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Tyrkkö, Arja
Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Gonäs, L. & Tyrkkö, A. (2015). Changing Structures and Women’s Role as Labor Force. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 5(2), 89-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing Structures and Women’s Role as Labor Force
2015 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 89-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to analyze changes in the development of women's role as labor force over a 40-year period. This is done by presenting research results that concern the restructur-ing of the labor market over different time periods. The empirical material is from the 1960s, the heyday of the Swedish model; from the 1980s, the period that economic historians label the third industrial revolution; and from the 1990s, a period labeled the new working life that is covering the reorganization of the public sector.For the first period results from restructuring in the shipyard industry are presented as well as employment outcomes for single individuals. This industry was male dominated with very few women employed, but regional policy measures were implemented to reach a latent female labor force. The second period is covered by a study of closures and cutbacks in different industries in Sweden during 1982–1983. The proportion of women employed in the industries studied was around one third and employment outcomes had a specific gendered pattern. Women did to a lower extent than men get new permanent jobs. Permanent temporariness was introduced as a concept to describe their labor market situation.The recession that one decade later hit both female- and male-dominated sectors is il-lustrated by a study of the relations between labor market attachment, working life, and family conditions. The material comes from a regional research program based on a questionnaire and on register data on incomes from 1990 to 1999. The paper analyzes several areas related to work and outside of work that indicate a gendered pattern of multidimensional subordination and an increased polarization in terms of both gender and class. In conclusion, the 40 years has been a period of dramatic change in women's situation as labor force. In times of restructuring they often entered into precarious job situations or unemploy-ment. Women's double burden proved remarkably resilient when explaining gender differences in employment and working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde Universitetsforlag, 2015
Keywords
Concept of work, Gender relations, Labor market position, Permanent temporariness, Structural change, Unpaid work, Wage earner, Working conditions
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Working Life Science; Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38870 (URN)000360070100007 ()
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Tyrkkö, A. & Karlqvist, L. (2015). Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists. Time & Society, 24(2), 244-271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists
2015 (English)In: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 244-271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to examine how different aspects of time pressure are associatedwith health and gender. The study is based on data collected by cross-sectionalquestionnaire from 153 female and 167 male journalists at three editorial officesin Sweden. Spearman correlation coefficients by gender were analysed betweensix different time pressure variables and seven health measures. For womenthree health indicators correlated significantly with time pressure expressed as''short of time for reflection''. For men, health as expressed by four indicatorswas primarily related to ''lack of efficiency''. Severe time pressure correlatedespecially highly with stress but only to an almost negligible degree with neckand shoulder symptoms. Our analysis showed that the relation between timepressure and health differs between women and men and that time pressure canbe interpreted in several different ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015
Keywords
Deadlines, gender, health, journalist, stress, time pressure
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; Gender Studies; Working Life Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38872 (URN)10.1177/0961463X15587831 (DOI)000358723000007 ()
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Tyrkkö, A. & Gonäs, L. (2009). Labour Market Attachment, Work and Family Conditions and its effect on Health: Results from a regional study. Paper presented at Nya perspektiv på kön och arbete-konferens, Stockholms universitet, mars 2009. Paper presented at Nya perspektiv på kön och arbete-konferens, Stockholms universitet, mars 2009.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour Market Attachment, Work and Family Conditions and its effect on Health: Results from a regional study
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract

There are many lessons to be learned from the recession in the 1990s. Long-term consequences of being out of employment displayed a gendered pattern. Those who had an unstable labour market attachment during the 1990s also had that in the early years of the 2000s. In this article we analyse the relations between labour market attachment, work and family conditions and health from a gender perspective. The class dimension has become increasingly important when it comes to explaining changes in labour market attachment for the single individual. This is a result that also holds for working conditions, family demands and health outcomes.

Our analyses are based on a large number of variables. Questionnaire data for 4 965 persons are related to registered income over the years 1990 to1999 by logistic regression analyses. The study has identified several areas at work and outside work that indicate multidimensional subordination.

Keywords
Labour market position, gender, working conditions, work and family, health outcomes
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11175 (URN)
Conference
Nya perspektiv på kön och arbete-konferens, Stockholms universitet, mars 2009
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved
Overud, J., Sätre, A.-M. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Diskussion. Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008:3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diskussion
2008 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-18395 (URN)9789189317482 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: http://www.arbetsliviomvandling.se

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Overud, J., Sätre, A.-M. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken. Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling 2008:3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken
2008 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige har vid olika tidpunkter lanserats satsningar för att skapa förutsättningar för en mer jämställd arbetsmarknad. Både politik och arbetsmarknad har genomgått betydande förändringar, något som i denna rapport studeras på regional nivå utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Studien placeras i skärningspunkten mellan arbetsmarknadspolitik, jämställdhetspolitik och regionalpolitik. Arbetsmarknadspolitiken har länge varit ett av de starkaste medlen för att uppnå målen med jämställdhetspolitiken. I den här rapporten undersöks den del av arbetsmarknadspolitiken som samverkar med den regionala utvecklingspolitiken och hur den utformas i relation till de jämställdhetspolitiska målen.

Rapportens huvudsyfte är att utifrån två tidsbilder diskutera möjligheter och problem som är förknippade med den politik som uppmuntrar och stimulerar kvinnor att övergå från hemarbete till lönearbete, respektive från lönearbete till företagande. Genom två nedslag i tiden i Jämtlands län illustreras en förskjutning i den politiska retoriken från lönearbete till företagande som avspeglas i olika arbetsmarknadssatsningar för att öka kvinnors förankring på arbetsmarknaden. Med en maktordning som underordnar kvinnor återkommer ett synsätt som leder till att politiska åtgärder gång på gång utformas utifrån synen på kvinnors arbetskraft som en reserv

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling 2008:3, 2008
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19564 (URN)9789189317482 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: http://www.arbetsliviomvandling.se/

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Gonäs, L. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Gendered patterns of labour market attachment and sickness absence. In: : . Paper presented at Gender, class and health inequities. Integrated perspectives on public health research and policy, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies in Medicine, Umeå University, August 2008.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered patterns of labour market attachment and sickness absence
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19736 (URN)
Conference
Gender, class and health inequities. Integrated perspectives on public health research and policy, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies in Medicine, Umeå University, August 2008
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2014-09-22Bibliographically approved
Overud, J., Sätre, A.-M. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Inledning. In: Johanna Overud, Ann-Mari Sätre & Arja Tyrkkö (Ed.), Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken (pp. 4-10). Växjö universitet, 2008:3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2008 (Swedish)In: Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken / [ed] Johanna Overud, Ann-Mari Sätre & Arja Tyrkkö, Växjö universitet , 2008, Vol. 2008:3, p. 4-10Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö universitet, 2008
Series
Arbetliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426 ; 2008:3
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-20404 (URN)9789189317482 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: http://www.arbetsliviomvandling.se

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-10-28Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Kvinnors företagande: Politiska satsningar och lokala erfarenheter. Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008:3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvinnors företagande: Politiska satsningar och lokala erfarenheter
2008 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-20932 (URN)9789189317482 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: http://www.arbetsliviomvandling.se

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Sätre, A.-M. & Tyrkkö, A. (2008). Om jämställdhetspolitik på regional nivå efter EU-inträdet. Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008:3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om jämställdhetspolitik på regional nivå efter EU-inträdet
2008 (Swedish)Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö universitet Arbetsliv i omvandling, 2008
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-22002 (URN)9789189317482 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: http://www.arbetsliviomvandling.se

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Karlqvist, L. & Tyrkkö, A. (2007). Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists. Paper presented at Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Boston, USA, August 2007. Paper presented at Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Boston, USA, August 2007.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists
2007 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aims. The first study aimed to shed light on were differences between male and female journalists, between journals of different size and between editorial work in a big city and a provincial town. We have been studying whether, and in that case how, working conditions and health for women and men have been influenced by the integration of the sexes that has taken place parallel to technological development. In the follow-up study we focussed on gender differences in time pressure and health.

Methods. Questionnaires for self-evaluation, interviews and observation were used as methods to analyze working conditions, workload and health. One big, one medium sized and one small daily newspaper were included in the study. A total of 317 answered the questionnaire, while in two of the news offices 24 journalists were interviewed and observed with regard to their working conditions and health.

Results. As a profession journalism has for long been male dominated, but is now showing a bigger share of women. Between 1989 and 2000 the share of women rose from 34 to 47 percent and the increase seems to be going on. Through this, the journalist profession has become one of the few professions with a balanced gender division. Todaý's situation is according to our study to a certain degree still marked by a traditional gender order.

Time pressure was surprisingly identical irrespective of financial status, number of employees and circulation. Pressure to produce quickly was as high for the slimmed organisation of the big city newspaper, which was competing on a tough media market, as for the small newspaper that struggled for survival. High pressure in time indicated high demands.

Evaluations of stress levels in our study indicated co-variations with the level of demands in this respect. The connection between stress evaluation and ailments were a rather general feature for all the three editorial offices and most blatantly for the women. Health results were different for women and men. The work situation did not explain the entire difference in health outcomes. What also seemed to be important was that the physical design of the workplaces was not adapted to women to a sufficient degree.

In the follow-up study we found that 62 percent of the women and 54 percent of the men reported that time pressure had increased during the last two years. Work load had increased more among the women (72 percent compared to 39 percent among the men) and the women we more restricted to their computer work than the men and it had increased from the initial study. The women also reported more musculoskeletal and psychosocial symptoms than the men and an increase from the first study was seen.

Conclusions. Journalists report high pressure in time in their job and our study indicates that more women than men experience increase in time pressure during the last couple of years. The female journalists also reported more musculoskeletal as well as psychosocial symptoms than the male journalists.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19720 (URN)
Conference
Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Boston, USA, August 2007
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
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