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  • Public defence: 2018-08-31 13:00 11D121, Karlstad
    Kjeang, Are
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Goda råd är inte dyra!: Om personlig energirådgivning i ett alltmer digitaliserat samhälle2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving the efficiency of energy use across all the sectors – industrial, transport and households – is one of the many necessary approaches to be adopted to ensure sustainable development. The countries of the developing world have to play a key role in such a transition. In Sweden, for close to half a century now, the municipal energy-advising function has been a governmental instrument to support decision-makers in bringing about systemic changes to improve energy efficiency on the one hand and the share of renewable energy in the mix, on the other.  This licentiate thesis has its focus on this function over the said time-period. It has also documented and analysed the energy-advising function from a social perspective. The research shows that in an increasingly-digitalised society, energy-advising must be developed further to be able to reach and impact different categories of energy users – households, small and medium scale enterprises and organisations – more effectively. The Internet happens to be the first resort of most people seeking information on energy-related issues, these days. Digital services do offer a range of possibilities but cannot substitute for the much-needed personal contact, which is provided by the energy-advising function. In this thesis, focus groups, interviews and conversations with energy advisers, homeowners and experts have been availed of, and subsequently analysed. The results also show that personal energy advice is actually popular, indispensable and effective, where replacement of interior heating systems, refurbishment or new building constructions are concerned.

    This research also shows that interactions with energy advisers are useful to test and verify the suitability of ideas and solutions obtained from the Internet. Besides, the home in which these solutions may eventually be tried out, is the perfect place for having such conversations. In this context, the social skills of the energy adviser assume paramount importance. It has been noticed that the viewpoints and experiences of women in households have often been ignored.  Further, the focus on finding solutions has sometimes been narrowed down to the technical and economic aspects, while at other times, decisions have been based on environmental or social factors like maintenance of comfort levels. In order to make the energy advising function more effective and avail of what it has to offer for the journey towards greater sustainability, it needs to be given the importance it deserves by the municipalities and there is also a need of stronger interplay among the other governmental instruments.

  • Mohr, Sebastian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning (from 2013).
    Hoeyer, Klaus
    University of Copenhagen.
    The Good Sperm Cell: Ethnographic Explorations of Semen Quality2018In: Tecnoscienza: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies, ISSN 2038-3460, E-ISSN 2038-3460, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 9-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we compare the meaning and assessment of semenquality across three different contexts: male infertility, sperm donation,and in-vitro sperm. We ask how semen quality is determined in thesethree contexts and what kind of practices and normative choices theseevaluative processes involve. While the notion of good semen quality is oftenreduced to biomedical evidence, our analysis shows that it also drawson beliefs about what is desirable and what is not, producing biomedical evidencein light of specifically desired outcomes. Unpacking semen quality, bylooking at the specificities of how it is done across three different contexts,in this article we thus move beyond comprehending quality standards aspurely technical matters and reposition biomedical assessments of male reproductivepotential in their political and normative contexts.

  • Kleppang, Annette Løvheim
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Department of Public Health, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Hartz, Ingeborg
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway & Inland Hospital Trust, Harstad, Norway.
    Thurston, Miranda
    Department of Public Health, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Hagquist, Curt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Department of Public Health, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Leisure-time physical activity among adolescents and subsequent use of antidepressant and hypnotic drugs: a prospective register linkage study.2018In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this prospective study, the association between physical activity and subsequent use of antidepressant and hypnotic drug use in adolescents aged 15-16 years was examined. This study is based on information retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys (2000-2003) and linked to prescription data from the Norwegian Prescription Database (2004-2013). In total, the study included 10711 participants with a participation rate of 87%. Adolescents were asked how many hours per week they spent on physical activity that made them sweat and/or be out of breath outside of school. Incident psychotropic drug use (outcome measure) was defined as ≥ 1 prescription of one of the following psychotropic drugs: hypnotics and antidepressants registered in the Norwegian Prescription Database. In the crude model for the time period 2004-2007, the odds of incident hypnotic use were lower for those who were physically active 1-2 h per week (OR 0.48-0.64), compared to those who were physically inactive (< 1 h per week). However, the association become non-significant 4-year post-baseline (2008-2010 and 2011-2013). In the crude model for the time periods 2004-2007, 2008-2010 and 2011-2013, the odds of incident antidepressant use were lower for physically active adolescents (2004-2007: OR 0.46-0.71, 2008-2010: OR 0.40-0.67 and 2011-2013: OR 0.37-0.58, compared to those who were physically inactive < 1 h. However, after adjustment for confounders, the association became non-significant in all time periods except in physical activity 5-7 and 8-10 h in the period 2008-2010. Physical activity does not indicate any association with later use of antidepressants, and the significant association with incident hypnotic drug use was for short-term follow-up only and disappeared on longer term follow-up periods. Given the scarcity of longitudinal studies examining the association between physical activity and mental health as well as psychotropic drug use among young people, the current study adds to previous research.