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Rådbo, Helena
Publications (10 of 22) Show all publications
Rådbo, H. & Andersson, R. (2012). Patterns of suicide and other trespassing fatalities on state-owned railways in greater Stockholm; implications for prevention.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(3), 772-780
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of suicide and other trespassing fatalities on state-owned railways in greater Stockholm; implications for prevention.
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 772-780Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science; Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13219 (URN)10.3390/ijerph9030772 (DOI)000302175400009 ()
Available from: 2012-05-04 Created: 2012-05-04 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Renck, B. & Andersson, R. (2011). Feasibility of railway suicide prevention strategies: A focus group study. In: C. Guedes Soares (Ed.), C. Bérenguer, A. Grall & G. C. Soares (Ed.), Advances in safety, reliability and risk management: . Paper presented at THE EUROPEAN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY CONFERENCE, ESREL 2011,TROYES, FRANCE, 18–22 SEPTEMBER 2011 (pp. 6). CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feasibility of railway suicide prevention strategies: A focus group study
2011 (English)In: Advances in safety, reliability and risk management / [ed] C. Bérenguer, A. Grall & G. C. Soares, CRC Press, 2011, p. 6-Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Suicide is a major public health concern, both nationally and internationally. In Sweden, more than 1200 people commit suicide every year, amounting to about 25% of all injury deaths. Five percent of these suicides occur on railways. From a railway safety perspective, suicide constitutes a clear majority (about 75%) of all Swedish railwayrelated fatalities. Several studies describe the frequency and characteristics of railway suicide in different countries. Some of them also discuss various preventative possibilities. However, fewer studies, if any, analyze and evaluate such strategies in more detail. In Sweden, a comprehensive research program in this field is now underway. The ultimate goal is to develop a set of preventative strategies against railway suicide that can be used by the railway transportation providers themselves, as an integral part of their regular safety work. The overall goal of this study is to explore preferences for preventative strategies against railway suicide among relevant professional groups. For the above purpose, a focus group approach was chosen. Focus group interview is a qualitative method based on group dynamics intended to gain non-quantitative in-depth understanding of a certain phenomenon, not obtainable from individual interviews. In total, 22 interviewees were selected and divided into four groups. Each interview session began with a brief presentation of the results so far accumulated from the ongoing research programme. Thus, all participants were given a common platform for the discussion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2011
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-2870 (URN)10.1201/b11939 (DOI)978-0-415-68379-1 (ISBN)978-0-203-13510-5 (ISBN)
Conference
THE EUROPEAN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY CONFERENCE, ESREL 2011,TROYES, FRANCE, 18–22 SEPTEMBER 2011
Available from: 2008-10-16 Created: 2008-10-16 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Svedung, I. & Andersson, R. (2011). Suicide and the Potential for Suicide Prevention on the Swedish Rail Network: A Qualitative Multiple Case Study. In: C. Berenguer, A. Grall & C. Guedes Soares (Ed.), C. Bérenguer, A. Grall & G. C. Soares (Ed.), Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management: . Paper presented at THE EUROPEAN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY CONFERENCE, ESREL 2011, TROYES, FRANCE, 18–22 SEPTEMBER 2011 (pp. 10-12). CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicide and the Potential for Suicide Prevention on the Swedish Rail Network: A Qualitative Multiple Case Study
2011 (English)In: Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management / [ed] C. Bérenguer, A. Grall & G. C. Soares, CRC Press, 2011, p. 10-12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2011
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-2869 (URN)10.1201/b11939 (DOI)978-0-415-68379-1 (ISBN)978-0-203-13510-5 (ISBN)
Conference
THE EUROPEAN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY CONFERENCE, ESREL 2011, TROYES, FRANCE, 18–22 SEPTEMBER 2011
Available from: 2008-10-16 Created: 2008-10-16 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H. (2010). Personpåkörningar med tåg inom Stockholmsområdet 2005-2008: kartläggning och analys. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personpåkörningar med tåg inom Stockholmsområdet 2005-2008: kartläggning och analys
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract

Inom järnvägstrafiken i Sverige dör årligen 80-100 personer på grund av påkörningar mellan tåg och människa. De bakomliggande orsakerna kan vara både avsiktliga (suicid) och oavsiktliga (olycksfall). Följderna är allvarliga och innebär stora konsekvenser för offer och dess anhöriga, vittnen till påkörning, operatörer som kör tåg samt de som förvaltar bansträckning. Inom tidigare nationell forskning har framkommit att flest påkörningar sker i storstadsområden och av den anledningen har fokus på aktuellt arbete lagts inom Stockholmsområdet. Avsikten med studien är att analysera påkörningar mellan person och tåg som dokumenterats av Banverket (nuvarande Trafikverket) inom Stockholms storstadsregion år 2005 2008, detta för att klargöra om särskilda mönster och geografiska problemområden framträder och utifrån den informationen diskutera preventiva åtgärder. Syftet är också att diskutera hur BV belyser problemet i sin dokumentation av olycks- och suicidhändelser. Datainsamling har skett via Banverkets rapporteringssystem Synergi samt genom att studera STRIX-film som gjorts av spårmiljön inom aktuellt område. Tydliga resultat visar att: flest påkörningar sker på och omkring stationer (trafikplatser) inom Stockholmsområdet, de flesta händelserna har blivit bevittnade av andra resenärer, flertalet som omkommit är män med suicidala avsikter och av offren är närmare 70 % i åldrarna 15-44 år, händelsen inträffar oftare fram mot sen eftermiddag, tågtrafikstag som varit inblandad i flest händelser är pendeltåg och Arlanda express och för systemägare innebär händelsen att tågtrafiken blir påverkad/stoppad i 1 2 timmar. I många fall råder en tillfredställande dokumentation och utredning av händelsen och om den kan läsas ihop med polisrapport ges en tydlig bild av vad som inträffat. Utifrån var flest påkörningar sker, bör preventionssatsningar i första hand utvecklas vid plattformen inom trafikplatserna

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2010. p. 50
Series
Arbetsrapport ; 2010:3
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10743 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved
Andersson, R., Rådbo, H. & Schönbacher Gillå, M. (2010). Skadehandlingar inom svenska järnvägsanläggningar: En förstudie baserad på inträffade händelser under perioden 2010-01-01 2010-06-30. Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skadehandlingar inom svenska järnvägsanläggningar: En förstudie baserad på inträffade händelser under perioden 2010-01-01 2010-06-30
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2010. p. 62
Series
Arbetsrapport ; 2010:4
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10626 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Svedung, I., Renck, B. & Andersson, R. (2009). Railway and raílway suicide prevention in a Swedish context. Paper presented at Internationell Railway Safety Conference. Paper presented at Internationell Railway Safety Conference. Båstad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Railway and raílway suicide prevention in a Swedish context
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Båstad: , 2009
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11264 (URN)
Conference
Internationell Railway Safety Conference
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved
Andersson, R. & Rådbo, H. (2009). Suicid och suicidprevention inom järnvägstrafik. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift (4), 332-341
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicid och suicidprevention inom järnvägstrafik
2009 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, no 4, p. 332-341Article in journal (Refereed)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11230 (URN)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Svedung, I., Renck, B. & Andersson, R. (2008). Railway suicide analysis and Prevention in a Swedish context. In: : . Paper presented at Trespassers on railway lines and suicide ERA seminar.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Railway suicide analysis and Prevention in a Swedish context
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Suicide is a dominating, although hidden, safety problem on Swedish railroads. The aim of my first paper (Rådbo et al, 2005) is to describe the epidemiology of fatal train-person collisions as a basis for systems-oriented prevention. Data on collision circumstances were collected from narrative reports at the Swedish National Rail Administration. Results shows how the events were evenly distributed by months and weekdays, however most suicides occur in day-time while unintentional events usually occur at night. Most train-person collisions happened in densely populated areas, and 75 % of the suicide victims were waiting on or close to the track before the collision. Significance test between types of injury event (suicide, accident or unknown intent) showed small or no differences, and one conclusion is that traditional approaches to accident prevention by systems modification seem largely applicable to combat railroad suicide as well. Our findings show promising preventive potentials. The aim of my second paper (Rådbo et al, 2007) is to theoretically derive and categorise a set of railway suicide prevention strategies with special regard to measures under the potential control of the railway system-owners. The methodological approach departs from synthesizing generic accident and suicide prevention models. Secondly, potential barriers are identified by means of fault tree analysis (FTA), and thirdly results from this analysis are validated against Haddons ten energy-based injury prevention strategies.Our results include 20 separate preventive strategies, of which most are in reach of railway system-owners themselves. Four of them aim to reduce perceived attractiveness and availability, nine aim to influence accessibility to track areas and the potential of collision, five strategies aim to mitigate consequences of collision, and three encompass medical survival and recovery strategies.To evaluate the barriers practical feasibility, etc., is beyond the aim of this study. However, technological development and innovations may turn less realistic alternatives today into more realistic possibilities tomorrow, as has been proven in other fields.Further researchAt the ERA seminar I also will tell you about further research and my two not yet publicized studies that includes in my theses. The aim of my third paper Suicide and potentials for suicide prevention on the Swedish Rail Network; a qualitative multiple case study is to evaluate the content of existing reports on railway suicide incidents from a preventive perspective and to identify and categorise additional preventive-oriented information from independent site investigations. The overall goal of my fourth study Feasibility of railway suicide prevention strategies; a focus group study is to explore preferences for preventative strategies against railway suicide among relevant professional groups. More specifically, this study aims are to analyze the acceptance and understanding of theoretically and empirically derived preventative strategies among selected professional groups, and to validate and further develop these strategies.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-22839 (URN)
Conference
Trespassers on railway lines and suicide ERA seminar
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Svedung, I. & Andersson, R. (2008). Suicide prevention in railway systems: Application of a barrier approach. Safety Science, 46(5), 729-737
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicide prevention in railway systems: Application of a barrier approach
2008 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 729-737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-2868 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2006.12.003 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-10-16 Created: 2008-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Rådbo, H., Svedung, I. & Andersson, R. (2008). Suicides and other fatalities from train-person collisions on Swedish railroads: A descriptive epidemiologic analysis as a basis for systems-oriented prevention. Journal of Safety Research, 36(5), 423-428
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicides and other fatalities from train-person collisions on Swedish railroads: A descriptive epidemiologic analysis as a basis for systems-oriented prevention
2008 (English)In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 423-428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-2867 (URN)10.1016/j.jsr.2005.08.003 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-10-16 Created: 2008-10-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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