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Evans, B., Beijers, R., Hagquist, C. & de Weerth, C. (2019). Childhood urbanicity and hair steroid hormone levels in ten-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 102, 53-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood urbanicity and hair steroid hormone levels in ten-year-old children
2019 (English)In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, ISSN 0306-4530, E-ISSN 1873-3360, Vol. 102, p. 53-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Research suggests that it may be more stressful for children to grow up in an urban area than in a rural area. Urbanicity may affect physiological stress system functioning as well as the timing of sexual maturation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether moderate urbanicity (current and childhood, ranging from rural areas to small cities) was associated with indices of long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis functioning (cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone and progesterone levels) and whether sex moderated any associations. Method: Children (N = 92) were all 10 years old and from the Dutch general population. Hair samples were collected and single segments (the three cm most proximal to the scalp) were assayed for concentrations of steroid hormones (LCMS/MS method). Neighborhood-level urbanicity and socioeconomic status were measured from birth through age ten years. Analyses were controlled for neighborhood- and family socioeconomic status, body mass index and season of sampling. Results: The results from multivariate analyses of variance showed no associations between current or childhood moderate urbanicity and hair steroid hormone concentrations. Interaction terms between moderate urbanicity and sex were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Associations between urbanicity and steroid hormone levels may only be detectable in highly urban areas and/or during later stages of adolescence. Alternatively, our findings may have been due to most children being from families with a higher socioeconomic status. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Children, Hair, HPA axis, Socioeconomic status, Steroid hormones, Urbanicity
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70586 (URN)10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.11.039 (DOI)2-s2.0-85057427089 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Hagquist, C., Due, P., Torsheim, T. & Valimaa, R. (2019). Cross-country comparisons of trends in adolescent psychosomatic symptoms: a Rasch analysis of HBSC data from four Nordic countries. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 17, Article ID 27.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-country comparisons of trends in adolescent psychosomatic symptoms: a Rasch analysis of HBSC data from four Nordic countries
2019 (English)In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 17, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundTo analyse the psychometric properties of the HBSC Symptom Checklist (HBSC-SCL) on psychosomatic symptoms with a focus on the operating characteristics of the items, and on the impacts of measurement distortions on the comparisons of person measures across time and between countries.MethodsData were collected in 1993/94, 1997/98, 2001/02, 2005/06, 2008/09, 2013/14 in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Data comprised 116,531 students 11, 13 and 15years old. Rasch analysis was conducted of the HBSC-SCL consisting of eight items with a focus on Differential Item Functioning (DIF) and item threshold ordering. The impacts of DIF and threshold disordering on trend analyses were analysed in a subsample consisting of 15years old students.ResultsOne item shows evidence of severe DIF and the categorisation of some items does not seem to work as intended. Analyses of changes based on proportions of psychosomatic symptoms show that bad item functioning affects some comparisons between countries across time: A four percentage point difference between 15years old girls in Finland and Sweden concerning the rate of increase of psychosomatic symptoms from 1994 to 2014 disappears when the problems with DIF and disordered item thresholds are taken into account. Although the proportions of students with psychosomatic symptoms are clearly higher 2014 than 1994 in all four countries the shape of most trends is nonlinear.ConclusionsSome of the cross-country comparisons were distorted because of DIF and problems related to disordering of the item thresholds. The comparisons among girls between Finland and Sweden were affected by the problems pertaining to the original measure of psychosomatic symptoms, while the trend patterns among boys were not much affected. In addition to confirming increasing rates of adolescent mental health problems in the Nordic countries, the substantive analyses in the current study show that Finland is joining Sweden in having the sharpest increase among older adolescents, in particular among girls.To improve the functioning of the scale the DIF item could be removed or replaced and response categories collapsed in post hoc analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC, 2019
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71394 (URN)10.1186/s12955-019-1097-x (DOI)000458513000002 ()30728023 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-02-28 Created: 2019-02-28 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Kleppang, A. L., Thurston, M., Hartz, I. & Hagquist, C. (2019). Psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents: Changes between 2001 and 2009 and associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 47(2), 166-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents: Changes between 2001 and 2009 and associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 166-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of this work was to examine psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents in relation to changes over time and the associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on data retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys in 2001 and 2009 in Hedmark County. Adolescents aged 15–16 years old completed a questionnaire regarding physical activity, sedentary behaviour, psychological distress and other health and lifestyle variables. The self-report Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 was used to assess psychological distress. Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyse the associations between psychological distress, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Results: Self-reported psychological distress increased significantly from 2001 to 2009 (from 19.4 to 28.2%), with the proportion of girls reporting psychological distress being twice as large as the proportion of boys. The proportion of adolescents who were physically active for ⩾11 hours per week increased significantly over the same period (from 6.0 to 10.4%). Sedentary behaviour ⩾6 hours per school day increased significantly among both sexes between 2001 and 2009. Physical activity (⩾11 hours) and sedentary behaviour (⩾6 hours) were both significantly associated with psychological distress. Conclusions: The association between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and psychological distress was weak; only high amounts of physical activity and high amounts of screen-based sedentary behaviour were associated with psychological distress. Longitudinal studies are needed to provide further insights into these associations and to understand the extent to which these variables might be causally related.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Physical activity, screen-based sedentary behaviour, adolescents, psychological distress, leisure time
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63890 (URN)10.1177/1403494817716374 (DOI)000462758700011 ()
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Hellström, L. & Hagquist, C. (2019). School effectiveness in Sweden: psychometric properties of an instrument to measure pedagogical and social climate (PESOC) focusing on pedagogical leadership. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 1-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School effectiveness in Sweden: psychometric properties of an instrument to measure pedagogical and social climate (PESOC) focusing on pedagogical leadership
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Leadership in Education, ISSN 1360-3124, E-ISSN 1464-5092, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Improving school effectiveness is a priority for many countries. The Swedish instrument Pedagogical and Social Climate in School (PESOC) has been widely used for measurement of school improvement. Since pedagogical leadership is an important component of school effectiveness, this study aimed to describe the psychometric properties of the PESOC subscale of pedagogical leadership (PESOC-PLP). Participants were 344 teachers from 30 schools in Karlstad, Sweden. Rasch analysis indicated two subdimensions of the scale, corresponding to academic and social objectives. Analysis showed that the instrument worked invariantly across different sub groups and that the response categories functioned as intended. Small, if any, within-school response dependence was noted. PESOC-PLP may be a useful tool for school leaders when evaluating their success in fulfilling academic and social objectives. Given the global demand for measurement of school leadership, also researchers and educators outside Sweden may have interest in translating and adapting the PESOC-PLP scale. © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-73565 (URN)10.1080/13603124.2019.1623921 (DOI)2-s2.0-85067673250 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-10 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-07-15Bibliographically approved
Kim, Y., Evans, B. & Hagquist, C. (2019). Towards explaining time trends in adolescents’ alcohol use: A multilevel analysis of Swedish data from 1988 to 2011. European Journal of Public Health, 29(4), 729-735
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards explaining time trends in adolescents’ alcohol use: A multilevel analysis of Swedish data from 1988 to 2011
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 729-735Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol use has decreased among Swedish adolescents in the past few decades. We examined peer and parent factors (i.e., time spent with peers, time spent with parents, and parental monitoring) that could contribute to explaining this trend by investigating their main effects and interaction effects with investigation years on alcohol use. We furthermore examined whether municipality-level socioeconomic conditions could contribute to explaining the trend. Methods: We used data from a repeated cross-sectional study that took place eight times between 1988 and 2011. The study targeted all ninth grade students (15-to-16-year-olds) in Värmland County, Sweden. Adolescents (N = 22,257) reported their monthly alcohol use, time spent with peers and parents, and parental monitoring. Municipality-level socioeconomic conditions were based on parent education levels. Results: Logistic multilevel regression analyses showed that peer and parent factors and municipality-level socioeconomic conditions were associated with alcohol use among adolescents. The interaction effects between peer and parent factors and investigation years were not significant. The decreased trend in time spent with peers was associated with the decreased trend in frequency of alcohol use over time. Conclusion: The findings of the current study provide an indication that the decreased trend in alcohol use that has been observed in Swedish adolescents over the past few decades may be related to changes in adolescents’ social interactions with peers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
Adolescent Alcohol Use; Time Trends; Parents; Peer Group; Socioeconomic Factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71483 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckz023 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012–1736
Available from: 2019-03-13 Created: 2019-03-13 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Hagquist, C. (2018). Alcohol consumption and life satisfaction among adolescents: The moderating role of gender. In: : . Paper presented at The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, 16th annual meeting, 14–16 June, 2018, Hong Kong, China..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol consumption and life satisfaction among adolescents: The moderating role of gender
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70403 (URN)
Conference
The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, 16th annual meeting, 14–16 June, 2018, Hong Kong, China.
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Hagquist, C. (2018). Applications of Rasch Measurement Theory in Health Research. In: : . Paper presented at Innlandets forskningskonferanse for helse- og sosialfag NTNU, 27 September 2018, Gjøvik, Norway..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applications of Rasch Measurement Theory in Health Research
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70400 (URN)
Conference
Innlandets forskningskonferanse for helse- og sosialfag NTNU, 27 September 2018, Gjøvik, Norway.
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Norell-Clarke, A. & Hagquist, C. (2018). Child and adolescent sleep duration recommendations in relation to psychological and somatic complaints based on data between 1985 and 2013 from 11 to 15 year-olds. Journal of Adolescence, 68, 12-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Child and adolescent sleep duration recommendations in relation to psychological and somatic complaints based on data between 1985 and 2013 from 11 to 15 year-olds
2018 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 68, p. 12-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate the association between sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and psychological and somatic complaints. Methods: We used three cohorts of cross-sectional Swedish questionnaire data, from the Health Behaviours of School aged Children (1985/1986, 2005/2006, 2013/2014, n=>18 000, aged 11–15). Specific complaints (e.g. pain) and total complaint load were used as outcomes of sleep duration, sleep initiation difficulties and the combination of them both. Results: Sleeping less than recommended and sleep initiation difficulties were associated with increased odds of specific complaints and belonging to the group with the greatest complaint load. The combination of short sleep duration and sleep initiation difficulties were associated with higher odds than either sleep issue alone. No interaction effects between time and sleep variables were found regarding complaints. Conclusions: The findings support recent sleep duration recommendations. Further, sleep issues warrant a broad health assessment as they indicate a high likelihood of other complaints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press, 2018
Keywords
Adolescents, Bedtime, Mood, Pain, Sleep duration, Sleep onset difficulties, adolescent, Article, backache, child, cohort analysis, controlled study, cross-sectional study, dizziness, female, headache, human, male, mental irritation, nervousness, pediatrics, psychosomatic disorder, sadness, sleep disorder, sleep time, stomach pain, Swedish citizen
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Public Health Science; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69047 (URN)10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.07.006 (DOI)000447105200002 ()2-s2.0-85049740893 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Hagquist, C., Evans, B. & Kim, Y. (2018). Discrepant trends for adolescent. In: : . Paper presented at The 16th International Conference on Social Stress Research, 2–4 June 2018, Athens, Greece..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discrepant trends for adolescent
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70405 (URN)
Conference
The 16th International Conference on Social Stress Research, 2–4 June 2018, Athens, Greece.
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Hagquist, C. (2018). Explaining Differential Item Functioning focusing on the crucial role of external information: An example from the measurement of adolescent mental health. In: : . Paper presented at ACSPRI Social Science Methodology Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 12–14 December, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining Differential Item Functioning focusing on the crucial role of external information: An example from the measurement of adolescent mental health
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
Differential Item Functioning (DIF), Resolving for DIF, Psychosomatic problems, Rasch Measurement Theory, Source of DIF, Validity and Reliability, HBSC
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70521 (URN)
Conference
ACSPRI Social Science Methodology Conference, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 12–14 December, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2986-2128

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