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Publications (10 of 35) Show all publications
Giota, J., Bergh, D. & Emanuelsson, I. (2019). Changes in individualized teaching practices in municipal and independent schools 2003, 2008 and 2014 - student achievement, family background and school choice in Sweden. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changes in individualized teaching practices in municipal and independent schools 2003, 2008 and 2014 - student achievement, family background and school choice in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The study investigated student experiences of teaching practices in grade 9 at 2003, 2008 and 2014 after the Swedish education reforms of the 1990s. Teaching practices in both municipal and independent schools were related to student achievement and family background. Data from three nationally representative cohorts within the ongoing Swedish longitudinal ETF-project have been used. The results show changes from more conventional to more individualistic teaching practices. Independent schools emphasize more self-regulated learning. Child-centred forms of work are though found to be equally beneficial for student achievement as more conventional teaching methods. In spite of education reforms, family background is equally important for student achievement as earlier. Obtained results are discussed in relation to increased school competition in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Keywords
Individualization, teaching practices, student achievement, school choice, education reforms
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71627 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2019.1586513 (DOI)
Projects
Consequences of individualized teaching practices for students’ motivation to learn and achievement over 50 years – educational reforms and societal changes
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-47450-112501-64
Available from: 2019-03-27 Created: 2019-03-27 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Nordgren, K., Kristiansson, M., Liljekvist, Y. & Bergh, D. (2019). Lärares planering och efterarbete av lektioner: Infrastrukturer för kollegialt samarbete och forskningssamverkan. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lärares planering och efterarbete av lektioner: Infrastrukturer för kollegialt samarbete och forskningssamverkan
2019 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport beskrivs de huvudsakliga resultaten från en enkätstudie om hur lärare i svensk skola uppfattar sina förutsättningar att planeraoch efterarbeta sina lektioner. Studien visar för det första att de flesta lärare inte har organiserad tid för kollegialt samarbete runt planering och efterarbete av lektioner. För det andra visar studien att när det finns organiserat samarbete så är lärarna betydligt mer positiva till sin arbetsmiljö och sina möjligheter att planera och efterarbeta sina lektioner. För det tredje visar studien att skolor i liten utsträckning arbetar med formativ undervisning. Detta även på skolor med tid för organiserat samarbete. Sammantaget tyder resultaten på att vissa grundläggande förutsättningar för en skola på vetenskaplig grund saknas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2019
Series
Studier i de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik ; 2019:35Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2019:11
Keywords
Enkät, Planering, Efterarbete, Lärare, Infrastruktur, Skola
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71597 (URN)978-91-7867-011-6 (ISBN)978-91-7867-016-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Utbildning, Lärande, Forskning
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2019-04-29
Bergh, D. (2019). Skolprestationer & psykisk ohälsa. Skolhälsan (1), 14-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolprestationer & psykisk ohälsa
2019 (Swedish)In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 1, p. 14-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Riksföreningen för skolhälsovård, Riksföreningen för skolsköterskor, 2019
Keywords
psykisk ohälsa, skolprestationer, ungdomar, skola
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Samhällskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71450 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Aronson, O. & Bergh, D. (2019). Smoking Motivation in the Face of Stigmatization: A Bourdieusian Analysis of Impressions. Stigma and Health, 4(1), 30-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smoking Motivation in the Face of Stigmatization: A Bourdieusian Analysis of Impressions
2019 (English)In: Stigma and Health, ISSN 2376-6972, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Earlier research from Western countries has indicated that individuals with low socioeconomic status(SES) initiate tobacco smoking even though smoking is a stigmatized practice. We propose thattheoretical developments of Bourdieu’s theories on capital can reveal a plausible mechanism thatexplains smoking motivation in the face of stigmatization, and we perform a double-blind randomizedcontrolled experiment with the impressions of a smoking adolescent girl to test and elaborate on ourproposition. The empirical data was collected through questionnaires distributed to 622 Swedishadolescents during the fall of 2015. Half the questionnaires included a picture of a smoking girl and halfthe questionnaires included an identical picture without the act of smoking. Binary logistic regressionsindicate that the girl in the picture was perceived as significantly less likable, more popular, less kind,less compassionate, more deceitful, more conceited, and more liable to bully when she smoked a cigarettethan when she did not smoke. The theoretical analysis implies that adolescents with low SES may seekto smoke in the face of stigmatization because of a motivating mechanism that functions in accordancewith Bourdieu’s economic logic of action. The concluding section presents implications for tobaccocontrolpolicies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019
Keywords
Stigma, tobacco smoking, Bourdieu, impression, tobacco control
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63761 (URN)10.1037/sah0000118 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved
Nordgren, K., Liljekvist, Y., Kristiansson, M. & Bergh, D. (2018). Reformer verkningslösa om lärare inte får tid att planera [Review]. Dagens nyheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reformer verkningslösa om lärare inte får tid att planera
2018 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheterArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dagens nyheter, 2018
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69586 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-11 Created: 2018-10-11 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Steigen, A. M. & Bergh, D. (2018). The Social Provisions Scale: psychometric properties of the SPS-10 among participants in nature-based services. Disability and Rehabilitation, 41(14), 1690-1698
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Social Provisions Scale: psychometric properties of the SPS-10 among participants in nature-based services
2018 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 41, no 14, p. 1690-1698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose:This article analyses the psychometric properties of the Social Provisions Scale 10-items version.Methods:The Social Provisions Scale was analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model, applied todata on 93 young adults (16–30 years) out of school or work, participating in different nature-based serv-ices, due to mental or drug-related problems.Results:The psychometric analysis concludes that the original scale has difficulties related to targetingand construct validity. In order to improve the psychometric properties, the scale was modified to includeeight items measuring functional support. The modification was based on theoretical and statisticalconsiderations.Conclusion:After modifications the scale showed not only satisfying psychometric properties, but it alsoclarified uncertainties regarding construct validity of the measure. However, further analysis on larger sam-ples are required

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Young adults, Rasch, Social Provisions Scale, social support, nature-based services
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66342 (URN)10.1080/09638288.2018.1434689 (DOI)000468608300009 ()29402143 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. & Giota, J. (2018). The Social Responsibility Goal Orientation: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using adolescent data from Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement Developments with Rasch Models, January 17-19, 2018, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Social Responsibility Goal Orientation: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using adolescent data from Sweden
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: In the Achievement Goal Theory, different reasons for learning are contrasted. Mastery and Performance are most commonly used while less attention is paid to Social Responsibility goal orientations, despite that this is an integral part of many curricula. Aims: The purpose of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Social Responsibility goal orientation by means of the polytomous Rasch model. Mehods: This study is based on data from the longitudinal ETF project (Evaluation Through Follow up) among Swedish students. Two cohorts (born in 1992 and 1998) of students in school year 9 were subjected to analysis. Data was collected by a self-administered postal questionnaires to randomly selected students. In total, 6,010 students responded in 1992 and 4,573 in 1998. A scale consisting of 6 polytomous items is analysed. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate the fit to the Rasch model. Strategies to handle large samples in statistical test of fit are discussed.   Results: The social responsibility scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of individuals, and showing no reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories work as intended. The estimates are also relatively stable over cohorts. However, there are indications of Differential Item Functioning (DIF) by sex.    Conclusions: Although, the Social Responsibility scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there are room for improvements. In particular, targeting may be improved by the inclusion of additional items of appropriate difficulty. 

Keywords
Rasch Measurement
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66346 (URN)
Conference
Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement Developments with Rasch Models, January 17-19, 2018, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-19Bibliographically approved
Steigen, A. M., Eriksson, B. G., Kogstad, R. E., Toft, H. P. & Bergh, D. (2018). Young Adults in Nature-Based Services in Norway: In-Group and Between-Group Variations Related to Mental Health Problems. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 9, 110-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young Adults in Nature-Based Services in Norway: In-Group and Between-Group Variations Related to Mental Health Problems
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 110-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young adults with mental health problems who do not attend school or work constitute a significant welfare challenge in Norway. The welfare services available to these individuals include nature-based services, which are primarily located on farms and integrate the natural and agricultural environment into their daily activities. The aim of this study is to examine young adults (16–30 years old) not attending school or work who participated in nature-based services in Norway. In particular, the study analyses mental health problems among the participants and in-group variations regarding their symptoms of mental health problems using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-10). This paper compares symptoms of mental health problems among participants in nature-based services with those of a sample from the general population and a sample of those receiving clinical in-patient mental healthcare. A questionnaire was developed for the study and was completed by 93 participants in nature-based services. The majority of these participants were recruited from the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), local mental health services, and school authorities. Results indicate that just more than half of the respondents exhibited symptoms of mental health problems based on their HSCL-10 scores. In general, they reported fewer symptoms than the clinical in-patient sample (18–30 years old) and more symptoms than the general population sample (18–19 years old). Among the participants in nature-based services, those recruited through NAV and local mental health services exhibited no differences in symptoms. Half of the participants older than 23 years in nature-based services had not completed upper secondary school. The participants, including those with symptoms of mental health problems and low expectations at the outset of their participation, generally expressed high satisfaction with the services.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70659 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. (2017). School Pressure, Family Relationships and psycho-somatic health complaints: are the associations similar for boys and girls?. In: : . Paper presented at Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC)Spring meeting, June 19-21, 2017, Bergen Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School Pressure, Family Relationships and psycho-somatic health complaints: are the associations similar for boys and girls?
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In adolescence, the experiences of psychosomatic health complaints emerge among some students. During later parts of adolescence (14-16 years old), differences between girls and boys have been observed. Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in school, but still the family is very influential. In order to improve adolescent psychosomatic health, it is important to rule out how different factors influence health for different groups of adolescents.To analyze the associations between school pressure, family relationships and psychosomatic health complaints among Swedish adolescents. A specific objective is to rule out whether the associations are similar for boys and girls i.e. to investigate potential statistical interaction effects by sex.This study is based on HBSC data collected in 2013/14 among Swedish adolescents. Statistical analysis was conducted using linear regression analysis (OLS) and multinomial logistic regression.Tentative results indicate that there are strong connections between students’ experiences of school pressure (risk factor), as well as family relationships (protective factor), and psychosomatic complaints (psychological, somatic and psychosomatic). However, it is important to recognize that the associations may work differently for girls and boys.In order to be able to improve the health of adolescents, it may be necessary to rule out the influence of different factors on psychosomatic health, and if this influence is similar for different groups of adolescents.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63762 (URN)
Conference
Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC)Spring meeting, June 19-21, 2017, Bergen Norway
Available from: 2017-09-18 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Bergh, D. (2016). Den värmländska skolan. In: P-O Norell & Lennart Nilsson (Ed.), Värmländska utmaningar: Poitik Ekonomi Samhälle  Kultur Medier (pp. 423-434). Karlstad: Karlstad University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den värmländska skolan
2016 (Swedish)In: Värmländska utmaningar: Poitik Ekonomi Samhälle  Kultur Medier / [ed] P-O Norell & Lennart Nilsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016, p. 423-434Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Skolan är ett område som i högsta grad berör allmänheten. Detta märks både i den allmänna debatten i nyhetsrapportering och i vetenskapliga undersökningar av olika slag. Under de senaste fem valen har exempelvis skolfrågan varit en av de mest centrala frågorna. Enligt SVTs väljarundersökning 2014 var också skolfrågan en av de mest betydelsefulla frågorna för val av parti. Den svenska grundskolan har under senare år även utgjort ett hett debattämne i svensk massmedia. Debatten har hämtat näring från de försämrade resultaten för svenska grundskoleelever vid internationella jämförelser, inte minst utifrån den så kallade PISA-undersökningen och andra internationella men också nationella jämförelser. I detta kapitel analyseras olika aspekter av förtroendet för den värmländska skolan och attityder till några vanliga politiska förslag på skolans område

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016
Series
SOM-rapport, ISSN 0284-4788 ; 67
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-46274 (URN)978-91-89673-36-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9541-3673

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