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Mobjörk, M., Berglund, C., Granberg, M., Johansson, M., Dahlström, M., Moen, J., . . . Evers, M. (2019). Facilitating Doctoral Education in Cross-disciplinary Milieus: Experiences from PhD-candidates. Karlstad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facilitating Doctoral Education in Cross-disciplinary Milieus: Experiences from PhD-candidates
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cross-disciplinarity shapes much research today and many PhD candidates areengaged in this research. The doctoral education is a formative phase in a scientist’sintellectual development. Despite a large body of research about cross-disciplinarity,less attention has focused on how cross-disciplinarity shapes doctoral education.This report explores the organisation of doctoral education in four cross-disciplinaryresearch milieus and the experiences of 14 PhD candidates enrolled in these milieus.One key finding is that PhD candidates are more comfortable when their educationhas involved meta-communication about conceptual approaches and experiencesof conducting cross-disciplinary research. This calls for research milieus’ providingdoctoral education in cross-disciplinary settings to take a deliberative approach.This will both benefit the PhD candidates and the research milieus, and is centralin the socialisation process of the next cadre of researchers and for the future ofcross-disciplinary research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: , 2019. p. 26
Series
Centrum för klimat och säkerhet, Rapport ; 2019:3
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Political Science; Risk and Environmental Studies; Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72271 (URN)978-91-7867-031-4 (ISBN)978-91-7867-036-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved
Nyberg, L., Hakkarainen, H., Blumenthal, B. & Moberg, J.-O. (2019). Konsekvenser av sommarskyfall i Sverige under åren 2009-2018: Analys av rapportering i dagstidningar. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konsekvenser av sommarskyfall i Sverige under åren 2009-2018: Analys av rapportering i dagstidningar
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Skyfall är en typ av naturolycka som karakteriseras av lokal utbredning och snabbt förlopp,i regel utan förvarningstid. Kunskapen om intensiv nederbörd är omfattande mennär det gäller skyfallens konsekvenser finns relativt få samlade beskrivningar. Dennarapport syftar till att ge en nationell bild av konsekvenser av skyfall och visar att redandagens klimat skapar stora skador och kostnader i många svenska kommuner. Studienär baserad på artiklar och notiser om skyfall under åren 2009–2018.

Rapporten ingår som del i forskningsprojektet “Minskade klimatrisker i framtidensbebyggelse och boende lärande från tidigare händelser och samhällsplanering” somhar genomförts på Centrum för klimat och säkerhet mellan 2014–2018 och finansieratsav Stiftelsen Länsförsäkringsgruppens Forsknings- och Utvecklingsfond.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2019. p. 34
Series
Centrum för klimat och säkerhet, Rapport ; 2019:2
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71695 (URN)978-91-7867-013-0 (ISBN)978-91-7867-018-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-04-18
Di Baldassarre, G., Nohrstedt, D., Mård, J., Burchardt, S., Albin, C., Bondesson, S., . . . Parker, C. F. (2018). An integrative research framework to unravel the interplay of natural hazards and vulnerabilities. Earth's Future, 6(3), 305-310
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An integrative research framework to unravel the interplay of natural hazards and vulnerabilities
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2018 (English)In: Earth's Future, ISSN 1384-5160, E-ISSN 2328-4277, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 305-310Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Disaster risk analysis and assessment, Disaster risk reduction, Flood risk, Natural hazards, Risk, Socio-hydrology, Volcanic hazards and risks, Vulnerability
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66485 (URN)10.1002/2017EF000764 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Nordsäter, M. & Nyberg, L. (2018). Förutsättningar för gränsöverskridande krisberedskap i Inre Skandinavien: Geografi, demografi, lagstiftning och organisering. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förutsättningar för gränsöverskridande krisberedskap i Inre Skandinavien: Geografi, demografi, lagstiftning och organisering
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport är en del av projektet CriseIT, som är finansierat av EU Interreg Inre Skandinavien och av de ingående parterna. Projektet som löper 2016-2018 avser att utveckla och testa metodik och datorbaserade verktyg för krisövning. Syftet med denna rapport har varit att identifiera och beskriva förutsättningar och hinder för effektivare krishantering i gränsregionen. Geografiska, demografiska, juridiska och organisatoriska faktorer har undersökts på norsk respektive svensk sida. Lagstiftning som styr krisberedskap i Norge och Sverige beskrivs i rapporten, liksom gränsöverskridande samverkan och forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt i gränsregionen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 21
Series
Arbetsrapport
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70650 (URN)978-91-7063-826-8 (ISBN)978-91-7063-999-9 (ISBN)
Projects
CriseIT- Preparing for future crises management
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, M., Nyberg, L. & Wik, M. (2018). Information Systems for Disaster Management Training: Investigating User Needs with a Design Science Research Approach. In: F.K. Boersma & B. Tomaszewski (Ed.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management ISCRAM2018: . Paper presented at ISCRAM2018 - the 15th Annual Conference for Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Rochester, USA, May 20 - 23 2018 (pp. 841-850). ISCRAM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Systems for Disaster Management Training: Investigating User Needs with a Design Science Research Approach
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management ISCRAM2018 / [ed] F.K. Boersma & B. Tomaszewski, ISCRAM , 2018, p. 841-850Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Societal threats such as global warming and terror attacks make crisis preparedness and crisis training a major priority in governments worldwide. Unfortunately, training is limited, partly due to complex and resource-demanding planning of traditional exercises. Several crisis training software have been developed as a complement. However, reports in research on their usage are rare, which indicates that the diffusion is limited. A potential explanation is that the systems fail to meet important needs in the organizations and/or sound information systems (IS) design principles. This paper describes the first phase of a design science research (DSR) project aiming at developing information systems for disaster management (ISDM) training, and accompanying training methods in local and regional governments. The purpose of this paper is to investigate perceived problems in current crisis training and identify opportunities for ISDM training in the application domain. Another purpose is to outline expected artifacts in the project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ISCRAM, 2018
Keywords
Crisis management training, information systems for disaster management, user need analysis, design science research.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information Systems; Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67418 (URN)9780692127605 (ISBN)
Conference
ISCRAM2018 - the 15th Annual Conference for Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Rochester, USA, May 20 - 23 2018
Projects
CriseIT - Preparing for Future Crisis Management
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway, 20200721
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved
Blumenthal, B. & Nyberg, L. (2018). The impact of intense rainfall on insurance losses in two Swedish cities. Journal of Flood Risk Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of intense rainfall on insurance losses in two Swedish cities
2018 (English)In: Journal of Flood Risk Management, ISSN 1753-318X, E-ISSN 1753-318XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

While a major part of previous research in the field of flood damage has focused on water depth as the most important causal factor, little attention has been paid to the role of rainfall intensity. As a test, this paper used correlation and regression analyses to investigate rainfall intensity as a factor affecting flood damage. For a time period of 15 years, the relationship between insurance losses caused by floods and rainfall intensity data from rain gauges were examined in two Swedish cities. Another objective was to find an approach for damage functions based on rainfall intensity as explanatory variable. Using linear regression, two approaches with considerable high degrees of explanation were found – one based on an exponential function and one on a power function. Using a lower limit for rainfall intensity, the approaches reached degrees of explanation between 30 and 78 %. From this study it was concluded that rainfall intensity during the summer months and the occurrence of insurance damages per day caused by floods were correlated and further that rainfall intensity has a great potential to explain urban flood damages. In the future, additional studies are needed to validate the proposed methods and integrate other flood damage affecting factors in the approach.

Keywords
Flood damage, insured flood loss, rainfall intensity, flash flood, urban flood, flood damage, skyfall, översvämningar, regnintensitet, försäkringsskador
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70169 (URN)10.1111/jfr3.12504 (DOI)
Funder
Länsförsäkringar AB
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Wik, M., Nyberg, L. & Magnusson, M. (2017). Behov av datorbaserade metoder och verktyg för krisövning: Intervjustudie i Inre Skandinavien. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behov av datorbaserade metoder och verktyg för krisövning: Intervjustudie i Inre Skandinavien
2017 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Inom ramen för projektet CriseIT (www.criseit.org) har en intervjustudie genomförts med norska och svenska krisberedskapsaktörer. 19 respondenter från totalt 16 aktörer intervjuades om deras syn på behovet av krisövning, vad som fungerar bra och dåligt med de övningsmetoder som vanligtvis används, och vilken nytta de kunde se med datorbaserade övningsverktyg. Svaren visar på ett stort behov av att öva mer, gärna i form av mindre och kortare övningar. Det finns en rörelse bort från scenariobaserade övningar till övningar där olika förmågor står i centrum. Flertalet aktörer anser att de planerar och genomför övningar med gott resultat men att det saknas en systematik i hur utvärderingar leds vidare i ett förbättringsarbete. Det finns intresse men också tveksamhet inför att involvera allmänheten i krisövning, men ett sätt att hantera bland annat säkerhetsaspekter vore att gå via frivilligorganisationer som kan bistå med organisering och viss utbildning.

Respondenterna visar stort intresse för datorbaserade övningsverktyg som ett medel för att öka krismedvetenheten och kunskapen som stödjer den egna rollen. De kan också se potentiella problem, t ex att vissa personer har svårt att ta till sig ny teknik och att det kan finnas risk att resurser till andra övningsformer minskas. Bland de fördelar som nämndes var möjlighet att öva oftare, med fler aktörer, och att öva på olika platser vid olika tidpunkter. Man ser också förbättrade möjligheter att öva utdragna kriser. Den målgrupp som lyfts fram som särskild intressant fördatorbaserade övningsverktyg är krisledningsorganisationen, dvs. den strategiskan ivån. Flera nämner också behovet av bättre planeringsstöd för säkerhets-/beredskapssamordnarna.

En slutsats vi dragit är att det är viktigt att digitala krisövningsverktyg är webbaserade och bygger på standarder. Detta för att möjliggöra att verktygen kan användas distribuerat, i samarbete mellan olika organisationer och inte kräver lokala installationer i de olika hårt styrda IT-miljöerna. Det bör också vara verktyg som fungerar på såväl smartphone som surfplatta och PC. I stort bör de system som används under verkliga kriser användas även under övning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. p. 21
Series
Arbetsrapport
Keywords
CriseIT, kris, krisövning, övning, verktyg, datorbaserade verktyg
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-54911 (URN)978-91-7063-799-5 (ISBN)978-91-7063-800-8 (ISBN)
Projects
CriseIT
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved
Temnerud, J., von Bromssen, C., Folster, J., Buffam, I., Andersson, J.-O., Nyberg, L. & Bishop, K. (2016). Map-based prediction of organic carbon in headwater streams improved by downstream observations from the river outlet. Biogeosciences, 13(2), 399-413
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Map-based prediction of organic carbon in headwater streams improved by downstream observations from the river outlet
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2016 (English)In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 399-413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In spite of the great abundance and ecological importance of headwater streams, managers are usually limited by a lack of information about water chemistry in these headwaters. In this study we test whether river outlet chemistry can be used as an additional source of information to improve the prediction of the chemistry of upstream headwaters (size < 2 km(2)), relative to models based on map information alone. We use the concentration of total organic carbon (TOC), an important stream ecosystem parameter, as the target for our study. Between 2000 and 2008, we carried out 17 synoptic surveys in 9 mesoscale catchments (size 32-235 km(2)). Over 900 water samples were collected in total, primarily from headwater streams but also including each catchment's river outlet during every survey. First we used partial least square regression (PLS) to model the distribution (median, interquartile range (IQR)) of headwater stream TOC for a given catchment, based on a large number of candidate variables including sub-catchment characteristics from GIS, and measured river chemistry at the catchment outlet. The best candidate variables from the PLS models were then used in hierarchical linear mixed models (MM) to model TOC in individual headwater streams. Three predictor variables were consistently selected for the MM calibration sets: (1) proportion of forested wetlands in the sub-catchment (positively correlated with headwater stream TOC), (2) proportion of lake surface cover in the sub-catchment (negatively correlated with headwater stream TOC), and (3) river outlet TOC (positively correlated with headwater stream TOC). Including river outlet TOC improved predictions, with 5-15% lower prediction errors than when using map information alone. Thus, data on water chemistry measured at river outlets offer information which can complement GIS-based modelling of headwater stream chemistry.

National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41126 (URN)10.5194/bg-13-399-2016 (DOI)000369524500004 ()
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Granberg, M., Nyberg, L. & Modh, L.-E. (2016). Understanding the local policy context of risk management: Competitiveness and adaptation to climate risks in the city of Karlstad, Sweden. Risk Management: An International Journal, 18(1), 26-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the local policy context of risk management: Competitiveness and adaptation to climate risks in the city of Karlstad, Sweden
2016 (English)In: Risk Management: An International Journal, ISSN 1460-3799, E-ISSN 1743-4637, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 26-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the situation of climate risk management we need to understand the priorities and politics of the wider policy context. The framing of potentially incompatible policy issues is important to take into account when analysing policy processes. In this article, we focus on two policy issues aiming at local adaptation to global forces: facilitating city competiveness and adapting to the impacts of global climate change. Global climate change always manifests itself in the local arena, which thus becomes a crucial site for adaptation to the risks connected to climate change. Adaptation has to correspond with the city policy agenda to build the attractive city through waterfront housing as a means to strengthen its competitiveness in a globalised economy. This article focuses on the relationship between pursuing competitiveness through waterfront housing and the needs to adapt to climate change in terms of contemporary and future flood risks.

Keywords
climate risks, policy context, competiveness, growth, climate adaptation
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41975 (URN)10.1057/rm.2015.21 (DOI)000372342100003 ()
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
van der Velde, Y., Heidbuechel, I., Lyon, S. W., Nyberg, L., Rodhe, A., Bishop, K. & Troch, P. A. (2015). Consequences of mixing assumptions for time-variable travel time distributions. Hydrological Processes, 29(16), 3460-3474
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consequences of mixing assumptions for time-variable travel time distributions
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2015 (English)In: Hydrological Processes, ISSN 0885-6087, E-ISSN 1099-1085, Vol. 29, no 16, p. 3460-3474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current generation of catchment travel time distribution (TTD) research, integrating nearly three decades of work since publication of Water's Journey from Rain to Stream, seeks to represent the full distribution in catchment travel times and its temporal variability. Here, we compare conceptualizations of increasing complexity with regards to mixing of water storages and evaluate how these assumptions influence time-variable TTD estimates for two catchments with contrasting climates: the Gardsjon catchment in Sweden and the Marshall Gulch catchment in Arizona, USA. Our results highlight that, as long as catchment TTDs cannot be measured directly but need to be inferred from input-output signals of catchments, the inferred catchment TTDs depend strongly on the underlying assumptions of mixing within a catchment. Furthermore, we found that the conceptualization of the evapotranspiration flux strongly influences the inferred travel times of stream discharge. For the wet and forested Gardsjon catchment in Sweden, we inferred that evapotranspiration most likely resembles a completely mixed sample of the water stored in the catchment; however, for the drier Marshall Gulch catchment in Arizona, evapotranspiration predominantly contained the younger water stored in the catchment. For the Marshall Gulch catchment, this higher probability for young water in evapotranspiration resulted in older water in the stream compared to travel times inferred with assumptions of complete mixing. New observations that focus on the TTD of the evapotranspiration flux and the actual travel time of water through a catchment are necessary to improve identification of mixing and consequently travel times of stream water. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords
travel time distributions, catchment hydrology, connectivity, mixing assumptions
National Category
Climate Research Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41601 (URN)10.1002/hyp.10372 (DOI)000358446700003 ()
Available from: 2016-04-22 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2992-9572

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