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Johansson, Magnus
Publications (10 of 36) Show all publications
Johansson, M. (2017). Experience of data collection in support of the assessment of global progress in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030-A Swedish pilot study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 24, 144-150
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience of data collection in support of the assessment of global progress in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030-A Swedish pilot study
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 24, p. 144-150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most countries collect loss and damage data after disasters for learning purposes and in support of future preventive work. The lack of international standards and sharing principles implies heterogeneous data sets, thus presenting a challenge to the development of indicators intended to assess progress within the UN agreement Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (SFDRR). In this study, data on mortality, affected people and direct economic losses are extracted from two national databases in Sweden for the years 1996-2015. Pre-SFDRR terminology, definitions and different inclusion criteria are used to exemplify and identify challenges when global "proxy" data inquiry clashes with sub-national demands for data quality. Different test methods on how to estimate affected people are used and in comparison with the term 'directly affected people', as proposed in the SFDRR indicator establishment process, it is concluded that methods for more disaggregated data are needed. In a Swedish context, the SFDRR call for a reference period 2005-2015 is found to be a time too short for providing a fair picture of disaster risks within Sweden's borders. The nationally developed strategy in Sweden, as in many other countries, to learn in-depth after each new disaster and use the experience to remedy weaknesses in safety systems, generates solid data supporting the development of SFDRR indicators, but the national benefits and the relevance of statistics from disasters re-occurring on longer time scales are limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Climate Research
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65898 (URN)10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.06.008 (DOI)000413936100017 ()
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Rydstedt Nyman, M., Johansson, M. & Liljegren, E. (2017). Systematic Knowledge Sharing in a Natural Hazard Damage Context: How Organizational Borders Limit Lessons Learned. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 8(4), 356-380
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Systematic Knowledge Sharing in a Natural Hazard Damage Context: How Organizational Borders Limit Lessons Learned
2017 (English)In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 356-380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to increase knowledge about systematic lessons learning in a public-private partnership. Empirically, it focuses on road maintenance in Sweden where the Swedish Transport Administration (STA) is responsible for the state-owned infrastructure and tendered contractors carry out all maintenance. The tendering process stipulates that the stakeholders should enable learning and the knowledge transfer that is, by necessity, required for preventive purposes. Semi-structured interviews with project leaders from the STA and respondents from two tendering contractors of maintenance were used to investigate attitudes to and the understanding of sharing experiences and knowledge about damage caused by weather extremes and the relevance of climate change adaptation in their field. The analysis suggests that most of the respondents' experiences stay within their own organization, which creates parallel feedback loops, rather than becomes shared knowledge that could be used as lessons learned enhancing preventive work against future damage and loss. The analysis indicates imbalance in feedback of knowledge concerning weather extremes and their effects.

National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Climate Research
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65942 (URN)10.1002/rhc3.12119 (DOI)000417860900005 ()
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. (2015). Data sources on small-scale disaster losses and response: A Swedish case study of extreme rainfalls 2000–2012. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 12, 93-101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Data sources on small-scale disaster losses and response: A Swedish case study of extreme rainfalls 2000–2012
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 12, p. 93-101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Societal interest to evaluate and learn from disasters is scale dependent. Low frequent hazards with small impacts are often invisible at national level from an evaluation point of view and limited possibilities exist to compile publicly available data on losses and management in the aftermath. This study presents an inventory of possible data sources for 14 extreme rainfall events in Sweden 2000-2012. The sources, such as official sectorial institutions and media, and their content are analyzed in relation to reliability and verification opportunities. The use of free-text fields in official reporting systems and questionnaires, primarily designed for basic data capture from daily occurring accidents, is highlighted as important to achieve enhanced data that can be used to verify information from other sources, especially media archives.

Keywords
Data sources, Small disasters, Hazards, Losses, Extreme rainfall, Verification
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37759 (URN)10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.12.004 (DOI)000357735000009 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council
Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-25 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Rydstedt Nyman, M. & Johansson, M. (2015). Merits of using a socio-technical system perspective and different industrial accident investigation methods on accidents following natural hazards: A case study on pluvial flooding of a Swedish railway tunnel 2013. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 13, 189-199
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Merits of using a socio-technical system perspective and different industrial accident investigation methods on accidents following natural hazards: A case study on pluvial flooding of a Swedish railway tunnel 2013
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 13, p. 189-199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Feedback, Accident investigation, Socio-technical system, Flooding, Railway tunnel
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37760 (URN)10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.06.004 (DOI)000368928000018 ()
Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-25 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Nyberg, R. & Johansson, M. (2013). Indicators of road network vulnerability to storm-felled trees. Natural Hazards, 69(1), 185-199
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indicators of road network vulnerability to storm-felled trees
2013 (English)In: Natural Hazards, ISSN 0921-030X, E-ISSN 1573-0840, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 185-199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we exemplify the use of simple indicators of wind storm vulnerability of the road network that can be derived from existing geographic datasets. We point out the possible utilization of the datasets, applying GIS techniques, for highlighting road sections that, due to adjacency of high forest stands, are sensitive to closure by stormfelled trees. Indicators reflecting the reduced access to different areas or to the population in need of emergency aid can be derived based on the parameter tree height along roads and road network analysis. As a case in this study, the methodology is applied to elderly people (?80 years) with possible need of daily care at home following a severe storm. A comparison to the extreme 2005 storm felling in southern Sweden reveals that only limited estimates of road network disruption due to storm-felled trees are possible using the indicators, as other factors, for example, wind direction, which determine the exact impact of a particular storm are not taken into account. However, the indicators and network analysis also provide a possibility to draw attention to locations where disruptions of the road network would have significant effects on the accessibility to large surrounding areas. Potential critical road closures can be identified and preventive measures considered locally at these points.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013
Keywords
Indicator, GIS, Storm, Risk, Road network vulnerability
National Category
Natural Sciences Human Geography
Research subject
Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28974 (URN)10.1007/s11069-013-0693-z (DOI)000325101100010 ()
Available from: 2013-09-09 Created: 2013-09-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Sköld, Y., Bergman, R., Johansson, M., Persson, E. & Nyberg, L. (2013). Landslide risk management — A brief overview and example from Sweden of current situation and climate change. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 3(March), 44-61
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Landslide risk management — A brief overview and example from Sweden of current situation and climate change
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 3, no March, p. 44-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Landslide risk is a function of the probability of the event and its consequences. Previous research has shown that preventive measures to reduce the risk are preferred over reactive measures but, especially in developing countries, rarely undertaken. A contributing factor is the lack of evidence that preventive measures pay. This study includes a brief overview of landslide risk management in general and an investigation of the present risk management situation in Sweden based on interviews in 11 municipalities complemented with interviews in Norway. The result shows that climate change has become part of the general awareness and started to be taken into account in the municipal spatial planning. Landslide susceptibility maps and databases are useful tools in the complex spatial planning. The results indicate that the application of landslide susceptibility and risk maps as previously applied for preventive measures and spatial planning in the landslide prone area Gota alv river valley have been cost effective. Improved documentation and more active communication among different stakeholders would, however, contribute to more effective landslide management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Landslide, risk management, climate change adaptation, efficiency of measures
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26358 (URN)10.1016/j.ijdrr.2012.11.002 (DOI)000209431100005 ()
Projects
ESS
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M. & Norén, V. (2013). Skillnader i lärande efter vardagsolyckor och katastrofer. In: : . Paper presented at Forum för naturkatastrofer - samverkan för bättre effekt i samhället. Försvarshögskolan 16 okt 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skillnader i lärande efter vardagsolyckor och katastrofer
2013 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33961 (URN)
Conference
Forum för naturkatastrofer - samverkan för bättre effekt i samhället. Försvarshögskolan 16 okt 2013
Available from: 2014-10-03 Created: 2014-10-03 Last updated: 2014-10-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Nyberg, L., Evers, M. & Hansson, M. (2013). Socialt lärande och studier av praktisk tillämpning: En undervisningsmodell som integrerar utbildning, samverkan och forskning (IntECR). In: : . Paper presented at 3:a Högskolepedagogiska utvecklingskonferensen i Karlstad 17 maj 2013 (pp. 1-2). Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socialt lärande och studier av praktisk tillämpning: En undervisningsmodell som integrerar utbildning, samverkan och forskning (IntECR)
2013 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013
Keywords
Socialt lärande, riskhantering, klimatanpassning
National Category
Social Sciences Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27377 (URN)
Conference
3:a Högskolepedagogiska utvecklingskonferensen i Karlstad 17 maj 2013
Note

Stora globala utmaningar som klimatanpassning, hållbar utveckling, urbanisering eller ekonomisk utveckling diskuteras och hanteras såväl på högsta internationella nivå som lokalt. Överenskommelser och åtaganden inom exempelvis FN och EU behöver implementeras på nationell nivå, men framförallt på lokal nivå. Det saknas i många sammanhang konkret vägledning eller skrivna handböcker för den lokala utvecklingen, oftast pga. de stora kontextuella skillnader som finns geografiskt, ekonomiskt, strukturellt och befolkningsmässigt mellan olika kommuner eller lokala samhällen. Samtidigt är det på den lokala nivån som de reella förändringarna måste ske för en effektiv utveckling. Avsaknaden av vägledning innebär att många olika lösningar uppfinns, en del individuellt och en del i samverkan mellan kommuner eller olika organisationer. Dessa lösningar utgör en kunskapsbas som behöver både granskas och spridas. Vår undervisningsmodell är ett försök att från akademins sida bidra med kunskapsutveckling inom specifikt klimatanpassning och riskreducerande arbete. Modellen har inslag av ”blended learning”, socialt lärande och studier av praktiska exempel genom besök och samverkan med ett antal olika aktörer. Målgruppen är både yrkesverksamma och vanliga studenter. Presentationen innehåller exempel från tre olika kurser med nationellt och/eller internationellt fokus. Deltagarna har i kursvärderingar framhållit att modellen bl.a. genererar  informellt nätverkande, kunskapsbildning genom goda exempel, en gemensam problemidentifiering och ett holistiskt perspektiv.

Available from: 2013-05-24 Created: 2013-05-24 Last updated: 2017-12-28Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Nyberg, L., Evers, M. & Hansson, M. (2013). Using education and social learning in capacity building- the IntECR concept. Disaster Prevention and Management, 22(1), 17-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using education and social learning in capacity building- the IntECR concept
2013 (English)In: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 17-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to present a concept where social learning is used in education. Thematically, the concept is suitable for complex, interdisciplinary, societal challenges with a high degree of uncertainty regarding future changes. It is exemplified here by the need to link disaster risk reduction (DRR) with climate change adaptation (CCA) and flood risk management (FRM). The concept answers to the variety of adopted solutions and build-up of knowledge that exist, as a consequence of far-reaching local liabilities and initiatives. The concept advocates building of platforms and procedures where managers, stakeholders, researchers, policy makers, and regular students can meet, interact and learn from local examples.

Design/methodology/approach – The concept IntECR (integrated education, research and collaboration) has been tested in two courses during 2009 and 2010 around the Swedish lakes Vanern and Malaren. Seminars and field visits were arranged in ten different cities. Participants replied anonymously to a course evaluation and were questioned in groups about their perceived benefit from the concept.

Findings – Informal networking, holistic perspective, shared problem identification and the positive possibility to study several examples of local management in arrangements with high degree of structural openness, were mentioned by the participants as positive outcome of the concept.

Originality/value – The use of this educational concept aims to increase the adaptive capacity of societal entities through raised capacity of their individual members. The applied example is timely, relevant and a contribution to DRR and CCA

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013
Keywords
Climate change adaptation, risk reduction, social learning, education
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26357 (URN)10.1108/09653561311301943 (DOI)000315059400003 ()
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Persson, E. & Johansson, M. (2012). Den upplevda nyttan av den norska skreddatabasen Skrednett: Intervjuer med brukare. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den upplevda nyttan av den norska skreddatabasen Skrednett: Intervjuer med brukare
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is an increasing demand for more compatible and complete information to support evidence based risk management at the international level. At the moment, development in this direction occurs more successfully at the national level. In Europe, StorMe (Switzerland), AVI (Italy), the Swedish Natural Hazards Information System (Sweden), NSMES (Romania) and Skrednett (Norway) are good examples of natural hazard information systems where data on past events, frequency of events, hazard mapping of retrospective and potential endangered areas, multi-risk assessments, risk maps, etc., are compiled in user-friendly web solutions. The creation of integrated systems aim towards increased effectiveness in societal contingency planning at regional or local levels. Weather this goal is attained or not in society, or if the system is cost effective, is more or less impossible to measure quantitatively for free internet systems due to system owners lack of control on how their data is used. Qualitative measures from interviews with known end users can serve as indicators of success or failure. In this study, interviews were conducted with 11 recurrent users of the Norwegian database “Skrednett” (www.skrednett.no). Their answers show consensus around the database significance for societal needs in general, but also around a call for more compatible data to be used in other external map tools, or a development towards a more integrated, standalone, risk tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2012. p. 31
Series
Centrum för klimat och säkerhet, Rapport ; 2012:2
Keywords
Database, landslide, prevention, risk management, Databas, skred, förebyggande, riskhantering
National Category
Environmental Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16215 (URN)978-91-7063-458-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Effekter av samhällets säkerhetsåtgärder (ESS)
Available from: 2012-12-20 Created: 2012-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
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