5,000 the adjusted sample size function works as good as the random sample approach. In contrast, when applying adjustments to sample sizes of lower order the adjustment function is less effective at approximating the chi-square value for an actual random sample of the relevant size. Hence, the fit is exaggerated and misfit under-estimated using the adjusted sample size function. Although there are big differences in chi-square values between the two approaches at lower sample sizes, the inferences based on the p-values may be the same.

National Category
Social Sciences Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36443 (URN)26075668 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. (2015). Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate: Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate –An analysis of the Psychometric Properties of a scale using Australian adolescent data. In: : . Paper presented at The Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS)2015, August 20-24, Fukuoka, Japan. Fukuoka, Japan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate: Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate –An analysis of the Psychometric Properties of a scale using Australian adolescent data
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mobile: +4673-701 2448

 

(1) Background: Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in the school environment.  Most adolescents are also subjected to compulsory school attendance, implying that they have to deal with the environment on a daily basis. In that sense the school environment is inescapable. There are several different measures on student experiences of the school environment, but School Climate is one of the most prominent. However, there seems to be no agreement upon definition and operationalization of the School Climate concept. Also, it is uncommon to find descriptions of robust psychometric analyses of School Climate measures.    

(2) Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate by means of the Rasch model for ordered response categories.  

(3) Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 students  enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools located in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.

(4) Methods: A scale consisting of seven polytomous items is analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across sex and grade.

(5) Results: At a general level of analysis the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of the individuals. Some items showed reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories did not work properly and as expected. Also, at a finer level of analysis focusing on DIF, the scale works fairly well, but with exceptions important in order to understand differences between younger and older adolescents.  

(6) Conclusions: Although the scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there is room for improvements. In particular the precision of measurement may be increased by improving the targeting through inclusion of additional items of appropriate severity.      

Future directions

As there seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of School Climate  across age groups and genders, efforts to develop instruments are required.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fukuoka, Japan: , 2015
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37995 (URN)
Conference
The Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS)2015, August 20-24, Fukuoka, Japan
Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9541-3673

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