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Janson, Staffan
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Publications (10 of 155) Show all publications
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Islam, S. S., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2019). Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 14(2), Article ID e0212428.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Although child physical abuse (CPA) is considered as a major global public health problem, it has not yet been recognized as such in Bangladesh. Very few studies have assessed the prevalence and victims' characteristics of multiple forms of CPA. Objective This population-based study assessed the prevalence of CPA committed by adults in a rural area of Bangladesh and examined its association with demographic and socio-contextual factors. Methods Data were obtained using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for Children (ICAST-C) in a random sample of 1416 children (49% girls, 51% boys) aged 11 to 17 years by face-to-face interviews during March-April 2017. The response rate was 91.5%. To estimate predictors of CPA, physical abuse was categorized into frequent and less frequent groups. Results The prevalence of at least one form (>= 1), two forms (>= 2) and three or more forms (>= 3) of CPA were estimated approximately to 99%, 95% and 83% in their lifetime and 93%, 79%, and 57% in the past year respectively. Hitting (except on buttocks), standing/kneeling and slapping were the most common physical abuse whereas given drugs or alcohol, pinched, burned or scalded, beaten-up and locked up were less reported. Female children were faced severe forms of CPA more than that of males. Male children, younger age groups, witnessing adults using weapons at home, bullied by siblings and low level of maternal education were found to be significant risk factors for both >= 1 form and >= 2 forms of frequent CPA whereas adding also adult shouting in a frightening way was found as a significant risk factor for >= 2 forms of frequent CPA. Conclusion Self-reported prevalence of CPA is extremely common in the Bangladeshi rural society. The prevalence was associated with demographic and socio-contextual characteristics of the children such as being younger, witnessing domestic violence and maternal low education. The findings provide evidence to support parents and policy-makers to take effective measures to implement policy and programme on alternative up-bringing methods and creating awareness of negative effects of CM which in turn help Bangladesh to line up with UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the country signed in 1990.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71490 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0212428 (DOI)000459062900055 ()30779784 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-14 Created: 2019-03-14 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Mashreky, S. R., Rahman, F. A. K., Islam, S. S. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2018). Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh. Injury Prevention, 24, A107-A107, Article ID PW 2708.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, p. A107-A107, article id PW 2708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70252 (URN)10.1136/injuryprevention-2018-safety.296 (DOI)000446617400297 ()
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., Janson, S. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2018). Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002). Elsevier Inc., 11(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002)
2018 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the article ‘‘Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey’’ Disability and Health Journal 2016; 9(4):663–672 by Linda Beckman, Staffan Janson, and Laura von Kobyletzki on page 2 the ethical considerations under section “Questionnaires, interviews, and health examinations”, the following sentence “The ELSA project has been approved by the regional ethical research committee in Uppsala, Sweden (reg. no: 2013/160).”should read as “The study has been reviewed by the local ethical research committee in Karlstad, Sweden (reg. no: C2015/65).”

Place, publisher, year, pages
Elsevier Inc., 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66941 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.11.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044145605 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved
Koivula, T., Ellonen, N., Janson, S., Jernbro, C., Huhtala, H. & Paavilainen, E. (2018). Psychological and physical violence towards children with disabilities in Finland and Sweden. Journal of Child Health Care, 22(3), 317-331
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological and physical violence towards children with disabilities in Finland and Sweden
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 317-331Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes psychological aggression and physical violence by Swedish and Finnish mothers (N = 3420) towards their 0- to 12-year-old children with disabilities (N = 286) by comparing such behaviour with the mothers of children without disabilities (N = 3134). The survey data are based on representative samples from Finland and Sweden of mothers’ reports of their behaviour towards their child in conflict situations. Mothers of children with disabilities reported more psychological aggression towards their child than did mothers of children without disabilities. Mothers used psychological aggression, especially towards children with neurological/psychological disabilities. However, the only significant difference regarding physical violence was repetitive use of mild physical violence. Overall, the analysis suggests that children with neurological/psychological disabilities are more exposed to both psychological and physical violence than children without disabilities or children with somatic/developmental disabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Child, disability, long-term illness, mother, violence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66534 (URN)10.1177/1367493518757379 (DOI)000442390000003 ()2-s2.0-85041550351 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, N., Peltonen, K., Poso, T. & Janson, S. (2017). A multifaceted risk analysis of fathers' self-reported physical violence toward their children. Aggressive Behavior, 43(4), 317-328
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A multifaceted risk analysis of fathers' self-reported physical violence toward their children
2017 (English)In: Aggressive Behavior, ISSN 0096-140X, E-ISSN 1098-2337, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 317-328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children. The study is based on merged data from Finland and Sweden, in which an anonymous survey was answered by parents, based on representative samples of parents with 0-12-year-old children. The merged data set included 679 fathers and analyses were carried out using logistic regression models. Six percent of the fathers had committed severe violent acts, that is, slapped, hit, punched, kicked, bit, hit/tried to hit their child with an object or shook (under 2-year-old) their child at least once during the 12 months preceding the survey. Corporal punishment experienced by the fathers when they were children, or used by the father as a method of discipline, strongly increased the likelihood of severe violent acts. The findings emphasize the importance of preventing all forms of corporal punishment in seeking to minimize the occurrence of severe physical violence by fathers toward their children. Aggr. Behav. 43:317-328, 2017. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pediatrics Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65641 (URN)10.1002/ab.21691 (DOI)000403356800001 ()27878826 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2017). Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study. Child Care Health and Development, 43(6), 876-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study
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2017 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 876-883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective. MethodsSemistructured individual interviews with 24 children (13 boys and 11 girls), between the ages of 9 and 13years of which 11 were schoolgoing and 13 non-schoolgoing, were conducted during July 2013 and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. ResultsCM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were especially young children, girls, and poor children. The children's voices were not heard due to their low status and low position in their families, schools, and working places. The main theme that emerged in the analysis was children's subordination, which permeated the five categories: (a) perception of children's situation in society, (b) understanding children's development and needs, (c) CM associated to school achievement, (d) negative impact of CM, and (e) emotional responses. ConclusionsDifferent kinds of abuse are obviously common in Bangladesh, and the schools do not follow the law from 2011 prohibiting corporal punishment at school. The society has to take further steps to live up to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified already in 1990, to protect the Bangladeshi children from CM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65869 (URN)10.1111/cch.12508 (DOI)000412293800011 ()28871592 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Jernbro, C., Otterman, G., Tindberg, Y., Lucas, S. & Janson, S. (2017). Disclosure of maltreatment and perceived adult support among Swedish adolescents. Child Abuse Review, 26(6), 451-464
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disclosure of maltreatment and perceived adult support among Swedish adolescents
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2017 (English)In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 451-464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38175 (URN)10.1002/car.2443 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2015-10-14 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, N., Lucas, S., Tindberg, Y. & Janson, S. (2017). Parents' Self-Reported Use of Corporal Punishment and Other Humiliating Upbringing Practices in Finland and Sweden: A Comparative Study. Child Abuse Review, 26(4), 289-304
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents' Self-Reported Use of Corporal Punishment and Other Humiliating Upbringing Practices in Finland and Sweden: A Comparative Study
2017 (English)In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 289-304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden and Finland were the first countries to ban corporal punishment 30years ago. Since then, the prevalence of attitudes supporting the use of corporal punishment and the practice itself have decreased. This study examines the current frequencies of corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices in Finnish and Swedish families. The analysis is based on survey data among 3170 Finnish and 1358 Swedish parents with children from newborn to 12years of age. Data were analysed using univariate tests (chi-square) and logistic regression. According to the analysis, a larger proportion of Finnish parents, and especially mothers, use humiliating upbringing practices compared to Swedish parents. This difference is not found with regard to corporal punishment. A larger proportion of Finnish parents push their children compared to Swedish parents, while a larger proportion of Swedish parents shake their children. In both countries, corporal punishment is more frequently used by fathers, boys are more often victimised than girls, toddlers are more often exposed to corporal punishment and school-age children are more often subjected to psychologically abusive practices. Corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices are strongly correlated in both countries. The differences found between countries were not explained by socio-demographic factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
child maltreatment, corporal punishment, physical punishment, emotional abuse, psychological abuse, children
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65712 (URN)10.1002/car.2482 (DOI)000406480400005 ()
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Engh, L., Janson, S., Svensson, B., Bornehag, C.-G. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2017). Swedish population-based study of pupils showed that foster children faced increased risks for ill health, negative lifestyles and school failure.. Acta Paediatrica, 106(10), 1635-1641
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish population-based study of pupils showed that foster children faced increased risks for ill health, negative lifestyles and school failure.
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2017 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 106, no 10, p. 1635-1641Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: This population-based study explored whether foster children faced a higher risk of health problems than children of the same age who were not in foster care.

METHODS: Data for 13 739 pupils aged 10, 13 and 16 years were obtained from the Pupil Health Database in the county of Värmland, Sweden, for the school years 2012/2013 and 2013/2014. These included data on school performance, health, lifestyle and social relationships, based on children's interviews with school nurses.

RESULTS: Of all the pupils, 171 (1.2%) were in foster care. Children in foster care were generally unhealthier than other children. Both girls and boys were at higher risk of chronic health problems, daily smoking, use of drugs and school failure. When the girls in foster care were compared to other girls, we found that they faced a higher risk of psychological and psychosomatic symptoms. This difference was not found for boys. Foster children were also more likely to express a more negative view on life.

CONCLUSION: We confirmed earlier studies that children in foster care tended to have inferior health and well-being than other children. These findings emphasise that health, risky behaviour and school performance should be considered together when assessing foster children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2017
Keywords
Foster children, Health problem, Lifestyle, Population-based study, School performance
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62970 (URN)10.1111/apa.13966 (DOI)000409348400017 ()28664570 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-09-08 Created: 2017-09-08 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., Janson, S. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2016). Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey. Disability and Health Journal, 9(4), 663-672
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey
2016 (English)In: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 663-672Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to be surrounded by different risk factors. In order to work preventively with decreasing ADHD and ASD symptoms, there is a need of more knowledge concerning risk factors. Objective: This study aimed to investigate school, health, lifestyle and social interactions association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among schoolchildren aged 6-17 years. Methods: Data for 18,416 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in the county of Varmland, Sweden, from the school year 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 were obtained from the Student Health Database, which includes information on health examinations by school nurses and self-reported information of mental and physical health, social relations, physical activity, and school conditions. Results: Of all participants, 2.4% reported only ADHD and 1.6% reported only ASD. The results confirmed that ADHD or ASD was significantly associated with worse school experiences, lower socioeconomic status, less physical activity, more substance use, weaker social network and more impairments than those without ADHD or ASD. Conclusions: Knowledge of risk or protective factors during school years is needed to develop interventions to reduce symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45528 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002 (DOI)000384025800015 ()27343047 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2019-10-28Bibliographically approved
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