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Publications (10 of 32) Show all publications
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Islam, S. S., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2019). Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 14(2), Article ID e0212428.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Although child physical abuse (CPA) is considered as a major global public health problem, it has not yet been recognized as such in Bangladesh. Very few studies have assessed the prevalence and victims' characteristics of multiple forms of CPA. Objective This population-based study assessed the prevalence of CPA committed by adults in a rural area of Bangladesh and examined its association with demographic and socio-contextual factors. Methods Data were obtained using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for Children (ICAST-C) in a random sample of 1416 children (49% girls, 51% boys) aged 11 to 17 years by face-to-face interviews during March-April 2017. The response rate was 91.5%. To estimate predictors of CPA, physical abuse was categorized into frequent and less frequent groups. Results The prevalence of at least one form (>= 1), two forms (>= 2) and three or more forms (>= 3) of CPA were estimated approximately to 99%, 95% and 83% in their lifetime and 93%, 79%, and 57% in the past year respectively. Hitting (except on buttocks), standing/kneeling and slapping were the most common physical abuse whereas given drugs or alcohol, pinched, burned or scalded, beaten-up and locked up were less reported. Female children were faced severe forms of CPA more than that of males. Male children, younger age groups, witnessing adults using weapons at home, bullied by siblings and low level of maternal education were found to be significant risk factors for both >= 1 form and >= 2 forms of frequent CPA whereas adding also adult shouting in a frightening way was found as a significant risk factor for >= 2 forms of frequent CPA. Conclusion Self-reported prevalence of CPA is extremely common in the Bangladeshi rural society. The prevalence was associated with demographic and socio-contextual characteristics of the children such as being younger, witnessing domestic violence and maternal low education. The findings provide evidence to support parents and policy-makers to take effective measures to implement policy and programme on alternative up-bringing methods and creating awareness of negative effects of CM which in turn help Bangladesh to line up with UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the country signed in 1990.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71490 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0212428 (DOI)000459062900055 ()30779784 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-14 Created: 2019-03-14 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Mashreky, S. R., Rahman, F. A. K., Islam, S. S. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2018). Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh. Injury Prevention, 24, A107-A107, Article ID PW 2708.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, p. A107-A107, article id PW 2708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70252 (URN)10.1136/injuryprevention-2018-safety.296 (DOI)000446617400297 ()
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2017). Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study. Child Care Health and Development, 43(6), 876-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study
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2017 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 876-883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective. MethodsSemistructured individual interviews with 24 children (13 boys and 11 girls), between the ages of 9 and 13years of which 11 were schoolgoing and 13 non-schoolgoing, were conducted during July 2013 and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. ResultsCM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were especially young children, girls, and poor children. The children's voices were not heard due to their low status and low position in their families, schools, and working places. The main theme that emerged in the analysis was children's subordination, which permeated the five categories: (a) perception of children's situation in society, (b) understanding children's development and needs, (c) CM associated to school achievement, (d) negative impact of CM, and (e) emotional responses. ConclusionsDifferent kinds of abuse are obviously common in Bangladesh, and the schools do not follow the law from 2011 prohibiting corporal punishment at school. The society has to take further steps to live up to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified already in 1990, to protect the Bangladeshi children from CM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65869 (URN)10.1111/cch.12508 (DOI)000412293800011 ()28871592 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Nilson, F., Moniruzzaman, S. & Andersson, R. (2016). Hospitalized fall-related injury trends in Sweden between 2001 and 2010. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 23(3), 277-283
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hospitalized fall-related injury trends in Sweden between 2001 and 2010
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 277-283Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies have indicated increasing trends of hospitalized fall-related injuries amongst elderly. Whether this is true also in Sweden is unknown though it is important to study considering the potential societal impact. Data were obtained regarding hospitalized injuries with falls as external cause among those aged 65 years and above with information on injury type, gender and age, on a yearly basis, from 2001 to 2010. Age- and sex-specific incidence rates were calculated (per 100,000 population) for all fall-related injuries, and for each injury type and trend lines were drawn. Linear regression analyses and percentage change were calculated for the types of fall-related injuries. A decreasing incidence was observed in the younger age groups (65-79 years) with greater decreases amongst women (women: -14.6%, men 65-79 years: -10.5%). However, increasing rates were observed in the older age group (80 years and above), with greater increases amongst men (women: 4.3%, men: 11.4%). Superficial injuries showed greater increases than fractures amongst those aged 80 years and above. This study indicates that older elderly in Sweden are increasingly being hospitalized for less serious injuries. This changing injury panorama is important to include in the future planning of both health care and fall-related prevention.

Keywords
elderly; epidemiology; falls; injury
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science; Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13206 (URN)10.1080/17457300.2015.1032980 (DOI)000379757400007 ()25952682 (PubMedID)
Note

Titel i avhandlingen: Hospitalized fall-related injury trends among elderly in Sweden between 2001 and 2010

Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Nilson, F., Moniruzzaman, S. & Andersson, R. (2014). A comparison of hip fracture incidence rates among elderly in Sweden by latitude and sunlight exposure. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42(2), 201-206
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparison of hip fracture incidence rates among elderly in Sweden by latitude and sunlight exposure
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 201-206Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30046 (URN)10.1177/1403494813510794 (DOI)000331371600012 ()24265166 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Moniruzzaman, S. & Andersson, R. (2014). Action 3. In: The Baltic Everyday Accidents, Disaster Prevention and Resilience Project: BaltPrevResilience, Task 1 – Action 2, 3 and 4 (pp. 57-90). Karlstad: MSB Swedish civil contingencies agency
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Action 3
2014 (English)In: The Baltic Everyday Accidents, Disaster Prevention and Resilience Project: BaltPrevResilience, Task 1 – Action 2, 3 and 4, Karlstad: MSB Swedish civil contingencies agency , 2014, p. 57-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: MSB Swedish civil contingencies agency, 2014
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35027 (URN)978-91-7383-506-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-01-27 Created: 2015-01-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Moniruzzaman, S. & Andersson, R. (2014). Förgiftningar: en översikt - statistik och analys. Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förgiftningar: en översikt - statistik och analys
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2014
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35026 (URN)978-91-7383-502-2 (ISBN)
Note

 Prof. Ragnar Andersson och Fil. Dr. Catrin Furster vid Karlstads universitet har lämnat värdefulla synpunkter. Fil. Dr. Syed Moniruzzaman vid Karlstads universitet har tagit fram jämförelsen med förgiftningsolyckor i Europa (kap 4.4).

Available from: 2015-01-27 Created: 2015-01-27 Last updated: 2015-11-27Bibliographically approved
Moniruzzaman, S., Nilson, F. & Svensson, E. (2014). Via Spatiosa: Festschrift to Ragnar Andersson on his 67th birthday.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Via Spatiosa: Festschrift to Ragnar Andersson on his 67th birthday
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Risk management is a comparatively new, and most definitely complex, research field, combining knowledge from several other disciplines such as medicine, engineering, economics and psychology, to name a few. Consequently, risk management is important in a variety of subjects and disciplines, clearly illustrated in this festschrift. Professor Ragnar Andersson has played an important roll in not only promoting the importance of risk management and injury prevention, but also developing a deeper understanding of the field through always actively choosing a broad, multi-disciplinary perspective. In other words, he has always chosen “via spatiosa”. Or in Swedish, “den breda vägen”

Publisher
p. 91
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:60
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34283 (URN)978-91-7063-596-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-13 Created: 2014-10-11 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Nilson, F., Moniruzzaman, S. & Andersson, R. (2013). Fall-related fracture trends among elderly in Sweden – exploring transitions among hospitalized cases. Journal of Safety Research (45), 141-145
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fall-related fracture trends among elderly in Sweden – exploring transitions among hospitalized cases
2013 (English)In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, no 45, p. 141-145Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Problem

Fall-related injuries have been a cause of worry during the end of the 20th century with increasing trends among the elderly.

Method

Using data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) based on hospital admissions, this study explores the trends in fall-related fractures between 1998 and 2010.

Results

The data shows a decreasing trend in fall-related fractures in all age- and sex-specific groups apart from men 80 years and above. While hip fracture incidence rates decreased in all age- and sex-specific groups, both central fractures and upper extremity fractures have increased in all age- and sex-specific groups apart from women 65–79 years. Lower extremity fractures have increased in the older age groups and decreased in the younger. Discussion: The differences found between the groups of fractures and by age- and sex-specific groups indicate a possible transition where more serious fractures are decreasing while less serious fractures increase among hospitalized cases.

Summary

Perhaps due to a focus on hip fracture prevention, this study shows that while the incidence rate of hospitalized hip fractures has decreased, other fall-related hospitalized fractures have increased.

Impact on industry

Potentially, this could be indicative of a healthier younger elderly, coupled with a frailer older elderly requiring more comprehensive healthcare also for less serious injuries. Further research is needed to confirm our results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Hip fractures, injury, trend, falls, epidemiology
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13202 (URN)10.1016/j.jsr.2012.10.014 (DOI)000320429600017 ()23708486 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Nilson, F., Moniruzzaman, S., Gustavsson, J. & Andersson, R. (2013). Trends in hip fracture incidence rates among elderly in Sweden 1987-2009. Journal of Public Health, 35(1), 125-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trends in hip fracture incidence rates among elderly in Sweden 1987-2009
2013 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1741-3842, E-ISSN 1741-3850, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 125-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Previous trend studies have shown large increases in hip fracture incidence rates among the elderly. International research, however, suggests a levelling off, or decline, of hip fracture incidence rates, although for Sweden this remains to be studied.

Methods Data were obtained regarding hip fractures among individuals 65 years and above from 1987 to 2009. Analysis was performed in three steps. First, age- and sex-specific trends in hip fracture rates per 100 000 and the mean age when sustaining a hip fracture were analysed. Secondly, the annual percentage change was used to compare time periods that helped to quantify changes in secular trends. Finally, linear and Poisson regression models were used to examine the trend data and observed rates.

Results The absolute number of hip fractures among the elderly in Sweden has largely remained constant between 1987 and 2009, while incidence rates have decreased for all age- and sex-specific groups, with the largest changes in the younger age groups and among women. The mean age of sustaining a hip fracture has increased for both men and women.

Conclusions This study supports other international studies in showing a decrease in hip fracture incidence rates among the elderly, especially since the mid-1990s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013
Keywords
epidemiology, falls, hip fractures, injury, trend
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13205 (URN)10.1093/pubmed/fds053 (DOI)000315645600020 ()22753444 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6823-9016

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