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Publikationer (10 of 12) Visa alla publikationer
Haglund, J., Andersson, J. & Berg, M. (2019). Practical exercises in university mechanics. In: : . Paper presented at ESERA, Bologna, 26-30 August.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Practical exercises in university mechanics
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In the present study, four practical exercises were introduced in a university-level mechanics course, in order to provide students with shared, personal, embodied experiences of physical phenomena in relation to the taught content. The practical exercises were performed during 10-15 minutes with subsequent discussion in random groups of 3-4 students during recitation sessions. Two of the exercises involved physically experiencing the reduced force of raising a 5 kg weight with a rope and a system of pulleys compared to with a rope alone, and finding the centre of mass of an object by holding under the object with ones hands and moving the hands toward one another. Video analysis of selected episodes of students’ interaction with the exercises reveals how they coordinated gestures and spoken language in expressing their conceptual understanding of the phenomena. In a subsequent group interview, participant physics teacher students expressed that the exercises were useful for feeling physically what they had previously only calculated. Apart from grounding conceptual understanding in physical experiences, the course evaluation shows that participation in random small groups led to increased communication among students that did not know each other before, thereby contributing to the development of a learning community.

Nationell ämneskategori
Didaktik
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-76032 (URN)
Konferens
ESERA, Bologna, 26-30 August
Anmärkning

The research was funded by the Centre of Science, Mathematics and Engineering Education Research (SMEER) at Karlstad University.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-20 Skapad: 2019-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Conlon, J. P., Day, F., Jennings, N., Krippendorf, S., Powell, A. J. & Rummel, M. (2017). Constraints on Axion-Like Particles from X-ray Observations of NGC1275. Astrophysical Journal, 847(101), 1-22
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Constraints on Axion-Like Particles from X-ray Observations of NGC1275
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 847, nr 101, s. 1-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Axion-like particle s(ALPs) can induce localized oscillatory modulations in the spectra of photon sources passingthrough astrophysical magneticfields. Ultra-deep Chandraobservations of the Perseus cluster contain over 5 x 105counts from the active galactic nucleus (AGN) of the central cluster galaxy NGC1275 and represent a dataset of extraordinary quality for ALP searches. We use this data set to search for X-ray spectral irregularities fromthe AGN.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Physics (IOP), 2017
Nyckelord
elementary particles, X-rays, galaxies, clusters, individual (NGC1275)
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan fysik
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65797 (URN)10.3847/1538-4357/aa8b16 (DOI)000411890700001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-23 Skapad: 2018-01-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Buchberger, I. & Schlotterer, O. (2017). From maximal to minimal supersymmetry in string loop amplitudes. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), 163
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>From maximal to minimal supersymmetry in string loop amplitudes
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41950 (URN)10.1007/JHEP04(2017)163 (DOI)000401067200002 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-29 Skapad: 2016-04-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Buchberger, I. & Schlotterer, O. (2017). String-motivated one-loop amplitudes in gauge theories with half-maximal supersymmetry. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP) (7), Article ID 138.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>String-motivated one-loop amplitudes in gauge theories with half-maximal supersymmetry
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 7, artikel-id 138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We compute one-loop amplitudes in six-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with half-maximal supersymmetry from first principles: imposing gauge invariance and locality on an ansatz made from string-theory inspired kinematic building blocks yields unique expressions for the 3- and 4-point amplitudes. We check that the results are reproduced in the field-theory limit alpha' -> 0 of string amplitudes in K3 orbifolds, using simplifications made in a companion string-theory paper.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2017
Nyckelord
Scattering Amplitudes, Superstrings and Heterotic Strings, Supersymmetric Gauge Theory, Supersymmetric Effective Theories
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65726 (URN)10.1007/JHEP07(2017)138 (DOI)000406884500007 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-18 Skapad: 2018-01-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Haack, M., Kang, J. U. & Sjörs, S. (2014). Towards the One-loop Kahler Metric of Calabi-Yau Orientifolds. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), 12, 077
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards the One-loop Kahler Metric of Calabi-Yau Orientifolds
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 12, s. 077-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluate string one-loop contributions to the Kahler metric of closed string moduli in toroidal minimally supersymmetric (Calabi-Yau) orientifolds with D-branes. We focus on the poorly understood N = 1 sectors that receive contributions from all massive string states.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: Springer, 2014
Nyckelord
Strings and branes phenomenology
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-33810 (URN)10.1007/JHEP12(2014)077 (DOI)000349601900001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2014-09-23 Skapad: 2014-09-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Buchberger, I., Ghilencea, D. & Petersson, C. (2013). Higgs diphoton rate enhancement from supersymmetric physics beyond the MSSM. Physical Review D, 88(2)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Higgs diphoton rate enhancement from supersymmetric physics beyond the MSSM
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 88, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We show that supersymmetric ‘‘new physics’’ beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model can naturally accommodate a Higgs mass near 126 GeV and enhance the signal rate in the h to gamma gamma channel, while the signal rates in all the other Higgs decay channels coincide with Standard Model expectations, except possibly the h to Z gamma channel. The new physics that corrects the relevant Higgs couplings can be captured by two supersymmetric effective operators. We provide a simple example of an underlying model in which these operators are simultaneously generated. The scale of new physics that generates these operators can be around 5 TeV or larger, and outside the reach of the LHC.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
AMER PHYSICAL SOC, 2013
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30079 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevD.88.025017 (DOI)000321738200011 ()
Externt samarbete:
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-21 Skapad: 2013-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Conlon, J., Marsh, D. & Witkowski, L. (2013). Superpotential de-sequestering in string models. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), 18(February)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Superpotential de-sequestering in string models
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 18, nr FebruaryArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Non-perturbative superpotential cross-couplings between visible sector matter and Kähler moduli can lead to significant flavour-changing neutral currents in compactifications of type IIB string theory. Here, we compute corrections to Yukawa couplings in orbifold models with chiral matter localised on D3-branes and non-perturbative effects on distant D7-branes. By evaluating a threshold correction to the D7-brane gauge coupling, we determine conditions under which the non-perturbative corrections to the Yukawa couplings appear. The flavour structure of the induced Yukawa coupling generically fails to be aligned with the tree-level flavour structure. We check our results by also evaluating a correlation function of two D7-brane gauginos and a D3-brane Yukawa coupling. Finally, by calculating a string amplitude between n hidden scalars and visible matter we show how non-vanishing vacuum expectation values of distant D7-brane scalars, if present, may correct visible Yukawa couplings with a flavour structure that differs from the tree-level flavour structure.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Berlin: Springer, 2013
Nyckelord
Supersymmetry Breaking, Compactification and String Models, Intersecting branes models, Conformal Field Models in String Theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26947 (URN)10.1007/JHEP02(2013)018 (DOI)000316272900018 ()
Externt samarbete:
Tillgänglig från: 2013-04-15 Skapad: 2013-04-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Buchberger, I., Enander, J., Mörtsell, E. & Sjörs, S. (2012). Growth Histories in Bimetric Massive Gravity. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (12), Article ID 021.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Growth Histories in Bimetric Massive Gravity
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2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, nr 12, artikel-id 021Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We perform cosmological perturbation theory in Hassan-Rosen bimetric gravity for general homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds. In the de Sitter approximation, we obtain decoupled sets of massless and massive scalar gravitational fluctuations. Matter perturbations then evolve like in Einstein gravity. We perturb the future de Sitter regime by the ratio of matter to dark energy, producing quasi-de Sitter space. In this more general setting the massive and massless fluctuations mix. We argue that in the quasi-de Sitter regime, the growth of structure in bimetric gravity differs from that of Einstein gravity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bristol: Institute of Physics (IOP), 2012
Nyckelord
modified gravity, cosmological parameters from LSS, dark energy theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik Algebra och logik Matematisk analys
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26948 (URN)10.1088/1475-7516/2012/12/021 (DOI)000312959800021 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2013-04-15 Skapad: 2013-04-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Haack, M. & Kang, J. U. (2012). One-Loop Kähler Metric of D-Branes at Angles. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), 1211, 091
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>One-Loop Kähler Metric of D-Branes at Angles
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 1211, s. 091-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluate string one-loop contributions to the Kahler metric of D-brane moduli (positions and Wilson lines), in toroidal orientifolds with branes at angles. Contributions due to bulk states in the loop are known, so we focus on the contributions due to states localized at intersections of orientifold images. We show that these quantum corrections vanish. This does not follow from the usual nonrenormalization theorems of supersymmetric field theory.

Nationell ämneskategori
Subatomär fysik
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16169 (URN)10.1007/JHEP11(2012)091 (DOI)000312198500026 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet
Tillgänglig från: 2012-12-12 Skapad: 2012-12-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Marsh, D., McAllister, L. & Pajer, E. (2011). Sequestering in String Compactifications. Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), 134
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sequestering in String Compactifications
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 134Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the mediation of supersymmetry breaking in string compactifications whose moduli are stabilized by nonperturbative effects. We begin with a critical review of arguments for sequestering in supergravity and in string theory. We then show that geometric isolation, even in a highly warped space, is insufficient to achieve sequestering: in type IIB compactifications, nonperturbative superpotentials involving the Kahler moduli introduce cross-couplings between well-separated visible and hidden sectors. The scale of the resulting soft terms depends on the moduli stabilization scenario. In the Large Volume Scenario, nonperturbative superpotential contributions to the soft trilinear A terms can introduce significant flavor violation, while in KKLT compactifications their effects are negligible. In both scenarios, the contributions to the mu and B mu parameters cannot be ignored in general. We conclude that sequestered supersymmetry breaking is possible in nonperturbatively-stabilized compactifications only if a mechanism in addition to bulk locality suppresses superpotential cross-couplings.

Nyckelord
Flux compactifications; Supersymmetry Breaking
Nationell ämneskategori
Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
Forskningsämne
Fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30895 (URN)10.1007/JHEP06(2011)134 (DOI)000293136600061 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2014-01-15 Skapad: 2014-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9611-2450

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