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Hellström, L. & Beckman, L. (2019). Adolescents’ perception of gender differences in bullying. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents’ perception of gender differences in bullying
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Gender norms are normative societal expectations regarding the behaviors of girls and boys that can guide bullying behavior. As early adolescence is a time when peer relations become increasingly important, it is critical to understand the peer relationships of adolescents and what is considered gender non-confirming behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze Swedish girls’ and boys’ perception of gender differences in bullying. Twenty-one Swedish adolescents (8 girls and 13 boys) took part in four focus group discussions separated by boys and girls. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis. “Expectations and needs to fit the norm” emerged as the main category as all categories emerging from the analysis related to boys’ and girls’ understandings of how expectations, strategies, expressions relating to bullying and the need to belong vary depending on gender. Further, girls and boys expressed admiration for each other's ways of coping with bullying indicating that also coping strategies are associated with expectations based on gender. For schools and adults to be better equipped to meet the needs of girls and boys and understand how these needs are expressed, adolescents voices regarding gender related bullying can be seen as helpful tools to develop strategies to work with gender norms and gender expectations. In light of the results of our study, schools may have work to do when it comes to the awareness of norms and attitudes and how they are expressed as these may be a foundation for bullying, among both staff and students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
Adolescents, bullying, focus groups, gender
National Category
Gender Studies Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71293 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12523 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060806911 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., Hellström, L. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2019). Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of 0%–41%, a prevalence of cyber-perpetration of 0%–16.7%, and a prevalence of bully-victims of 6.7%. Three out of five studies using control groups showed that students with ND might be more involved in cyber bullying overall compared to typically developing students. Students in segregated school settings report slightly higher prevalence rates of cyber bullying compared to students with ND in inclusive school settings, especially among girls. When comparing prevalence rates among studies using the same definition, we found similar prevalence rates. There was a tendency towards students with ND being more involved in cyber bullying compared to typically developing students, but this needs to be confirmed in future studies that should include control groups with typically developing students as well as validated and standardized measurements of cyber bullying and ND diagnoses. © 2019 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Children and adolescents, cyber bullying, neurodevelopmental disorders, systematic review
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71740 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12525 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062360796 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved
Howells, L., von Kobyletzki, L. B. & Beckman, L. (2019). Defining and measuring 'eczema control': an international qualitative study to explore the views of those living with and treating atopic eczema. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 33(6), 1124-1132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining and measuring 'eczema control': an international qualitative study to explore the views of those living with and treating atopic eczema
2019 (English)In: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, ISSN 0926-9959, E-ISSN 1468-3083, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 1124-1132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Atopic eczema (also known as eczema) is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that often afflicts patients' health and well-being. The Harmonising Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative recommends that 'long-term control of eczema' is measured in all clinical trials 3 months or longer in duration. However, little has been published on what eczema control means to those living with or treating atopic eczema. Objectives To (i) develop understanding of what eczema control means to patients, carers and clinicians and (ii) explore the feasibility and acceptability of different ways of measuring eczema control in the long term. Methods Online focus groups explored patients/carers experiences in the UK, the United States, the Netherlands, France, Sweden and Japan, and an international online survey gathered views of clinicians. The framework method was used to analyse the focus groups, and thematic analysis was used to analyse survey data. All findings were integrated into a theoretical framework to create overarching themes that cut across these diverse groups. Results Eight focus groups with patients (16 years+) and eight groups with carers of children took place (N = 97). Sixty-two people took part in the survey. Eczema control was described as a multifaceted construct involving changes in disease activity, the treatment and management of the condition and psychological, social and physical functioning. Patient/carer measurement allows personal accounts and frequent measurement, whilst clinician measurement was deemed less subjective. The burden on patients/carers and issues for analysing and interpreting data should be considered. Conclusions This study formed the basis of judging the content validity and feasibility of measurement instruments/methods to assess control of eczema in clinical trials. This online approach to an international qualitative study is an example of how core outcome set developers with limited resources can engage with multiple stakeholder groups on an international basis to inform consensus meeting discussions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
CORE OUTCOME MEASURES; DERMATITIS; CONSENSUS; TRIALS
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72475 (URN)10.1111/jdv.15475 (DOI)000468972400017 ()30720903 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., Janson, S. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2018). Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002). Disability and Health Journal, 11(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002)
2018 (English)In: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the article ‘‘Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey’’ Disability and Health Journal 2016; 9(4):663–672 by Linda Beckman, Staffan Janson, and Laura von Kobyletzki on page 2 the ethical considerations under section “Questionnaires, interviews, and health examinations”, the following sentence “The ELSA project has been approved by the regional ethical research committee in Uppsala, Sweden (reg. no: 2013/160).”should read as “The study has been reviewed by the local ethical research committee in Karlstad, Sweden (reg. no: C2015/65).”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc., 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66941 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.11.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044145605 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved
Persson, M., Wennberg, L., Beckman, L., Salmivalli, C. & Svensson, M. (2018). The Cost-Effectiveness of the Kiva Antibullying Program: Results from a Decision-Analytic Model. Prevention Science, 19(6), 728-737
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Cost-Effectiveness of the Kiva Antibullying Program: Results from a Decision-Analytic Model
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2018 (English)In: Prevention Science, ISSN 1389-4986, E-ISSN 1573-6695, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 728-737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bullying causes substantial suffering for children and adolescents. A number of bullying prevention programs have been advocated as effective methods for counteracting school bullying. However, there is a lack of economic evaluations of bullying prevention programs assessing the “value for money.” The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the Finnish bullying prevention program KiVa in comparison to “status quo” (treatment as usual) in a Swedish elementary school setting (grades 1 to 9). The cost-effectiveness analysis was carried out using a payer perspective based on a Markov cohort model. The costs of the program were measured in Swedish kronor and Euros, and the benefits were measured using two different metrics: (1) the number of victim-free years and (2) the number of quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Data on costs, probability transitions, and health-related quality of life measures were retrieved from published literature. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were carried out to establish the uncertainty of the cost-effectiveness results. The base-case analysis indicated that KiVa leads to an increased cost of €829 for a gain of 0.47 victim-free years per student. In terms of the cost per gained QALY, the results indicated a base-case estimate of €13,823, which may be seen as cost-effective given that it is lower than the typically accepted threshold value in Swedish health policy of around €50,000. Further research is needed to confirm the conclusions of this study, especially regarding the treatment effects of KiVa in different school contexts

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Bullying prevention program, Cost-effectiveness, Decision modeling, KiVa, adolescent, article, bullying, case study, cost effectiveness analysis, health care policy, human, money, prevention, primary school, probability, quality adjusted life year, sensitivity analysis, student, uncertainty, victim
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67364 (URN)10.1007/s11121-018-0893-6 (DOI)000438983300004 ()2-s2.0-85046448211 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-24 Created: 2018-05-24 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
von Kobyletzki, L. B., Beckman, L., Smeeth, L., McKee, M., Quint, J. K., Abuabara, K. & Langan, S. (2017). Association between childhood allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status in later life: systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 7(10), Article ID e017245.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association between childhood allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status in later life: systematic review protocol
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2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 10, article id e017245Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment. The aim of this study is to systematically review the literature on allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status, and if possible, calculate meta-analytic summary estimates for the associations. Methods Systematic electronic searches in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO and education Resources Information Center (ERIC); hand search in reference lists of included papers and conference reports; search for unpublished studies in clinical trial registers and the New York Academy of Medicine Grey Literature Report; data extraction; and study quality assessment (Newcastle-Ottawa Scale) will be performed. Analysis Data will be summarised descriptively, and meta-analysis including meta-regression to explore sources of heterogeneities will be performed if possible. Ethics and dissemination Dissemination in a peer-reviewed, open-access, international scientific journal is planned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66055 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017245 (DOI)000422617500140 ()
Available from: 2018-02-01 Created: 2018-02-01 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved
Milerad, J. & Beckman, L. (2017). Att förebygga olycksfall, mobbning och våld (2ed.). In: Josef Milerad och Carl Lindgren (Ed.), Evidensbaserad elevhälsa: . Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att förebygga olycksfall, mobbning och våld
2017 (Swedish)In: Evidensbaserad elevhälsa / [ed] Josef Milerad och Carl Lindgren, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017 Edition: 2
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63843 (URN)978-91-44-11795-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., von Kobyletzki, L. B. & Svensson, M. (2017). Determinants of Antidepressants Use and Economic Costs: A Population Based Study. Paper presented at Thirteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry "Mental Health Policy and Economics Research: Improving Access, Quality and Outcomes", Venice March 24-26, 2017. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 20(Suppl.1), S2-S2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determinants of Antidepressants Use and Economic Costs: A Population Based Study
2017 (English)In: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, Vol. 20, no Suppl.1, p. S2-S2Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Center of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 2017
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65525 (URN)000400956000004 ()
Conference
Thirteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry "Mental Health Policy and Economics Research: Improving Access, Quality and Outcomes", Venice March 24-26, 2017
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Hellström, L., Beckman, L. & Hagquist, C. (2017). Does the Strength of the Association Between Peer Victimization and Psychosomatic Health Problems Depend on Whether Bullying or Peer Aggression is Measured?. Child Indicators Research, 10(2), 447-459
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the Strength of the Association Between Peer Victimization and Psychosomatic Health Problems Depend on Whether Bullying or Peer Aggression is Measured?
2017 (English)In: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 447-459Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to analyze to what extent the strength of the previously established association between peer victimization and psychosomatic problems depends on which of two measures is being used, a measure of bullying and a measure of peer aggression. The study included 2568 Swedish adolescents aged 13–15 years. An Ordinary Least Square regression showed that all regressors representing bullying and peer aggression revealed significant effects on psychosomatic health using no peer victimization as the reference category. An ANOVA showed no significant differences in mean values on the Psychosomatic Problems Scale captured by the two measures. Given that both measures of peer victimization show strong associations with psychosomatic health, using only one of the two measures is therefore likely not just to underestimate the overall prevalence of peer victimization but also the number of children experiencing psychosomatic problems in relation with peer victimization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2017
Keywords
Adolescents, bullying, peer aggression, peer victimization, psychosomatic problems
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science; Samhällskunskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-35275 (URN)10.1007/s12187-016-9390-2 (DOI)000401518600008 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfarePublic Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2015-02-25 Created: 2015-02-25 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved
von Kobyletzki, L. B., Beckman, L., Smirnova, J., Smeeth, L., Williams, H. C., McKee, M., . . . Langan, S. M. (2017). Eczema and educational attainment: A systematic review. British Journal of Dermatology, 177(3), e47-e49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eczema and educational attainment: A systematic review
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2017 (English)In: British Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0007-0963, E-ISSN 1365-2133, Vol. 177, no 3, p. e47-e49Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eczema (syn. atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema) accounts for the largest global burden of disability due to skin disease (1) . Eczema affects up to 20% of children (1) , and is associated with impaired quality of life (QoL) of a similar magnitude to cancer and epilepsy. Yet, although eczema is common in children, little is known about long-term outcomes such as educational attainment (EA) of those affected. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Care Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47573 (URN)10.1111/bjd.15242 (DOI)000411529400005 ()27995605 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-01-04 Created: 2017-01-04 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7872-5808

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