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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Lindell, J. & Sartoretto, P. (2018). Young people, class and the news: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments. Journalism Studies, 2042-2061
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young people, class and the news: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments
2018 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, p. 2042-2061Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Journalism studies almost exclusively rely on a “sociology of integration” perspective when theorizing the social function of journalism. Focus is put on if and how journalism facilitates democratic processes, encourages civic engagement and strengthens the sense of community. In providing an alternative view, this study mobilizes the cultural sociology of Pierre Bourdieu – a “sociologist of conflict” – in order to study how young people’s conditions of existence have given rise to vastly different orientations towards news and the normative order surrounding journalism. Based on focus group interviews with young people in Brazil and Sweden, the study shows that socialization into the world of news in the family and in school generates class-distinctive news orientations. The world of news is a site where social groups draw moral and cultural boundaries against each other. Since different social groups monopolize completely different news practices and preferences, they work to legitimate social differences. As such, the findings challenge common notions of news as creating the “healthy citizen”, and that news media provide spaces for the practice of civility and citizenship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Keywords
Bourdieu, news consumption, audience fragmentation, class, comparative study, young people, focus groups
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-48313 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2017.1310628 (DOI)000446506700003 ()
Available from: 2017-04-13 Created: 2017-04-13 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved
Lindell, J. & Sartoretto, P. (2017). Young people, class and the news: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments. In: : . Paper presented at Interventions: Communication Research and Practice. ICA's the 67th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, San Diego, USA, 25-29 May 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young people, class and the news: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Journalism studies almost exclusively rely on a “sociology of integration” perspective when theorizing the social function of journalism. Focus is put on if and how journalism facilitates democratic processes, encourages civic engagement and strengthens the sense of community. In providing an alternative view, this study mobilizes the cultural sociology of Pierre Bourdieu – a “sociologist of conflict” – in order to study how young people’s conditions of existence have given rise to vastly different orientations towards news and the normative order surrounding journalism. Based on focus group interviews with young people in Brazil and Sweden, the study shows that socialization into the world of news in the family and in school generates class-distinctive news orientations. The world of news is a site where social groups draw moral and cultural boundaries against each other. Since different social groups monopolize completely different news practices and preferences, they work to legitimate social differences. As such, the findings challenge common notions of news as creating the “healthy citizen”, and that news media provide spaces for the practice of civility and citizenship. 

Keywords
News consumption, Bourdieu, class, comparative study, young people, focus groups, audience fragmentation
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-54840 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2017.1310628 (DOI)
Conference
Interventions: Communication Research and Practice. ICA's the 67th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, San Diego, USA, 25-29 May 2017
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2015). Becoming a circumstantial media activist  Brazilian Landless Workers Movement struggle to construct arenas for communication: Brazilian Landless Workers Movement's struggle to construct arenas for communication. In: : . Paper presented at International Communication Association 21-25 maj San Juan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming a circumstantial media activist  Brazilian Landless Workers Movement struggle to construct arenas for communication: Brazilian Landless Workers Movement's struggle to construct arenas for communication
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Alternative or radical media (Downing 2000) are characterized by collective production, democratic participation and promotion of minorities’ rights to self- expression. This kind of media production is common among social movements and insurgent organizations whose members do not see themselves and their causes represented in mainstream media. This is the case of the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which since its foundation in 1984 has been creating media outlets and producing content for different platforms. However, realizing that alternative arenas would not grant participation in the public debate, MST became also active in the area of media and communication rights in Brazil. Based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014 this article proposes a perspective to communication rights (cf. Peruzzo 2007 and 2014) that is attentive to the structural configuration of media landscape and not only to the provision of technology and production skills. In the current context were technology enabled activism has become the focus of research; this study shows that collective action and promotion of structural change are still relevant. Because the possibility to express discontentment and organize through digital media does not necessarily mean that those at the margins will be represented (cf. Fraser 2009) in the public sphere. 

Keywords
media activism, communication rights, representation.
National Category
Media and Communications Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36094 (URN)
Conference
International Communication Association 21-25 maj San Juan
Available from: 2015-05-27 Created: 2015-05-27 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2015). Explorando a dimensão empírica da cidadania comunicativa e direito à comunicação. OBS - Observatorio, 08(03), 115-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explorando a dimensão empírica da cidadania comunicativa e direito à comunicação
2015 (Portuguese)In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 08, no 03, p. 115-129Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OBERCOM, 2015
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33586 (URN)
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2015). Voices from the margins: People, media, and the struggle for land in Brazil. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voices from the margins: People, media, and the struggle for land in Brazil
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study looks into communicative processes and media practices among members of a subaltern social movement. The aim is to gain an understanding of how these processes and practices contribute to symbolic cohesion in the movement, how they develop and are socialized into practices, and how these processes and practices help challenge hegemonic groups in society. These questions are explored through a qualitative study, based on fieldwork and interviews, of a subaltern social movement. The empirical object of the study is the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which was founded in 1984 to promote agrarian reform and defend the rights of rural workers in Brazil.

 

At the macro-level, the discussion addresses social realities marked by the meta-processes of globalisation, neo-liberalisation, and mediatisation. Against this background, the experiences of MST militants and of the movement as a whole help us to understand how different communicative processes play a role in the ways people experience globalisation, neo-liberalisation, and mediatisation in their daily lives. Departing from an understanding of communication as a process that structures practices (mediated and non-mediated), this study questions the media-centric understanding of communication, arguing that media practices are created through appropriation processes.

 

The results show that communicative processes are crucial to reinforcing values and symbologies associated with the rural worker identity. There is also a high level of reflexivity about media practices and an understanding that they must serve the principles of the collective. As a consequence, the movement seeks to maintain control over media, routinely discussing and evaluating the adoption and use of media. The interviews show ambivalence towards the alleged dialogic and organisational potential of digital media and to the adaptability of these media to the MST’s organisational processes. Through observation, it is possible to conclude that media have an instrumental function, as opposed to a structural function, in the processes of social transformation engendered by the MST. 

Abstract [en]

This study looks into communicative processes and media practices among members of a subaltern social movement. The aim is to gain an understanding of how these processes and practices contribute to symbolic cohesion in the movement, how they develop and are socialized into practices, and how these processes and practices help challenge hegemonic groups in society. These questions are explored through a qualitative study, based on fieldwork and interviews, of a subaltern social movement. The empirical object of the study is the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST), which was founded in 1984 to promote agrarian reform and defend the rights of rural workers in Brazil. The results show that communicative processes are crucial to reinforcing values and symbologies associated with the rural worker identity. There is also a high level of reflexivity about media practices and an understanding that they must serve the principles of the collective. As a consequence, the movement seeks to maintain control over media, routinely discussing and evaluating the adoption and use of media. The interviews show ambivalence towards the alleged dialogic and organisational potential of digital media and to the adaptability of these media to the MST’s organisational processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. p. 284
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:32
Keywords
Social movements, mobilisation, media ethnography, Latin America
National Category
Media Studies Communication Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36358 (URN)978-91-7063-650-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-09-04, 12A138 Geijersalen, Karlstad, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-08-14 Created: 2015-06-12 Last updated: 2015-08-14Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2014). Becoming an incidental media activist: On Brazilian Landless  Workers’ Movement struggle to construct arenas for communication.. In: : . Paper presented at Voice and Matter - Örecomm festival 15 augusti, Malmö Sweden 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming an incidental media activist: On Brazilian Landless  Workers’ Movement struggle to construct arenas for communication.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Brazilian Landless Workers’ Movement (MST) has since its creation in 1984 acted for the promotion of agrarian reform and rural workers’ and their families’ rights to education, healthcare, culture and infrastructure. Throughout its trajectory, the social movement faced the difficulties that arise from the scarcity of arenas and resources to communicate. Recognising at early stage that voice matters (cf. Couldry 2010) and that the means to form and express opinions are not equally available in a society, MST has since its foundation being active in constructing and maintaining communication channels on the side of the core cause of promoting agrarian reform. The article is based on fieldwork carried out in 2013 and 2014 and interviews with MST militants working with communication. The analysis of the material raises questions of relevance, potential and actual achievements of media activism. From the realisation, at an early stage, that voice is an important element in the promotion of social change; MST started their activities as incidental media activists. These activities run parallel and complement the movement’s work and include demands to change community radio legislation in Brazil and participation in FNDC, the National Forum for Democratisation of Communication. Based Fraser’s (2009) view of justice as a matter of recognition, redistribution and representation and on Couldry’s (2010 and 2013) critique of corporative media’s role in neoliberalism, this article discusses the experience of MST in becoming an incidental actor in the democratisation of media. The term incidental is used here to draw attention to the importance of voice for those considered marginal, even if acting on another aspect of marginality. 

Keywords
voice, social movement, Brazil, media
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT Communication Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33828 (URN)
Conference
Voice and Matter - Örecomm festival 15 augusti, Malmö Sweden 2014
Available from: 2014-09-24 Created: 2014-09-24 Last updated: 2015-07-08Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. & Rosa, R. (2014). Democratização da Comunicação no MST: a rádio comunitária e o fortalecimento da luta em defesa do direito à comunicação e à terra. In: : . Paper presented at CONFIBERCOM - Congresso Mundial em Comunicação Ibero-Americana. 13-16 april Braga Portugal.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratização da Comunicação no MST: a rádio comunitária e o fortalecimento da luta em defesa do direito à comunicação e à terra
2014 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33583 (URN)
Conference
CONFIBERCOM - Congresso Mundial em Comunicação Ibero-Americana. 13-16 april Braga Portugal
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2014). Ocupar. Resistir. Produzir. Comunicar: Processos comunicativos no Movimento Sem- Terra. In: : . Paper presented at CONFIBERCOM - Congresso Mundial em Comunicação Ibero-Americana 13-16 april Braga Portugal.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ocupar. Resistir. Produzir. Comunicar: Processos comunicativos no Movimento Sem- Terra
2014 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33584 (URN)
Conference
CONFIBERCOM - Congresso Mundial em Comunicação Ibero-Americana 13-16 april Braga Portugal
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2014). Voices from the Margins: People and the media in the struggle for land in Brazil.. In: : . Paper presented at Media and Governance in Latin America - Exploring the role of communication for development 13-14 maj Sheffield UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voices from the Margins: People and the media in the struggle for land in Brazil.
2014 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33585 (URN)
Conference
Media and Governance in Latin America - Exploring the role of communication for development 13-14 maj Sheffield UK
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Sartoretto, P. (2013). Bridging the gap between administrative and critical approaches in development and participatory communication,. In: : . Paper presented at IAMCR Annual Conference Dublin, 25-29 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging the gap between administrative and critical approaches in development and participatory communication,
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31522 (URN)
Conference
IAMCR Annual Conference Dublin, 25-29 June
Available from: 2014-02-19 Created: 2014-02-19 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5638-6606

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