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Publications (10 of 111) Show all publications
Bartura, K., Gorgulu, R., Abrahamsen, F. & Gustafsson, H. (2023). A systematic review of ironic effects of motor task performance under pressure: The past 25 years. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A systematic review of ironic effects of motor task performance under pressure: The past 25 years
2023 (English)In: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1750-984X, E-ISSN 1750-9858Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Wegner's theory of ironic processes of mental control emphasizes how the implementation of cognitive load-induced avoidant instructions can cause inefficient motor cognition in sports, thereby inducing so-called ironic effects where an individual-ironically-does precisely what s(he) intended not to do. This systematic review synthesizes relevant existing research and evaluates the effectiveness of experimental manipulations and cognitive load measurements for investigating ironic effects on motor task performance under pressure conditions. This review identified twenty-four empirical studies published before January 2022, including studies with experimental (21%) and quasi-experimental (79%) within- and between-subject designs. The most common reported pressure (i.e., cognitive load) manipulations fell into two categories: anxiety (77%) and dual-task (33%) techniques. The review also identified positive action-oriented instructional interventions to reduce ironic errors. Although most reported findings supported Wegner's assumptions about ironic performance effects, the review also identified inconclusive evidence (8%), which indicates a need for more research with a greater focus on: robust experimental design; the inclusion of competitive stressors; expert athletes; elite athletes; and intervention-based studies. These additions will clarify the mechanisms of ironic effects and assist in the development of interventional programs to diminish the likelihood of ironic effects in sports performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Avoidant instruction, cognitive load, ironic effects, ironic processes, mental control, pressure performance
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Special Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94548 (URN)10.1080/1750984X.2023.2193966 (DOI)000970481700001 ()2-s2.0-85152359482 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-05-05 Created: 2023-05-05 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved
Haraldsen, H. M. M., Solstad, B. E., Fredriksen, D. C. S., Gustafsson, H., Nordin-Bates, S. M. M. & Knight, C. J. J. (2023). An exploration of reciprocity among teacher and students in female pre-professional ballet education: a shared reality theory perspective. Frontiers in Education, 8, Article ID 1148922.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An exploration of reciprocity among teacher and students in female pre-professional ballet education: a shared reality theory perspective
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Education, E-ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 8, article id 1148922Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to explore perceptions of shared reality in teacher-student partnerships in ballet, and how these perceptions were related to experiences of quality in the relationship and well-being. A longitudinal qualitative study design was adopted, with three female ballet students and their teacher participating in three semi-structured interviews each over an eight-month period. Data were analyzed using a combination of thematic and narrative analysis. Findings indicated that across the teacher-student relationships there were perceptions of a shared reality only on the professional and distanced level and not on a relational and personal level. This was achieved by a common experience of what matters in the world of ballet education as well as students finding their teacher as trustworthy. Furthermore, it appeared that the authoritarian apprenticeship culture in ballet, where the teachers give clear instructions and feedback, and where the student role is to listen and adapt to the teacher's instructions, was a barrier to fully achieving a shared reality on a personal and deeper level. In turn, this influenced the quality of the relationship and the wellbeing of both teacher and students. The present study offers critical reflections on the cultural backdrop of teaching and learning in ballet and highlights the importance of teachers to facilitate a supportive, unconditional, and trustworthy relationship so that they can work together in a more productive manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
narrative inquiry, ballet dancers, teacher-student relationship, apprenticeship learning, shared reality theory, interpersonal trust, longitudinal qualitative research
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-95379 (URN)10.3389/feduc.2023.1148922 (DOI)000997622300001 ()2-s2.0-85161008538 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-16 Created: 2023-06-16 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved
Jordan, M., Wagnsson, S. & Gustafsson, H. (2023). Can an intervention based on motivational interviewing increase teacher efficacy and students’ motivation?. In: : . Paper presented at European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), Glasgow, Scotland, 22-25 August 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can an intervention based on motivational interviewing increase teacher efficacy and students’ motivation?
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
motivational interviewing, motivation, intervention, teacher efficacy
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Education; Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-97235 (URN)
Conference
European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), Glasgow, Scotland, 22-25 August 2023
Note

Conference theme: The Value of Diversity in Education and Educational Research.

Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Nyberg, C., Wagnsson, S., Gustafsson, H. & Strahlman, O. (2023). Dual career support among world-class athletes in Sweden: Performance, education, and employment. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, Article ID 1093562.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dual career support among world-class athletes in Sweden: Performance, education, and employment
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 13, article id 1093562Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to help talented athletes to combine sport and education, different forms of Dual Career Support (DCS) have been developed in many countries. The effectiveness of these support systems have been debated. Most studies have investigated young athletes in the beginning of their careers, less is known about athletes who reached the highest levels. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the extent to which former Swedish world-class athletes have attended dual career sport programs at upper secondary school. A retrospective design was used with 274 former world-class athletes who answered a questionnaire. In order to investigate whether there was a relationship between attending a dual career sport school and athletic characteristics, as well as post career educational and employment outcomes, a series of Chi-square tests were conducted. The main results show that more than half of the athletes did not take part in any DCS. These results indicate that DCS in Sweden is not a decisive factor for success in sports as intended. Half of all participants, regardless of whether they studied at DCS, have studied at university, and all participants had a job at the time of data collection. The majority also consider that their financial situation has improved after their sports career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
dual career, student-athlete, sport schools, world-class athetes, performance, education, employment
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-93314 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1093562 (DOI)000914868300001 ()36687839 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85146459153 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-02-13 Created: 2023-02-13 Last updated: 2023-02-13Bibliographically approved
DeFreese, J. D., Madigan, D. J. & Gustafsson, H. (2023). Eras of Burnout Research: What Does the Past Tell Us About the Future of Burnout in Sport?. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 17(4), 365-375
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eras of Burnout Research: What Does the Past Tell Us About the Future of Burnout in Sport?
2023 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261, E-ISSN 1932-927X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 365-375Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-97383 (URN)10.1123/jcsp.2023-0046 (DOI)001083886500001 ()2-s2.0-85178374269 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-16 Created: 2023-11-16 Last updated: 2024-01-03Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, H., Davis, P. & Davis, L. (2023). Fear of Failure in Athletes: Fanning the Fire of Sport Desire or Burning Out?. In: Adriana Mica; Mikołaj Pawlak; Anna Horolets; Paweł Kubicki (Ed.), Routledge International Handbook of Failure: (pp. 53-66). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fear of Failure in Athletes: Fanning the Fire of Sport Desire or Burning Out?
2023 (English)In: Routledge International Handbook of Failure / [ed] Adriana Mica; Mikołaj Pawlak; Anna Horolets; Paweł Kubicki, Routledge, 2023, p. 53-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In sport, athletes commonly describe fear of failure in relation to the experience of stress and anxiety. Athletes attempts to avoid failure can manifest serious behavioural consequences that impact upon both health and performance. One potential outcome is burnout. This chapter outlines how fear of failure can be linked to burnout in athletes by providing a brief background of research examining fear of failure in sport and related studies of athlete burnout. The current research and associations between fear of failure and burnout are presented in an integrated model to identify and stimulate further lines of research inquiry. The role of significant others (e.g. coaches, parents) is also discussed to outline their potential influence on athletes fear of failure. Advice on how athletes can be assisted in handling their fear of failure as well as applied implications and interventions targeting fear of failure and burnout are presented. Finally, this chapter offers guidance for future research and suggestions for practitioners in order to optimise athletes health and maximise performance. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94663 (URN)10.4324/9780429355950-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85153665051 (Scopus ID)9780429355950 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-15 Created: 2023-05-15 Last updated: 2023-05-16Bibliographically approved
Ekelund, R., Holmström, S., Gustafsson, H., Ivarsson, A., Lundqvist, C. & Stenling, A. (2023). Interventions for improving mental health in athletes: a scoping review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interventions for improving mental health in athletes: a scoping review
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2023 (English)In: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1750-984X, E-ISSN 1750-9858Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aims of this scoping review were to map the current literature on interventions for improving mental health in athletes, identify knowledge gaps, and generate future research questions. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guided this review. A systematic literature search was conducted in SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS and 44 intervention studies met the inclusion criteria. Results showed that 22 studies (50%) implemented cognitive behavioural principles, and the majority of these studies were influenced by various mindfulness programmes. Most studies (93%) included healthy athlete samples, and athletes aged 15–19 were the most examined age group (43%). Only three studies used clinical criteria in their sampling of participants and mediators were examined in two studies. The scarcity of studies examining mediators and subclinical or clinical samples revealed critical knowledge gaps in the literature. Furthermore, the critical appraisal showed that regardless of study design, most studies demonstrated low internal validity. We propose the use of high-quality single-case studies with athletes who experience subclinical or clinical mental health issues, and further investigation of mechanisms of change linking intervention components to outcomes of interest. 

Keywords
Well-being, mental healthproblems, mental disorders, treatment, sports
National Category
Applied Psychology Psychiatry
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-97556 (URN)10.1080/1750984X.2023.2258383 (DOI)001095020100001 ()2-s2.0-85176086933 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-28 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Madigan, D. J., Gustafsson, H. & Olsson, L. F. (2023). Reducing Burnout in Athletes (1sted.). In: Insa Nixdorf, Raphael Nixdorf, Jürgen Beckmann, Scott Martin, Tadhg Macintyre (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Mental Health in Elite Sport: (pp. 177-187). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing Burnout in Athletes
2023 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Mental Health in Elite Sport / [ed] Insa Nixdorf, Raphael Nixdorf, Jürgen Beckmann, Scott Martin, Tadhg Macintyre, Taylor & Francis, 2023, 1st, p. 177-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Burnout is a growing concern for those working in sport. This is because burnout is relatively common among athletes, and it negatively influences their performance, motivation, and well-being. However, currently, few guidelines exist for how to deal with burnout in practice. Consequently, the present chapter seeks to provide initial recommendations for how to reduce burnout in athletes. To do so, we first provide an introduction to athlete burnout. This includes a definition and description of burnout, details of how to measure burnout, models outlining the development of burnout, and an overview of the consequences of burnout for athletes. We then provide a review of research that has examined the efficacy of interventions in reducing burnout. Because of a lack of studies in sport, this review focuses on studies in other professions such as physicians, nurses, and teachers, where much more evidence exists. We review 13 meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials of burnout interventions in these professions. Based on the findings of this review, we provide suggestions for how practitioners might reduce burnout in athletes. It is hoped that these suggestions are useful in alleviating the symptoms of burnout, and safeguarding athletes from its negative consequences. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023 Edition: 1st
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94737 (URN)10.4324/9781003099345-18 (DOI)2-s2.0-85156193508 (Scopus ID)9781003099345 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-19 Created: 2023-05-19 Last updated: 2023-05-19Bibliographically approved
Lundkvist, E., Gustafsson, H., Madigan, D., Hjälm, S. & Kalén, A. (2023). The Prevalence of Emotional Exhaustion in Professional and Semiprofessional Coaches. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 17(4), 376-389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Prevalence of Emotional Exhaustion in Professional and Semiprofessional Coaches
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 1932-9261, E-ISSN 1932-927X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 376-389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study examined levels of emotional exhaustion, a key symptom of burnout, in Swedish professional and semiprofessional sport coaches in comparison to the normative values specified in the Maslach Burnout Inventory manual, and to the clinical cutoffs developed by Kleijweg, Verbraak, and Van Dijk. The sample contained 318 Swedish coaches (Mage = 42.7 years, 12% female) working at least 50% full time away from both team (60%) and individual (40%) sports. Our study shows that, in general, coaches in this sample experience lower average levels of exhaustion than normative samples both regarding the Maslach Burnout Inventory and clinical cutoffs. Two groups of coaches did, however, stand out. Coaches living in single households as well as coaches working part time had higher risk of severe levels of emotional exhaustion. These results place coach exhaustion levels in relation to other occupations and highlight that in this sample, the coaching profession does not stand out as more emotionally exhausting than other occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2023
Keywords
burnout, sport coaching, elite sport, stress
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-93840 (URN)10.1123/jcsp.2021-0039 (DOI)000928515500001 ()2-s2.0-85178340352 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2024-01-03Bibliographically approved
Jordan, M., Wagnsson, S. & Gustafsson, H. (2023). Using motivational interviewing to promote teacher efficacy, autonomy-supportive teaching and students’ academic motivation. Cogent Education, 10(2), Article ID 2229033.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using motivational interviewing to promote teacher efficacy, autonomy-supportive teaching and students’ academic motivation
2023 (English)In: Cogent Education, E-ISSN 2331-186X, Vol. 10, no 2, article id 2229033Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a collaborative communication style used to promote individuals’ motivation, and there is growing support for using MI in schools. This study aims to test whether a teacher-focused intervention program based on MI and autonomy-supportive teaching increases teachers’ autonomy-supportive teaching, teacher efficacy and students’ academic motivation and perceptions of autonomy support. In this intervention study with a short-term longitudinal design, teachers were trained in MI and autonomy-supportive teaching style, along with a control group in which the students’ teachers did not receive specific training. 14 teachers and 478 students (10–12 years) participated in the study. The MI-based intervention were found to significantly increase teachers’ perceived autonomy-supportive teaching and sense of efficacy in student engagement, instructional strategies, and classroom management from Time 1 to Time 2. However, the intervention did not increase students’ academic motivation or perceptions of teacher autonomy support over time. The current study indicate that school-based MI may be more important for teachers’ professional development than for younger students’ academic motivation. This study demonstrates that MI training can have an impact on teachers’ instructional behaviors and increase teacher efficacy, providing valuable insights for both teacher education and school leaders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
motivational interviewing, motivation, intervention, teacher efficacy, autonomy support
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Work; Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-95819 (URN)10.1080/2331186x.2023.2229033 (DOI)001018051700001 ()2-s2.0-85163871776 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-29 Created: 2023-06-29 Last updated: 2023-08-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4495-6819

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