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Johansson, Anna
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Johansson, A. & Svedung, I. (2013). Cross-sectorial and holistic management approaches in societal risk and safety management: A review of the content in Swedish action programmes for civil protection against accidents. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-sectorial and holistic management approaches in societal risk and safety management: A review of the content in Swedish action programmes for civil protection against accidents
2013 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27078 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2013). Societal risk and safety management: Policy diffusion, management structures and perspectives at the municipal level in Sweden. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Societal risk and safety management: Policy diffusion, management structures and perspectives at the municipal level in Sweden
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This compilation thesis investigates risk and safety management at the Swedish local governmentallevel. It sets special focus on municipal implementation of overall international and nationalstrategies and objectives regarding holistic, cross-sectorial and multi-strategic risk and safetywork, and the prevention of accidents and injuries.

The overall aim for this thesis have been to empirically map and provide an overview of theadministrative structures for, and the prevailing management perspectives applied in the societalrisk and safety management in Sweden, as well as to study the diffusion of strategic intentions forthis area down to the municipal level.

Three different sources constitute the thesis empirical base: two different set of official planningdocuments, written by Swedish municipal officials on commission of the local politiciansand one set of data from a survey investigation with municipal officials representing differentdepartments/functions. The documents were investigated using content analysis, while datafrom the survey were analyzed using statistical measures.

This thesis provides through its empirical works an outlook on the general characteristics andarchetypical features of the Swedish local level’s administrative structures and managementperspective on risk and safety management; and proposes a municipal typology and a set of valuecharacters for allocation and institutionalization of risk and safety-tasks. This thesis also suggestsa conceptual framework for overviewing risk and safety management’s systemic steering elementsin its framework report. Based on the findings made, it seems as if the local level’s compliance tothe strategic level’s ambitions for the risk and safety area is hindered by practical implementationdifficulties and that much work remains in order to reach stated strategic objectives regardingholistic, inter-sectorial and multi-strategic management approaches, and preventive risk andsafety work.

Abstract [en]

Baksidestext

The compilation thesis investigates Societal Risk and Safety Management (SRSM) at the Swedish local governmental level. It sets special focus on municipal implementation of overall international and national strategies and objectives regarding holistic, cross-sectorial and multi-strategic risk and safety work, and prevention of accidents/injuries and promotion of safety. Three different sources constitute the thesis empirical bases: two different sets of official governmental planning documents, written by Swedish municipal officials on commission of the local politicians and one set of data from a survey investigation with municipal officials (n=1283), representing different administrative departments/functions within different municipalities. The official documents were investigated using content analysis methodology, while data from the survey were analyzed using various statistical investigations. This thesis suggests a conceptual and systemic model for SRSM’s contextual and analytical elements, and provides through its empirical works an overview of management perspectives and administrative structures applied, and it proposes a municipal typology and a set of value characters for allocation and institutionalization of SRSM-tasks locally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. p. 70
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:23
Keywords
societal risk and safety management, risk management, safety management, safety work, risk governance, policy implementation, planning, injury, accident, risk; safety, security, health, public health, prevention, promotion.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27079 (URN)978-91-7063-500-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-01-24, Frödingsalen, 1B 364, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Svedung, I. & Denk, T. (2009). Institutionalisation of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden. Journal of Risk Research, 12(5), 687-708
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutionalisation of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 687-708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this article is the need for empirical knowledge about organizational configuration for societal risk and safety management activities ina modern welfare society. In this paper, we use Sweden as an empirical frame to analyze the administrative management structure at the local governmental level.The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web-survey with administrative chief/head officials (n51283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. The sample represented 25% of the Swedish municipalities (n5290) and the response rate was approximately 60% (n5766).The responses to two sets of questions (25 and 45 questions) are used for statistical analyses of management structures and task distribution within themunicipal organizations. Principal component factor analyses with Varimax and Kaisers Normalization was applied as a structure detection method. The resultsindicate a clear and uniform way to institutionalize societal risk and safety management at the local level. Furthermore, the management course of action is found to have different types of value characters. The implications that arise from the patterns identified in this study are considered to be of general relevance and topicality for research and practice in this area

Keywords
risk, safety, management, Sweden, institutionalization, municipality
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Political Science
Research subject
Public Health Science; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11045 (URN)10.1080/1366987080268929 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Denk, T. & Svedung, I. (2009). Institutionalization of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden. Journal of Risk Research, 12(5), 687-708
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutionalization of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 687-708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this article is the need for empirical knowledge about organizational configuration for societal risk and safety management activities in a modern welfare society. In this paper, we use Sweden as an empirical frame to analyze the administrative management structure at the local governmental level. The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web‐survey with administrative chief/head officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. The sample represented 25% of the Swedish municipalities (n = 290) and the response rate was approximately 60% (n = 766). The responses to two sets of questions (25 and 45 questions) are used for statistical analyses of management structures and task distribution within the municipal organizations. Principal component factor analyses with Varimax and Kaiser's Normalization was applied as a structure detection method. The results indicate a clear and uniform way to institutionalize societal risk and safety management at the local level. Furthermore, the management course of action is found to have different types of value characters. The implications that arise from the patterns identified in this study are considered to be of general relevance and topicality for research and practice in this area.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27077 (URN)10.1080/13669870802689290 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Denk, T. & Svedung, I. (2009). The typology for allocations of societal risk and safety management tasks at the local governmental level: Framing the current directions in Sweden. Safety Science, 47(5), 680-685
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The typology for allocations of societal risk and safety management tasks at the local governmental level: Framing the current directions in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 680-685Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this article is the need to develop empirical insights about contemporary societal risk and safety management practice and executive structures. In order to facilitate insights about societal risk and safety management in a Scandinavian welfare context we use Sweden and its local governmental level (municipal) as an empirical frame in this paper. The aim for this article is to analyse how a variety of risk and safety management tasks are divided within the Swedish municipalities. The objectives are to frame the current directions for internal allocations of risk and safety issues by providing an empirically based executive typology and to contemplate the implications and future research needs that arise from that management pattern.The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web-survey with chief officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. In this study the responses to one of the survey questions are used for statistical analysis. The analyzed question focused on the degree that the respondents estimated that their administrative sector or function handled a selection of risk and safety management assignments (n = 45). A factor analysis was applied to identify patterns in the dataset. The analysis resulted in an eight factor solution with a high degree of explained variance (74.3%). The results provide an elementary contribution to the understanding of the current societal risks and safety management directions.

Keywords
Societal risk management, Societal safety management, Sweden, Typology, Municipal
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27075 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2008.09.008 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2007). Cross-sectorial risk management approaches in Swedish local action programs for civil protection against accidents. Paper presented at The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) ORAL-presentation. Paper presented at The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) ORAL-presentation. Haag, Nederländerna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-sectorial risk management approaches in Swedish local action programs for civil protection against accidents
2007 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Haag, Nederländerna: , 2007
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-17941 (URN)
Conference
The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) ORAL-presentation
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Johansson, A. (2007). Societal risk management at the local level: The case of Sweden. Paper presented at N.O.F.S (Nordisk säkerhetskonferens) ORAL-presentation. Paper presented at N.O.F.S (Nordisk säkerhetskonferens) ORAL-presentation. Tampere, Finland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Societal risk management at the local level: The case of Sweden
2007 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tampere, Finland: , 2007
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-23668 (URN)
Conference
N.O.F.S (Nordisk säkerhetskonferens) ORAL-presentation
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22
Johansson, A., Strömgren, M. & Backe, S. (2006). Hantering av risk- och säkerhetsfrågor i svenska kommuner: Resultatet från en enkätundersökning. Karlstad: Räddningsverket, NCO
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hantering av risk- och säkerhetsfrågor i svenska kommuner: Resultatet från en enkätundersökning
2006 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Flertalet olyckor inträffar i människors vardagsliv inom trafik, boende, fritidsverksamhet, offentliga miljöer, osv. Dessa miljöer utgör också arenor för en mängd andra risker (sjukdomar, brottslighet, miljöförstöring, m m). Det finns därför anledning att försöka skapa en samlad bild av hur svenska kommuner idag hanterar risker ur olika synvinklar: Vilka typer av risker hanteras? Vilka metoder och verktyg används? Hur samverkar man mellan olika sektorer/aktörer och visavi medborgarna? Dessa frågeställningar bildar bakgrund till den enkätundersökning som genomfördes våren 2005 och som här presenteras översiktligt.



Enkäten vände sig till ett strategiskt urval bland landets kommuner och sektorsområden. Totalt omfattades 1300 respondenter i 73 kommuner. Svarsfrekvensen varierade mellan kommuner och sektorsområden, men sammantaget har ett flertal svar inkommit från samtliga kommuner i urvalet vilket gör att resultaten ändå ger en bred belysning av kommunernas riskhantering.



Den bild som framträder av kommunernas risk- och säkerhetsarbete visar att säkerhets- och trygghetsfrågorna är en viktig del av respondenternas dagliga yrkesutövning. De typer av risker, skador, olyckor eller störningar som de främst hanterar är; Skadegörelse, Brand i offentliga lokaler och Olyckor med farliga ämnen (fasta anläggningar).



De metoder, verktyg eller underlag som respondenterna säger sig använda som stöd för att öka säkerheten i kommunen är framförallt: Riskinventeringar, Riskanalyser och Skyddsronder. De miljöer som respondenterna anger att deras förvaltning/funktion vanligen deltar i när det gäller inventering av risker är främst: Trafik och Skola och barnomsorg.



De aktörer som respondenterna framhåller som medverkande i säkerhets- och trygghetsarbetet är framförallt: Räddningstjänsten, Teknisk förvaltning, Miljö och hälsa, Kommunledningen, Fysisk planering, Polisen och Socialtjänsten.



Det framgår i studien att de undersökta förvaltningarna/funktionerna till stor del deltar i någon form av planering, förberedelse eller övning inför eventuella olyckor i sitt verksamhetsområde (ca 70 % av svaren) och de aktörer som oftast medverkar då uppges vara: Kommunal räddningstjänst, Krisgrupp och Polisen. Respondenterna anger också att deras förvaltning/funktion framförallt deltar i samhällsplaneringens arbete för att främja säkerhet och trygghet genom: remissbehandling, planeringsunderlag, expertutlåtande och samråd.



Ca 75 % av respondenterna säger att det finns ett kommunövergripande handlingsprogram eller planer som syftar till att främja säkerheten och tryggheten för medborgarna. Av dessa svarar 86 % att deras förvaltning/funktion har i någon form medverkat vid framtagandet av programmet eller planen eller lämnat synpunkter på den.



Respondenterna anger att för den egna förvaltningens/funktionens skadeförebyggande och säkerhetsfrämjande arbete är Samarbete/samverkan och Interna arbetsrutiner viktigast för det skadeförebyggande och säkerhetsfrämjande arbetet. Den samverkans- eller kontaktform som förefaller vara vanligast vid samverkan med andra förvaltningar/funktioner är framförallt personliga kontakter mellan tjänstemän (ca 65 % ansåg att det var mycket viktigt). Över hälften av respondenterna säger sig ha kontakt minst 1 gång månaden med annan kommunal förvaltning/funktion när det gäller säkerhets- och trygghetsrelaterade frågor.



Intressant när det gäller respondenternas syn på sin förvaltnings/funktions samarbete och samverkan när det gäller säkerhets- och trygghetsarbete är att: 92 % anser att de själva är bra på att samarbeta med andra kommunala förvaltningar, trots detta håller 23 % inte med om att de är bra på att dela med sig av sina kunskaper till andra kommunala förvaltningar. Vidare anser 73 % att de arbetar tvärsektoriellt, samtidigt som 23 % inte håller med om att de arbetar aktivt för att öka mångfalden av perspektiv. Intressant i sammanhanget är även att 90 % säger sig vara öppna och lyhörda för omvärldens idéer, synpunkter och kritik.



Hälften av respondenterna svarar att deras förvaltning/funktion använder någon form av statistik till hjälp för att identifiera riskfyllda miljöer eller riskutsatta personer. Noterbart är dock att mindre än 20 % av respondenterna på en annan fråga säger sig använda: Underlag från ambulanstjänst, Skaderegistrering vid vårdcentraler, RPS trygghetsundersökning och Skaderegistrering vid lokal akutmottagning. (Det bör dock påpekas att statistik från skaderegistrering inte är tillgänglig i alla undersökta kommuner).



De problemområden medborgarna bjudits in till diskussion om rör framförallt: Trafikfarliga miljöer, Skadegörelse och Drogmissbruk. Kontakten med medborgarna när det gäller risk, säkerhet och trygghetsfrågor anges främst ske via Intresseorganisationer och Ideella föreningar.



Fördjupade analyser av undersökningsresultaten kommer att publiceras separat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Räddningsverket, NCO, 2006
Keywords
Risk, Hälsa, Säkerhet, Trygghet, Skada, Olycka
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-19893 (URN)9172533102 (ISBN)
Note

Distrubution: Rapporten kan beställas via Räddningsverket, Nationellt centrum för lärande från olyckor. Beställningsnummer I99-136/06

Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Johansson, A. & Svedung, I. (2006). Lärdomar från första generationens handlingsprogram enligt LSO: Innehållsanalys av 50 kommuners program. Karlstad: Räddningsverket, NCO 2006:8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lärdomar från första generationens handlingsprogram enligt LSO: Innehållsanalys av 50 kommuners program
2006 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Räddningsverket, NCO 2006:8, 2006
Series
Räddningsverket, Nationellt centrum för lärande från olyckor
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21199 (URN)9789172533219 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21
Johansson, A. C. .., Svedung, I. & Andersson, R. (2006). Management of risks in societal planning: An analysis of scope and variety of health, safety and security issues in municipality plan documents. Safety Science, 44(8), 675-688
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Management of risks in societal planning: An analysis of scope and variety of health, safety and security issues in municipality plan documents
2006 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 44, no 8, p. 675-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article is explorative and deals with the management of risk in conjunction with municipality planning of the physical environments in Sweden. The central research question was to investigate; “How are questions about risk issues treated in Swedish societal planning today?” Subject of investigation is a sample of municipal comprehensive master plan documents. The aim was to present a descriptive review of what risks regarding health, safety and security that are considered in a set of municipal comprehensive master plan documents prepared and adopted by Swedish municipalities. Additional aims are to describe how risks are dealt with (in what terms, extent and depth) and also to examine how risks are advocated to be handled in the future. Findings show that the plans include several visions, strategies and suggested improvements concerning risk-related issues, all aiming to create a healthier, safer and more secure municipality. However everyday risks in everyday surroundings attract less attention than disastrous risks with low probabilities and large consequences. Integration and management of risks is advocated to be further considered in more elaborated planning processes, but few plans specify how, when and with which participants. Few plans present a more philosophical discussion within their plans about different types of risks in society. Findings indicate further needs to examine and develop the planning process with regard to the management of risks from a broader variety of perspectives, and with special emphasis also on more “common threats”.

Keywords
Built environment, Public health, Risk management, Safety, Security, Urban planning
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21260 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2006.03.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
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