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Publications (10 of 91) Show all publications
Skarin, F., Olsson, L. E., Friman, M. & Wästlund, E. (2019). Importance of motives, self-efficacy, social support and satisfaction with travel for behavior change during travel intervention programs. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 62, 451-458
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Importance of motives, self-efficacy, social support and satisfaction with travel for behavior change during travel intervention programs
2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 62, p. 451-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present field study investigates the reduction of car use through a voluntary travelbehavior intervention program that provides participants with temporary free publictransportation. Three factors – self-efficacy, social support and satisfaction – have previ-ously been shown to be important for behavior change during physical activity interven-tion programs. In travel behavior interventions, however, these factors have often beenstudied individually and less is known about their combined effects on travel behaviorchange. Furthermore, while motives for participating in travel behavior interventions havebeen frequently studied within travel behavior interventions research, there is a lack ofstudies investigating the influence of motives on travel behavior change. To better under-stand the importance of different motives as well as the importance of self-efficacy, socialsupport, and satisfaction with travel on behavior change, a series of surveys were admin-istered to 181 participants before, during, and after their participation in a voluntary travelbehavior intervention. The results show that greater self-efficacy and social support duringthe intervention led to greater travel behavior change. These results indicate that in orderto gain better results from travel behavior interventions, individuals should be helped toincrease their travel-related self-efficacy, and significant others should be involved to pro-vide social support. We discuss possible ways of accomplishing this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71179 (URN)10.1016/j.trf.2019.02.002 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Olsson, L. E. & Friman, M. (2019). Vad avgör om man samåker eller inte?. In: : . Paper presented at Transportforum 2019, Linköping.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad avgör om man samåker eller inte?
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71185 (URN)
Conference
Transportforum 2019, Linköping
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved
Lättman, K., Olsson, L. E. & Friman, M. (2018). A new approach to accessibility – Examining perceived accessibility in contrast to objectively measured accessibility in daily travel. Research in Transportation Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A new approach to accessibility – Examining perceived accessibility in contrast to objectively measured accessibility in daily travel
2018 (English)In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Accessibility has conventionally been measured and evaluated ignoring user perceptions in favor of focusing on travel time and distance to a number of pre-determined destinations. Acknowledging this gap, we recently developed a scale for perceived accessibility PAC (Lättman, Friman, & Olsson 2016b) aimed at capturing the individual perspective of accessibility with a certain travel mode. In this paper, we 1) further develop the PAC measure of perceived accessibility in order to capture how easy it is to live a satisfactory life with the help of the transport system, 2) compare levels of perceived accessibility between residential areas and main travel modes, and 3) compare residents’ perceived accessibility to the objective accessibility level for the same residential area. Data from 2711 residents of Malmö, Sweden show that perceived accessibility is consistently different from objective accessibility across 13 residential areas, with minor differences in levels of perceived accessibility between areas. Surprisingly, bicycle users rate their accessibility significantly higher than those who mainly use the car or public transport for daily travel, contrary to objective accessibility assumptions. These differences point at the importance of including perceived accessibility as a complementary tool when planning for and evaluating transport systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Perceived accessibility;Accessibility; Accessibility measure; Transport planning; Sustainable transport
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68045 (URN)10.1016/j.retrec.2018.06.002 (DOI)000454975000058 ()
Projects
MistraSAMS
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Olsson, L. E. & Friman, M. (2018). Applying A Stage-Based Approach to Study Effects of Temporary Free Public Transport on Psychological Mechanisms and Behavior.. In: : . Paper presented at 7:e nationella konferensen i Svensk transportforskning, 15-16 oktober, GU, Göteborg.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applying A Stage-Based Approach to Study Effects of Temporary Free Public Transport on Psychological Mechanisms and Behavior.
2018 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71189 (URN)
Conference
7:e nationella konferensen i Svensk transportforskning, 15-16 oktober, GU, Göteborg
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved
Friman, M., Westman, J. & Olsson, L. E. (2018). Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel. Child Indicators Research, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel
2018 (English)In: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To understand children’s experiences of their daily travel, and the consequences of these experiences, it is essential that we directly address children. The Satisfaction with Travel Scale (STS) is a self-report instrument consisting of nine items divided into three subscales – two reflecting affective travel experiences and one reflecting cognitive travel experiences. The present study has two aims: (i) to examine the psychometric properties of a child version of the STS (referred to as the STS-C), and (ii) to test a potentially positive relationship between travel satisfaction and life satisfaction among children, something which has been found among adults. Three hundred and forty-five children completed the STS-C, life satisfaction scales, and sociodemographic variables. Analyses using Partial Least Square structural equation modelling revealed that the STS-C was internally reliable, had a sound construct validity, and confirmed a one-factor second-order measurement model with three first-order constructs (subscales). Furthermore, children’s satisfaction with school travel was also significantly related to their life satisfaction as measured by their satisfaction with: themselves, school experiences, friendships, family, and living environment. The relationship between travel satisfaction and life satisfaction varied between modes, whereby it was stronger among those who traveled by active modes than those who traveled by school bus or car. Younger children and boys were more satisfied with their travel to school, something which also had an indirect effect on their life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Satisfaction with travel scale, Children’s travel, Children’s life satisfaction, Affect, School travel
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70225 (URN)10.1007/s12187-018-9584-x (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Waygood, E. O., Friman, M., Taniguchi, A. & Olsson, L. E. (2018). Children's life satisfaction and travel satisfaction: Evidence from Canada, Japan, and Sweden. Travel Behaviour & Society, 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's life satisfaction and travel satisfaction: Evidence from Canada, Japan, and Sweden
2018 (English)In: Travel Behaviour & Society, ISSN 2214-367X, E-ISSN 2214-3688, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Travel satisfaction has been linked to life satisfaction for adults, but no evidence exists currently for children's travel. Children's travel differs from adult's in numerous ways including limitations related to independent travel and available transport options. Children's travel is often more local and their desire to explore and learn about their environment may be higher than for adults. The importance of social interaction during travel or at locations may also be a greater consideration for children. Further, many of their destinations are pre-determined such as going to school (not all adults work, but nearly all children of school age attend school). This paper analyzes the relationship between travel satisfaction and life satisfaction for children aged 9–12 in Canada, Japan, and Sweden (n = 425) using partial least squares structural equation modeling. In line with previous findings among adults, the analyses show a significant path from travel satisfaction to life satisfaction among children, suggesting a moderate relationship. Unexpectedly, negative relationships for increased frequency of nearly all mode uses (walking, bus, and car) on travel satisfaction (directly) and life satisfaction (indirectly) were found, which may suggest that children do not enjoy frequent travel. These results suggest a relationship that is likely important, but not necessarily in the ways anticipated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Children, Everyday travel, Life satisfaction, Satisfaction with travel
National Category
Sociology Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67404 (URN)10.1016/j.tbs.2018.04.004 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046661396 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-29 Last updated: 2018-07-26Bibliographically approved
Westman, J., Friman, M. & Olsson, L. E. (2018). How to measure Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel. In: : . Paper presented at The 15th International Conference on Travel Behavior Research, Santa Barbara, California, USA, July 15-20..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to measure Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Business Administration; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71188 (URN)
Conference
The 15th International Conference on Travel Behavior Research, Santa Barbara, California, USA, July 15-20.
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved
Olsson, L. E., Huck, J. & Friman, M. (2018). Intention for car use reduction: Applying a stage-based model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2), Article ID 216.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intention for car use reduction: Applying a stage-based model
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, no 2, article id 216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates which variables drive intention to reduce car use by modelling a stage of change construct with mechanisms in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Norm Activation Model (NAM). Web questionnaires (n = 794) were collected via 11 workplaces. The socio-demographics, work commute, stage of change, attitudes to sustainable travel modes, social norms, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm were assessed. An initial descriptive analysis revealed that 19% of the employees saw no reason to reduce their car use; 35% would like to reduce their car use but felt it was impossible; 12% were thinking about reducing their car use but were unsure of how or when to do this; 12% had an aim to reduce current car use, and knew which journeys to replace and which modes to use; and 23% try to use modes other than a car for most journeys, and will maintain or reduce their already low car use in the coming months. A series of Ordered Logit Models showed that socio-demographic variables did not explain the stage of change. Instead, personal norms, instrumental and affective attitudes, and perceived behavioral control toward sustainable travel modes were all significant and explained 43% of the variance in stage of change. Furthermore, it was found that the significant relationships were not linear in nature. The analysis also showed an indirect effect of social norms on the stage of change through personal norms. Implications are discussed regarding the design of interventions aimed at influencing a sustainable work commute. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
Attitudes, Intentions, Norms, Perceived behavioral control, Stage-based models, Sustainable travel, Work commute, article, employee, human, human experiment, major clinical study, questionnaire, social norm, Theory of Planned Behavior, thinking, travel, workplace
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66206 (URN)10.3390/ijerph15020216 (DOI)29373565 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85041112336 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Friman, M., Ettema, D. & Olsson, L. E. (2018). Quality of Life and Daily Travel. Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of Life and Daily Travel
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This volume analyses the relevance of daily travel in the quality of life of individuals. It provides a broad understanding of the links between life satisfaction, well-being and travel, the importance of commuting, and different evaluations and measures to assess the experience of commuting and quality of life. Chapters in this book relate travel and quality of life to the built environment, accessibility and exclusion, travel mode choice, travel satisfaction and emotions. It brings together distinguished researchers from a variety of academic backgrounds providing conceptualizations and applications, presented as case studies, for daily travel and well-being. Findings presented in this book are highly relevant for transport planners, transport marketers, public transport authorities, and environmental professionals in the pursuit of improving people’s life. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Keywords
Social Sciences. Quality of Life Research. Community and Environmental Psychology, Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering, Human Geography
National Category
Psychology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Business Administration; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71190 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-76623-2 (DOI)9783319766232 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Sukhov, A., Sihvonen, A., Olsson, L. E. & Magnusson, P. (2018). That makes sense to me: Openness to change and sensemaking in idea screening. International Journal of Innovation Management, 22(8), 1-15, Article ID 1840009.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>That makes sense to me: Openness to change and sensemaking in idea screening
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 1-15, article id 1840009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines how a person’s sense of identity (expressed in terms of openness to change vs. conservation) influences the way in which they screen early ideas for innovation projects. To study this, we recruited 20 experts from a leading IT-consultancy firm to individually evaluate and comment on 12 R&D project ideas. This data was then analysed by using a configurational approach (fsQCA) to understand how different experts combine various evaluation dimensions together to make sense of and decide on the goodness of an idea. The findings show that experts who are open to change view ideas as opportunities and approach idea screening as a generative process, while conservative experts are more reserved in their idea screening activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2018
Keywords
Sensemaking; idea screening; evaluation; values; identity; openness to change; conservative; fsQCA
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70330 (URN)10.1142/S1363919618400091 (DOI)000454058700003 ()
Available from: 2018-11-29 Created: 2018-11-29 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6570-6181

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