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Janson, Staffan
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Publications (10 of 150) Show all publications
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Islam, S. S., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2019). Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 14(2), Article ID e0212428.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Although child physical abuse (CPA) is considered as a major global public health problem, it has not yet been recognized as such in Bangladesh. Very few studies have assessed the prevalence and victims' characteristics of multiple forms of CPA. Objective This population-based study assessed the prevalence of CPA committed by adults in a rural area of Bangladesh and examined its association with demographic and socio-contextual factors. Methods Data were obtained using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for Children (ICAST-C) in a random sample of 1416 children (49% girls, 51% boys) aged 11 to 17 years by face-to-face interviews during March-April 2017. The response rate was 91.5%. To estimate predictors of CPA, physical abuse was categorized into frequent and less frequent groups. Results The prevalence of at least one form (>= 1), two forms (>= 2) and three or more forms (>= 3) of CPA were estimated approximately to 99%, 95% and 83% in their lifetime and 93%, 79%, and 57% in the past year respectively. Hitting (except on buttocks), standing/kneeling and slapping were the most common physical abuse whereas given drugs or alcohol, pinched, burned or scalded, beaten-up and locked up were less reported. Female children were faced severe forms of CPA more than that of males. Male children, younger age groups, witnessing adults using weapons at home, bullied by siblings and low level of maternal education were found to be significant risk factors for both >= 1 form and >= 2 forms of frequent CPA whereas adding also adult shouting in a frightening way was found as a significant risk factor for >= 2 forms of frequent CPA. Conclusion Self-reported prevalence of CPA is extremely common in the Bangladeshi rural society. The prevalence was associated with demographic and socio-contextual characteristics of the children such as being younger, witnessing domestic violence and maternal low education. The findings provide evidence to support parents and policy-makers to take effective measures to implement policy and programme on alternative up-bringing methods and creating awareness of negative effects of CM which in turn help Bangladesh to line up with UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the country signed in 1990.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71490 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0212428 (DOI)000459062900055 ()30779784 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-14 Created: 2019-03-14 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Mashreky, S. R., Rahman, F. A. K., Islam, S. S. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2018). Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh. Injury Prevention, 24, A107-A107, Article ID PW 2708.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, p. A107-A107, article id PW 2708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70252 (URN)10.1136/injuryprevention-2018-safety.296 (DOI)000446617400297 ()
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Beckman, L., Janson, S. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2018). Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002). Disability and Health Journal, 11(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002)
2018 (English)In: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the article ‘‘Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey’’ Disability and Health Journal 2016; 9(4):663–672 by Linda Beckman, Staffan Janson, and Laura von Kobyletzki on page 2 the ethical considerations under section “Questionnaires, interviews, and health examinations”, the following sentence “The ELSA project has been approved by the regional ethical research committee in Uppsala, Sweden (reg. no: 2013/160).”should read as “The study has been reviewed by the local ethical research committee in Karlstad, Sweden (reg. no: C2015/65).”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc., 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66941 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.11.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044145605 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved
Koivula, T., Ellonen, N., Janson, S., Jernbro, C., Huhtala, H. & Paavilainen, E. (2018). Psychological and physical violence towards children with disabilities in Finland and Sweden. Journal of Child Health Care, 22(3), 317-331
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological and physical violence towards children with disabilities in Finland and Sweden
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 317-331Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes psychological aggression and physical violence by Swedish and Finnish mothers (N = 3420) towards their 0- to 12-year-old children with disabilities (N = 286) by comparing such behaviour with the mothers of children without disabilities (N = 3134). The survey data are based on representative samples from Finland and Sweden of mothers’ reports of their behaviour towards their child in conflict situations. Mothers of children with disabilities reported more psychological aggression towards their child than did mothers of children without disabilities. Mothers used psychological aggression, especially towards children with neurological/psychological disabilities. However, the only significant difference regarding physical violence was repetitive use of mild physical violence. Overall, the analysis suggests that children with neurological/psychological disabilities are more exposed to both psychological and physical violence than children without disabilities or children with somatic/developmental disabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Child, disability, long-term illness, mother, violence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66534 (URN)10.1177/1367493518757379 (DOI)000442390000003 ()2-s2.0-85041550351 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, N., Peltonen, K., Poso, T. & Janson, S. (2017). A multifaceted risk analysis of fathers' self-reported physical violence toward their children. Aggressive Behavior, 43(4), 317-328
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A multifaceted risk analysis of fathers' self-reported physical violence toward their children
2017 (English)In: Aggressive Behavior, ISSN 0096-140X, E-ISSN 1098-2337, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 317-328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children. The study is based on merged data from Finland and Sweden, in which an anonymous survey was answered by parents, based on representative samples of parents with 0-12-year-old children. The merged data set included 679 fathers and analyses were carried out using logistic regression models. Six percent of the fathers had committed severe violent acts, that is, slapped, hit, punched, kicked, bit, hit/tried to hit their child with an object or shook (under 2-year-old) their child at least once during the 12 months preceding the survey. Corporal punishment experienced by the fathers when they were children, or used by the father as a method of discipline, strongly increased the likelihood of severe violent acts. The findings emphasize the importance of preventing all forms of corporal punishment in seeking to minimize the occurrence of severe physical violence by fathers toward their children. Aggr. Behav. 43:317-328, 2017. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pediatrics Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65641 (URN)10.1002/ab.21691 (DOI)000403356800001 ()27878826 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2017). Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study. Child Care Health and Development, 43(6), 876-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study
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2017 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 876-883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective. MethodsSemistructured individual interviews with 24 children (13 boys and 11 girls), between the ages of 9 and 13years of which 11 were schoolgoing and 13 non-schoolgoing, were conducted during July 2013 and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. ResultsCM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were especially young children, girls, and poor children. The children's voices were not heard due to their low status and low position in their families, schools, and working places. The main theme that emerged in the analysis was children's subordination, which permeated the five categories: (a) perception of children's situation in society, (b) understanding children's development and needs, (c) CM associated to school achievement, (d) negative impact of CM, and (e) emotional responses. ConclusionsDifferent kinds of abuse are obviously common in Bangladesh, and the schools do not follow the law from 2011 prohibiting corporal punishment at school. The society has to take further steps to live up to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified already in 1990, to protect the Bangladeshi children from CM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65869 (URN)10.1111/cch.12508 (DOI)000412293800011 ()28871592 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Jernbro, C., Otterman, G., Tindberg, Y., Lucas, S. & Janson, S. (2017). Disclosure of maltreatment and perceived adult support among Swedish adolescents. Child Abuse Review, 26(6), 451-464
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disclosure of maltreatment and perceived adult support among Swedish adolescents
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2017 (English)In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 451-464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38175 (URN)10.1002/car.2443 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2015-10-14 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ellonen, N., Lucas, S., Tindberg, Y. & Janson, S. (2017). Parents' Self-Reported Use of Corporal Punishment and Other Humiliating Upbringing Practices in Finland and Sweden: A Comparative Study. Child Abuse Review, 26(4), 289-304
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents' Self-Reported Use of Corporal Punishment and Other Humiliating Upbringing Practices in Finland and Sweden: A Comparative Study
2017 (English)In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 289-304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden and Finland were the first countries to ban corporal punishment 30years ago. Since then, the prevalence of attitudes supporting the use of corporal punishment and the practice itself have decreased. This study examines the current frequencies of corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices in Finnish and Swedish families. The analysis is based on survey data among 3170 Finnish and 1358 Swedish parents with children from newborn to 12years of age. Data were analysed using univariate tests (chi-square) and logistic regression. According to the analysis, a larger proportion of Finnish parents, and especially mothers, use humiliating upbringing practices compared to Swedish parents. This difference is not found with regard to corporal punishment. A larger proportion of Finnish parents push their children compared to Swedish parents, while a larger proportion of Swedish parents shake their children. In both countries, corporal punishment is more frequently used by fathers, boys are more often victimised than girls, toddlers are more often exposed to corporal punishment and school-age children are more often subjected to psychologically abusive practices. Corporal punishment and other humiliating upbringing practices are strongly correlated in both countries. The differences found between countries were not explained by socio-demographic factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Keywords
child maltreatment, corporal punishment, physical punishment, emotional abuse, psychological abuse, children
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65712 (URN)10.1002/car.2482 (DOI)000406480400005 ()
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lucas, S., Jernbro, C., Tindberg, Y. & Janson, S. (2016). Bully, bullied and abused. Associations between violence at home and bullying in childhood. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(1), 27-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bully, bullied and abused. Associations between violence at home and bullying in childhood
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 27-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim was to examine experiences of bullying among Swedish adolescents and whether victims and perpetrators were also exposed to violence in the home, with particular focus on how abuse severity affected the risk of exposure to bullying. Methods: A nationally representative sample of pupils aged 14-15 responded to a questionnaire exploring exposure to corporal punishment and other types of violence. Results were analysed using Pearson's chi-square and multiple logistic regression, adjusting for factors regarding the child, the parents and the families' socioeconomic status. Results: Among the 3197 respondents, a significant proportion reported at least one incident of either bullying victimisation (girls 36%, boys 26%) or bullying perpetration (girls 24%, boys 36%). Physical and emotional violence in the home, including witnessed intimate partner violence, were significantly associated with both bullying victimisation and bullying perpetration. Odds ratios for exposure to bullying rose with increasing frequency and severity of abuse. Adjusted odds ratios ranged from 1.6 for any event of abuse vs. single episodes of bullying to 20.3 for multiple types of abuse vs. many episodes of bullying. The child's gender and the presence of a chronic health condition were consistently associated with nearly all levels of abuse and bullying. Conclusions: Bullying experiences are common among youth and are clearly associated with abuse. Frequent bullying, whether as victim or perpetrator, warrants particular vigilance, as it appears to be an indicator of severe violence in the home.

Keywords
Child abuse, bullying, physical abuse, psychological abuse, intimate partner violence
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41175 (URN)10.1177/1403494815610238 (DOI)000369969000006 ()26472326 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-30 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved
Svensson, B., Andershed, H. & Janson, S. (2015). A Survey of Swedish Teachers' Concerns for Preschool Children at Risk of Maltreatment. Early Childhood Education Journal, 43(6), 495-503
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Survey of Swedish Teachers' Concerns for Preschool Children at Risk of Maltreatment
2015 (English)In: Early Childhood Education Journal, ISSN 1082-3301, E-ISSN 1573-1707, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 495-503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate a problem that is related to pre-school teachers' prolonged and temporary concerns for children's home situations and the extent to which these children were in need of special support in pre-school and/or were reported to the CPA. Data were obtained from a Swedish prospective study (the SOFIA-study) including 2,017 pre-school children. In this specific study, data from pre-school teacher and parent questionnaires were analyzed (baseline 2010, follow up 2011). Four groups were compared: no concern (85 %), newly arisen concern (6 %), previous concern (5 %), and prolonged concern (4 %). When pre-school teachers expressed prolonged concerns for the children's home situations they not only expressed lasting multiple concerns for children's health and development but also reported long-term problems in the contact between staff and parents. There was an obvious association between concern for the home situation and assessed need of special support in pre-school (37 % in the prolonged concern group). Reports to the child protection agency were made in a minority of the cases. In conclusion, pre-school teachers' concern for children at risk of maltreatment can be understood from a broad perspective on children's health and development. This study highlights the importance of early assessment of the child's home situation, to ensure that proper support is given.

Keywords
Children at risk of maltreatment, Child abuse, Prevention, Pre-school, Chronic health condition, Disabilities, Detection, Support
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40687 (URN)10.1007/s10643-014-0684-z (DOI)000364001800006 ()
Available from: 2016-02-24 Created: 2016-02-24 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
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