Endre søk
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Jakobsson, Niklas, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7143-8793
Publikasjoner (10 av 39) Visa alla publikasjoner
Sund, B., Bonander, C., Jakobsson, N. & Jaldell, H. (2019). Do home fire and safety checks by on-duty firefighters decrease the number of fires?: Quasi-experimental evidence from Southern Sweden. Journal of Safety Research, 70, 39-47
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do home fire and safety checks by on-duty firefighters decrease the number of fires?: Quasi-experimental evidence from Southern Sweden
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 70, s. 39-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Fire and rescue services Syd, in the south of Sweden, started to conduct home fire and safety checks on a large scale in 2010. The goal was to reduce the damages from residential fires. Method: We estimate the effects of the intervention on the incidence of residential fires and evaluate its economic effect. We use a difference-in-kinks design to analyze time-varying intervention effects and conduct a cost–benefit analysis for the economic evaluation. Results: The results demonstrate that fires and developed fires decrease by a maximum of approximately 6% and 8% per year (assuming 100% causality)and that the intervention has positive economic effects, with the benefits estimated to be maximum 8–11 times higher than the costs. Practical applications: The results should be valuable as input when deciding whether to implement home fire and safety checks elsewhere.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019
Emneord
Cost–benefit analysis, Fire prevention, Public education, Residential fires, Smoke alarms, Alarm systems, Costs, Economic analysis, Economic and social effects, Fireproofing, Fires, Housing, Smoke, Benefit analysis, Cost benefit analysis
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-73332 (URN)10.1016/j.jsr.2019.04.006 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-02 Laget: 2019-07-02 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Bonander, C., Jakobsson, N. & Nilson, F. (2018). Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws. Injury Prevention, 24(3), 193-198
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 193-198Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA.

METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates.

RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates. The estimates for cigarette-caused fire deaths were significant under some specifications, but were not robust to the inclusion of state-specific trends or comparisons to effects on other cause-determined fires.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the mixed state of our results, we conclude that previous claims regarding the effects of fire safe cigarette laws may be premature.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
Emneord
Fire safety standard compliant cigarettes, Legislation, Lower ignition propensity, Outcome Evaluation, Reduced ignition propensity
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56822 (URN)10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042322 (DOI)28630083 (PubMedID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-07-04 Laget: 2017-07-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Jakobsson, N., Muttarak, R. & Schoyen, M. A. (2018). Dividing the pie in the eco-social state: Exploring the relationship between public support for environmental and welfare policies. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 36(2), 313-339
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dividing the pie in the eco-social state: Exploring the relationship between public support for environmental and welfare policies
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 313-339Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent theoretical literature in social policy argued that climate change posed a new risk to the states and called for transformation from a traditional welfare state to an ‘eco’ state. From a theoretical point of view, different welfare regimes may manage environmental/climate change risks in a similar way to social risks. However, not much has been done to explore the issue empirically. To this end, this paper aims to investigate public attitudes towards environmental and traditional welfare policies given that environmental change is a new social risk the welfare states have to address. Do individuals that care for one area also care for the other? That is, do the preferences in these two policy spheres complement or substitute one another? We test these hypotheses both at the individual- and country-level, using data from 14 countries included in all three waves (1993, 2000, and 2010) of the environmental module in the International Social Survey Programme. Specifically, we investigate the relationship between attitudes towards income redistribution (indicator of support for welfare policy) and willingness to pay for environmental protection (indicator of support for environmental policy). Our findings suggest that attitudes in the two areas are substitutes in the total sample, but that the relationship is very small and only statistically significant in some specifications. When we explore country differentials, we observe clear heterogeneity in the relationship, which can be explained by differences in political and historical contexts across countries.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2018
Emneord
Cross-national, environmental attitudes, welfare states, inequality, willingness to pay
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69207 (URN)10.1177/2399654417711448 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-13 Laget: 2018-09-13 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Drange, I. & Jakobsson, N. (2018). Incentive Effects of Cash Benefits among Young People: A Natural Experiment from Norway. Journal of Social Policy, 48(1), 107-125
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Incentive Effects of Cash Benefits among Young People: A Natural Experiment from Norway
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 107-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Prior research on active labour market programmes (ALMPs) for young people has revealed either no effect or negative effects on transition rates into employment. In addition to accessing the programme content, participation in ALMPs bestows the right to a supplementary benefit. Yet, the direct effect of this benefit on the use and outcome of ALMPs remains largely unknown. We study the effects of a Norwegian policy that pays much higher benefits to recipients when they reach 19 years of age. This policy provides a natural experimental setting that allows us to utilise the age discontinuity to observe whether young people are more likely to become benefit recipients after their nineteenth birthday, and to estimate the effect of benefits on the labour supply. As age determines the increase in benefits rather than need, it creates a random and exogenous variation in the criteria for allocating cash benefits. We use Norwegian administrative register data that cover all 18 to 19 year olds during the period 2003 to 2012. We find no effect on programme take-up or employment rates. Hence, benefits do not work against the aim of ALMPs and young people's responsiveness to financial incentives cannot explain such programmes’ lack of effects.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cambridge University Press, 2018
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67658 (URN)10.1017/S0047279418000302 (DOI)000452314200006 ()2-s2.0-85047359203 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-14 Laget: 2018-06-14 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Johansson, N., Jakobsson, N. & Svensson, M. (2018). Regional variation in health care utilization in Sweden: The importance of demand-side factors. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), Article ID 403.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Regional variation in health care utilization in Sweden: The importance of demand-side factors
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikkel-id 403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Differences in health care utilization across geographical areas are well documented within several countries. If the variation across areas cannot be explained by differences in medical need, it can be a sign of inefficiency or misallocation of public health care resources. Methods: In this observational, longitudinal panel study we use regional level data covering the 21 Swedish regions (county councils) over 13 years and a random effects model to assess to what degree regional variation in outpatient physician visits is explained by observed demand factors such as health, demography and socio-economic factors. Results: The results show that regional mortality, as a proxy for population health, and demography do not explain regional variation in visits to primary care physicians, but explain about 50% of regional variation in visits to outpatient specialists. Adjusting for socio-economic and basic supply-side factors explains 33% of the regional variation in primary physician visits, but adds nothing to explaining the variation in specialist visits. Conclusion: 50-67% of regional variation remains unexplained by a large number of observable regional characteristics, indicating that omitted and possibly unobserved factors contribute substantially to the regional variation. We conclude that variations in health care utilization across regions is not very well explained by underlying medical need and demand, measured by mortality, demographic and socio-economic factors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London, UK: BioMed Central, 2018
Emneord
Demand, Health care utilization, Panel data, Random effects, Regional variation, adult, article, demography, general practitioner, human, mortality, outpatient, panel study, population health, socioeconomics, Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68061 (URN)10.1186/s12913-018-3210-y (DOI)000434085000004 ()2-s2.0-85048002649 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-26 Laget: 2018-06-26 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Oien, H., Jakobsson, N. & Bonander, C. (2018). The impact of community-based interventions for the older population: a quasi-experimental study of a hip-fracture prevention program in Norway. BMC Geriatrics, 18(1), Article ID 311.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The impact of community-based interventions for the older population: a quasi-experimental study of a hip-fracture prevention program in Norway
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikkel-id 311Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundHip fractures among older adults are a major public health problem in many countries. Hip fractures are associated with expensive health care treatments, and serious adverse effects on patients' health and quality-of-life. In this paper, we estimate the effect of a community-based hip fracture prevention program that was initiated in 16 Norwegian municipalities in 2007. Specifically, the participating municipalities implemented one or more of the following interventions: exercise programs for older adults, information and education campaigns to communicate how to effectively reduce falls to care workers and older adults, and preventive home safety assessment and modification help services.MethodsWe used a difference-in-difference design, and identified control municipalities by matching on pre-intervention trends in the outcome. The outcome measure was the incidence of hip-fractures among older adults (65years).ResultsWe found no statistically significant effects of the implemented program on the incidence of hip fractures, on average, in older subgroups (80years) or in municipality-specific analyses.ConclusionsIt is unclear whether the interventions managed to achieve a change in hip fracture rates at the population level.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BioMed Central, 2018
Emneord
Hip fracture, Community interventions, Natural experiments, Difference-in-differences, Matching
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Risk- och Miljöstudier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70946 (URN)10.1186/s12877-018-1004-z (DOI)000453237700002 ()30545319 (PubMedID)
Merknad

This work was supported by the Norwegian Research Council grant number 256644.

Bonander was supported by a research grant from the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB, grant number 2013–4176).

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-07 Laget: 2019-02-07 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Finseraas, H., Jakobsson, N. & Svensson, M. (2017). Do knowledge gains from public information campaigns persist over time?: Results from a survey experiment on the Norwegian pension reform. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, 16(1), 108-117
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do knowledge gains from public information campaigns persist over time?: Results from a survey experiment on the Norwegian pension reform
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, ISSN 1474-7472, E-ISSN 1475-3022, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 108-117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Government authorities use resources on information campaigns in order to inform citizens about relevant policy changes. The motivation is usually that individuals sometimes are ill-informed about the public policies relevant for their choices. In a survey experiment where the treatment group was provided with public information material on the social security system, we assess the short- and medium-term knowledge effects. We show that the short run effects of the information on knowledge disappear completely within 4 months. The findings illustrate the limits of public information campaigns to improve knowledge about relevant policy reforms.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cambridge University Press, 2017
Emneord
Campaign; information; knowledge; public
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42385 (URN)10.1017/S1474747215000098 (DOI)000393876000006 ()2-s2.0-84929691948 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-06-07 Laget: 2016-05-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Jakobsson, N. & Kumlin, S. (2017). Election campaign agendas, government partisanship, and the welfare state. European Political Science Review, 9(2), 183-208
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Election campaign agendas, government partisanship, and the welfare state
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Political Science Review, ISSN 1755-7739, E-ISSN 1755-7747, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 183-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Although theoretically contentious, most empirical studies contend that electoral-political factors structure the welfare state. In practice, most studies concentrate on ‘government partisanship’, that is the ideological character of the government. We agree that politics matters but also seek to expand our understanding of what ‘politics’ should be taken to mean. Drawing on recent comparative research on agenda-setting, we study the impact of whether welfare state issues were broadly salient in the public sphere during the election campaign that produced the government. We formulate hypotheses about how such systemic campaign salience and government partisanship (separately and interactively) affect welfare generosity. We also consider how such effects might have changed, taking into account challenges to standard assumptions of representative democracy coming from the ‘new politics of the welfare state’ framework. We combine well-known, but updated, data on welfare state generosity and government partisanship, with original contextual data on campaign salience from 16 West European countries for the years 1980–2008. We find that campaigns matter but also that their impact has changed. During the first half of the examined period (the 1980s and early 1990s), it mainly served to facilitate government partisanship effects on the welfare state. More recently, big-time campaign attention to welfare state issues results in some retrenchment (almost) regardless of who forms the postelection government. This raises concerns about the democratic status of the politics of welfare state reform in Europe.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cambridge University Press, 2017
Emneord
welfare state; political parties; election campaigns; agenda setting
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42346 (URN)10.1017/S175577391500034X (DOI)000399408000002 ()2-s2.0-84943302561 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-06-07 Laget: 2016-05-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Jonsson, S. & Jakobsson, N. (2017). Is buying sex morally wrong?: Comparing attitudes toward prostitution using individual-level data across eight Western European countries. Women's Studies: International Forum, 61, 58-69
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Is buying sex morally wrong?: Comparing attitudes toward prostitution using individual-level data across eight Western European countries
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 61, s. 58-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

States try to combat sex trafficking through both the criminalization of buying sex and by entirely legalizing or regulating the market for prostitution. Proponents of criminalization argue that this approach leads to less acceptance of prostitution, creating a smaller sex market, and reducing the inflow of trafficked victims. Few studies examine if prostitution laws are associated with attitudes toward prostitution. We assess attitudes in eight European countries, using newly collected survey data. This is one of few studies comparing attitudes across different prostitution regimes. Citizens in countries where the purchase of sex is criminalized are less tolerant toward the buying of sex compared to citizens living in countries where the purchase of sex is legalized. Also, people viewing gender equality as important are less accepting of the purchase in countries where buying sex is prohibited, but more accepting in countries where buying sex and running a brothel are legal. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Pergamon Press, 2017
Emneord
Attitudes, Demand, Gender equality, Prostitution legislature, Sex trafficking
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65521 (URN)10.1016/j.wsif.2016.12.007 (DOI)000400202300008 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-04 Laget: 2018-01-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-27bibliografisk kontrollert
De Poli, S., Jakobsson, N. & Schueller, S. (2017). The drowning-refugee effect: media salience and xenophobic attitudes. Applied Economics Letters, 24(16), 1167-1172
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The drowning-refugee effect: media salience and xenophobic attitudes
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 24, nr 16, s. 1167-1172Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We study whether salient media coverage of refugees drowning in the Mediterranean affects individual xenophobic attitudes. We combine a randomized survey experiment - a variant of the classic trolley dilemma' - that implicitly elicits individual attitudes towards foreigners, with variation in interview timing, and find that such issue salience significantly decreases xenophobic attitudes by 2.2 percentage points. Our results thus support the idea that exposure to news describing immigrants as victims (instead of a threat) can significantly affect public opinion and mitigate bias against immigrants.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2017
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65664 (URN)10.1080/13504851.2016.1262513 (DOI)000403953500009 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-18 Laget: 2018-01-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-07-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7143-8793