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Karlsson, M. & Clerwall, C. (2019). Cornerstones in Journalism: According to citizens. Journalism Studies, 20(8), 1-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cornerstones in Journalism: According to citizens
2019 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Journalism's appeal to the public is in decline and the causes and remedies for this are debated in society and academia. One dimension that has garnered attention is that of journalistic norms and how they are performed; it has been proposed that a journalism based on a different, more transparent, normative base can better connect with citizens, compared with the current prevailing norm of journalistic objectivity. However, the opinions of citizens themselves have been remarkably absent and, in order to inform the debate, this study inductively investigates how citizens view and relate to the notion of good journalism. Drawing upon a theoretical framework of Bourdieu's concept of doxa, journalistic role performance, and social contract theory, this study is based on the results of 13 focus groups. The findings suggest that the respondents’ views about good journalism are quite in accordance with the traditional norms of the journalistic field; however, there is more emphasis on stylistic and linguistic qualities. Few calls are made for transparency. The results suggest that a remedy to the decreasing trust in news may not lay in the changing of norms, but rather in how already established norms and values of the journalistic field are performed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Doxa, focus group, journalistic norms, journalistic role performance, news consumers, social contract theory, transparency
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69076 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2018.1499436 (DOI)000465870300007 ()2-s2.0-85050552117 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Johansson, B. (2019). Kvantitativ innehållsanalys. In: Mats Ekström, Bengt Johansson (Ed.), Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap: (pp. 171-192). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvantitativ innehållsanalys
2019 (Swedish)In: Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström, Bengt Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 171-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
Keywords
metod; kvantitativ innehållsanalys
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70859 (URN)978-91-44-12570-1 (ISBN)
Note

3.uppl.

Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B. & Karlsson, M. (2019). Surveyundersökningar och experiment. In: Mats Ekström, Bengt Johansson (Ed.), Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap : (pp. 131-168). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surveyundersökningar och experiment
2019 (Swedish)In: Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström, Bengt Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 131-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
Keywords
metod; survey; experiment
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70860 (URN)978-91-44-12570-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Lindell, J. & Karlsson, M. (2018). Cosmopolitan journalists?: Global journalism in the work and visions of journalists. In: Allan, S., Carter, C., Cushion, S., Dencik, L., Garcia-Blanco, I., Harris, J., Sambrook, R., Wahl-Jorgensen, K & Williams, A (Ed.), The Future of Journalism: Risks, Threats and Opportunities. London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cosmopolitan journalists?: Global journalism in the work and visions of journalists
2018 (English)In: The Future of Journalism: Risks, Threats and Opportunities / [ed] Allan, S., Carter, C., Cushion, S., Dencik, L., Garcia-Blanco, I., Harris, J., Sambrook, R., Wahl-Jorgensen, K & Williams, A, London: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70304 (URN)1138616494 (ISBN)9781138616493 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Van Couvering, E. & Lindell, J. (2018). News Duds and Hits: Sharing on Facebook. The distribution of news in an era of layered gatekeeping. In: : . Paper presented at International Communication Association Prague, Czech Republic - 24-28 May 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>News Duds and Hits: Sharing on Facebook. The distribution of news in an era of layered gatekeeping
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70862 (URN)
Conference
International Communication Association Prague, Czech Republic - 24-28 May 2018
Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Sjøvaag, H., Kammer, A. & Karlsson, M. (2018). The characteristics of external pluralism in the Nordic media system. In: : . Paper presented at ECREA 7th European Communication Conference (ECC) "Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation" October 31 - November 3,2018 Lugano Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The characteristics of external pluralism in the Nordic media system
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70863 (URN)
Conference
ECREA 7th European Communication Conference (ECC) "Centres and Peripheries: Communication, Research, Translation" October 31 - November 3,2018 Lugano Switzerland
Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2019-02-01 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Sjøvaag, H., Stavelin, E., Karlsson, M. & Kammer, A. (2018). The Hyperlinked Scandinavian News Ecology: The unequal terms forged by the structural properties of digitalisation. Paper presented at 7:4, 507-531. Digital Journalism, 7(4), 507-531
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Hyperlinked Scandinavian News Ecology: The unequal terms forged by the structural properties of digitalisation
2018 (English)In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 507-531Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article presents a network analysis of 22,861,013 geocoded external hyperlinks, collected from 230 Danish, 220 Norwegian and 208 Swedish news websites in 2016. The analysis asks what the structural properties of the Scandinavian media systems—including its geography and ownership structures—mean for news outlets’ centrality within the hyperlinked news ecology. The analysis finds that whereas incumbent legacy media occupy central positions, about one third of the network is absent from the hyperlinked interaction, primarily local, independently owned newspapers. A multiple linear regression analysis shows that national distribution and corporate ownership correlates to network centrality more than other predictors. As brokers in the network consist of the large, legacy, capital-based news organisations, hyperlink connectivity is primarily characterised by proximity to the centres of power, corporate ownership, agenda setting incumbency and national distribution. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
digital news ecology, hyperlinks, media ownership, network analysis, news geographies
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67100 (URN)10.1080/21670811.2018.1454335 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045028677 (Scopus ID)
Conference
7:4, 507-531
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Clerwall, C. & Nord, L. (2018). The public doesn’t miss the public. Views from the people: Why news by the people?. Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, 19(5), 577-594
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The public doesn’t miss the public. Views from the people: Why news by the people?
2018 (English)In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 577-594Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the main debates within journalism research during the last decade has been the role of citizens as contributors or, conversely, as threats to the practice of journalism. While participation has been explored from many different theoretical, empirical, and methodological perspectives, one perspective remains noticeably underexplored – the perspective of the citizens themselves. Using social contract theory as a backdrop, this study draws on a representative survey (N = 2091) and focus groups (N = 82) in Sweden. The results show that although citizens do not bring up participation as an important element of journalism, they become more skeptical the more participation affects journalism. Furthermore, they expect journalists to moderate citizen contributions according to established journalistic standards. From the perspective of social contract theory, participation in journalism appears to be more of a problem than a benefit to citizens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Gatekeeping, online journalism, participatory journalism, social contract theory, user-generated content
National Category
Media Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Human Aspects of ICT Social Work
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67402 (URN)10.1177/1464884917694399 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046721685 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Örnebring, H., Karlsson, M., Fast, K. & Lindell, J. (2018). The Space of Journalistic Work: A Theoretical Model. Communication Theory, 28(04), 403-423
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Space of Journalistic Work: A Theoretical Model
2018 (English)In: Communication Theory, ISSN 1050-3293, E-ISSN 1468-2885, Vol. 28, no 04, p. 403-423Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attempts to define journalism are often normative in nature but do not add to our theoretical understanding of what journalism is. There is a need for journalism scholarship to recognize explicitly that journalism is a space in which participants are not equal—or even similar—in terms of status, influence, work tasks, and working conditions. This paper offers a theoretical model combining the field theory of Pierre Bourdieu with recent insights from the sociology of work in order to articulate how journalistic work is stratified across three dimensions: journalistic capital, resource access, and material security. These dimensions create a space in which to place different types of journalistic work in order to make sense of contemporary journalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
Keywords
Journalistic Work, Precarity, Field Theory, Capital, Media Organizations, Media Sociology, Citizen Journalism, News Access, Labor, Media, Rise, Pay
National Category
Social Sciences Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69587 (URN)10.1093/ct/qty006 (DOI)000452676200001 ()
Note

Founded by The Anne-Marie och Gustaf Anders Foundation for Media Research; The Ander Centre for Research on News and Opinion in the Digital Era (NODE).

Available from: 2018-10-12 Created: 2018-10-12 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. & Clerwall, C. (2018). Transparency to the Rescue?: Evaluating citizens’ views on transparency tools in journalism. Journalism Studies (13), 1923-1933
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transparency to the Rescue?: Evaluating citizens’ views on transparency tools in journalism
2018 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, no 13, p. 1923-1933Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transparency has emerged as an ethical principle in contemporary journalism and is contended to improve accountability and credibility by journalists and scholars alike. However, to date, few attempts have been made to record the public’s views on transparency. This study enriches current knowledge by using data from an experiment, survey and focus groups in Sweden collected between 2013 and 2015. Overall, the results suggest that the respondents are not particularly moved by transparency in any form; it does not produce much effect in the experiments and is not brought up in the focus groups. While that is the key finding of this study, it should also be noted that various forms of user participation are evaluated negatively, while providing hyperlinks, explaining news selection and framing, and correcting errors are viewed positively. Implications for journalism practice and research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
credibility, experiment, focus groups, norms, survey, transparency
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69053 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2018.1492882 (DOI)000443902400008 ()2-s2.0-85049809949 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4286-7764

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