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Öjehag-Pettersson, AndreasORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4820-278X
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 48) Show all publications
Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2024). Making space for competition: The rationalities of contemporary regional development. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 42(2), 198-214
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making space for competition: The rationalities of contemporary regional development
2024 (English)In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, E-ISSN 2399-6552, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 198-214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Taking as its starting premise that we have a politics of space because space is political at the level of ontology, this article investigates how the governing of regional development is guided by a set of prominent political rationalities that revolve around the notions of competition and competitiveness. To this end, I mobilise the Foucauldian framework of governmentality to provide empirical illustrations drawn from a 5-year long research project concerning globalisation in Swedish sub-national regions. These illustrations show how regions are governed through rationalities that stress adaptability, attraction, environment and sustainability as well as leadership in order to prevail in their inevitable competition for vital resources. I argue that as these chains of rationale are put into motion in the contemporary politics of space, they not only promote specific and particular ways of developing regions, but also displace certain practices and objects from the realm of the political to the realm of a natural order. I therefore conclude that current expressions of the politics of space have strong tendencies to deny its own political foundations. Instead, competition and competitiveness are inscribed as naturally occurring features in social relations, thereby elevating their importance in the creation of new sub-national spaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
Keywords
Competitiveness, globalisation, governmentality, neoliberalism, Sweden
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-88989 (URN)10.1177/23996544211067813 (DOI)000772789000001 ()2-s2.0-85125898620 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-03-03 Created: 2022-03-03 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, V., Rönnblom, M. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2023). Automated decision-making in the public sector. In: Simon Lindgren (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence: (pp. 705-715). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Automated decision-making in the public sector
2023 (English)In: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. 705-715Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The public sector and public administrations are important foundations in democratic states and an autonomous public sector that protects public principles is needed for a political system to be democratically legitimate. Here, efficiency, impartiality, equality, and transparency are central guiding principles and values. The introduction of automated decision-making (ADM) in the public sector affects traditional public principles and values in several ways. For example, transparency is a central challenge as the decisions are implemented by algorithms instead of humans and thus become more difficult to explain for the individual citizen. Also, equality has been put forward both as something that is gained through ADM, and as something that is at risk when ADM is implemented. This chapter provides an overview of the challenges that the implementation of ADM brings to the public sector, including transformations of public sector decisions, the discretion of civil servants, and democratic principles and values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023
Keywords
Public sector, Automated decision-making, Democracy, Public principles, Discretion, Equality
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-98334 (URN)10.4337/9781803928562.00072 (DOI)2-s2.0-85181784396 (Scopus ID)9781803928555 (ISBN)9781803928562 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-02-02 Created: 2024-02-02 Last updated: 2024-02-02Bibliographically approved
Rönnblom, M., Carlsson, V. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2023). Gender equality in Swedish AI policies. What's the problem represented to be?. Review of Policy Research, 40(5), 688-704
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender equality in Swedish AI policies. What's the problem represented to be?
2023 (English)In: Review of Policy Research, ISSN 1541-132X, E-ISSN 1541-1338, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 688-704Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the past few decades, Sweden has established itself as a "world leader" in gender equality. Alongside this development, Swedish politicians have also initiated ambitious plans that aim to establish the country as "world class" in terms of digitalization. International research shows that women and racialized groups are in a minority in the design processes, that AI facial recognition systems are built with white male faces as the norm, and that digital tools replicate racial injustices. In this paper, we are interested in if, and if so how, gender equality is articulated and thus filled with meaning in national policies on AI and digitalization. The overall aim is to discuss the potential of gender (equality) mainstreaming to challenge systems of privilege in the implementation of AI systems in the public sector. The paper analyses how gender equality is filled with meaning in national policy documents on AI and gender equality. The main findings show that gender equality is turned into a question of lack of knowledge and information, which in turn blocks out an understanding of gender equality as something that is related to gendered power relations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
artificial intelligence, critical policy analysis, gender equality, public policy, Sweden
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94115 (URN)10.1111/ropr.12547 (DOI)000949315100001 ()2-s2.0-85150754418 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2023-04-03 Created: 2023-04-03 Last updated: 2023-12-11Bibliographically approved
Öjehag-Pettersson, A., Carlssson, V. & Rönnblom, M. (2023). Political studies of automated governing: A bird's eye (re)view. Regulation and Governance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political studies of automated governing: A bird's eye (re)view
2023 (English)In: Regulation and Governance, ISSN 1748-5983, E-ISSN 1748-5991Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we develop an approach for analyzing the increasingly important strand of research that deals with automated systems of governing. Such systems, which figure prominently in public policy and regulation, are designed to utilize the rapid advancement in computer technology, like artificial intelligence, with the purpose of governing something or someone. Drawing on a large sample of articles we present a comprehensive analysis of scholarly works where these systems are studied as political, rather than neutral, instruments of governing. We find that the current state of the art articulates the politics of automated systems of governing in three ways. Namely, as part of ontological, epistemological and ideological questions. We conclude that future research should investigate the complex forms of marketization nested in these systems, that it should move from theoretical examples to detailed empirical studies and that political science should get more involved with the issue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
algorithms, artificial intelligence, big data, governing, political science
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Information Systems
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-97836 (URN)10.1111/rego.12569 (DOI)001113124100001 ()2-s2.0-85178474256 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2024-01-03Bibliographically approved
Rönnblom, M., Alnebratt, K., Eduards, M., Johansson, J. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2022). Trängd demokrati: Om politikens vardag och om att vara människa. Gidlunds förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trängd demokrati: Om politikens vardag och om att vara människa
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2022 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gidlunds förlag, 2022
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-88993 (URN)978-91-7844-478-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-03-04 Created: 2022-03-04 Last updated: 2022-03-31Bibliographically approved
Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2021). Assembling Markets: The Case of Public Procurement in Sweden. In: Producing markets, producing administrations: Theorizing contemporary marketization. Paper presented at International Conference on Public Policy 5 (ICPP5) July 5-9 2021.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assembling Markets: The Case of Public Procurement in Sweden
2021 (English)In: Producing markets, producing administrations: Theorizing contemporary marketization, 2021Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-88987 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Public Policy 5 (ICPP5) July 5-9 2021
Available from: 2022-03-03 Created: 2022-03-03 Last updated: 2022-03-31Bibliographically approved
Olsson, D., Öjehag-Pettersson, A. & Granberg, M. (2021). Building a Sustainable Society: Construction, Public Procurement Policy and 'Best Practice' in the European Union. Sustainability, 13(13), Article ID 7142.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building a Sustainable Society: Construction, Public Procurement Policy and 'Best Practice' in the European Union
2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 13, article id 7142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainability and sustainable development are political and essentially contested social phenomena. Despite this ambiguity, they continue to hold a central position as apolitical concepts in much of social science and policy making. In Europe, public procurement is increasingly used as a tool to reach sustainability, a fact that actualizes an inherent tension between politically charged objectives on the one hand, and technological processes and market logics on the other. Therefore, in this article, we investigate this tension by studying policies relating to sustainable public procurement of the built environment in the EU. We argue that governing any policy domain entails the construction and representation of particular policy problems. Hence, we focus on how the 'problems' of sustainable public procurement are represented in EU policy guidance and best practice documents. Our analysis shows that these central policy documents are dominated by a problem representation where unsustainability is constructed as technical design flaws and market failure. This has the primary effect that it renders sustainable development as, primarily, a technical issue, and beyond politics. Therefore, we conclude that current policy reproduces 'weak' forms of sustainable development, where the practice is depoliticized and premised upon continued growth and innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
sustainability, sustainable development, public procurement, construction, European Union
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-85557 (URN)10.3390/su13137142 (DOI)000671180400001 ()2-s2.0-85109157326 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 254-2013-1837Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 217-34
Available from: 2021-08-05 Created: 2021-08-05 Last updated: 2022-12-07Bibliographically approved
Granberg, M., Rönnblom, M., Padden, M., Tangnäs, J. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2021). Debate: Covid-19 and Sweden’s exceptionalism—a spotlight on the cracks in the social fabric of a mature welfare state. Public Money & Management, 41(3), 223-224
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Debate: Covid-19 and Sweden’s exceptionalism—a spotlight on the cracks in the social fabric of a mature welfare state
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2021 (English)In: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 223-224Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-82449 (URN)10.1080/09540962.2020.1866842 (DOI)2-s2.0-85099375641 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-01-13 Created: 2021-01-13 Last updated: 2022-05-11Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Rönnblom, M. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2021). Democratic Institutions Without Democratic Content?-New Regionalism and Democratic Backsliding in Regional Reforms in Sweden. Frontiers in Political Science, 3, Article ID 711185.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Institutions Without Democratic Content?-New Regionalism and Democratic Backsliding in Regional Reforms in Sweden
2021 (English)In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 3, article id 711185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to examine trends of democratic backsliding associated with the long standing reform work on regional institutions and policies in Sweden. To this end, democratic backsliding is conceptualized in a different manner compared to conventional understandings. By doing so, the article highlights a missing aspect in the research on democratic backsliding that concerns how well-intended reforms designed to strengthen democratic institutions can also harbor non-democratic consequences. In Sweden, a new political arena was created when the former county councils were transformed into so-called called regions in 2019. As part of this, the regions have been assigned responsibility for both health care and regional development planning. The overall research problem to be analyzed in this article focuses on the relations between the policy objectives for democracy and regionalist ideas of economic growth that both were central concerns in the reform processes. The results highlight how the governing rationalities in the regional reform processes have changed during the period between 1990 and 2020. The original conception of creating a mini-version of a liberal and representative democracy have turned into a form of democratic backsliding privileging economic goals. The economic rationalities that permeate the political sphere today close the space for articulated different interests and opinions-a dimension that we argue is crucial for any democratic society. We draw two main conclusions: First that the neoliberal aspect of governing is missing in the analysis of democracy at the regional level, resulting in a descriptive discussion of democracy that tend to ignore the effects of the particularly strong emphasis on economic growth. Secondly, that there is a lack of a discussion on democracy that takes the regional level into account, i.e., that the sub-national level should be regarded and thus discussed as a distinctive level of democracy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2021
Keywords
democratic backsliding, governmentality, regional democracy, regional development, regionalism, representative democracy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-88905 (URN)10.3389/fpos.2021.711185 (DOI)2-s2.0-85119612799 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-03-02 Created: 2022-03-02 Last updated: 2022-09-29Bibliographically approved
Padden, M. & Öjehag-Pettersson, A. (2021). Protected how?: Problem representations of risk in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Critical Policy Studies, 15(4), 486-503
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protected how?: Problem representations of risk in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
2021 (English)In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 486-503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How we choose to utilize digital technology has the potential to undermine the healthy functioning of democratic systems. Surveillance practices such as the tracking, collection and profiling of our online and real-world behavior pose a direct challenge to privacy rights and democratic freedoms such as fairness and anti-discrimination. This paper aims to understand how the GDPR represents risk and, in turn, how that representation shapes protection. Using Carol Bacchi's 'What's the Problem Represented to Be?' (WPR) approach to policy analysis, we illustrate how the GDPR's dual aims of protecting both people and the free flow of personal data exist in a state of tension and that the GDPR's framing of 'public interest' privileges economic growth over individual rights. Also problematic is the assumption that people are sufficiently informed to exercise control over their data, yet are being asked to agree to practices which may undermine that very autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2021
Keywords
GDPR, profiling, surveillance, discourse analysis, WPR
National Category
Other Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-84453 (URN)10.1080/19460171.2021.1927776 (DOI)000652389800001 ()2-s2.0-85106229679 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-06-14 Created: 2021-06-14 Last updated: 2022-05-30Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4820-278X

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