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Isaksson, K. & Heikkinen, S. (2018). Sustainability transitions at the frontline. Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena. Sustainability, 10(3), Article ID 840.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability transitions at the frontline. Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 840Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores challenges and possibilities for integrating goals of long-term sustainable development into urban planning practice, with a specific focus on local institutional conditions for sustainability transitions. The analysis is based on a qualitative single case study of a large urban development process: the development of a new city district in Hyllie in the city of Malmö, Sweden. Hyllie was branded as a flagship project for sustainable urban development, with particularly high ambitions on climate neutrality and sustainable energy consumption. Several innovative elements were initiated in the development process, for instance the "climate contract" between the municipality and large energy companies. In the paper, this climate contract is discussed as an initiative with a promising potential for sustainability transitions. In practice, however, the outcome of the development in Hyllie in terms of sustainable development is ambiguous, since the district is also framed around luxury shopping, entertainment, and an ambition to attract visitors from a long distance. The Hyllie development illustrates pre-requisites for work on sustainable development in a decentralized and market-oriented planning context. Theoretically, the analysis is inspired by the multi-level perspective (MLP) and institutional theory. The results illustrate how the development process was shaped by a complex interplay between actors with differing agendas and targets at different stages in the process. These results are applied in a general discussion of challenges and possibilities for urban planning to contribute substantially to a transition to long-term sustainable development. Overall, the analysis demonstrates the importance of considering specific local institutional conditions in strategic work for long-term sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2018
Keywords
Institutional capacity, Local conditions, Malmö, Multi-level perspective, Planning, Sustainability, Transition, Urban, alternative energy, energy planning, energy use, institutional framework, local planning, long-term change, sustainable development, urban development, urban planning, Malmo, Skane, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66908 (URN)10.3390/su10030840 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044033400 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, K. & Heikkinen, S. (2018). Sustainability transitions at the frontline: Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena. Sustainability, 10(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability transitions at the frontline: Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores challenges and possibilities for integrating goals of long-term sustainable development into urban planning practice, with a specific focus on local institutional conditions for sustainability transitions. The analysis is based on a qualitative single case study of a large urban development process: the development of a new city district in Hyllie in the city of Malmö, Sweden. Hyllie was branded as a flagship project for sustainable urban development, with particularly high ambitions on climate neutrality and sustainable energy consumption. Several innovative elements were initiated in the development process, for instance the “climate contract” betweenthemunicipalityandlargeenergycompanies. Inthepaper,thisclimatecontractisdiscussed as an initiative with a promising potential for sustainability transitions. In practice, however, the outcome of the development in Hyllie in terms of sustainable development is ambiguous, since the district is also framed around luxury shopping, entertainment, and an ambition to attract visitors from a long distance. The Hyllie development illustrates pre-requisites for work on sustainable development in a decentralized and market-oriented planning context. Theoretically, the analysis is inspired by the multi-level perspective (MLP) and institutional theory. The results illustrate how the development process was shaped by a complex interplay between actors with differing agendas and targets at different stages in the process. These results are applied in a general discussion of challenges and possibilities for urban planning to contribute substantially to a transition to long-term sustainable development. Overall, the analysis demonstrates the importance of considering specific local institutional conditions in strategic work for long-term sustainability.

Keywords
urban; sustainability; transition; planning; institutional capacity; multi-level perspective; local conditions; Malmö
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Psychology Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70064 (URN)10.3390/su10030840 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2018-11-07 Created: 2018-11-07 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Krekula, C., Arvidson, M., Heikkinen, S., Henriksson, A. & Olsson, E. (2017). On gray dancing: Constructions of age-normality through choreography and temporal codes. Journal of Aging Studies, 42, 38-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On gray dancing: Constructions of age-normality through choreography and temporal codes
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 42, p. 38-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Against the background of population aging, older peoples dance has attracted attention in research and its health promoting effects and social meanings have been brought to the fore. In this article we focus on the context and power dimensions of dance with an emphasis on the organizing of dance among older adults in terms of social discourses and age relationships. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 33 older dancers and 11 dance providers in Sweden, the study illustrates how dance is organized through social discourses on healthism and on the increasing group of older people as a powerful consumer group. The study highlights that older people and their social dance contexts are marked and subordinated in relation to younger age groups through non-verbal practices such as choreography and temporal codes. In short, dancing among older adults is not only a common health promoting and social activity, but also an arena in which age and age normality are negotiated and constructed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Age relations, Age power, Choreography, Temporality, Temporal codes, Unmarked age
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62691 (URN)10.1016/j.jaging.2017.07.001 (DOI)000412377500006 ()28918820 (PubMedID)
Projects
Dansa i lust och fägring. En explorativ studie av dansens sociala och kroppsliga aspekter för äldre
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P15-0754:1
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
Heikkinen, S. (2016). Conceptualisations of age in the ageism debate. In: : . Paper presented at The 28th Nordic Sociological Association, Helsinki, 11-13 August, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualisations of age in the ageism debate
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Keywords
Sociology of age, ageism, oppression
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64768 (URN)
Conference
The 28th Nordic Sociological Association, Helsinki, 11-13 August, 2016
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2018-03-27Bibliographically approved
Heikkinen, S. (2016). Mobile Lives in a Neighbourhood: Physical Mobility, Life Stories and Ageing. In: : . Paper presented at The Third ISA Forum of Sociology, Vienna, July 10-14.. International Sociological Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile Lives in a Neighbourhood: Physical Mobility, Life Stories and Ageing
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

‘Ageing in place’ is a notion which captures the importance of ageing in familiarsurroundings for older people. Place is often conceptualized as the local environment,e.g. the neighbourhood of living. However, in the modern mobile world,older people are highly mobile, virtually as well as physically. This means thatthe notion of place also has to include mobility and ‘ageing in place’ may have totranscend local boundaries. The aim of this paper is to discuss ‘ageing in place’based on narratives of physical mobility, i.e. everyday mobility/transportation andresidential mobility, among older people living in the same neighbourhood.18 interviewees 65 years and older were asked to retell their lived mobility.All interviewees lived in the same neighbourhood, Ljura in Norrköping, Sweden.In this way all stories converged in time and space, in Ljura, at the time of the interviews.Some interviewees had grown up in Norrköping while others originatedfrom the very north and south of Sweden, as well as from abroad. The experiencesof and ties to Ljura differed clearly based on when the interviewees movedto Ljura as well as previous experiences of mobility in life. While living in Ljura,routinized everyday mobility was connecting the neighbourhood to other importantplaces for the informants, e.g. a nearby forest, the city centre, allotments andplaces from the childhood. Multilocal living was also important where living inthe neighbourhood was, depending on season, shared with living in the summercottage or traveling for longer periods in a camper.The life stories of mobility among older people living in the same neighbourhoodillustrate heterogeneous ways of relating to the neighbourhood as well asthe importance of mobility to link places of significance to each other. The paperdiscusses conceptualisations of ‘ageing-in-place’ in relation to these results

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Sociological Association, 2016
National Category
Sociology Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64769 (URN)
Conference
The Third ISA Forum of Sociology, Vienna, July 10-14.
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Heikkinen, S. (2016). Older driver debate in Swedish transportation policy. In: : . Paper presented at The 23rd Nordic Congress of Gerontology (23 NKG), Tampere, Finland , 19–22 June, 2016..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older driver debate in Swedish transportation policy
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-64770 (URN)
Conference
The 23rd Nordic Congress of Gerontology (23 NKG), Tampere, Finland , 19–22 June, 2016.
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Krekula, C. & Heikkinen, S. (2014). Gästredaktörernas inledning: Med fokus på ålder som organiserande princip. Sociologisk forskning, 51(1), 5-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gästredaktörernas inledning: Med fokus på ålder som organiserande princip
2014 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 5-13Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Keywords
åldrande, ålderssociologi
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34189 (URN)000345491600002 ()
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Heikkinen, S. (2014). Michel Foucault (1ed.). In: Lucas Gottzén och Ulrik Lögdlund (Ed.), Sociologins teoretiker: (pp. 193-208). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Michel Foucault
2014 (Swedish)In: Sociologins teoretiker / [ed] Lucas Gottzén och Ulrik Lögdlund, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1, p. 193-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Sociology; Sociology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34175 (URN)978-91-40-67863-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-08 Created: 2014-10-08 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
Heikkinen, S. (2014). 'Seniors are disabled or like everybody else': Dilemmas for policy makers when dealing with life course transitions and heterogeneity in applied fields such as transportation. In: : . Paper presented at 22nd Nordic Congress in Gerontology, Gothenburg, May 25-28, 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Seniors are disabled or like everybody else': Dilemmas for policy makers when dealing with life course transitions and heterogeneity in applied fields such as transportation
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The point of departure for this article is the results from a case study of Sweden on national actors and policies dealing with senior obility published in a EU report 2013. The results showed that senior road users were a neglected category on national policy level espite concerns of the ageing of society. In this article the case study was further analysed in a theoretical framework of categorisation n order to get in-depth knowledge on how older road users were discussed and categorised. The main empirical data was interviews, documents and web pages, all focusing on national level. There was ambivalence among important national transportation actors in how to deal with the category of older road user. Officials at Swedish Transport Administration claimed e.g. older road users to be a nonrelevant category since issues of importance for this category were brought up in relation to categories such as disability and vulnerable road users. Otherwise older road users were like "everybody else". There was a backlash where heterogeneity was explicitly used as an argument for not focusing explicitly on older people. It appeared to be based on an understanding of heterogeneity as diversity of characteristics (except chronological age) while not recognizing how individuals with different characteristics still may pass common life course transitions related to the life course. The tendency to view categories in this context as constructed on specific static characteristics (e.g. chronological age, disability features) thus largely dismissed the temporal dimension in ageing and life course transitions and processes. The consequence was, among others, a problematic one-dimensional understanding of heterogeneity. The article argues that what has often been viewed as an advance, in gerontology and later spread to other fields, namely putting forward heterogeneity in order to challenge homogenous views of old age, should be accompanied also with a more thorough view on heterogeneity in relation to age.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34177 (URN)
Conference
22nd Nordic Congress in Gerontology, Gothenburg, May 25-28, 2014
Available from: 2014-10-08 Created: 2014-10-08 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, K. & Heikkinen, S. (2013). Kollektivtrafik för lokal och regional utveckling: förutsättningar för strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete i Dalarna och Östergötland 2000-2011. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kollektivtrafik för lokal och regional utveckling: förutsättningar för strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete i Dalarna och Östergötland 2000-2011
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Public transport for local and regional development : conditions for strategic public transport planning in Dalarna and Östergötland 2000-2011
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport redovisas resultaten av en studie av de institutionella förutsättningar som har karakteriserat kollektivtrafikpolitik och -planering på regional och lokal nivå i Sverige under 2000-talets första decennium. Syftet är att få en empiriskt grundad förståelse för vilka förutsättningar som har funnits lokalt och regionalt för att bedriva ett långsiktigt och strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete, med fokus på både formella och informella faktorer. Studiens empiriska fokus riktas mot två län, Dalarna och Östergötland. I studien identifieras och diskuteras de utmaningar som har kringgärdat ambitionerna att utveckla en mer långsiktig strategisk kollektivtrafikplanering på lokal och regional nivå under den studerade perioden. En av knäckfrågorna har handlat om relationen mellan ägare (kommun och landsting) och trafikbolag. En annan viktig fråga handlar om de kostnadsfördelningsmodeller som har tillämpats i respektive län, och hur dessa har förmått skapa incitament för att bedriva ett långsiktigt strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete. En tredje fråga som har varit avgörande i de båda länen är vilket intresse och vilken förmåga som har funnits för att etablera och upprätthålla en övergripande strategisk blick och viljeinriktning i det lokala och regionala kollektivtrafikarbetet. Sammanfattningsvis ger studien en rad exempel på både utmaningar och drivkrafter för ett mer långsiktigt och strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete. De båda exemplen visar att det ofta är en kombination av formella och informella institutionella förutsättningar som avgör hur god förmåga som etableras för att bedriva ett långsiktigt strategiskt kollektivtrafikarbete. 2000-talets första decennium har präglats av ett formellt institutionellt regelverk som inte har varit särskilt gynnsamt i detta avseende. Avslutningsvis förs i rapporten en diskussion om den nya kollektivtrafiklagstiftningen som gällt från den 1 januari 2012, och i vilken mån den kan ses som en lösning på de utmaningar som har identifierats. En fråga som framstår som avgörande för framtiden är kopplingen mellan de regionala kollektivtrafikmyndigheterna och kommunerna, som genom det kommunala planmonopolet styr bebyggelseutvecklingen och den lokala trafikplaneringen och därmed på flera sätt avgör vilka förutsättningar som skapas för kollektivtrafiken. Det återstår att se hur den nya lagstiftningen faller ut i detta och en rad andra avseenden. Det är viktigt att framöver noga följa upp och analysera hur det går med det strategiska kollektivtrafikarbetet lokalt och regionalt, med fokus på såväl formella som informella institutionella förutsättningar.

Abstract [en]

This report describes a study examining the institutional conditions that have shaped public transport policy and planning at regional and local level in Sweden during the past decade. An empirically grounded understanding of these conditions, including formal and informal factors, is essential for longterm, strategic public transport policy and planning. The empirical material originated from the Swedish counties of Dalarna and Östergötland. The results show that there have been many challenges in local and regional public transport policy and planning during the time period in focus: 2000-2011. One of the crucial issues centres on the relationship between owners (local municipalities and county council) and regional public transport companies. Another important question concerns the cost models used in each county, and what incentives they have created for a long-term, strategic public transport policy and planning. A third crucial issue in the two counties concerns the capacity and/or ambition to establish and maintain an overall strategic view of public transport as a tool for local and regional development. Overall, the study provides a number of examples of challenges and drivers for more strategic, long-term public transport planning. In practice, a combination of formal and informal institutional conditions often determines the effectiveness of local and regional strategic public transport planning processes. The study is concluded by a discussion about the new public transport legislation, valid since 1 Jan 2012. In many respects, this new legislation is an attempt to solve some of the problems that characterised public transport planning in the early 2000s. One of the remaining concerns is however the relationship between regional public authorities and municipalities, who through the strong tradition of local self-government (which includes a local spatial planning monopoly) largely determine the potential for public transport to become a more functional and attractive alternative for personal travel. It remains to be seen how the new legislation functions in this respect. It is important to set out an approach for close monitoring and analysis of progress, in terms of both formal and informal institutional conditions, in strategic public transport work locally and regionally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013. p. 63
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 792
Keywords
Public transport, Planning, Regional planning, Administration, Policy, Decision process, Local authority, Transport authority, Kollektivtrafik, Planering, Regional planering, Administration, Policy, Beslutsfattande, kollektivtrafik, strategiskt arbete, formella och informella institutionella förutsättningar, Dalarna, ÖstergötlandKommunalförvaltning, Trafikhuvudman
National Category
Economic Geography Sociology
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J04 Railway: Passenger transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34248 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5521-1209

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