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Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Bonander, C., Jakobsson, N. & Nilson, F. (2018). Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws. Injury Prevention, 24(3), 193-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws
2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 193-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA.

METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates.

RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates. The estimates for cigarette-caused fire deaths were significant under some specifications, but were not robust to the inclusion of state-specific trends or comparisons to effects on other cause-determined fires.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the mixed state of our results, we conclude that previous claims regarding the effects of fire safe cigarette laws may be premature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Fire safety standard compliant cigarettes, Legislation, Lower ignition propensity, Outcome Evaluation, Reduced ignition propensity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56822 (URN)10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042322 (DOI)28630083 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Drange, I. & Jakobsson, N. (2018). Incentive Effects of Cash Benefits among Young People: A Natural Experiment from Norway. Journal of Social Policy, 1-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incentive Effects of Cash Benefits among Young People: A Natural Experiment from Norway
2018 (English)In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Prior research on active labour market programmes (ALMPs) for young people has revealed either no effect or negative effects on transition rates into employment. In addition to accessing the programme content, participation in ALMPs bestows the right to a supplementary benefit. Yet, the direct effect of this benefit on the use and outcome of ALMPs remains largely unknown. We study the effects of a Norwegian policy that pays much higher benefits to recipients when they reach 19 years of age. This policy provides a natural experimental setting that allows us to utilise the age discontinuity to observe whether young people are more likely to become benefit recipients after their nineteenth birthday, and to estimate the effect of benefits on the labour supply. As age determines the increase in benefits rather than need, it creates a random and exogenous variation in the criteria for allocating cash benefits. We use Norwegian administrative register data that cover all 18 to 19 year olds during the period 2003 to 2012. We find no effect on programme take-up or employment rates. Hence, benefits do not work against the aim of ALMPs and young people's responsiveness to financial incentives cannot explain such programmes’ lack of effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67658 (URN)10.1017/S0047279418000302 (DOI)2-s2.0-85047359203 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved
Johansson, N., Jakobsson, N. & Svensson, M. (2018). Regional variation in health care utilization in Sweden: The importance of demand-side factors. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), Article ID 403.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional variation in health care utilization in Sweden: The importance of demand-side factors
2018 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 403Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Differences in health care utilization across geographical areas are well documented within several countries. If the variation across areas cannot be explained by differences in medical need, it can be a sign of inefficiency or misallocation of public health care resources. Methods: In this observational, longitudinal panel study we use regional level data covering the 21 Swedish regions (county councils) over 13 years and a random effects model to assess to what degree regional variation in outpatient physician visits is explained by observed demand factors such as health, demography and socio-economic factors. Results: The results show that regional mortality, as a proxy for population health, and demography do not explain regional variation in visits to primary care physicians, but explain about 50% of regional variation in visits to outpatient specialists. Adjusting for socio-economic and basic supply-side factors explains 33% of the regional variation in primary physician visits, but adds nothing to explaining the variation in specialist visits. Conclusion: 50-67% of regional variation remains unexplained by a large number of observable regional characteristics, indicating that omitted and possibly unobserved factors contribute substantially to the regional variation. We conclude that variations in health care utilization across regions is not very well explained by underlying medical need and demand, measured by mortality, demographic and socio-economic factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: BioMed Central, 2018
Keywords
Demand, Health care utilization, Panel data, Random effects, Regional variation, adult, article, demography, general practitioner, human, mortality, outpatient, panel study, population health, socioeconomics, Sweden
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68061 (URN)10.1186/s12913-018-3210-y (DOI)000434085000004 ()2-s2.0-85048002649 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved
Finseraas, H., Jakobsson, N. & Svensson, M. (2017). Do knowledge gains from public information campaigns persist over time?: Results from a survey experiment on the Norwegian pension reform. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, 16(1), 108-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do knowledge gains from public information campaigns persist over time?: Results from a survey experiment on the Norwegian pension reform
2017 (English)In: Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, ISSN 1474-7472, E-ISSN 1475-3022, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 108-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Government authorities use resources on information campaigns in order to inform citizens about relevant policy changes. The motivation is usually that individuals sometimes are ill-informed about the public policies relevant for their choices. In a survey experiment where the treatment group was provided with public information material on the social security system, we assess the short- and medium-term knowledge effects. We show that the short run effects of the information on knowledge disappear completely within 4 months. The findings illustrate the limits of public information campaigns to improve knowledge about relevant policy reforms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2017
Keywords
Campaign; information; knowledge; public
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42385 (URN)10.1017/S1474747215000098 (DOI)000393876000006 ()2-s2.0-84929691948 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Jakobsson, N. & Kumlin, S. (2017). Election campaign agendas, government partisanship, and the welfare state. European Political Science Review, 9(2), 183-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Election campaign agendas, government partisanship, and the welfare state
2017 (English)In: European Political Science Review, ISSN 1755-7739, E-ISSN 1755-7747, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 183-208Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although theoretically contentious, most empirical studies contend that electoral-political factors structure the welfare state. In practice, most studies concentrate on ‘government partisanship’, that is the ideological character of the government. We agree that politics matters but also seek to expand our understanding of what ‘politics’ should be taken to mean. Drawing on recent comparative research on agenda-setting, we study the impact of whether welfare state issues were broadly salient in the public sphere during the election campaign that produced the government. We formulate hypotheses about how such systemic campaign salience and government partisanship (separately and interactively) affect welfare generosity. We also consider how such effects might have changed, taking into account challenges to standard assumptions of representative democracy coming from the ‘new politics of the welfare state’ framework. We combine well-known, but updated, data on welfare state generosity and government partisanship, with original contextual data on campaign salience from 16 West European countries for the years 1980–2008. We find that campaigns matter but also that their impact has changed. During the first half of the examined period (the 1980s and early 1990s), it mainly served to facilitate government partisanship effects on the welfare state. More recently, big-time campaign attention to welfare state issues results in some retrenchment (almost) regardless of who forms the postelection government. This raises concerns about the democratic status of the politics of welfare state reform in Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2017
Keywords
welfare state; political parties; election campaigns; agenda setting
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42346 (URN)10.1017/S175577391500034X (DOI)000399408000002 ()2-s2.0-84943302561 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, S. & Jakobsson, N. (2017). Is buying sex morally wrong?: Comparing attitudes toward prostitution using individual-level data across eight Western European countries. Women's Studies: International Forum, 61, 58-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is buying sex morally wrong?: Comparing attitudes toward prostitution using individual-level data across eight Western European countries
2017 (English)In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 61, p. 58-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

States try to combat sex trafficking through both the criminalization of buying sex and by entirely legalizing or regulating the market for prostitution. Proponents of criminalization argue that this approach leads to less acceptance of prostitution, creating a smaller sex market, and reducing the inflow of trafficked victims. Few studies examine if prostitution laws are associated with attitudes toward prostitution. We assess attitudes in eight European countries, using newly collected survey data. This is one of few studies comparing attitudes across different prostitution regimes. Citizens in countries where the purchase of sex is criminalized are less tolerant toward the buying of sex compared to citizens living in countries where the purchase of sex is legalized. Also, people viewing gender equality as important are less accepting of the purchase in countries where buying sex is prohibited, but more accepting in countries where buying sex and running a brothel are legal. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2017
Keywords
Attitudes, Demand, Gender equality, Prostitution legislature, Sex trafficking
National Category
Psychology Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65521 (URN)10.1016/j.wsif.2016.12.007 (DOI)000400202300008 ()
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
De Poli, S., Jakobsson, N. & Schueller, S. (2017). The drowning-refugee effect: media salience and xenophobic attitudes. Applied Economics Letters, 24(16), 1167-1172
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The drowning-refugee effect: media salience and xenophobic attitudes
2017 (English)In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 24, no 16, p. 1167-1172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study whether salient media coverage of refugees drowning in the Mediterranean affects individual xenophobic attitudes. We combine a randomized survey experiment - a variant of the classic trolley dilemma' - that implicitly elicits individual attitudes towards foreigners, with variation in interview timing, and find that such issue salience significantly decreases xenophobic attitudes by 2.2 percentage points. Our results thus support the idea that exposure to news describing immigrants as victims (instead of a threat) can significantly affect public opinion and mitigate bias against immigrants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Social Psychology Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65664 (URN)10.1080/13504851.2016.1262513 (DOI)000403953500009 ()
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved
Jakobsson, N. & Svensson, M. (2016). The effect of copayments on primary care utilization: results from a quasi-experiment. Applied Economics, 48(39), 3752-3762
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of copayments on primary care utilization: results from a quasi-experiment
2016 (English)In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 48, no 39, p. 3752-3762Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses how health-care utilization is affected by copayments in a tax-financed health-care system. The article utilizes a natural experiment in which a health-care region in Sweden changed the price of healthcare in such a way that primary care general physician prices increased by 33%. We use daily visit data in the treatment region and a neighbouring control region where no price change took place and analyse the effect using differences-in-differences as well as differences-in-differences-in-differences models. The results from the preferred models indicate no effect on health-care utilization due to the price change, a result that also holds across different socio-economic subregions in the treatment region.

Keywords
Copayments, healthcare, demand, moral hazard, natural experiment
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-44556 (URN)10.1080/00036846.2016.1145346 (DOI)000378744900005 ()
Available from: 2016-08-05 Created: 2016-08-05 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Jakobsson, N. & Blom, S. (2014). Did the 2011 terror attacks in Norway change citizens’ attitudes towards immigrants?. International journal of public opinion research, 26(4), 475-486
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Did the 2011 terror attacks in Norway change citizens’ attitudes towards immigrants?
2014 (English)In: International journal of public opinion research, ISSN 0954-2892, E-ISSN 1471-6909, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 475-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014
Keywords
INGROUP MEMBERS; PUBLIC-OPINION; PREFERENCES; EXTREMITY; IMPACT
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33689 (URN)10.1093/ijpor/edt036 (DOI)000348582900005 ()
Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-15 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Finseraas, H. & Jakobsson, N. (2014). Does a simple information intervention change the perception of a reform?. Applied Economics Letters, 18, 1266-1268
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does a simple information intervention change the perception of a reform?
2014 (English)In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 18, p. 1266-1268Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present the results of a survey experiment where the respondents were randomly assigned the opportunity to read an information brochure regarding recently implemented changes in the Norwegian pension system. We find that those given the opportunity to read the information material are more likely to believe that the reform has made the pension system easier to understand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire: Taylor & Francis, 2014
Keywords
survey experiment, information, pension system, retirement, H30, H40
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33679 (URN)10.1080/13504851.2014.922660 (DOI)000343599800004 ()
Note

Export Date: 15 September 2014 Article in Press

Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-15 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7143-8793

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