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  • Sundberg, Simon
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Garcia, Johan
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Localization Performance for eNodeBs using Solitary and Fused RSS-Modeling Approaches2019Ingår i: IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking, and Communications, IEEE, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of locating radio devices has been addressed by a variety of methods. In the cellular setting, most of the focus have been on locating user equipment (UE). This work focuses on the inverse problem, i.e. locating the eNodeB based on received signal strength (RSS) measurements collected by UEs. We perform a comprehensive evaluation of six variations of two RSS-modeling based localization approaches. Furthermore, two methods for fusing the location estimates of the individual cells were also examined. The evaluation is done using a manually created ground truth data set for eNodeB positions, and a large measurement data set comprising of more than four million observations collected from cellular modems onboard Swedish trains. The best localization accuracy was obtained by one of our proposed variations of logloss fitting using geographic aggregation with highest mean RSRP as the reference point selection criteria. When combined with centroid-based fusion of the individual cell estimates, a median eNodeB localization error of 433 m was obtained, which is a considerable improvement over the second-best approach which achieved a median error of 674 m. The centroid-based fusion approach was found to consistently outperform the DPD fusion approach, which in turn had a better localization error distribution than obtained for solitary cells.

  • Disputation: 2019-12-20 10:00 Eva Eriksson, 21A342, Karlstad
    Mogren, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013).
    Guiding Principles of Transformative Education for Sustainable Development in Local School Organisations: Investigating Whole School Approaches through a School Improvement Lens2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of an education that empowers students to engage with real societal problems to promote a sustainable future is widely acknowledged. However, the organisational characteristics of schools that facilitate such education for sustainable development (ESD) have received little attention. This thesis aims to fill this research gap by contributing new knowledge on ways that school organisations can implement transformative ESD, while aligning with a whole school approach.

    Swedish upper secondary schools actively implementing ESD were selected for the study. The research design used a mixed-method approach developed from the field of school improvement research. Methods included semi-structured interviews with school leaders and questionnaire surveys for teachers. School leaders’ and teachers’ understanding of quality in their local school organisation was studied.

    The thesis identifies the guiding principles that school leaders and teachers found important for promoting transformative ESD. These include four principal quality criteria that need structural support through collegial meetings to establish a holistic idea of ESD, namely collaborative interaction and school development, student-centred education, cooperation with local society, and proactive leadership and long-term perspective. With the support of the guiding principles, the whole school organisation contributes to teaching and learning practices in ESD active schools.

    The two main contributions are 1) identification of the school organisation that provide firm ground for local implementation of transformative ESD, and 2) that the internal school organisation is a prerequisite for school collaboration with the surrounding society, which is a main goal of ESD, according to policy and theory. In the case of the latter, a student-centred approach in organising education was found to facilitate such links between education and the community, which is a main goal of ESD, according to policy and theory. The results may provide useful recommendations for schools and ESD implementation programmes.

  • Haas, Claus
    Aarhus Universitet, DPU.
    Om historie- og samfundsfagsdidaktisk eklekticisme. Med Grundtvigs folkebegreb som eksempel2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 168-190Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In many instances, developing comparative approaches to single subject didactic is a progressive way forward in order to escape rigid boundaries between related subjects. However, even so, a comparative approach still run the risk of reproducing and confirming sectorization of subject boundaries, which in my view ought to be transcended. A more radical way of exceeding single subject boundaries, is to ask: Should a comparative approach be complemented and challenged by subject didactics eclecticism? I argue in favor of the latter approach, with the school subjects history and civics as the main case. I do so, first by exploring arguments for eclecticism among scholars, with the aim of positioning my approach to didactics of history and civics within the ‘cultural turn’ of the social- and human sciences. Secondly, I exemplify how an eclectic approach might look like in practice. The poem ‘Folkeligheden’, published 1848, by the Danish poet, priest and politician N. F. S. Grundtvig, serves as an outset for my empirical example within which eclecticism is useful and unavoidable. Finally, I present two related concepts – politics of memory and imagined communities – which contribute to further the cultural turn and eclecticism of history and civics didactics, needed in order to tackle pressing and intricate issues in late modern democratic societies.  

  • Ledman, Kristina
    Umeå University.
    Discourses of criticality in Nordic countries’ school subject Civics2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 149-167Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Criticality (the ability to think, self-reflect and act critically, as well as reason analytically) is framed as an important goal of education generally, and citizenship education specifically. However, literature and research within subject didactics tend to frame criticality as subject-specific, hence its conceptualisation can vary substantially depending on epistemological and research traditions. Thus, this paper compares its treatment in the same subject, civics, in curricula of the five Nordic countries. Civics is an interesting case as it is a major element of citizenship education, which varies somewhat among the five countries. Four ideal types of criticality are elaborated and deployed in the analysis: general, disciplinary, moral and ideological criticality. The results reveal substantial differences between the five compared curricula. They also reveal apparent correlations between civics as a single-subject construct (as in Denmark and Sweden) and disciplinary criticality, and between civics as an integrated curriculum construct (as in Iceland) and general criticality. Overall, the disciplinary view of criticality slightly prevails in the five compared curricula. The results raise questions about contextual factors’ effects on how criticality is constructed in school subjects, and helps reflection on what we actually refer to when we talk about a certain school subject.

  • Samuelsson, Johan
    Kunskapsdelning om undervisning i historia och SO-ämnena på sociala medier; en komparativ studie mellan USA och Sverige2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 101-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a study of how teachers share knowledge about teaching on social media, specifically in teacher groups on Facebook, which is a common channel for teachers sharing experience on teaching issues. Group discussion fora for teachers in the US and Sweden in History and Social Studies Subjects are compared. Most of the posts concern teaching content knowledge in various areas. There are very few examples of discussions on why a topic is being taught, however. The similarities between the US and Sweden in this context are significant, and can be understood as a result of a shared school system, which is characterized by a focus on performance, standards and tests. The group similarities can also be understood in relation to the special "Facebook culture” in which certain expected behaviours recur regardless of national context.

  • Flensner, Karin
    Högskolan Väst.
    Samma konflikter men olika inramning – Kontroversiella frågor relaterade till Mellanösternkonflikterna i religionskunskap och samhällskunskap2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 73-100Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts in the Middle East are not confined to a geographical area but have both a global and a local dimension. International conflicts, crises and acts of terrorism have consequences in the classroom practice, partly because current events are part of the content in social studies subjects, but partly because an increasing number of pupils have personal experiences and/or personal views on different aspects of these conflicts, also in relation to nationalist, xenophobic, antisemitic and islamophobic discourses. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate and compare how the Middle Eastern conflicts and related topics are raised within Religious Education and Social Studies. Are there differences in content and ways of talking in Religious Education compared to Social Studies and, if so, how? What implications have different subject framings for discourses and perspectives and hence, what becomes possible to learn? The study is based on participatory classroom observations of Religious Education and Social Studies at Swedish upper secondary schools. Interviews with teachers and focus group interviews with pupils have been conducted. The analyses indicate that migration, terrorism, anti-semitism, and islamophobia were major themes raised in relation to the conflicts in both subjects. The experiences of pupils largely affected classroom discourse. However, there were differences between how the conflicts were framed and discussed. In Religious Education, it was more common for teachers to downplay conflict perspectives and emphasize empathy, similarities and existential features while in Social Studies there was greater focus on formal ways of dealing with conflicts in terms of regulations and institutions.  

  • Björkgren, Mårten
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi.
    Ahlskog-Björkman, Eva
    Åbo Akademi.
    Enkvist, Nina
    Åbo Akademi.
    Gullberg, Tom
    Åbo Akademi.
    En komparativ förståelse av ämnesdidaktiska prepositioner2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 45-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The national curricular guidelines for basic education and upper secondary school require teachers to have a readiness to teach and cooperate in accordance with a holistic multidisciplinary principle. The teacher education programmes in Finland are challenged to develop research-based knowledge about learning processes in holistic multidisciplinary teaching concerning both theory and practice. In this article, focus is put on comparisons between the subject-didactic perspectives of Art, Religion, History, and Social Studies. Referring to Lindström, the prepositions about, in, with and through are used as a point of departure for the aesthetic fields. The comparison is based on the prepositional perspective and particularly focusses on the understanding of the didactic emphases and ambitions. The subject-comparative reflection between similarities and differences is based on a socio-cultural view of learning, and the perspectives qualification, socialisation and subjectification by Giert Biesta. The article contributes to a consciousness about meaningful subject-didactic prerequisites for holistic multidisciplinary cooperation.

  • Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå universitet.
    The Social Studies Subjects and Interdisciplinarity2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 24-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the ways in which the term tvärvetenskaplig is conceptualized within the social studies subjects (geography, religious education, civics, and history) in Swedish upper secondary school. The term tvärvetenskaplig is generally translated as interdisciplinary. Through a comparative analysis of syllabi (ämnesplaner), subject didactic textbooks, and schoolbooks, existing descriptions of the term are identified. These descriptions are in turn analyzed using theoretical perspectives on interdisciplinarity. The article agrees with the viewpoint that interdisciplinarity is a form of progressive discourse. Moreover, the analysis employs Heinz Heckhausen’s typology of interdisciplinarity, which differentiates between indiscriminate, pseudo, auxiliary, composite, supplementary, and unifying interdisciplinarity. It is concluded that different subjects ascribe different understandings of interdisciplinarity to the concept of tvärvetenskaplighet.  

  • Larsson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kontroversiella samhällsfrågor i samhällsorienterande ämnen 1962–2017: en komparation2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 1-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     Teaching social studies in Swedish school involve dealing with many complex and potentially controversial issues. This implies didactical challenges. This article uses a subject comparative perspective to discuss how controversial societal issues have been presented and changed as teaching objects in the social studies subjects in Swedish school years 7 to 9 since 1962. By following curriculum changes over time, the aim is to show similarities and differences between the school subjects of geography, history, religion and civics concerning the role of controversial issues. What controversial issues can be found in the curriculum texts? How are teachers supposed to teach them? What importance for the students are they given? By comparatively answering these research questions this study offers deepened knowledge about the social studies subjects and the role of controversial issues, but also about Swedish curriculum history in general.  

  • Walmann Hidle, Kari-Mette
    et al.
    Universitetet i Agder.
    Krogstad, Kari
    Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge .
    Begynneropplæring og nivåspesifikk samfunnsfag- og KRLE-didaktikk for småskoletrinnet2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. 122-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this article is subject-specific didactics for social studies and religious education for the lower primary level. Since 2017, teacher education for the compulsory education in Norway is extended to a master’s degree and ”initial education” is made a key concept in the trajectory aiming at primary level teaching. The research question in this article is: What is the knowledge base for initial education in social studies and religious education respectively? Thus, the article has a comparative aspect. An analysis of the terms of reference for these educations demonstrates that subject-specific education is made an organising principle and that the basic skills of writing, reading and calculating are prioritised in all studies at the lower primary level. We have analysed the literature for social studies and religious education and found that a common trait between these is that subject-specific didactical research on the lower primary level is scarce. The literature is not concerned with initial education, either in social studies or in religious education. It focuses on subjectspecific topics. The likelihood of the subjects being reduced to a curriculum of basic skills is discussed. Furthermore, we give examples of didactical research on corresponding subjects in the Early Childhood Education and Care, which may well be employed as resources when developing the key elements, content, and methods of these subjects at the lower primary level.

  • Madsen, Roar
    et al.
    NTNU Trondheim.
    Stabel Jørgensen, Camilla
    NTNU Trondheim.
    Editorial 2 Nordidactica 2019:32019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. vii-viiArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Larsson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Samuelsson, Johan
    Karlstads universitet.
    Editorial Nordidactica 2019:3: Komparativ ämnesdidaktik2019Ingår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2019:3, s. i-viArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Garcia, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Sundberg, Simon
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Brunström, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Beckman, Claes
    Icomera AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Interactions Between Train Velocity andCellular Link Throughput - An Extensive Study2019Ingår i: 2019 IEEE 30th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing reliable internet connectivity to train passengers can be handled with onboard aggregation routers that use multiple external antennas to simultaneously convey user traffic over multiple links. This work studies the operational characteristics of a large-scale deployment of such a system. The examination focuses on how train velocity is associated with achieved link throughput, and how various interaction effects influence the relationship. A large data set collected over three years is analyzed, indicating that there is a systematic association between train velocity and link throughput that varies over the radio conditions and which is also linked to differences between operators.

  • Terp, Ulrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management Training for Nursing Students2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to examine a stress management intervention developed for nursing students.

    The thesis comprises three studies (Study I-III) based on empirical data from a sample of nursing students. The specific aim in the first study (Paper I) was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of the stress management intervention. The results in the first study suggested that the feasibility of conducting a full-scale evaluation was confirmed for recruitment, acceptability, data collection, and adherence to the intervention. However, difficulties relating to homework were also identified. In the second study (Paper II), the specific aim was to investigate the participants’ experiences of participating in the stress management intervention. Findings indicate that participants developed new adaptive coping strategies, which were attributed to the intervention. The participants expressed that they had increased their ability to reflect which led to increased insight and self-reflection. Findings emphasize the importance of both theoretical and structural aspects when planning a stress management training intervention. A group format delivery in combination with a multi-component cognitive behavioral intervention can be interrelated elements for positive stress-related changes. The third study (Paper III), aimed at investigating preliminary psychological effects regarding self-esteem, self-efficacy and stress management competence. In the third study, the results showed that perceived stress-management competency was improved and had withstanding effects one year later when compared with a control group. Self-esteem and self-efficacy, both psychological resources, increase over time after the intervention. 

    In summary, this dissertation provides an insight into the challenges and the complexities of developing and implementing a stress management intervention in a nurse education context.

  • Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Socialt arbete, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet .
    Vesterberg, Viktor
    Socialt arbete, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet.
    Vem vill du vara? Televiseradarbetsetik – en kritiskdiskursanalys2019Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel analyserar vi hur arbetslöshet framställs som ett problem och hur arbetssökande beskrivs i reality tv-serien Sveriges bästa arbetsförmedling, som sändes på Sveriges television 2018. Vi menar att serien åskådliggör en bredare ideologi i dagens samhälle, som manar till ständig förändring, makeover, hos den enskilde individen, såväl som hos organisationer och samhället i övrigt. I enlighet med denna ideologi ter sig arbete som ett åtagande för den enskilde arbetssökande att ta sig an, som handlar om att stärka sin anställningsbarhet för att på så sätt kunna hävda sig i konkurrensen om lediga arbetstillfällen.

  • Soussan, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för personsäkerhet (from 2013).
    Alarming attitudinal barriers to help-seekingin drug-related emergency situations: Results from a Swedish online survey2019Ingår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: New troublesome drug trends constitute a challenge for public health. Sweden has the second highest drug-related mortality rate in Europe. This calls for an investigation into the help-seeking attitudes of young adults to early middle-aged individuals asking how they would act in acute drug-related emergency or overdose situations. Methods: In total, 1232 individuals com- pleted an online survey promoted on Sweden’s largest discussion forum Flashback.org. Their free- text responses were analysed according to inductively generated categories. Results: Around 60% of the sample would act as expected and contact emergency care without hesitation. However, approximately 32% of the sample showed palpable resistance and would put off seeking help and use emergency care only as a last resort due to, for example, fear of legal repercussions and stigma. Moreover, 8% displayed a total lack of confidence in public healthcare and would avoid it at all costs or entirely disregard it as an option due to the alleged risk of negative consequences and expe- rienced restrictions on their personal freedom. Conclusions: While the inevitable criminalisation and stigmatisation associated with Sweden’s “zero tolerance” drug policy putatively serve as deterrents to drug use, our results demonstrate that these measures may also contribute to attitudes which discourage help-seeking. Such attitudes may at least partly explain the growing and comparatively high number of drug-induced deaths. Therefore, attitudinal and structural barriers to acute help-seeking in drug-related emergency situations should be acknowledged and investigated further in order to minimise harm.

  • Frodeson, Stefan
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013). Environmental and Energy Systems.
    Towards Understanding the Pelletizing Process of Biomass: Perspectives on Energy Efficiency and Pelletability of Pure Substances2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att begränsa klimatpåverkan måste användandet av fossila resurser minska till förmån för förnyelsebara. In denna omställning är och kommer biomassa att bli en mycket viktigresurs att använda tillenergi samt olika produkter. Detta innebär att det är viktigt att både användningen och hanteringen sker resurs- och energieffektivt. Den här avhandlingen handlar om att pelletera lignocellulosisk biomassa med motivet att energieffektivisera pelletsprocessen, samt öka kunskapen om olika biomassors pelleterbarhet. 

    Det finns många fördelar med att pelletera biomassa, såsom att produkten blir doserbar, lättare att lagra samt att den blir billigare att transporteratack vare högre densitet. Men olika biomassor har olika egenskaper beroende på deras kemiska uppbyggnad, och idag är kunskapen begränsad kring vad som påverkar pelleterbarheten i olika biomassor. Dettamedför att pelletsproduktionen eftersträvarsmå variationer i inkommande råmaterial såsom att bara använda färsk gran, bara lövträd eller en specifik mix. Att förstå och kunna hantera olika biomassors pelleterbarhet skulle innebära att pelletsproducenter kan nyttja ett varierat inflöde, utan att stoppa produktionen. Vilket kommer bli viktigt när omställningen mot mer förnyelsebart ökar konkurrensen om råvaran. En annan aspekt är ett ökat användande av pellets i utvecklingsländer, vilka många har en mycket större variation i träslag än dagens stora pelletsproducerande länder. 

    Arbetet har inriktats på att förstå hur olika biomaterial påverkar pelleterbarheten. Metoden för detta har varit att utgå från komponenter i biomassan tex. cellulosa, hemicellulosa, lignin m.m. och bygga kunskap därifrån. Resultatet visar att hemicellulosans (i huvudsak xylan och glucomannan) påverkan på pelleterbarhet är större än vad som tidigare varit känt. Xylan under kompression påverkas genom att ändra form vilket resulterar i hårda pellets och starka bindningar, samt att dess påverkan av tillsatt vatten i processen är stor. Glucomannan visar på motsatsen, låg påverkan på pelleterbarhet samt att dess inverkan av tillsatt vatten är liten. Denna skillnad kan förklara olikheterna i att pelletera löv- och barrträd, eftersom xylan är huvudsakliga hemicellulosan i lövträd medan glucomannan är det i barrträd. 

    Avhandlingen tar även upp hur pelletsprocessens kan effektiviseras. Ett resultat är att oxiderad stärkelse som additiv reducerar energiåtgången i pelletspressen mer än icke oxiderad stärkelse, samtidigt som pelletens hållfasthet förbättras. Ett annat resultat är en tvåstegs-torkteknik som energieffektiviserar torkprocessen samtidigt som torkkapaciteten ökar. Även att kunna hantera olika biomassors pelleterbarhet presenteras, inriktat på hur olika biomassor från Zambia, kan användas för pelletsproduktion.

    Slutligen finns en rekommendation till pelletsforskare om att inkludera cellulosamaterialet Avicel, i singelpellets-studier. Om alla använder samma referensmaterial, kan metoderna normaliseras och biomassors pelleterbarhet valideras på ett nytt och bättre sätt. Något som utvecklar både forskningen och omställning mot ett ökat nyttjande av förnyelsebara resurser. 

  • Holm, Marie-Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Fleshing out the self: Reimagining intersexed and trans embodied lives through (auto)biographical accounts of the past2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling undersöker hur nuvarande sätt att föreställa sig möjligheter för intersexuella och transpersoners liv inom medicinska sammanhang kan informeras av och omföreställas genom historiska livserfarenheter hos intersexuella och transindivider, som de har artikulerats i självbiografiska berättelser.

    Postmoderna, queer, intersex- och transforskare och aktivister har kritiserat existerande normer för intersex- och transhälsovård för att begränsa möjligheterna för olika förkroppsligande liv genom att artikulera vissa former av förkroppsligande och subjektivitet som mer sannolikt att möjliggöra ett levbart liv än andra. Detta har ofta gjorts i ett medicinskt-juridiskt sammanhang genom att hänvisa till förflutna erfarenheter av levbarhet kring förkroppsligande och genusifierande situationer som skiljer sig från privilegierade positioner.

    Med utgångspunkt i denna kritik, återupptar denna avhandling frågor om hur intersexuella och transpersoner kan bli förkroppsligade och ha relationer till andra, genom att reflektera kring de första tre fjärdedelarna av nittonhundratalet när de nuvarande normerna för vård och diagnostiska kategorier uppstod, men ännu inte blivit etablerade. Med utgångspunkt i en unik uppsättning av historiskt källmaterial från Danska  Justitiedepartementet och Medicinsk-Etiska Rådets arkiv, återges intersexuella och transpersoners livshistorier från egna och medicinsk-etiska experters berättelser skrivna i relation till ansökningar av förändring av juridiskt kön och medicinsk transition. Genom denna process har livshistorier upprepande gånger blivit omartikulerade för att bli en användbar grund för diagnos och beslutsfattande. Samtidigt är dessa livshistorier uppöppnade än en gång i en omartikulation med fokus på deras komplexitet och mångfald.

  • Hållén, Nicklas
    Umeå universitet.
    Travelling Objects: Modernity and Materiality in British Colonial Travel Literature about Africa2011Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the functions of objects in a selection of British colonial travel accounts about Africa. The works discussed were published between 1863 and 1908 and include travelogues by John Hanning Speke, Verney Lovett Cameron, Henry Morton Stanley, Mary Henrietta Kingsley, Ewart Scott Grogan, Mary Hall and Constance Larymore. The author argues that objects are deeply involved in the construction of pre-modern and modern spheres that the travelling subject moves between. The objects in the travel accounts are studied in relation to a contextual background of Victorian commodity and object culture, epitomised by the 1851 Great Exhibition and the birth of the modern anthropological museum. The four analysis chapters investigate the roles of objects in ethnographical and geographical writing, in ideological discussions about the transformative powers of colonial trade, and in narratives about the arrival of the book in the colonial periphery. As the analysis shows, however, objects tend not to behave as they are expected to do. Instead of marking temporal differences, descriptions of objects are typically unstable and riddled with contradictions and foreground the ambivalence that characterises colonial literature.