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Svensson, E. (2019). Crisis or transition? Risk and resilience during the Late Medieval agrarian crisis. In: Brady, Niall & Theune, Claudia (Ed.), Settlement change across medieval Europe: Old paradigms and new vistas. (pp. 171-181). Leiden: Sidestone Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Crisis or transition? Risk and resilience during the Late Medieval agrarian crisis
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Settlement change across medieval Europe: Old paradigms and new vistas. / [ed] Brady, Niall & Theune, Claudia, Leiden: Sidestone Press, 2019, s. 171-181Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

During the Viking Age and Early Middle Ages (c. 9th-13th centuries), outland-using peasants in the hilly and forested areas of inner Scandinavia were making a good living by producing commodities for sale in external markets. Some were using the outland intensively, relying on commodity production. Others used the outland extensively in diverse ways and balanced with agrarian activities. Trade networks broke down in the 13th century, and intensive outland-using peasants had to restructure their economy, placing greater emphasis on cereal cultivation and cattle breeding. The extensive outland-using peasants did not restructure their economy in the same way. The Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis with the Black Death brought death and the desertion of farmsteads. However, permanent desertion of settlements was not noticeable in intensive outland-using communities, whereas there are far more deserted settlements in extensive outland-using communities. These communities were less resilient than the intensive outland-using communities, who had built new capacities when restructuring the economy. Many of the deserted settlements appear to have come under the ownership of the vicarages, the only agents of feudalism in the investigated areas. Crisis feudalism appears to have been an important factor in permanent desertion after the Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Leiden: Sidestone Press, 2019
Serie
Ruralia, ISSN 2565-8883 ; XII
Nyckelord
Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis; risk; resilience; outland use; crisis feudalism.
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74835 (URN)978-90-8890-806-4 (ISBN)978-90-8890-807-1 (ISBN)978-90-8890-808-8 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-24 Skapad: 2019-09-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Hansson, M., Nilsson, P. & Svensson, E. (2019). Invisible and Ignored: The Archaeology of Nineteenth-Century Subalterns in Sweden. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 1-21
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Invisible and Ignored: The Archaeology of Nineteenth-Century Subalterns in Sweden
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Historical Archaeology, ISSN 1092-7697, E-ISSN 1573-7748, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to discuss subalterns in different social environments in Sweden. Thepotential of archaeological studies of landless subalterns in rural and urban areas areshown though a number of case studies. It is argued that archaeology can show themultivocality of the lives of the subalterns, in the same way as it shows how thesubalterns organized their daily life. This is done through the use of the concepts ofmatterscape, powerscape, and mindscape. The subalterns used the physical landscape(matterscape) according to prevailing norms and power structures (powerscape), thuscreating a perceptive understanding of their daily landscape (mindscape).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2019
Nyckelord
Subalterns, Multivocality, Sweden, Matterscape, Mindscape
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71407 (URN)10.1007/s10761-019-00500-3 (DOI)
Projekt
Subaltern archeology and heritage
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksantikvarieämbetet, 5126-2016
Tillgänglig från: 2019-03-01 Skapad: 2019-03-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Nilsson, P., Svensson, E. & Hansson, M. (2019). The invisible subalterns: An archaeological overview. Fornvännen, 114(3), 169-184
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The invisible subalterns: An archaeological overview
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 114, nr 3, s. 169-184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In the 19th and early 20th centuries there were numerous non-proprietors paupers in the Swedish countryside such as crofters, boarders and inhabitants of rural slums. With a change in the heritage legislation, increased possibilities to archaeologically investigate the non-proprietors of the recent past have emerged, but the archaeological material is still both scarce and of a repetitive character. Thus, multi source methods such as triangulation of written documents, historical maps and archaeological evidence is used to study living conditions in a number of cases. We argue for the importance of archaeology in this context, as there often are arguments against the usefulness of archaeology in a period rich in written sources. We emphasize that archaeology helps provide a more complex picture of the vulnerability and marginalization of poor and paupers. Marginalization could offer new possibilities to the poor and pauper, but also weaker security nets and increased vulnerability. The potential of archaeological studies of landless subalterns can show the multivocality of the lives of the subalterns, in the same way as it shows how the subalterns organized their daily life. We can conclude that much needs to be done on the topic of subalterns, in order to make them more visible and a mainstream topic of historical research. Archeology has a great deal to contribute in this process.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien i samarbete med Historiska museet, 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75628 (URN)000490048300004 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-12 Skapad: 2019-11-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Hansson, M., Nilsson, P. & Svensson, E. (2018). De obesuttnas arkeologi och  kulturarv (ca. 1700-1900). META H : historiskarkeologisk tidskrift
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>De obesuttnas arkeologi och  kulturarv (ca. 1700-1900)
2018 (Svenska)Ingår i: META H : historiskarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 2002-0406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to present a recently started project about the heritage of subaltern people in Sweden. In the paper we focus on the parts of the project that concerns the rural history of the 18th and 19th centuries, especially crofters. The background to the project is the introduction of major changes in the Swedish Historic Environments Act in 2014. A radical novelty is that remains of human activity and buildings executed before AD 1850 now are legally protected sites. With this change a large number of remains, including hitherto un- or underresearched types, are to be included in heritage management, conservation and rescue archaeology. Here we present the background and starting points of the project, in order to show the potential of archaeological studies of landless subalterns in rural areas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Historiskarkeologiska föreningen, 2018
Nyckelord
Historisk arkeologi, Obesuttna
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67760 (URN)
Projekt
De obesuttnas arkeologi och kulturarv
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksantikvarieämbetet, 3.2.2-6367-2016
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-18 Skapad: 2018-06-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-08-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Svensson, E., Amundsen, H., Holm, I., Hulling, H., Johansson, A., Löfgren, J., . . . Stensby, V. (2018). Empowering marginal lifescapes: The heritage of crofters inbetween the past and the present. International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), 24(1), 17-34
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Empowering marginal lifescapes: The heritage of crofters inbetween the past and the present
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 17-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a rich, but unacknowledged, heritage of rural subalterns, crofters, in Scandinavia. A Swedish-Norwegian interdisciplinary research-network investigated the most prominent category – the remains of crofts. Due to industrialisation, urbanisation and the modern welfare state, the institution of crofting was abolished, and many crofters left for opportunities elsewhere. The welfare state transformed a landscape of living and working people into a one filled with relicts mostly from the nineteenth century. Although numerous and important to local citizens, these sites fall outside the authorised heritage discourse (AHD) in terms of both research and heritage management. This paper takes an environmental justice perspective to challenge the AHD. Three themes are in focus: (1) bringing out the history of a subaltern and marginalised group of people; (2) promoting crofts as heritage of importance to local citizens and demanding complex management due to the various historical narratives and risks; (3) considering the crofting landscapes in relation to the (economisation) framing of heritage in development processes, especially in relation to fair development in present rural communities.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Nyckelord
Environmental justice; bring out subalterns; crofts as heritage; framing heritage in rural development
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63748 (URN)10.1080/13527258.2017.1362579 (DOI)000426617900002 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Riksantikvarieämbetet, 3.2.2-3094-2013
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-17 Skapad: 2017-09-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Costello, E. & Svensson, E. (Eds.). (2018). Historical archaeologies of transhumance across Europe. Oxon: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Historical archaeologies of transhumance across Europe
2018 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxon: Routledge, 2018. s. 268
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia och arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68545 (URN)978-0-8153-8032-0 (ISBN)978-1-351-21339-4 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-07-10 Skapad: 2018-07-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Svensson, E. (2018). The scandinavian shieling – between innovation and tradition. In: E. Costello, E. Svensson (Ed.), Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe: (pp. 15-27). London: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The scandinavian shieling – between innovation and tradition
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe / [ed] E. Costello, E. Svensson, London: Routledge, 2018, s. 15-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Shielings (Sw. fäbod or säter, No. seter) functioned as a means for expanding agrarian enterprises (mainly the grazing of cattle) from the farmstead or hamlet to areas lying outside those fields that were currently being worked. Shielings were used mainly in regions whose climatic conditions were difficult or who had limited acreage. The classic Scandinavian shieling consisted of a fenced site in outlying lands which included structures for dwelling, stabling cattle, processing milk and meadows for haymaking. The cattle were grazed in the forests surrounding shielings and guarded by female herders

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: Routledge, 2018
Serie
Themes in contemporary Archeology ; 6
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67496 (URN)10.4324/9781351213394 (DOI)000460604700002 ()2-s2.0-85047179884 (Scopus ID)9781351213387 (ISBN)9780815380320 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-07 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Costello, E. & Svensson, E. (2018). Transhumant pastoralism in historic landscapes: Beginning a European perspective. In: Costello, E. & Svensson, E. (Ed.), Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe: (pp. 1-13). Taylor & Francis
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Transhumant pastoralism in historic landscapes: Beginning a European perspective
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe / [ed] Costello, E. & Svensson, E., Taylor & Francis, 2018, s. 1-13Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Pastoralism offers a vast field of study, and within it transhumant practices represent an important range of past and contemporary human mobility strategies. In its widest sense, transhumance may simply be described as the seasonal movement of livestock. The Oxford English Dictionary adds some environmental qualification to this by defining transhumance as “the action or practice of moving livestock from one grazing ground to another in a seasonal cycle, typically to lowlands in winter and highlands in summer”. The wide-ranging geographic and social implications of such a definition mean, of course, that the study of transhumant practices permits a very wide perspective on human society, touching on themes as diverse as livestock management, economic responsiveness, social mobility and competition for land. Furthermore, use of the relative words ‘lowlands’ and ‘highlands’ means that a considerable proportion of the earth’s surface may be considered as potential settings for transhumance. There are consequently many ways in which people might conceive of and define the practice, and there has not been one, but many transhumant pastoralisms in Europe during historical times

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2018
Serie
Themes in Contemporary Archaeology ; 6
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia Kulturgeografi Etik Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67497 (URN)000460604700001 ()2-s2.0-85047206373 (Scopus ID)9781351213387 (ISBN)9780815380320 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-07 Skapad: 2018-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Svensson, E. & Gardiner, M. (2016). Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape: An introduction. In: Jan Klapste (Ed.), Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape. Ruralia X: . Paper presented at Ruralia X. Turnhout: Brepols
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape: An introduction
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape. Ruralia X / [ed] Jan Klapste, Turnhout: Brepols, 2016Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Turnhout: Brepols, 2016
Nationell ämneskategori
Humaniora Historia och arkeologi Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier; Historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41776 (URN)978-2-503-55137-1 (ISBN)
Konferens
Ruralia X
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-20 Skapad: 2016-04-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-05-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Svensson, E. (2016). Iscensättning av utmarksbruk: en innovationshistoria. In: Gustin, I., Hansson, M., Roslund, M. & Wienberg, J. (Ed.), Mellan slott och slagg. : Vänbok till Anders Ödman (pp. 267-272). Lund: Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Iscensättning av utmarksbruk: en innovationshistoria
2016 (Svenska)Ingår i: Mellan slott och slagg. : Vänbok till Anders Ödman / [ed] Gustin, I., Hansson, M., Roslund, M. & Wienberg, J., Lund: Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology , 2016, s. 267-272Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology, 2016
Serie
Lund Studies in Historical Archaeology, ISSN 1653-1183 ; 17
Nyckelord
Innovation utmarksbruk skog blästerjärn fångstgropar fäbod medeltid
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Forskningsämne
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-46457 (URN)978-91-89578-65-4 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-12 Skapad: 2016-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0571-2624

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