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Roberts, T. (2023). Family language policy in Swedish-English families: Rhizomatic conceptualisations. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS, 11(2), 312-340
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Family language policy in Swedish-English families: Rhizomatic conceptualisations
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS, ISSN 2192-9521, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 312-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Although past research has established that family language policies are composed of numerous complex, entangled, heterogenous elements, as of yet, most works grounded within this research paradigm do not attempt to fully embrace this complexity. This article argues that the complexity can be more fully engaged with by conceptualising a family language policy as a rhizomatic system which consists of a multiplicity of temporary assemblages. Drawing on video recordings, interviews, and stimulated recall protocols from a project on the dimensions of language in Swedish-English families, this article aims to consider how interactional episodes within these families can be viewed as an assemblage of material elements, experiences, agential forces, and conceptual discourses. It is argued that through the analysis of multiple assemblages, and through the consideration of the connectivity between such assemblages, that a holistic picture of the rhizomatic structure that is a family language policy begins to be built.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Walter de Gruyter, 2023
Nyckelord
rhizome, assemblage, family language policy, bilingualism
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-94989 (URN)10.1515/eujal-2022-0042 (DOI)000986730500001 ()2-s2.0-85161349086 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Publicerades som manuscript med titeln: Family language policy in Swedish-English families: Rhizomatic conceptualisations

I Tim Roberts avhandling med titeln: Language practices in Swedish-English families

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-01 Skapad: 2023-06-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2023). Language, identity, and the body in relation to others: Sensemaking in a new migratory space. In: Maria Kuteeva & Caroline Kerfoot (Ed.), Dynamics of multilingualism: Spatialised repertoires and representations in unstable times. Palgrave Macmillan
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Language, identity, and the body in relation to others: Sensemaking in a new migratory space
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Dynamics of multilingualism: Spatialised repertoires and representations in unstable times / [ed] Maria Kuteeva & Caroline Kerfoot, Palgrave Macmillan, 2023Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This study considers how linguistic and spatial repertoires are experienced and understood by English-origin adults who now reside in Sweden. These individuals come from a space where they are familiar with the social rules and language practices but have entered a new space where this is not the case. Particular focus is given to the role that lived experiences of language play in the construction of participants’ repertoires, and most importantly, how lived experiences moderate the availability and accessibility of an individual’s acquired repertoire. The study locates itself within the phenomenological tradition that draws on the idea of the intersubjective nature of perception and aims to uncover how an individual perceives and makes sense of language and identity in this context. Equally relevant, and also borrowed from phenomenology, is the notion of the ‘body image’, which is seen as being formed from the social, relational, and inter-human interactions of a subject, and importantly for this study is the idea that the body image is key in understanding current interactional practices as well as expectations of interaction and wider ideologies of communication. In order to access participants’ experiences, I draw on biographical interviews in which participants elaborate on their past and present lives. The findings show that participants consistently compare their body-in-relation-to-others that they come into contact with in the new space. In order to do this, participants construct homogenous groups of ‘Swedes’ and ‘immigrants’, who in turn become enregistered with specific ideologies of communication. Additionally, participants construct spaces of potentialities regarding how they desire for their children to embody ‘Britishness’, which is closely linked to managing their children’s linguistic repertoires, and spaces of constraint, where participants consider how the local environment restricts their ability to deploy their entire communicative repertoire.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Palgrave Macmillan, 2023
Nyckelord
bilingualism, identity, body image, phenomenology, repertoire
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-92752 (URN)
Anmärkning

Pre-print.

Tillgänglig från: 2022-12-20 Skapad: 2022-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-27
Roberts, T. (2023). Language practices in Swedish-English families. (Doctoral dissertation). Karlstad: Karlstads universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Language practices in Swedish-English families
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation examines the family language practices of Swedish-English families using an interdisciplinary and mixed-method approach. The principal aim is to empirically document what these practices are, as well as how practices interact with various ideological, conceptual, and contextual factors.

The dissertation is composed of four empirical studies and a comprehensive summary with seven chapters. In order to engage with the complex, multidimensional nature of bilingual family language practices, the empirical studies adopt four different theoretical and methodological frameworks. Study I uses a large-scale quantitative approach to investigate the connection between declared family language practices and macro societal factors. Study II adopts a conversation analytic approach to examine the local sequential context of family language practices. Study III uses a rhizomatic discourse analytic approach, which considers how family language practices can be conceptualised as an assemblage of semiotic resources, objects, space, and time. Finally, Study IV focuses on the affective and psychological dimensions of language practices by adopting an interpretative phenomenological approach that explores participants’ thoughts, feelings, and their lived experiences with language.

The chapters of the comprehensive summary discuss the four empirical studies in relation to an expanded theoretical framework and in relation to each other. Although the epistemological and theoretical perspectives adopted in the four studies are different, they all consider how language practices are fundamentally situated in the local context of occurrence. Each study illuminates a portion of this local context, which, when triangulated, leads to a richer understanding of language practices than would be obtained with a single approach alone. In addition, the findings emphasise and exemplify how the context-sensitive dimensions of agency, identity, and emotion are inherently connected to language practices in bilingual families.

Abstract [en]

What are the language practices in Swedish-English families? Why are these practices the way they are? Answering questions like these is surprisingly complex and requires investigation from multiple angles. This dissertation addresses the abovementioned questions through the adoption of an interdisciplinary and mixed-method approach, which centres on uncovering the family language practices of Swedish-English families in situ. In addition, the analyses relate these language practices to the views and past experiences of family members. The data consists of video recordings of everyday family life, interviews with family members, and language practice questionnaires. Findings reveal that the language practices of Swedish-English families appear to be influenced by socioeconomic status, family constellation, family relationships, activities of everyday life, epistemic orders, space, time, as well as family members’ thoughts, feelings, and desires. The dissertation offers a multidimensional approach to engaging with the full complexity of family language practices in bilingual families.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2023. s. 109
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2023:3
Nyckelord
family language policy, bilingualism, conversation analysis, rhizome, linguistic repertoires, Swedish, English
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-92753 (URN)978-91-7867-334-6 (ISBN)978-91-7867-335-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-01-31, Sjöströmsalen, 1B 309, Karlstad, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-10 Skapad: 2022-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2022). Homework in a bi-national family: The mobilisation of others in resolving language-related epistemic issues. Linguistics and Education, 69, 101034-101034, Article ID 101034.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Homework in a bi-national family: The mobilisation of others in resolving language-related epistemic issues
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Linguistics and Education, ISSN 0898-5898, E-ISSN 1873-1864, Vol. 69, s. 101034-101034, artikel-id 101034Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study adopts a conversation analytic approach to present a close analysis of the sequential organisa-tion of a parent-child homework activity in a Swedish-English bi-national family. Families formed withinmigration contexts are increasingly common in an ever-globalised world, but current research has notfully investigated how parent-child homework practices are affected by parents who possess differinglevels of expertise in the societal language. This article examines a number of episodes where the pro-gressivity of a homework activity is halted due to language-related epistemic issues. More specifically,these halts in progressivity are caused due to the homework tasks being written in Swedish in combina-tion with the English mother’s lack of language expertise in Swedish. The episodes exemplify how theseepistemic deadlocks are resolved through the mobilisation of a more knowledgeable party, the Swedishfather, who orients to translation as a trouble resolution tool which facilitates epistemic progression andthe progressivity of the homework activity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2022
Nyckelord
bilingualism, conversation analysis, epistemics, homework, Sweden.
Nationell ämneskategori
Språk och litteratur
Forskningsämne
Engelska; Svenska språket
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-89958 (URN)10.1016/j.linged.2022.101034 (DOI)000800016900002 ()2-s2.0-85127343277 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-05-25 Skapad: 2022-05-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2022). Homework in a transnational family: Mobilizing others to resolve language-related epistemic issues. In: : . Paper presented at American Association for Applied Linguistics Conference (AAAL) 19-22 Mars, Pittsburg.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Homework in a transnational family: Mobilizing others to resolve language-related epistemic issues
2022 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This presentation adopts a conversation analytic approach and presents excerpts from a detailed analysis of the sequential organization of a parent-child homework activity in a Swedish-English transnational family. The data analyzed come from participant-recorded videos, which are part of a larger ethnographic project on language practices in bilingual families in Sweden. An implicit policy in Sweden exists in which parents are expected to assist with their children’s homework (Forsberg, 2007), but the knowledge required for this assistance is not necessarily possessed in full by parents in transnational families. Such families are increasingly common in an ever-globalized world, but current research has not fully investigated how parent-child homework practices are affected by parents who possess differing levels of expertise in the societal language. Drawing upon work on epistemics in interaction (Heritage, 2012), a number of sequences are examined where the progressivity of the homework activity is halted due to language-related epistemic issues. More specifically, these halts in progressivity are caused due to the homework tasks being written in Swedish in combination with the English mother’s lack of language expertise in Swedish. The sequences exemplify how these epistemic deadlocks are resolved through the mobilization of a more knowledgeable party (Betz, Taleghani-Nikazm, & Golato, 2020), the Swedish father. Upon his mobilization, the Swedish father orients to translation as a trouble resolution tool which facilitates epistemic progression and the progressivity of the homework activity. The presentation addresses how such mobilizations are dependent on participants’ monitoring of the local epistemic ecology, as well as the larger activity trajectory, and how both of these are intimately connected with co-participants’ linguistic abilities. Furthermore, the presentation comments on how the close analyses of bilingual parent-child homework sequences can reveal educational inequalities which may otherwise remain hidden.

Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-89171 (URN)
Konferens
American Association for Applied Linguistics Conference (AAAL) 19-22 Mars, Pittsburg
Tillgänglig från: 2022-03-22 Skapad: 2022-03-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-03-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2021). Conceptualising Family Language Policy as a Rhizomatic Structure. In: : . Paper presented at Second international symposium on family language policy, INALCO, Paris, France, November 29-30. Paris
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conceptualising Family Language Policy as a Rhizomatic Structure
2021 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

A broad corpus of research on the field of family language policy (FLP) has highlighted the entanglement between socioeconomic, sociopolitical, sociocultural, and sociolinguistic factors with interactional practices in the home domain (Curdt-Christiansen, 2018; Curdt-Christiansen and Huang, 2020; Soler and Roberts, 2019 etc.) Attempting to holistically understand the relationship between a FLP and its many constitutive parts can therefore be a challenging process. In this presentation, I discuss how this evident complexity might be brought together through the implementation of a rhizomatic approach (Deleuze and Guattari, 1987; Pietikäinen, 2015). The metaphor of the rhizome articulates a view of the world as a complex and non-hierarchical network; it rejects essentialist categorisations such as languages existing as predefined systems, and sees social life as fluid and enmeshed with the environment. I believe that conceptualising family language policy in this way allows for a more comprehensive framing and understanding of how a FLP is formed at a certain time and space through the intra-action of family members and their socio-material worlds.

I aim to exemplify some of the possibilities of this approach using data from my doctoral project on the language practices of Swedish-English families. The project draws on family-recorded videos of their everyday lives, interviews, and retrospective analyses through stimulated recall procedures. The setting is relatively novel from a FLP perspective as the Swedish sociolinguistic milieu in which these families find themselves makes for a context where traditional majority versus minority language dynamics differ from many other international settings (e.g. in contexts where a ‘foreign’ language does not have parity in terms of prestige with the local language) and is therefore a unique site for examining the relationship between societal forces and their influence on home language regimes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Paris: , 2021
Nyckelord
rhizome, assemblage, agency, linguistic ethnography, family language policy
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-87995 (URN)
Konferens
Second international symposium on family language policy, INALCO, Paris, France, November 29-30
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-05 Skapad: 2022-01-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-03-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2021). Homework in a transnational family: Mobilizing others to resolve language-related epistemic issues. In: : . Paper presented at NORDISCO, the 6th Nordic Interdisciplinary Conference on Discourse and Interaction.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Homework in a transnational family: Mobilizing others to resolve language-related epistemic issues
2021 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper adopts a conversation analytic approach and presents two excerpts from a detailed analysis of the sequential organization of a parent-child homework activity in a Swedish-English transnational family. The data analyzed come from participant-recorded videos, which are part of a larger ethnographic project on language practices in bilingual families in Sweden. An implicit policy in Sweden exists in which parents are expected to assist with their children’s homework (Forsberg, 2007), but the knowledge required for this assistance is not necessarily possessed in full by parents in transnational families. Drawing upon work on epistemics in interaction (Heritage, 2012), a number of sequences are examined where the progressivity of the homework activity is halted due to languagerelated epistemic issues. More specifically, these halts in progressivity are caused due to the homework tasks being written in Swedish in combination with the English mother’s lack of language expertise in Swedish. The sequences exemplify how these epistemic deadlocks are resolved through the mobilization of a more knowledgeable party (Betz, Taleghani-Nikazm, & Golato, 2020), the Swedish father. Upon his mobilization, the Swedish father orients to translation as a trouble resolution tool which facilitates epistemic progression and the progressivity of the homework activity. The presentation addresses how such mobilizations are dependent on participants’ monitoring of the local epistemic ecology, as well as the larger activity trajectory, and how both of these are intimately connected with co-participants’ linguistic abilities.

Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik Pedagogik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-87201 (URN)
Konferens
NORDISCO, the 6th Nordic Interdisciplinary Conference on Discourse and Interaction
Tillgänglig från: 2021-11-17 Skapad: 2021-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-12-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2021). Interaction orders in bilingual families and their connection to lived experiences of language.. In: : . Paper presented at Language as a Means of Intercultural Communication, Kherson National Technical University, Ukraine, May 20–21, 2021..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Interaction orders in bilingual families and their connection to lived experiences of language.
2021 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Drawing on ethnographic data from two projects on the home language practices of bilingual families living in Sweden, I aim to show how these practices are intimately connected with the family members’ historical bodies (Scollon & Scollon, 2004), in particular, their lived experiences of language (Busch, 2017). I consider how such past lived experiences impact family members’ current interpretation of conceptual discourses in place, as well as their language ideologies, which in turn influence their enacted linguistic repertoires. I further consider how family members’ shifting chronotopic identities (Blommaert & De Fina, 2016), can be traced to lived experiences with language at specific points in space and time. Although often considered in relation to the individual, I also aim to highlight how within the family context, lived experiences with language are frequently co-constructed between family members due to the parallel, intimately connected life trajectories that are often seen within members of the same family.

Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-84813 (URN)
Konferens
Language as a Means of Intercultural Communication, Kherson National Technical University, Ukraine, May 20–21, 2021.
Tillgänglig från: 2021-06-22 Skapad: 2021-06-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-10-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2021). The Social Underpinnings of Language Practices in Swedish-English Families. Nordic Journal of English Studies, 20(1), 155-193
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Social Underpinnings of Language Practices in Swedish-English Families
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1502-7694, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 155-193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

By means of a large-scale quantitative approach, this study examines the declared family language practices of Swedish-English bilingual families living in Sweden, and how an array of family-external and family-internal social factors correlate with divergences in these practices. For the purpose of this study, a Swedish-English bilingual family consists of two parents, one of which is an L1 English speaker, and the other is an L1 Swedish speaker, as well as their children. The data comes from a digital questionnaire completed by 438 families, which was analysed using non-parametric statistics. The results show that despite a preference for English amongst the parents in these families, their children are more likely to use Swedish in sibling interaction, which can be regarded as an indication of the influence of wider society on home language practices. The results also show that a number of social factors correlated with a divergence in declared language practices in these families, namely, parental occupation, the migratory history of the family, parent’s marital status, family involvement in parent-child English speaking groups, and whether the mother or the father was the L1 English speaker. Other typically cited social factors, such as parental education level, showed no significant correlation with declared language practices in these families. The study comments on raising bilingual children in a context where both languages are valued in society, and the implications for this internationally. The study also exemplifies the complex, context sensitive situation that is encountered when attempting to fully understand family language policies more generally.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Göteborgs universitet, 2021
Nyckelord
family language policy, bilingual families, home language, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-84816 (URN)2-s2.0-85110678626 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

10.35360/njes.550

Tillgänglig från: 2021-06-22 Skapad: 2021-06-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Roberts, T. (2021). Understanding Complexity in The Family Language Policy of Swedish-British Families. In: : . Paper presented at National Forum for English Studies.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Understanding Complexity in The Family Language Policy of Swedish-British Families
2021 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Family Language Policy (FLP), the explicit planning as well as the implicit, covert and unarticulated measures regarding management of languages in the family domain, has received increased scholarly attention in the last decade. Many past studies draw on Spolsky’s (2004) tripartite model of language policy, which views language policy as the culmination of language practices, language ideologies, and language management. Others have drawn on Curdt-Christiansen’s (2009) model of FLP, which considers socioeconomic, sociopolitical, sociocultural, and sociolinguistic factors and their influence on FLPs. Despite this, most past studies do not attempt to fully integrate all of these areas into their analyses. In this presentation, I propose adopting assemblage theory (Deleuze & Guattari, 1987) as a means for analysing and combining these complex, ongoing and intertwined processes, which ultimately combine to create a FLP. I draw on video-ethnographic and interview data from Swedish-British families in order to show how key moments from the data can be understood as the assemblage of diverse elements. In keeping with the theme of the conference, I pay particular attention to how recent global developments such as Brexit play a mediating role in these assemblages, and thus in the FLPs of Swedish-British families.

Nyckelord
family language policy, bilingual families, assemblage
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-83763 (URN)
Konferens
National Forum for English Studies
Tillgänglig från: 2021-04-23 Skapad: 2021-04-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-09-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3706-9880

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