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Publikationer (10 of 29) Visa alla publikationer
Hellström, L. & Beckman, L. (2019). Adolescents’ perception of gender differences in bullying. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Adolescents’ perception of gender differences in bullying
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Gender norms are normative societal expectations regarding the behaviors of girls and boys that can guide bullying behavior. As early adolescence is a time when peer relations become increasingly important, it is critical to understand the peer relationships of adolescents and what is considered gender non-confirming behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze Swedish girls’ and boys’ perception of gender differences in bullying. Twenty-one Swedish adolescents (8 girls and 13 boys) took part in four focus group discussions separated by boys and girls. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis. “Expectations and needs to fit the norm” emerged as the main category as all categories emerging from the analysis related to boys’ and girls’ understandings of how expectations, strategies, expressions relating to bullying and the need to belong vary depending on gender. Further, girls and boys expressed admiration for each other's ways of coping with bullying indicating that also coping strategies are associated with expectations based on gender. For schools and adults to be better equipped to meet the needs of girls and boys and understand how these needs are expressed, adolescents voices regarding gender related bullying can be seen as helpful tools to develop strategies to work with gender norms and gender expectations. In light of the results of our study, schools may have work to do when it comes to the awareness of norms and attitudes and how they are expressed as these may be a foundation for bullying, among both staff and students.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Nyckelord
Adolescents, bullying, focus groups, gender
Nationell ämneskategori
Genusstudier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71293 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12523 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060806911 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-21 Skapad: 2019-02-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Beckman, L., Hellström, L. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2019). Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) In press
Abstract [en]

Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of 0%–41%, a prevalence of cyber-perpetration of 0%–16.7%, and a prevalence of bully-victims of 6.7%. Three out of five studies using control groups showed that students with ND might be more involved in cyber bullying overall compared to typically developing students. Students in segregated school settings report slightly higher prevalence rates of cyber bullying compared to students with ND in inclusive school settings, especially among girls. When comparing prevalence rates among studies using the same definition, we found similar prevalence rates. There was a tendency towards students with ND being more involved in cyber bullying compared to typically developing students, but this needs to be confirmed in future studies that should include control groups with typically developing students as well as validated and standardized measurements of cyber bullying and ND diagnoses. © 2019 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2019
Nyckelord
Children and adolescents, cyber bullying, neurodevelopmental disorders, systematic review
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71740 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12525 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062360796 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-05 Skapad: 2019-04-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Howells, L., von Kobyletzki, L. B. & Beckman, L. (2019). Defining and measuring 'eczema control': an international qualitative study to explore the views of those living with and treating atopic eczema. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 33(6), 1124-1132
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Defining and measuring 'eczema control': an international qualitative study to explore the views of those living with and treating atopic eczema
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, ISSN 0926-9959, E-ISSN 1468-3083, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 1124-1132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Atopic eczema (also known as eczema) is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that often afflicts patients' health and well-being. The Harmonising Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative recommends that 'long-term control of eczema' is measured in all clinical trials 3 months or longer in duration. However, little has been published on what eczema control means to those living with or treating atopic eczema. Objectives To (i) develop understanding of what eczema control means to patients, carers and clinicians and (ii) explore the feasibility and acceptability of different ways of measuring eczema control in the long term. Methods Online focus groups explored patients/carers experiences in the UK, the United States, the Netherlands, France, Sweden and Japan, and an international online survey gathered views of clinicians. The framework method was used to analyse the focus groups, and thematic analysis was used to analyse survey data. All findings were integrated into a theoretical framework to create overarching themes that cut across these diverse groups. Results Eight focus groups with patients (16 years+) and eight groups with carers of children took place (N = 97). Sixty-two people took part in the survey. Eczema control was described as a multifaceted construct involving changes in disease activity, the treatment and management of the condition and psychological, social and physical functioning. Patient/carer measurement allows personal accounts and frequent measurement, whilst clinician measurement was deemed less subjective. The burden on patients/carers and issues for analysing and interpreting data should be considered. Conclusions This study formed the basis of judging the content validity and feasibility of measurement instruments/methods to assess control of eczema in clinical trials. This online approach to an international qualitative study is an example of how core outcome set developers with limited resources can engage with multiple stakeholder groups on an international basis to inform consensus meeting discussions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Nyckelord
CORE OUTCOME MEASURES; DERMATITIS; CONSENSUS; TRIALS
Nationell ämneskategori
Dermatologi och venereologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72475 (URN)10.1111/jdv.15475 (DOI)000468972400017 ()30720903 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-13 Skapad: 2019-06-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Beckman, L. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2019). Economic Costs of Antidepressant Use: A Population-Based Study in Sweden.. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Economic Costs of Antidepressant Use: A Population-Based Study in Sweden.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, ISSN 1091-4358, E-ISSN 1099-176XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) In press
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Italy: , 2019
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74851 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-25 Skapad: 2019-09-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-14
Jernbro, C., Bonander, C. & Beckman, L. (2019). The association between disability and unintentional injuries among adolescents in a general education setting: Evidence from a Swedish population-based school survey. Disability and Health Journal, Article ID 100841.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The association between disability and unintentional injuries among adolescents in a general education setting: Evidence from a Swedish population-based school survey
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, artikel-id 100841Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among adolescents. Adolescents with disabilities may be particularly vulnerable with an increased risk of unintentional injuries. Objective: To study the association between a set of disabilities and unintentional injury risks among adolescents, accounting for comorbidity, subjective disability severity and sex. Method: Cross-sectional data from a Swedish national school survey including 4,741 students (15 and 17-year olds) conducted in 2016 was analyzed using log-binomial generalized linear models. Results: We found a 33% increased risk of injury the last 12 months and a 53% increased risk of injury leading to hospitalization for adolescents with any disability compared to their peers with no disability. The differences in injury risk were greater for girls than boys. There was a dose-response relationship between disability severity and injury risk. In analyses adjusted for sociodemographic factors and comorbidity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy were associated with an increased risk of injury the last 12 months, risk ratios [RR] were 1.41 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.08–2.97) and 1.79 (95% CI 1.10–1.81) respectively. Autism spectrum disorder was associated with a decreased injury risk the last 12 months (RR = 0.43, CI 0.2–0.92). ADHD, mobility impairment and visual impairment were associated with hospitalization due to injury during lifetime. Conclusions: There was an increased risk of unintentional injuries for adolescents with disabilities compared to their non-disabled peers, specifically for individuals with ADHD, epilepsy, visual impairment and mobility impairment. Injury prevention strategies may include adapting the physical environment and medical treatment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019
Nyckelord
Cognitive disabilities, Comorbidity, Epilepsy, Injury risk, Physical impairment
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75718 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.100841 (DOI)2-s2.0-85072242310 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-12 Skapad: 2019-11-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Beckman, L., Janson, S. & von Kobyletzki, L. B. (2018). Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002). Elsevier Inc., 11(2)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Corrigendum to “Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren Results from a Swedish population-based survey” [Disabil Health J 9(4) (2016) 663–672](S1936657416300723)(10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002)
2018 (Engelska)Övrigt (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In the article ‘‘Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey’’ Disability and Health Journal 2016; 9(4):663–672 by Linda Beckman, Staffan Janson, and Laura von Kobyletzki on page 2 the ethical considerations under section “Questionnaires, interviews, and health examinations”, the following sentence “The ELSA project has been approved by the regional ethical research committee in Uppsala, Sweden (reg. no: 2013/160).”should read as “The study has been reviewed by the local ethical research committee in Karlstad, Sweden (reg. no: C2015/65).”

Ort, förlag, år, sidor
Elsevier Inc., 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66941 (URN)10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.11.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044145605 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-06 Skapad: 2018-04-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Persson, M., Wennberg, L., Beckman, L., Salmivalli, C. & Svensson, M. (2018). The Cost-Effectiveness of the Kiva Antibullying Program: Results from a Decision-Analytic Model. Prevention Science, 19(6), 728-737
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Cost-Effectiveness of the Kiva Antibullying Program: Results from a Decision-Analytic Model
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Prevention Science, ISSN 1389-4986, E-ISSN 1573-6695, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 728-737Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Bullying causes substantial suffering for children and adolescents. A number of bullying prevention programs have been advocated as effective methods for counteracting school bullying. However, there is a lack of economic evaluations of bullying prevention programs assessing the “value for money.” The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the Finnish bullying prevention program KiVa in comparison to “status quo” (treatment as usual) in a Swedish elementary school setting (grades 1 to 9). The cost-effectiveness analysis was carried out using a payer perspective based on a Markov cohort model. The costs of the program were measured in Swedish kronor and Euros, and the benefits were measured using two different metrics: (1) the number of victim-free years and (2) the number of quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Data on costs, probability transitions, and health-related quality of life measures were retrieved from published literature. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were carried out to establish the uncertainty of the cost-effectiveness results. The base-case analysis indicated that KiVa leads to an increased cost of €829 for a gain of 0.47 victim-free years per student. In terms of the cost per gained QALY, the results indicated a base-case estimate of €13,823, which may be seen as cost-effective given that it is lower than the typically accepted threshold value in Swedish health policy of around €50,000. Further research is needed to confirm the conclusions of this study, especially regarding the treatment effects of KiVa in different school contexts

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2018
Nyckelord
Bullying prevention program, Cost-effectiveness, Decision modeling, KiVa, adolescent, article, bullying, case study, cost effectiveness analysis, health care policy, human, money, prevention, primary school, probability, quality adjusted life year, sensitivity analysis, student, uncertainty, victim
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Annan hälsovetenskap
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67364 (URN)10.1007/s11121-018-0893-6 (DOI)000438983300004 ()2-s2.0-85046448211 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-24 Skapad: 2018-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad
von Kobyletzki, L. B., Beckman, L., Smeeth, L., McKee, M., Quint, J. K., Abuabara, K. & Langan, S. (2017). Association between childhood allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status in later life: systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 7(10), Article ID e017245.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Association between childhood allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status in later life: systematic review protocol
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, nr 10, artikel-id e017245Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment. The aim of this study is to systematically review the literature on allergic diseases, educational attainment and occupational status, and if possible, calculate meta-analytic summary estimates for the associations. Methods Systematic electronic searches in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO and education Resources Information Center (ERIC); hand search in reference lists of included papers and conference reports; search for unpublished studies in clinical trial registers and the New York Academy of Medicine Grey Literature Report; data extraction; and study quality assessment (Newcastle-Ottawa Scale) will be performed. Analysis Data will be summarised descriptively, and meta-analysis including meta-regression to explore sources of heterogeneities will be performed if possible. Ethics and dissemination Dissemination in a peer-reviewed, open-access, international scientific journal is planned.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66055 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017245 (DOI)000422617500140 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-01 Skapad: 2018-02-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Milerad, J. & Beckman, L. (2017). Att förebygga olycksfall, mobbning och våld (2ed.). In: Josef Milerad och Carl Lindgren (Ed.), Evidensbaserad elevhälsa: . Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Att förebygga olycksfall, mobbning och våld
2017 (Svenska)Ingår i: Evidensbaserad elevhälsa / [ed] Josef Milerad och Carl Lindgren, Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017 Upplaga: 2
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63843 (URN)978-91-44-11795-9 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-20 Skapad: 2017-09-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Beckman, L., von Kobyletzki, L. B. & Svensson, M. (2017). Determinants of Antidepressants Use and Economic Costs: A Population Based Study. Paper presented at Thirteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry "Mental Health Policy and Economics Research: Improving Access, Quality and Outcomes", Venice March 24-26, 2017. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 20(Suppl.1), S2-S2
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Determinants of Antidepressants Use and Economic Costs: A Population Based Study
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, Vol. 20, nr Suppl.1, s. S2-S2Artikel i tidskrift, Meeting abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
International Center of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykiatri
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65525 (URN)000400956000004 ()
Konferens
Thirteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry "Mental Health Policy and Economics Research: Improving Access, Quality and Outcomes", Venice March 24-26, 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-04 Skapad: 2018-01-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7872-5808

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