Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Grinnemo, Karl-JohanORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4147-9487
Publications (10 of 93) Show all publications
Abbas, M. T., Eklund, J., Grinnemo, K.-J. & Brunström, A. (2019). Impact of Tunable Parameters in NB-IoT Stack onthe Energy Consumption. In: Proceedings of Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW): . Paper presented at 15th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW 2019). Luleå, June 4-5, 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of Tunable Parameters in NB-IoT Stack onthe Energy Consumption
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the impact of tunable parametersin the NB-IoT stack on the energy consumption of a user equipment(UE), e.g., a wireless sensor. NB-IoT is designed to enablemassive machine-type communications for UE while providing abattery lifetime of up to 10 years. To save battery power, most oftime the UE is in dormant state and unreachable. Still, duringthe CONNECTED and IDLE state, correct tuning of criticalparameters, like Discontinuous reception (DRX), and extendedDiscontinuous reception (eDRX), respectively, are essential to savebattery power. Moreover, the DRX and eDRX actions relate tovarious parameters which are needed to be tuned in order toachieve a required UE battery lifetime. The objective of thispaper is to observe the influence of an appropriate tuning ofthese parameters to reduce the risk of an early battery drainage

Keywords
NB-IoT, energy consumption, DRX, eDRX.
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72440 (URN)
Conference
15th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW 2019). Luleå, June 4-5, 2019.
Projects
HITS; 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, B., Grinnemo, K.-J., Arahamsson, H., Brunström, A. & Hurtig, P. (2019). Latency-aware Multipath Scheduling inInformation-centric Networks. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June 2019.: . Paper presented at The Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Latency-aware Multipath Scheduling inInformation-centric Networks
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June 2019., 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We present the latency-aware multipath schedulerZQTRTT that takes advantage of the multipath opportunities ininformation-centric networking. The goal of the scheduler is touse the (single) lowest latency path for transaction-oriented flows,and use multiple paths for bulk data flows. A new estimatorcalled zero queue time ratio is used for scheduling over multiplepaths. The objective is to distribute the flow over the paths sothat the zero queue time ratio is equal on the paths, that is,so that each path is ‘pushed’ equally hard by the flow withoutcreating unwanted queueing. We make an initial evaluation usingsimulation that shows that the scheduler meets our objectives.

National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72439 (URN)
Conference
The Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June 2019.
Projects
READY, 4545
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Hurtig, P., Grinnemo, K.-J., Brunström, A., Ferlin, S., Alay, Ö. & Kuhn, N. (2019). Low-Latency Scheduling in MPTCP. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 1, 302-315, Article ID 8584135.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Low-Latency Scheduling in MPTCP
Show others...
2019 (English)In: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, ISSN 1063-6692, E-ISSN 1558-2566, Vol. 1, p. 302-315, article id 8584135Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The demand for mobile communication is continuously increasing, and mobile devices are now the communication device of choice for many people. To guarantee connectivity and performance, mobile devices are typically equipped with multiple interfaces. To this end, exploiting multiple available interfaces is also a crucial aspect of the upcoming 5G standard for reducing costs, easing network management, and providing a good user experience. Multi-path protocols, such as multi-path TCP (MPTCP), can be used to provide performance optimization through load-balancing and resilience to coverage drops and link failures, however, they do not automatically guarantee better performance. For instance, low-latency communication has been proven hard to achieve when a device has network interfaces with asymmetric capacity and delay (e.g., LTE and WLAN). For multi-path communication, the data scheduler is vital to provide low latency, since it decides over which network interface to send individual data segments. In this paper, we focus on the MPTCP scheduler with the goal of providing a good user experience for latency-sensitive applications when interface quality is asymmetric. After an initial assessment of existing scheduling algorithms, we present two novel scheduling techniques: the block estimation (BLEST) scheduler and the shortest transmission time first (STTF) scheduler. BLEST and STTF are compared with existing schedulers in both emulated and real-world environments and are shown to reduce web object transmission times with up to 51% and provide 45% faster communication for interactive applications, compared with MPTCP's default scheduler.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2019
Keywords
asymmetric paths., low-latency, MPTCP, scheduling, Transport protocols, Mobile telecommunication systems, Scheduling algorithms, Wireless telecommunication systems, asymmetric paths, Interactive applications, Low latency, Low-latency communication, Performance optimizations, Real world environments, 5G mobile communication systems
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71263 (URN)10.1109/TNET.2018.2884791 (DOI)000458851600022 ()2-s2.0-85058877698 (Scopus ID)
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
Nguyen, V.-G., Carlsson, A., Grinnemo, K.-J., Cheng, J., Taheri, J. & Brunström, A. (2019). On the Use of 5G for Inter-substation GOOSE Transmission in Smart Grid. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. June 2019: . Paper presented at 15th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop SNCNW 2019. 4-5 juni, 2019. Luleå, Sweden..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Use of 5G for Inter-substation GOOSE Transmission in Smart Grid
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. June 2019, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Protection and automation in a smart grid environmentoften have stringent real-time communication requirementsbetween devices within a substation as well as between distantlylocated substations. The Generic Object Oriented SubstationEvent (GOOSE) messaging service has been proposed to achievethis goal as it allows to transfer time-critical information within afew milliseconds. However, the transmission of GOOSE messagesare often limited to a small Local Area Network (LAN).In this paper, we propose the use of the fifth generation ofmobile networks (5G) as a means to transport GOOSE messagesin a large scale smart grid environment. The end-to-end delay ismeasured between GOOSE devices over an 5G network with thefocus on the core network using the Open5GCore platform in alab environment. Although there is a lack of a real radio accessnetwork, the experimental results confirm that the delay withinthe rest of the 5G network is small enough for it to be feasiblefor inter-substation GOOSE transmissions.

National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72435 (URN)
Conference
15th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop SNCNW 2019. 4-5 juni, 2019. Luleå, Sweden.
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved
Vestin, J., Kassler, A., Bhamare, D., Grinnemo, K.-J., Andersson, J.-O. & Pongracz, G. (2019). Programmable Event Detection for In-Band Network Telemetry. In: : . Paper presented at IEEE Cloud Net 4-6 november.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Programmable Event Detection for In-Band Network Telemetry
Show others...
2019 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In-Band Network Telemetry (INT) is a novel framework for collecting telemetry items and switch internal state information from the data plane at line rate. With the suppor programmable data planes and programming language P4,switches parse telemetry instruction headers and determine which telemetry items to attach using custom metadata. At the network edge, telemetry information is removed and the original packets are forwarded while telemetry reports are sent to a distributed stream processor for further processing by a network monitoring platform. In order to avoid excessive load on the stream processor, telemetry items should not be sent for each individual packet but rather when certain events are triggered. In this paper, we develop a programmable INT event detection mechanism in P4 that allows customization of which events to report to the monitoring system, on a per-flow basis, from the control plane. At the stream processor, we implement a fast INT report collector using the kernel bypass technique AF XDP, which parses telemetry reports and streams them to a distributed Kafka cluster, which can apply machine learning, visualization and further monitoring tasks. In our evaluation, we use realworld traces from different data center workloads and show that our approach is highly scalable and significantly reduces the network overhead and stream processor load due to effective event pre-filtering inside the switch data plane. While the INT report collector can process around 3 Mpps telemetry reports per core, using event pre-filtering increases the capacity by 10-15x.

National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75832 (URN)
Conference
IEEE Cloud Net 4-6 november
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-27
Haile, H. K., Hurtig, P., Grinnemo, K.-J. & Brunström, A. (2019). Rate Change Detection in Stationary Cellular Nodes. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer NetworkingWorkshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June: . Paper presented at The Fifteenth Swedish National Computer NetworkingWorkshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rate Change Detection in Stationary Cellular Nodes
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer NetworkingWorkshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An increasing number of cellular congestion controlalgorithms (CCAs) are relying on measurements of the deliveryrate observed at the receiver. Accordingly, early detection ofchanges in the receiver’s rate would improve the performanceof such algorithms. Rate measurements over short time intervalscould allow fast detection of change in the rate observed bythe upper layers of a cellular receiver. However, upper layerrate measurements for cellular receivers over a short time scaleproduce unreliable results due to the effect of underlying lowerlayer mechanisms. In this paper, we introduce a rate estimationapproach that reduces the variability observed in short timescale receiver rate measurements and allows faster rate changedetection.

Keywords
Cellular, rate, estimation, Kalman
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72438 (URN)
Conference
The Fifteenth Swedish National Computer NetworkingWorkshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Haile, H. K., Hurtig, P. & Grinnemo, K.-J. (2019). Rate Measurement Over Short Time Scales inStationary Cellular Receivers. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Mobile Network Measurement (MNM 2019), Paris, France, June 2019: . Paper presented at The 3rd Workshop on Mobile Network Measurement (MNM 2019), Paris, France, June 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rate Measurement Over Short Time Scales inStationary Cellular Receivers
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Mobile Network Measurement (MNM 2019), Paris, France, June 2019, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An increasing number of cellular congestion controlalgorithms (CCAs) are relying on measurements of the deliveryrate observed at the receiver. Accordingly, early detection ofchanges in the receiver’s rate would improve the performanceof such algorithms. Rate measurements over short time intervalscould allow fast detection of change in the rate observed bythe upper layers of a cellular receiver. However, for cellularreceivers, upper-layer rate measurements over short time scalesproduce unreliable results due to the effect of underlying lowerlayer mechanisms such as scheduling and retransmissions. In thispaper, we introduce a rate estimation approach that reduces thevariability observed in short time scale receiver rate measurementsand allows faster rate change detection. We also integratean adaptive mechanism to improve online measurements overdifferent time scales.

Keywords
Cellular, Rate, Estimation, Kalman, Filter
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-73005 (URN)
Conference
The 3rd Workshop on Mobile Network Measurement (MNM 2019), Paris, France, June 2019
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved
Oljira, D. B., Grinnemo, K.-J., Brunström, A. & Taheri, J. (2019). Validating the Sharing Behavior and Latency Characteristics of the L4S Architecture. In: : . Paper presented at ACM Internet Measurement Conference 2019, 21-23 october, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validating the Sharing Behavior and Latency Characteristics of the L4S Architecture
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Internet services such as virtual reality, interactive cloud applications, and online gaming, have a strict quality of service requirements (e.g., low-latency). However, the current Internet is not able to satisfy the low-latency requirements of these applications. This as the standard TCP induces high queuing delays when used by capacity-seeking traffic, which in turn results in unpredictable latency. The Low Latency Low Loss Scalable throughput (L4S) architecture aims to address this problem by combining scalable congestion controls (e.g., DCTCP) with early congestion signaling from the network. For incremental deployment, the L4S architecture defines a Dual Queue Coupled AQM that enables the safe coexistence of scalable and classic (e.g., Reno, Cubic, etc.) flows on the global Internet. The DualPI2 AQM is a Linux kernel implementation of a Dual Queue Coupled AQM. In this paper, we benchmark the DualPI2 AQM to validate experimental result(s) reported in previous works that demonstrate the coexistence of scalable and classic congestion controls, and its low-latency service. Our results validate the coexistence of scalable and classic flows using DualPI2 single queue AQM while the result with dual queue shows neither rate nor window fairness between the flows.

National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75444 (URN)
Conference
ACM Internet Measurement Conference 2019, 21-23 october, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-10-25 Created: 2019-10-25 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, Å., Grinnemo, K.-J., Chen, E., Qinghua, W. & Brunström, A. (2019). Web metrics for the next generation performance enhancing proxies. In: 2019 International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM): . Paper presented at SoftCOM 27th International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks 19-21 September 2019 Split, Croatia. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Web metrics for the next generation performance enhancing proxies
Show others...
2019 (English)In: 2019 International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM), IEEE, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The fast growth of Internet traffic, the growingimportance of cellular accesses and the escalating competitionbetween content providers and network operators result in agrowing interest in improving network performance and userexperience. In terms of network transport, different solutionsranging from tuning TCP to installing middleboxes are applied.It turns out, however, that the practical results sometimes aredisappointing and we believe that poor testing is one of thereasons for this. Indeed, many cases in the literature limittesting to the simple and rare use case of a single file download,while common and complex use cases like web browsing oftenare ignored or modelled only by considering smaller files. Tofacilitate better testing, we present a set of metrics by whichthe complexity around web pages can be characterised andthe potential for different optimisations can be estimated. Wealso derive numerical values of these metrics for a small set ofpopular web pages and study similarities and differences betweenpages with the same kind of content (newspapers, e-commerceand video) and between pages designed for the same platform(computer and smartphone).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2019
Keywords
Performance enhancing proxy, web metrics, traffic model, flow concurrency, congestion control
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74862 (URN)10.23919/SOFTCOM.2019.8903813 (DOI)978-953-290-088-0 (ISBN)978-1-7281-3711-7 (ISBN)
Conference
SoftCOM 27th International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks 19-21 September 2019 Split, Croatia
Projects
COST-IC1304
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-12-04Bibliographically approved
Haile, H. K., Hurtig, P., Grinnemo, K.-J., Brunström, A., Atxutegi Narbona, E., Liberal, F. & Arvidsson, Å. (2018). Evaluation of the Impact of TCP BBR Startup on CUBIC Traffic. In: The Fourteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW) 2018: . Paper presented at The Fourteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW) 2018, Karlskrona, Sweden. May 31-June 1, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of the Impact of TCP BBR Startup on CUBIC Traffic
Show others...
2018 (English)In: The Fourteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW) 2018, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70610 (URN)
Conference
The Fourteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW) 2018, Karlskrona, Sweden. May 31-June 1, 2018
Projects
HITS, 4707
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilKnowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-12-22 Created: 2018-12-22 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4147-9487

Search in DiVA

Show all publications