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Eriksson, Ulla-BrittORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5474-3948
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Islam, S. S., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2019). Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 14(2), Article ID e0212428.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's exposure to physical abuse from a child perspective: A population-based study in rural Bangladesh
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Although child physical abuse (CPA) is considered as a major global public health problem, it has not yet been recognized as such in Bangladesh. Very few studies have assessed the prevalence and victims' characteristics of multiple forms of CPA. Objective This population-based study assessed the prevalence of CPA committed by adults in a rural area of Bangladesh and examined its association with demographic and socio-contextual factors. Methods Data were obtained using ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool for Children (ICAST-C) in a random sample of 1416 children (49% girls, 51% boys) aged 11 to 17 years by face-to-face interviews during March-April 2017. The response rate was 91.5%. To estimate predictors of CPA, physical abuse was categorized into frequent and less frequent groups. Results The prevalence of at least one form (>= 1), two forms (>= 2) and three or more forms (>= 3) of CPA were estimated approximately to 99%, 95% and 83% in their lifetime and 93%, 79%, and 57% in the past year respectively. Hitting (except on buttocks), standing/kneeling and slapping were the most common physical abuse whereas given drugs or alcohol, pinched, burned or scalded, beaten-up and locked up were less reported. Female children were faced severe forms of CPA more than that of males. Male children, younger age groups, witnessing adults using weapons at home, bullied by siblings and low level of maternal education were found to be significant risk factors for both >= 1 form and >= 2 forms of frequent CPA whereas adding also adult shouting in a frightening way was found as a significant risk factor for >= 2 forms of frequent CPA. Conclusion Self-reported prevalence of CPA is extremely common in the Bangladeshi rural society. The prevalence was associated with demographic and socio-contextual characteristics of the children such as being younger, witnessing domestic violence and maternal low education. The findings provide evidence to support parents and policy-makers to take effective measures to implement policy and programme on alternative up-bringing methods and creating awareness of negative effects of CM which in turn help Bangladesh to line up with UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the country signed in 1990.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71490 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0212428 (DOI)000459062900055 ()30779784 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-14 Created: 2019-03-14 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Engh, L., Jernbro, C., Lin, P.-I., Bornehag, C.-G. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2018). Can school attachment modify the relation between foster care placement and school achievement?. British Journal of School Nursing, 13(4), 175-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can school attachment modify the relation between foster care placement and school achievement?
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2018 (English)In: British Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1752-2803, E-ISSN 2052-2827, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 175-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mark Allen group, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67218 (URN)10.12968/bjsn.2018.13.4.178 (DOI)
Note

I avhandlingen med titeln Could school attachment modify the relation between foster care placement and school achievement : Results from s Swedish population-based study

Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Mashreky, S. R., Rahman, F. A. K., Islam, S. S. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2018). Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh. Injury Prevention, 24, A107-A107, Article ID PW 2708.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children'S Exposure To Physical Abuse From A Child Perspective-A Population Based Study In Rural Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, p. A107-A107, article id PW 2708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70252 (URN)10.1136/injuryprevention-2018-safety.296 (DOI)000446617400297 ()
Available from: 2018-11-22 Created: 2018-11-22 Last updated: 2018-11-22Bibliographically approved
Haque, M. A., Janson, S., Moniruzzaman, S., Rahman, A. K., Mashreky, S. R. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2017). Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study. Child Care Health and Development, 43(6), 876-883
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bangladeshi school-age children's experiences and perceptions on child maltreatment: A qualitative interview study
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2017 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 876-883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundChild maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective. MethodsSemistructured individual interviews with 24 children (13 boys and 11 girls), between the ages of 9 and 13years of which 11 were schoolgoing and 13 non-schoolgoing, were conducted during July 2013 and analysed according to qualitative content analysis. ResultsCM was a common and painful experience with serious physical and emotional consequences but highly accepted by the society. Vulnerable groups were especially young children, girls, and poor children. The children's voices were not heard due to their low status and low position in their families, schools, and working places. The main theme that emerged in the analysis was children's subordination, which permeated the five categories: (a) perception of children's situation in society, (b) understanding children's development and needs, (c) CM associated to school achievement, (d) negative impact of CM, and (e) emotional responses. ConclusionsDifferent kinds of abuse are obviously common in Bangladesh, and the schools do not follow the law from 2011 prohibiting corporal punishment at school. The society has to take further steps to live up to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified already in 1990, to protect the Bangladeshi children from CM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65869 (URN)10.1111/cch.12508 (DOI)000412293800011 ()28871592 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Engh Kraft, L. & Eriksson, U.-B. (2015). The School Nurse's Ability to Detect and Support Abused Children: A Trust-Creating Process. Journal of School Nursing, 31(5), 353-362
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The School Nurse's Ability to Detect and Support Abused Children: A Trust-Creating Process
2015 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 353-362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Child abuse has negative health consequences. Early detection and preventive measures lead to avoidance of prolonged and more complex problems. School nurses have a child protection role and should pay attention to vulnerable children. Through health dialogues and other interactions with pupils, school nurses have the opportunity to detect child abuse. The aim of the study was to explore how school nurses detect child abuse and initiate support measures. Focus group interviews were conducted with 23 school nurses. The data were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Results showed that the main concern of the school nurses was support and assistance to children who are abused which was preceded by a trust-creating and trust-strengthening process. Trust contains self-confidence and confidence in the system and trust can be strengthened or undermined. Building trustful relations is time consuming and is facilitated by networking, refined assessment instruments, and collaboration.

Keywords
hild abuse; child protection; focus groups; grounded theory; health dialogue; school nurse; social relations; trust
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33806 (URN)10.1177/1059840514550483 (DOI)000361139600006 ()25239920 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-09-23 Created: 2014-09-23 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Schyllander, J., Janson, S., Nyberg, C., Eriksson, U.-B. & Ekman Stark, D. (2013). Case analysis of all children's drowning deaths occuring in Sweden 1998-2007. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 41(2), 174-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case analysis of all children's drowning deaths occuring in Sweden 1998-2007
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2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 174-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The goal of this research project was to explore circumstances surrounding each drowning death occurring to children and adolescents ages 0–17 in Sweden during the years 1998–2007. Methods: Records from the National Board of Forensic Medicine (NBFM) and other sources were analysed. We collected information on children’spersonal characteristics (sex, age, ethnic background, weight, height, physical condition, and pre-existing health conditions) and the circumstances of deaths (time and place of occurrence, type of drowning, resuscitation efforts and medical care given, for example). We also collected information on prevention factors: the physical environment, adult supervision, whether or not the child could swim, and if the child was using a personal flotation device at the time of death. Results: Our analysis showed that 109 children had drowned in Sweden during the study period – of this group, 96 had died from unintentional causes. Children from immigrant backgrounds, particularly with families coming from the Middle East and Iran, were inordinately represented in the group of victims who had died from unintentional drowning deaths. Other risk factors included: coming from a single parent-headed family, alcohol use by older victims and a lack of ability to swim. Conclusions: Prevention efforts to prevent drowning in the future should focus on preventing alcohol use by young bathers; better fencing around swimming sites; improved coverage of swimming lessons to all children in Sweden, especially children from immigrant families; more education on drowning risks for single parents; and better awareness by adults on the need for constant supervision of children and adolescents in and near water.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013
Keywords
children, drowning, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-15659 (URN)10.1177/1403494812471156 (DOI)000315233100009 ()23282938 (PubMedID)
Note

Diana Ekman Stark, CAS saknas.

Available from: 2012-11-20 Created: 2012-11-20 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Svensson, B., Eriksson, U.-B. & Janson, S. (2013). Exploring risk for abuse of children with chronic conditions or disabilities: parent’s perceptions of stressors and the role of professionals. Child Care Health and Development, 39(6), 887-893
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring risk for abuse of children with chronic conditions or disabilities: parent’s perceptions of stressors and the role of professionals
2013 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 887-893Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Children with chronic conditions or disabilities are at an increased risk for abuse. High-levels of parental stress have been identified as possible trigger for abuse, where a combination of several factors are of importance, such as lack of social support and limited resources in the neighborhood. Suggestions for preventive measures have merely focused on parenting strategies and targeted intervention programs. So far, little attention has been paid to how the risk for abuse might relate to parent’s perceptions of stressors and the role of professionals. The purpose of the current study was therefore to explore risk factors for abuse with focus on both parent-child and parent-professional relationships.

Method:Semi-structured in-depth interviews with 15 parents of children with chronic conditions or disabilities were collected and analysed according to qualitative content analysis.

Findings:Three major themes were found that could be seen as risk factors for child abuse: 1) Emotional demands in precarious situations between parent and child. 2) Gradual shift in responsibility from professionals to parents concerning access to and coordination of service and support. 3) Emotionally closed environment between professionals and parents and taboo on talking about abuse. The gradual shift in responsibility had emotional implications, which could reinforce parental stress and thereby also indirect increase the risk of child abuse. The gradual shift in responsibility also seemed to generate an emotionally closed environment and reinforce the taboo on talking about abuse, which in turn hindered preventive measures. 2

Conclusions:In the light of parent’s perceptions of stressors and the role of professionals the findings indicate that abuse against children with chronic conditions or disability is not only a family matter, but also depending on qualities in service, professional support and social norms. The result pinpoints three challenges for preventive measures, all with emotional implications; parental strategies, organisational efforts and cultural awareness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2013
Keywords
abuse, child disability, chronic health condition, prevention
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26455 (URN)10.1111/cch.12030 (DOI)000325138300017 ()2-s2.0-84884988917 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-02-22 Created: 2013-02-22 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved
Engström, L.-G., Starrin, B., Eriksson, U.-B. & Janson, S. (2011). Influence of insecure social bonds at work and adverse life events: a comparison between longterm sickness absentees with mental diagnoses and a healthy population. In: Halvor Nordby, Rolf Rønning and Gunnar Tellnes (Ed.), Social aspects of Illness, Disease and Sickness Absence. Oslo: Unipub forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of insecure social bonds at work and adverse life events: a comparison between longterm sickness absentees with mental diagnoses and a healthy population
2011 (English)In: Social aspects of Illness, Disease and Sickness Absence / [ed] Halvor Nordby, Rolf Rønning and Gunnar Tellnes, Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2011
National Category
Social Work Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Work; Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13144 (URN)9788274774803 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-05-02 Created: 2012-05-02 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, U.-B., Engström, L.-G., Janson, S. & Starrin, B. (2011). Insecure social relations at work and long-term sickness absence due to burnout and other mental diagnoses. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 38(4), 319-327
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Insecure social relations at work and long-term sickness absence due to burnout and other mental diagnoses
2011 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 319-327Article in journal (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2011
National Category
Social Work Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Work; Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10644 (URN)000291264400003 ()
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, U.-B., Ede, L., Janson, S. & Starrin, B. (2011). Sjukskrivning - sociala orsaker och innebörder: Rapport om sjukskrivning i Sverige. Lillehammer: Östlandsforskning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sjukskrivning - sociala orsaker och innebörder: Rapport om sjukskrivning i Sverige
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lillehammer: Östlandsforskning, 2011. p. 95
Series
ØF- rapport, ISSN 0809-1617 ; 2011/04
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10641 (URN)9788273566805 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5474-3948

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