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Karlsson, Mikael
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Karlsson, M. & Karlsson, H. (2006). Beyond the limits: On Violated Environmental Quality Standards and Health Effects from Particles in Sweden. Paper presented at In: Frostell, B. (ed.) Science for sustainable development : starting points and critical reflections. Proceedings of the 1st VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Västerås, Sweden, 14-16 April, 2005. Paper presented at In: Frostell, B. (ed.) Science for sustainable development : starting points and critical reflections. Proceedings of the 1st VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Västerås, Sweden, 14-16 April, 2005.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond the limits: On Violated Environmental Quality Standards and Health Effects from Particles in Sweden
2006 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present levels of particles in the air present a serious health problem in Sweden and legal quality standards for particles are violated. The article analyses if the environmental quality standard is possible to maintain by present legislation, if the standard is based on scientific facts concerning which types of particles that are most hazardous, and if the proposed legally based action programme for counteracting particle concentrations in Stockholm beyond the limits is effective. It suggests developed legislation, a new standard for fine particles and increased focus on traffic reducing measures, if the standards are to be maintained

National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-17395 (URN)9163192225 (ISBN)
Conference
In: Frostell, B. (ed.) Science for sustainable development : starting points and critical reflections. Proceedings of the 1st VHU Conference on Science for Sustainable Development, Västerås, Sweden, 14-16 April, 2005
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Karlsson, M. & Swahn, J. (2006). Nuclear Waste, Risks and Sustainable Development. Paper presented at In: Andersson, K (ed.) Proceedings from the VALDOR Conference. Proceedings of VALDOR (Values in Decisions On Risk), Stockholm, May 14-18, 2006. Paper presented at In: Andersson, K (ed.) Proceedings from the VALDOR Conference. Proceedings of VALDOR (Values in Decisions On Risk), Stockholm, May 14-18, 2006. Stockholm: SKI
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nuclear Waste, Risks and Sustainable Development
2006 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SKI, 2006
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21859 (URN)9163188767 (ISBN)
Conference
In: Andersson, K (ed.) Proceedings from the VALDOR Conference. Proceedings of VALDOR (Values in Decisions On Risk), Stockholm, May 14-18, 2006
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Karlsson, M. (2006). Science and norms in policies for sustainable development: Assessing and managing risks of chemical substances and genetically modifed organisms in the European Union. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 44, 49-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and norms in policies for sustainable development: Assessing and managing risks of chemical substances and genetically modifed organisms in the European Union
2006 (English)In: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 44, 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Use of chemical substances and genetically modifed organisms cause complex problems characterised by scientifc uncertainty and controversies. Aiming at sustainable development, policies for assessment, and management of risks in the two areas are under development in the European Union. The article points out that both science and norms play a central role in risk assessment as well as risk management and suggests that the precautionary principle, the principle of public participation, and the polluter pays principle, all adopted in the European Union, offer a way to operationalise the concept of sustainable development. It is shown, however, that a number of steps ought to be taken to better implement the principles through different policy measures. In doing so, and by recognising the role of both science and norms, the decision-making on risks related to the use of chemicals or genetically modifed organisms can be improved to better promote sustainable development

Keywords
Science, Norms, Sustainable development, Risk management, Risk assessment, GMO, REACH, Precautionary principle, Public participation, Polluter pays principle
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23251 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22
Karlsson, M. (2006). The Precautionary Principle, Swedish Chemicals Policy and Sustainable Development. Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 9, No. 4, 337360,
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Precautionary Principle, Swedish Chemicals Policy and Sustainable Development
2006 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 9, No. 4, 337360,Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The precautionary principle is one of the most contested principles in the debate on the new EU chemicals legislation. The purpose of this paper is to

operationalise the principle and to investigate the consequences of its application. Five core elements of precautionary management of chemicals are derived and traced in Swedish policy and legislation through history. It is shown that precautionary measures were required as early as the eighteenth century. The conclusion is drawn that these measures in Sweden seem to have promoted sustainable development from both an environmental and a socio-economic point of view

National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-24695 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22
Karlsson, M. (2005). Managing Complex Environmental Risks for Sustainable Development. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlstad: Karlstad University Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Complex Environmental Risks for Sustainable Development
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis is concerned with the problematic question on how to manage complex environmental risks in a way that promotes sustainable development. While there are some positive signs on progressive and successful environmental policy, environmental change resulting from human activities still causes severe problems and risks worldwide.



Environmental risks are conventionally handled through a process in which experts try to quantitatively assess, evaluate and manage risks. This approach harmonises with mainstream interpretations of sustainable development, aiming at describing and prescribing a certain relationship between human and natural systems, for instance by policies that define limit values for pollutants.



Often, however, scientific incertitude (risk, ambiguity, uncertainty, ignorance) and diverging social values and norms as well as distrust, challenge such policies. The thesis describes this dilemma by an investigation of public risk policies in Sweden and the European Union for hazardous chemicals and genetically modified organisms.



Against this background, and in the light of new ideas on the notion of risk from social sciences, a new, complementary interpretation of the concept of sustainable development is suggested. This, in turn, is operationalised by help of new formulations of three principles for improving public risk management; the precautionary principle, the polluter pays principle and the principle of public participation.



Implementation of these principles would challenge present mainstream views on environmental decision-making. Thereby the thesis aims to contribute to the growing number of voices that ask for sustainable development in not only rhetoric, but also practices for long-term human welfare and planetary survival

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Studies, 2005
Keywords
Sustainable development, risk assessment, risk management, complexity, trust, scientific uncertainty, hazardous chemicals, genetically modified organisms, reflexive modernization, ecological modernization, environmental policy, polluter pays principle, pr
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21266 (URN)9185335770 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Karlsson, M. & Kåberger, T. (2005). Polluter Accountability for Nuclear Energy Systems in a New Risk Context. Paper presented at Paper presented at the 7th Nordic Environmental Social Science Research Conference, Göteborg, 15-17 June, 2005. Paper presented at Paper presented at the 7th Nordic Environmental Social Science Research Conference, Göteborg, 15-17 June, 2005.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Polluter Accountability for Nuclear Energy Systems in a New Risk Context
2005 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The polluter pays principle is a world-wide principal cornerstone for polluter accountability in environmental policy. It is a prerequisite for avoiding the establishment of too destructive industrial plants. According to EU legislation, the polluter is supposed to pay for both preventive measures and remediation related to adverse effects on human health and the environment.



That said, much remains to be decided when implementing the principle in practice. This paper investigates the operationalisation of the polluter pays principle in relation to negative effects associated with nuclear power.



More and less predictable quantities of radioactive pollution will pose uncertain risks to an unknown number of future human beings. How can polluter accountability be assessed and valued? Who should make these decisions and in what ways?



These questions are discussed in relation to the development of the risk discourse in society since the early days of the nuclear epoch. To conclude, the new risk context leads to a questioning of present policy regimes and brings a set of new regulatory ideas to the fore

National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-22485 (URN)
Conference
Paper presented at the 7th Nordic Environmental Social Science Research Conference, Göteborg, 15-17 June, 2005
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22
Karlsson, M. (2004). Genmodifiering av skogsträd i perspektivet hållbar utveckling.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genmodifiering av skogsträd i perspektivet hållbar utveckling
2004 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Other academic)
Keywords
genmodifiering, GMO, skog, träd, risk, hållbar utveckling, försiktighetsprincipen
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19753 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Wikström, F. & Karlsson, M. (2004). Hållbar utveckling i skogslandskapet ' med energi i fokus.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hållbar utveckling i skogslandskapet ' med energi i fokus
2004 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Other academic)
Keywords
klimatförändring, klimat, energi, skog, biobränsle, hållbar utveckling, regional planering, framtidsstudie
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-20089 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Karlsson, M. (2004). Konflikthantering för hållbar utveckling ' om människor och skyddade skogar i Tanzania.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konflikthantering för hållbar utveckling ' om människor och skyddade skogar i Tanzania
2004 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Other academic)
Keywords
Konflikt, hållbar utveckling, skog, biologisk mångfald, Tanzania, Pugu, Kazimzumbwi, gemensam lokal skogsförvaltning
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-20795 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Karlsson, M. (2004). Risk Management of Genetically Modified Organisms and Hazardous Chemicals for Sustainable Development. Paper presented at Special Symposium on Science and Politics, SETAC, Prague, April 19, 2004. Paper presented at Special Symposium on Science and Politics, SETAC, Prague, April 19, 2004.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Management of Genetically Modified Organisms and Hazardous Chemicals for Sustainable Development
2004 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Environmental and Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23107 (URN)
Conference
Special Symposium on Science and Politics, SETAC, Prague, April 19, 2004
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22
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