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  • Bengtsson, Maria
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Eriksson, Petra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Du lär dig kanske hantera det efter ett tag: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares erfarenheter kring klientrelaterat hot och våld.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how social work professionals in child protection relate to situations of client related threats and violence, in the workplace, and also how they reason about the preventive work, in order to avoid threatening situations. In order to achieve the purpose, we used a qualitative approach, consisting of five individual interviews. In our semistructured interviews we looked for answers to the following questions: What knowledges about work-related measures did the social work professionals receive, on how to act when threats and violence arise in meetings with clients in the workplace? What strategies do the social work professionals use to avoid threatening or violent situations that can arise in meetings with their clients? We have, throughout our research process, been inspired by the hermeneutic method. The analysis was based upon Antonovskys KASAM (sense of coherence)-theory and theoretical concepts of mentalization, organizational culture and coping. The results show that only a few threatening situations occurred in the physical workplace of the five social work professionals. More common were threats expressed by phone and email. It appears that social workers have an awareness, preparing for meetings with clients to try to understand how the client will experience the meeting. All stresses the importance of responding to client with respect. The results also show that the interviewees believe that they receive good social support from colleagues and managers; they do, however, lack a broader perspective of education on how to act during threatening or violent situations. Majority of the interviewees felt that age and professional experience can be of importance in the interpretation of the situation. It is found by the interviewees that the work experience is something that affects what precautions they take in their private life, to private life should not be affected by one's choice of profession. They meant that these factors can affect the experience of threats and violence and how one interprets situations of violence and threats. The interviewees mentioned that they feel more confident in how to act when they need to diffuse a violent situation. They also meant that, as social work professionals working in child protection, you get a certain acceptance of the different kinds of situations your clients live through, the older you get.

  • Lundmark, Isac
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Jacob, Lingefjärd
    Karlstad University.
    Fallstudie: Hur sköter Modo Hockey sin PR?: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kritisk diskursanalys över hur klubben arbetat med sin PR under perioden 1 april till den 14 september 2016.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of Public Relations (PR) has seen big leaps forward since Grunig, Grunig and Dozier among others laid out the paradigm for the field. A lot of organizations have used their theories regarding Excellence PR. Parallelly with the evolution of the PR field, there has been a professionalization within the field of sports. This should also mean that sports organizations are interested in using the relevant PR theories available. Bruce & Tini (2008) as well as Xifra (2008) have researched what the PR work looks like in sports organizations. This research however, has not been conducted on Swedish clubs. On April 1st 2016, Modo Hockey were defeated and sent down from the top league to the Swedish second division. Already then they knew that their economic situation would be more difficult. They had to downsize the salaries budget and let people working for the organization go. These measures weren’t enough. In August, Modo Hockey had to request for extra financial support from the municipality, even though they already have received economic support before. A discussion whether or not the politicians should allow the new, more generous, economic support package deal took place online in the community of Örnsköldsvik. The critical discourse analysis in this study shows that there never really was a doubt whether or not politicians should grant Modo economic aid or not, but rather how big the economic package should be. Modo have a strong position in the region and by using their ideology to influence the public opinion as well as the city council they have an impact on the political decisions in the region. On the other hand, the quantitative content analysis showed that the sport editorials are to a greater extent publishing positive articles compared to the news editorials. Together this triangulation of the two methods give an accounting of how Modo Hockey conducts its PR, partly through the relation to journalists, politicians and public opinion. Another important stakeholder is the supporters of the club that can act as ambassadeurs of Modo Hockey. The study shows that the Modo community is important, strong and unifies a strong “we”. At the same time this “we” also creates a “them”, according to Hinchman & Hinchman’s (1997) theories regarding community. The study also shows that Modo Hockey practice theories within the PR field. One example is that Modo Hockey create their own relevant content on their website and then use social media where users themselves can contribute with information to the discourse. With the communication Modo have succeeded associating the club to the region, where the ideology has created a dependency between the club, municipality and the residents. A dependency that is symbolical as well as economical. Due to that fact Modo have taken a power position within the region, a Örnsköldsvik without Modo would have dire consequences.

  • Bohlin, Emeli
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Eklund, Emilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    "Ibland vill jag bli en rättshaverist": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av sin arbetssituation utifrån deras position som gräsrotsbyråkrat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The municipal social services under the Social Services Act is responsible for the municipality’s citizens, but is at risk because of the situation in social services as social secretaries choose professions other than the exercise of authority. Social service work may be compromised on the basis that there will be a heavy workload for those social secretaries that stays when there are not enough resources. How social secretaries experience control in their work affects the way to trade and manage their work situation and the perceived control may be a discretion.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how social secretaries perceive their work situation. The study was conducted based on a qualitative method and consisted of interviews of five social secretaries that all work in the same municipality. It was revealed from the qualitative content analysis that the social secretary job situation may seem complicated and the social secretaries tend to ”end up trapped” on the basis o fits position between the organization and the client. The conclusion of the study show that social secretaries work situation is characterized by frustration, both from the client and from the social secretaries own frustration to feel limited in their role as street-level bureaucrat. The framework constituting the discretion consists of organizational and social factors that the social secretaries needed to relate to. The discretion was perceived limited but constituted mainly a security in the complex work.

  • Alestam, Lina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    "Jag behöver någon som förstår mig": En kvalitativ studie om mödrars upplevelse av relationen till handläggaren under kontaktfamiljsprocessen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur mödrar upplevde relationen till handläggarna under hela kontaktfamiljsprocessen på Familjeavdelningen i Karlstad kommun. För att undersöka detta valdes en kvalitativ metod där fem mödrar med minst ett års erfarenhet av kontaktfamiljsinsatsen intervjuades. Frågeställningarna var hur mödrarna upplevde delaktighet, bemötandet och vad de tror kunde påverka relationen med handläggaren. För att djupare kunna undersöka vad som sker i mötet mellan mödrarna och handläggarna analyserades materialet utifrån kommunikationsteori samt begreppet makt. Resultatet i studien visade att mödrarna till stor del kände sig delaktiga och väl bemötta av handläggarna på Familjeavdelningen. Denna känsla uppstod när de kände sig lyssnade på och upplevde tillit till handläggaren. En utmaning i relationen var handläggarbyten eller när mödrarna upplevde att de blivit bemötta alltför rutinmässigt. Mödrarna upplevde då otrygghet, vilket kunde resultera i en sämre relation till handläggarna. Vidare kunde vi även identifiera att det finns en rädsla för socialtjänsten hos mödrar med negativa erfarenheter av socialtjänsten, vilket i vissa fall påverkade deras möjlighet till delaktighet.

  • Isacson, Malin
    Vi kanske ska kalla dansen i skolan för något annat?: En studie om idrottslärares relation till dans och dansens roll i idrott och hälsa.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Timm, Jimmy
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Wahlström, Jens
    Karlstad University.
    Det här är en svart dag för Sverige: En komparativ studie i nyhetsdiskurs mellan Dagens Nyheter och Fria Tider i deras rapportering om knivådet i Västerås kontra skolattacken i Trollhättan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to study how a right-wing populist alternative news medium, versus a more mainstream news medium, reports on two different news events. First off is the stabbings at the furniture store Ikea in Västerås, second is the attack on students at a middle school in Trollhättan by a masked adolescent armed with a sword. Both of which took place in the fall of 2015 in Sweden. Both events gained much attention from the news media, and sparked the already intense political debate on immigration issues. This due to the facts that the perpetrator at Ikea in Västerås was a refugee seeking asylum in Sweden, and the masked assailent in Trollhättan showed interest in right-wing extremist content on the internet as well as targeting students and faculty of immigration background.The theoretical framework consists of earlier research on populism, alternative media as well ason traditional journalism. We chose to work mainly with two distinguished theories within media and communication studies. The first theory is framing, based mainly on research done by Scheufele and Entman. The second theory is discourse, as defined by Foucalt and Fairclough. The method used for the study is a critical discourse analysis. This method together with the twotheories have been proven useful when studying political discourses and framing in political news articles similar to the ones we picked for our essay. The material used for this study consists off our news articles of which two are linked to each news event or “case”. Two of the articles are published by Fria Tider, a right-wing populist alternative news medium, while the other two by Dagens Nyheter, a well established and more mainstream oriented morning news paper. Different frames and discourses have been revealed in the material after our analysis, based on our schematics in an attempt to operationalise.The results points towards two widely different news discourses and ways of framing the news content. Fria Tider portrait the events in favour of their agenda of critical views on immigration and immigrants, whereas Dagens Nyheter acts as a counterpart with far more objective framing of the events. This study seeks to build a better understanding of today’s polarised media landscape, as well as the importance of independent journalism and news media in a society where the mass media experience cutbacks and convergence. A more explicit and honest public debate regarding immigrational issues is needed, to avoid further polarisation of the media landscape.

  • Lindberg, Mattias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Att se historia: En undersökning av några högstadielärares användning av medier i sin historieundervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is said that we live in a society of communication, or a society of media, even. If that is true, that everyday live is affected by media, then the children of our society are also affected, and so is school. The purpose of this study was to see how four different teachers use media in their history education to spread knowledge about history to their pupils and to make them more historically aware. In doing so I was hoping that I, and others, can make use of their methods and experience of using media in the education. The results of this study shows that teachers seem to find pictures the best and most important media for pupils to understand history better. The teachers also all seem to think media in the history education can have a greatly positive impact on the pupils’ understanding of history.

  • Henrik, Thoms
    Karlstad University.
    Vägen till eliten: En kvalitativ studie om vilka som är faktorerna för att lyckas som friidrottare på seniornivå.2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Magnusson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att tillhöra en genre, vad innebär det?: En intervjustudie om klassiska musiker och jazzmusiker2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to get an insight into what kind of influence and meaning traditions and genres has on musicians. I have, during my period of study, developed an interest in finding out how genres and traditions affect musician´s musical performances. The study originates from a socio-cultural perspective, which means that playing music is considered as a social activity where a great deal of knowledge comes from communication with other people. The data consists of qualitative interviews with four musicians. The result shows that the distinction between genres is not necessarily great. The background literature however proves the opposite. In the literature, jazz musicians are described as having a good musical ear; they do not pay that close attention to the written note, whilst classical musicians do the opposite. My study shows that jazz musicians and classical musicians are both equally dependent upon tradition, but the way they interpret music is individual and depends upon the situation. Furthermore, the study shows that the term musical freedom has a different meaning for a jazz musician than it has for a classical musician, but it is still up to musicians to define it for themselves within his or her genre. When the interviewees were asked to define their genre, the classical musicians answered that classical music is supposed to be played strictly the way it appears on sheet music within a clear framework, but genre does not always automatically shape a musician nor how they think as individuals.  A classical musician can, according to the result, also experiment and with a good musical ear compose their own music and improvise in many different ways.

  • Public defence: 2017-03-31 13:15 12A 138 Geijersalen
    Mehrabov, Ilkin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    “All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace”: Activist Practices in an Era of Mediatized Surveillance2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the defining features of contemporary zeitgeist is that we live in an era of mediatization – a metaprocess, through (and by) which all everyday relations increasingly depend on networked media technologies and online communication channels.

    Due to rapid developments in digital electronics, all these Internet- or mobile-enabled platforms, and devices, are prone to the processes of quantification and datafication, and as such, surveillance is a principal dimension that lies at the core of mediatization.

    Through five peer-reviewed academic articles and the cover text, this dissertation provides a multi-faceted analysis of the complex relationships – built by Azerbaijan’s and Turkey’s state intelligence, security and law enforcement agencies with a number of local, and global, private information, entertainment and telecommunications companies. The articles are focused on different cases: the complete dispersion of commercial social media based oppositional activists in Azerbaijan, and the arrests of Anonymous led hacktivists in Turkey, both happening in 2011; and, the mass mobilization of millions of Turkish citizens during the Gezi Park protests of 2013. The current compilation puts forth in-depth accounts and scrutiny of how various social movements (in general), and individual activists (in particular), are affected by an amalgamation of public, political; and, private, economic, surveillance practices and seeks to illuminate the abusive extents of this transformation – vis-à-vis the changing media and communication environment – by way of using mediatization as an analytical tool.

    Overall, this dissertation contributes a nuanced understanding of the complex interplay between the increasingly mediatized natures of activism and surveillance in semi-authoritarian states. The conclusions have relevance and significance – in considering both similar country contexts and on a global scale – in the light of contemporary technological and political transformations.

  • Olsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire - categorization of items2017Data set
  • Olsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire - grade twelve version2017Data set
  • Olsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Sutstainability Consciousness Questionnaire - grade nine version2017Data set
  • Olsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire - grade six version2017Data set
  • Forsberg, Jacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    ”Inspiration är svårt att finna. Du måste ta den där du hittar den.”: En analys av det medvetna bruket av intertextualitet i Bob Dylans låttexter mellan 1963–652017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay highlights parts of the complexity in Bob Dylan’s authorship via an analysis of the conscious usage of intertextuality in six songs from three different albums, all from the middle of the 1960’s. It is elucidated that Dylan’s lyrics cannot be simplified as only allusions to Shakespeare and it is shown that the lyrics contains a high level of complexity. The purpose is to display the author’s conscious use of references such as allusions, quotes, euphemisms and satire and show how those supports my thesis. The texts, as they are perceived through intertextuality, shows different connections. Even though the author is complex from the first example to the last, it is shown in this essay that he progresses from referring to the old folk music tradition to alluding to authors such as Edgar Allen Poe, William Blake, Dylan Thomas and Allen Ginsberg in the later examples.

  • Örnborg, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Alexandersson, Mirja
    Karlstad University.
    "Det är ingen dans på rosor men ändå ett bra jobb": En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare inom socialtjänsten upplever den psykosociala arbetsmiljön2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was, through a hermeneutic perspective, to find out how social workers in the social services, experience the psychosocial work environment. We wanted to explore how the social workers found joy in their vocation and which challenges the social workers experienced in the work. We chose to interview six social workers with varying length in the profession, active in two municipalities. The interview material was interpreted with Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the demand-control-social support model. The result of the study shows that a good working group and good colleagues was important to experience wellbeing at the workplace, which we interpreted as the social workers experienced a meaningfulness of their work. The clients were also a factor that contributed to the social workers satisfaction in their work, but also something that was a challenge in their profession. Other challenges were that they didn´t have time for their duties because of the documentation requirements and that there were flaws in routines and guidelines that complicated their work.

  • Rostedt, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Lärares kompetens och lärande: En Kvalitativ studie om lärares syn på ämneskunskaper i musikproduktion2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Music production is a relatively new subject in upper secondary school who place high demands on the teacher's expertise in many areas of knowledge, such as sound technology, composition, arranging and leadership. A music teacher education by deepening specialization in music production was not started until 2011, as teacher graduates before 2015 lack formal training in the subject.

    The purpose of the study is to highlight the teacher's view of what it takes to teach the subject music production in upper secondary school and how the application of their skills may seem teaching.

    The study consists of four interviews with teachers who teach music in upper secondary school. The study shows that teachers need to be multi-skilled to teach the subject music production. In addition to traditional music skills they must have significant knowledge of music technology, and be familiar with today's musical trends and cultures. The study shows that there are great advantages to being able to play one or more instruments as music production teacher, and having experience in the music industry is considered a must in order to make the lessons as realistic as possible. The challenge for today's music teachers is the need to constantly develop their skills to contribute in a meaningful and reality-grounded education in a constantly changing music industry.

  • Byström, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Djurassisterad pedagogik: En kvalitativ undersökning om att använda djur som pedagogiskt verktyg i undervisningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore different experiences of Animal Assisted Therapy and search into how Animal Assisted Therapy in schools/preschools is already being pursued.To get the answer to my research question, I have done qualitative interviews with people working withAnimal Assisted Therapy in schools and preschools to share their experiences.

    The purpose of Animal Assisted Therapy may be to practice a specific knowledge, for example reading, but it may also be social interaction, communication, respect and responsibility.During my interviews, I have learned that Animal Assisted Therapyalso increases self-respect, self-esteem and empathy for others. It helps in the understanding of social interaction and respect of humans and animals. The individual becomes more able to take responsibility, communicate with others and take on school work. All my informants believe that the animal contributes to a relaxed, stress- and anxiety-reducing environment, through the hormone Oxytocin. Animal Assisted Therapy can be used as an educational tool in teaching to help students overcome their problems and continue learning.

  • Dahlberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    "Lisa och Olle tjänar 135 kronor var. Hur mycket har de tillsammans?": Bilder och matematik i samspel för problemlösning i årskurs tre.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jenny, Johansson
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Tove, Tangegård
    Att tänka utanför boxen men samtidigt handla innanför ramen: Hur enhetschefer i kommunal äldreomsorg hanterar sjukskrivningar av omsorgspersonal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how first line managers in municipal elderly care manage sick leave among care workers. The study uses a qualitative method and five interviews were performed with first line manager professionals in municipal elderly care. We have been inspired by critical theory when analyze the result. The theoretical framework is space of action, freedom of action and conflict of interest. The result of the study shows that according to first line managers sick leave among care workers is an extensive problem. The result shows that first line managers themselves are an important tool while managing sick leave. They are all aware of the framework that controls their space of action and the framework consists of laws, rules and organizational conditions. The result shows that first line managers manage sick leave in different ways. How to manage sick leave is up to each and every one of them and it can sometimes be difficult to parry the different expectations they have on themselves and on their mission. First line managers describe lack of support functions as a reason why it can be difficult and they say that they are forced to develop their own strategies to compensate for these. The result also shows that there is a lack of resources, in both time and money to meet the legal obligations that first line managers have by their employer's' responsibility.

  • Andersberg, Evelina
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Larsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University.
    Blir du slagen?: Hur personalen inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin beskriver att de arbetar för att upptäcka barn som utsätts för våld2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That children are exposed to violence is nothing unusual in the society of today. Violence is a complicated topic to talk about with children because the child has to trust the person who asks, not feel repressed and also, to tell someone about what has happened means to override their loyalty to a person close to them. The aim of our study has been, through a triangulation, a combination of qualitative and quantitative method, to investigate how the child and adolescent psychiatry work in the contact with children to discover if there is violence in the family, and whether they have knowledge of the workplace guidelines in the subject. The survey was conducted through a questionnaire with 23 respondents reported by a descriptive analysis of the quantitative material and a content analysis of the qualitative. The result shows that professionals in child and adolescent psychiatry today ask children if they have suffered any kind of violence when the suspicion arises rather than routine. Workplace guidelines are familiar to most respondents, and they know how they should proceed if they find out that a child is exposed to violence. The professionals' experiences on the issue differ between different types of violence and it is difficult to approach the topic of sexual violence than it is to talk about physical violence. Despite the various answers to our questions around the topic to ask if there is violence in the family, there is a consistent theme: It's all about to question in such a way that no one feels cornered or offended. 

  • Cortéz, Cesia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Nihlzon, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    "vi möter dom men vi ser dom inte": En studie av socialarbetares konstruktion av ”den prostituerade”2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have examined the views and thoughts about “the prostitute” among social workers. The aim has also been to analyze the impact of their social construction of “the prostitute” on social work. To examine this, we have made a qualitative interview study in which we have interviewed seven people from five different organizations, for example social services. Our analysis of the data is inspired by systematic text condensation, leading to a result which we then analyzed with the help of social constructionism and the concepts of categorization, stereotyping and shame. Our results show that the social workers have limited knowledge about this topic. The construction of “the prostitute” is affected by the shame in society that is connected to the topic. This leads to consequences in the social work. The social workers don’t speak or ask their clients about prostitution in the meetings, as the topic is considered to be too sensitive and shameful. The social work in this field is mainly focused on girls which indicates that women are constructed as the most exposed participants in prostitution.

  • Johansson, Marielle
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Karlsson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Öppnar du Pandoras ask ska du kunna hantera innehållet: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialarbetare inom socialtjänsten upplever arbetet med barn som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how social workers in social services experience working with children who had been sexually abused. To illustrate this, we investigated the social worker's approach work around the client group, their knowledge about sexual abuse and how they deal with their own emotions. For that purpose, to be achieved, the study carried out by five semi-structured interviews with active social workers in a Swedish municipality. The collected material is processed from a hermeneutical approach and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. We have also used the concepts of congruence, acceptance, empathy, and coping and Ingram's model of how social workers can combine emotion with rational thinking and decision, which has made possible explanations for how the social workers relate to their work with clients and helped us to understand how social workers deal with their emotions that arise in conversations with their clients. The results show that social services do not specifically work therapeutic with children who have been sexually abused but they are rather a first help for vulnerable children when the help from those who possess special expertise regarding traumatized children in one way or another lingers. Furthermore, the results show that the department do not provide specific and clear guidelines or action plans which tells the operating method to be used in work with children who have been sexually abused. The study highlights the importance of knowledge and expertise regarding trauma and how trauma can be expressed in those children who have been sexually abused, in order to be able to respond and provide the right help. The results illustrate that it is combined with the experience and ongoing training that the professional are getting the preparedness and knowledge to meet children who have been sexually abused.

  • Linderoth, Oskar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Förändring är det enda konstanta: Vilka faktorer triggar konstruktivt beteende i förändringsarbete?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In terms of society as a whole and in industries and whole sectors; change is constant. Additionally, a known problem is that change may create resistance among individuals and groups. Since people are the foundation of all organisations it means that one of the major challenges of change management is to get supportive behaviour from the organisation. At the same time behavioural sciences has identified numerous factors that influence people's behaviour. 

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to identify and explain factors that are possible to influence and which triggers constructive behaviour in change processes.

    The theory foundation consists of research and literature in behavioural sciences and change management which initially resulted in six selected factors. Based on that frame of reference a case study of an extensive change process has been conducted with a total of four interviews with heads of units, as well as one interview with an external consultant in change management. In addition, employee surveys with data from more than 1,000 respondents from 2011, 2013 and 2015 has been used. The case company is Xmentor Management AB with focus on when their customer Trafikverket, the Transport Administration of Sweden, created National and Regional Operational Management. 

    The findings show that the six selected factors are able to trigger constructive behaviour in change processes. Three of the factors are also possible to influence to a great extent. The three main conclusions are to maximize rewards on an individual level, to create effective communication to everyone in the organization, as well as to offer the possibility of co-creation.

  • Fahlbeck, Reinhold
    Lunds universitet.
    Recension av publikationen Frihet till samvete av Susanne Wigorts Yngvesson2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 123-126 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Larsson, Per Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Recension av publikationen Arbetsliv för alla: Funktionsnedsättning och arbete av Berth Danermark och Susanna Larsson Tholén2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 119-122 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Skriv även på svenska!2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 116-118 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska arbetslivsforskare har under en längre tid bekymrat sig för att forskningen om arbetslivet (i vid bemärkelse) har hamnat i periferin; dess tidigare framträdande position har kraftigt försvagats vad gäller såväl tilldelning av forskningsmedel som samhällspåverkande kraft. De här problemen har diskuterats livligt, inte minst bland medlemmarna i FALF (Forum för arbetslivsforskning), och har mynnat ut i ett antal debattartiklar i pressen samt skrivelser till departement och forskningsfinansiärer. Den springande punkten har varit, och är fortfarande, att flytta fram positionerna och verkligen vara en forskning vars resultat bidrar till ett bra arbetsliv och samhälle. För att kunna vara en sådan kraft måste den arbetslivsforskning som bedrivs – och sannolikt är av intresse för en bred allmänhet – synliggöras. Ett bra sätt är då att faktiskt publicera resultaten av forskningen även på svenska.

  • Celikaksoy, Aycan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns väg till utbildning och arbetsmarknad2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 101-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet flyktingar som kommer till Europa ökade dramatiskt under 2015. Många var barn och en betydande del av dessa barn var ensamkommande, det vill säga kom inte tillsammans med förälder eller annan legal vårdnadshavare. Hur går det för de ensamkommande barnen i de länder de har kommit till? Kommer de i utbildning? Får de arbete? Det är några frågor som det är angeläget att få svar på.

  • Frödin, Olle
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    Lunds universitet.
    Arbetskraftsmigration från tredje land i låglöneyrken2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 82-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har sedan december 2008 liberalare regler för arbetskraftsinvandring från ”tredje land” (länder utanför EU/EES) än kanske något annat land. De nya reglerna gäller alla yrken oberoende av kvalifikationsgrad eller om det är fråga om ett bristyrke eller inte. Artikeln handlar om de cirka 500 arbetskraftsmigranter från tredje land som 2012 beviljades arbetstillstånd i restaurang- och städbranscherna i Stockholm. Vi gör också utblickar mot utvecklingen på riksnivå.

  • Frank, Denis
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Förändringar i svensk arbetskraftsinvandringspolitik 1954-20142017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 64-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel jämförs svensk arbetskraftsinvandringspolitik i två tidsperioder, nämligen 1954–72 och 2008–14. I båda perioderna utökades möjligheterna för utländska medborgare att resa in i Sverige för att arbeta. Det finns viktiga skillnader mellan invandringspolitiken i de två perioderna. En viktig skillnad gäller restriktionerna i migranters arbetsmarknadsrörlighet; en annan skillnad gäller i vilken mån och på vilket sätt det infördes tidsbegränsningar i migranters vistelse och arbete i Sverige. Artikeln undersöker hur sådana restriktioner är relaterade till olika sociala intressen.

  • Dunlavy, Andrea
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet/Karolinska institutet.
    Rostila, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet/Karolinska institutet.
    Arbetsmiljön bland utrikesfödda anställda i Sverige2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 44-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel syftar till att utöka kunskapen kring arbetsmiljöförhållanden bland utlandsfödda på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Studien undersöker hur exponering för bristfälliga psykosociala, strukturella och fysiska arbetsmiljöförhållanden varierar mellan olika grupper av anställda kvinnor och män beroende på födelseland. Resultaten visar skillnader när det gäller exponering för bristfälliga arbetsmiljöförhållanden mellan utlandsfödda och inrikes födda anställda på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Dessa skillnader beror på den grupp som undersöks och det arbetsmiljöproblem som studeras.

  • Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wennemo Lanninger, Alma
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sundström, Marianne
    Stockholms universitet.
    Etableringsreformens effekter på integrationen av nyanlända2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 25-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etableringsreformen genomfördes under 2010 av den förra regeringen för att underlätta och påskynda integrationen av nyanlända flyktingar och deras anhöriga. Reformen innebar att ansvaret för de nyanländas etablering överfördes från kommunerna till Arbetsförmedlingen. I den här artikeln analyserar vi reformens effekter på de nyanländas sysselsättning, löneinkomster och deltagande i utbildning ett, två och tre år efter beviljat uppehållstillstånd på basis av registerdata från SCB över samtliga nyanlända.

  • Ericsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Rakar, Fredrik
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Med minnen av en framtid - Integration och etablering som meningsskapande processer2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 8-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att flytta innebär att lära sig ett nytt socialt sammanhang, men också ett uppbrott från vår livshistoria. Nutid, dåtid och framtid behöver omförhandlas i ett nytt socialt sammanhang för att (åter-)skapa mening och därmed fortsätta intrigen i livsberättelsen. Vi vill undersöka hur integration och etablering kan förstås som en meningsskapande process och vad ett sådant perspektiv innebär för förståelsen för mötet mellan nyanländ och policy. Har vi en etableringsprocess som ger individen verktyg för att skapa minnen av en ny framtid?

  • Herzfeld Olsson, Petra
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Wadensjö, Eskil
    Stockholms universitet.
    Inledning till temanummer om migration och arbete2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, 4-7 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Kusuran, Amir
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    L2 English spelling error analysis: An investigation of English spelling errors made by Swedish senior high school students2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Proper spelling is important for efficient communication between people with different first languages in the 21st century. While Swedish functions as an intranational language within Sweden, it sees little to no use outside of Scandinavia. English fills the role as a second language that all Swedish students must learn, yet more focus appears to be given to grammar rather than spelling. Spelling is important and knowing the kinds of spelling errors Swedish learners of English tend to make can help educators improve the spelling proficiency of their students. The aim of this study is to investigate the spelling errors made by senior high school students in Sweden by analyzing a collection of essays written by students and gathered in the Uppsala Learner English Corpus (ULEC). The results of this study show that spelling proficiency nearly doubled for students in their third year in senior high school compared to their first year, yet the distribution of spelling errors remained the same. Additionally, some particular sounds that appear to be especially problematic for Swedish spellers were identified, such as /ə/, /l/, /s/ and /k/.

  • Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    Ledarskap för en jämställd och hållbar högre utbildning: En projektrapport2012Report (Other academic)
  • Klevskog, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Robert Langdon's Hero's Journey: Reading the Novels of Dan Brown with the perspective of the Monomyth2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the characteristics of Robert Langdon and his female helpers in Dan Brown’s novels Angels and Demons, The Da Vinci Code, The Lost symbol and Inferno.  In each of these novels, the quests are always solved by a male-female team. This essay is therefore going to focus on the character of Robert Langdon and his female helpers with the perspective of the Monomyth by Joseph Campbell. The protagonist Robert Langdon is a Harvard University professor specialised in religious iconology and symbology, but in these four novels he is thrown into breath-taking adventures with dangerous situations, however, with the help of several females he always manages to survive. The aim of this essay is to show how Langdon and his female helpers have the characteristics of a contemporary hero and helper, with the perspective of Campbell’s the Monomyth.

    Keywords: Character Analysis, Robert Langdon, Hero, Female Helper, the Monomyth, Angels and Demons, The Da Vinci Code, The Lost Symbol, Inferno.

     

  • Kock, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Åtgärdsprogram: En kritisk diskursanalytisk studie av åtgärdsprogram för yngre elever med stöd i sin läs- och skrivutveckling.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how the work with special support in the subject Swedish is described in some action programme established for students in grades 1-3.

     

    The paper’s questions were about how teachers described the student’s need for support and the following actions.

     

    Critical discourse analysis was used to answer the questions. The empirical data for the study were fourteen action programmes from three different municipalities. To help in the analysis of the results, the special education perspective as a theoretical model was used.

     

    The combined results showed that the student’s needs at several of the reviewed action programmes were presented as if the student was carrying his problems, or that the student needed to train more. The needs were also presented as if the student needed a small group or an assistant. Actions were described on the basis that the student was a passive recipient of the actions. Most of the actions were on an individual level. Special needs teachers were presented as actions in several of the reviewed action programmes. In some action programmes the actions were described on an organizational level. The measurements used were focused on the teachers where they needed to find other ways of working.

     

    In conclusion, five different discourses emerged; inclusive discourse, excluding discourse, pedagogic discourse, student as the problem bearer, knowledge discourse and academic discourse. Several of the discourses belong in the traditional school and the compensatory perspective. However, there were some discourses revealed that belong in the critical perspective, such as including discourse where connections can be made to political documents such as the child convention and Salamanca declaration. One interesting conclusion is that many discourses were about the special needs teacher, with the help of the dilemma perspective the study shows that the discourse can be problematic depending on how we view the special needs teaching as a profession.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-06 10:00 9C204, Rejmersalen, Karlstad
    Åsberg, Dennis
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Fundamental and Regulatory Aspects of UHPLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) provides a considerable increase in throughput compared to HPLC and a reduced solvent consumption. The implementation of UHPLC in pharmaceutical analysis, e.g. quality control, has accelerated in recent years and there is currently a mix of HPLC and UHPLC instrumentation within pharmaceutical companies. There are, however, technical and regulatory challenges converting a HPLC method to UHPLC making it difficult to take full advantage of UHPLC in regulatory-focused applications like quality control in pharmaceutical production.

    Using chromatographic modelling and fundamental theory, this thesis investigated method conversion between HPLC and UHPLC. It reports on the influence of temperature gradients due to viscous heating, pressure effects and stationary phase properties on the separation performance. It also presents a regulatory concept for less regulatory interaction for minor changes to approved methods to support efficient life cycle management.

    The higher pressure in UHPLC gave a retention increase of up to 40% as compared to conventional HPLC while viscous heating, instead, reduced retention and the net result was very solute dependent. Selectivity shifts were observed even between solutes with similar structure when switching between HPLC and UHPLC and an experimental method to predict such selectivity shifts was therefore developed. The peak shape was negatively affected by the increase in pressure for some solutes since secondary interactions between the solute and the stationary phase increased with pressure.

    With the upcoming ICH Q12 guideline, it will be possible for the industry to convert existing methods to UHPLC in a more flexible way using the deeper understanding and the regulatory concept presented here as a case example.

  • Hartman, Sven
    Stockholm University.
    Response: On RE research in the Nordic countries – a few notes2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 118-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the complex nature of RE and the RE research the response suggests that RE pedagogy preferably should adopt a multidisciplinary approach in order to grasp the complexity of RE. Nobody can be an expert in every sector of the RE research field, but everyone can learn something from colleagues working with other problems and methods in the complex field of RE.

  • Ubani, Martin
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Contextualising the contribution of RE scholarly communities to the development of RE didactics in Finland over recent decades2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 87-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will discuss the scholarly communities of religious education in Finland during the past 40 years. In this article I will use material from curricula, dissertations and some key researchers in order to describe the contribution of the scholarly communities in the field of religious education concerning RE. Finally, I point out that multicultural education seems to be beginning to constitute a scholarly community within RE research that could bring dialogue and knowledge-creation in RE research into a new phase.

  • Osbeck, Christina
    University of Gothenburg.
    Examples of knowledge contributions in Swedish RE – A discussion of disciplines as frames for knowledge re/production2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 66-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to examine kinds of knowledge contributions – in a) RE research, exemplified by three dissertations, and b) three textbooks for RE student teachers – in relation to the academic disciplines/milieus in which these knowledge contributions occur, and to discuss how these milieus work as frames for knowledge development. Characterisations of knowledge contributions in subject didactics and RE are used as analytical tools while the study as a whole draws on socio-cultural perspectives on learning and activity theory which stress how learning takes place in the discursive practices where people are active. A striking similarity between the dissertations is that none of them has been developed in an in an RE discipline, with an RE supervisor, or in an academic milieu specialising in RE. The different academic contexts have contributed to interesting combinations and developments of theoretical perspectives but simultaneously there is a lack of milieus that deal with these findings and integrate them into further developmental processes. Moreover, there seem to be larger differences in RE knowledge contributions between the dissertations and the textbooks as groups than within these groups. While the dissertations represent empirical studies of the participants in the teaching practices and use the findings as foundations for discussions and problematisations of RE teaching, the student teacher texts take the RE content and curriculum for granted to a larger extent. One conclusion of this article is that in order to strengthen the RE field – both in school, teacher education and research – extended cooperation between these different practices is needed.

  • Buchardt, Mette
    Aalborg University.
    Religious Education research in welfare state Denmark. A historical and institutional perspective on an epistemological discussion2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 49-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article deals with forms of knowledge and types of research interests in scholarly work on Religious Education at the primary and lower secondary levels in Denmark throughout the heyday of the welfare state from the 1960s and up until the 2000s, when the welfare state model not least with regard to education was in transition. The point of departure is the work and oeuvre of K.E. Bugge, for many years – and remaining until now – the last professor of Religious Education in Denmark, namely at the Royal Danish School of Education (Danmarks Lærerhøjskole) which reorganized as Danish University of Education in 2000. The article situates his doctoral dissertation "The school for life. Studies concerning the pedagogical ideas of N. F. S. Grundtvig" (1965) in its institutional context and compares the forms of knowledge it produced with three PhD dissertations defended during the 2000s and thus in a changed institutional field. Drawing on the conceptual understanding of the field of educational sciences deriving from Hofstetter and Schneuwly (2002), the article analyzes ways of doing research in and related to Religious Education and the scholarly disciplines involved. Focus will be on the relation between the academic disciplines studying religion and the educational sciences in their many disciplinary forms and on the relation between the field of sciences and the field of educational practice.

  • Skeie, Geir
    Stockholm University and University of Stavanger.
    Where is Norwegian religious education research heading? A discussion based on two dissertations.2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 27-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Norwegian religious education research has produced more than 30 dissertations since late1990’s and has a strong and growing research record in spite of a rather weak and vulnerable position in academic structures. In order to assess the situation and to discuss future possibilities, the article presents the research context and go on to discuss the dissertations of Geir Skeie (1998) and Bengt-Ove Andreassen (2007). It is argued that they have many similarities, but also differences in the way they address the field and discuss epistemological issues. Theory, method and effects of the dissertations in the research community are mentioned and this leads to a deliberation about the role of academic disciplines in the construction of religious education research. A final discussion concludes that systematic reviews of religious education research would be helpful in order to develop future research and to avoid less fruitful disciplinary rivalries.

  • Gunnarsson, Gunnar J
    University of Iceland.
    From religious homogeneity to secularization, diversity and pluralism2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 1-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the article three Icelandic research projects are examined, two doctoral theses and one master’s thesis, with a view to mapping the knowledge that those projects have created while also considering what knowledge is lacking in the field of research in religious education in Iceland. The selected projects are chosen on the basis of their focus on religious education at schools, and they are examined from the perspective of what knowledge they have provided and what conclusions can be drown from their results about the status and role of religious education in compulsory schools in Iceland. Research in the field of religious education in Iceland has been rather limited, and the question arises, what knowledge is available in that area in the country? All three projects reflect the development of Icelandic society from being relatively homogeneous in religious matters to growing secularization and increasing religious diversity and pluralism. Although their objectives are different, they clearly show how the development of the society affects emphases in the school’s religious education. Therefore their results and discussion provide a foundation of knowledge on religious education in compulsory schools in Iceland or other multicultural societies. In the first projects the historical development in Iceland is described and compared with the development in the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway and Sweden) and it effectively creates the background for the other projects. The development of Christian and religious education in Iceland is shaped by the development of the society. In the two other research projects the conclusion is that religious education must take into account the increasing diversity and put the students and their diverse experiences in focus. The emphasis is placed on the idea that the approach to religious education needs to be multicultural, precisely because there are students in the schools with different cultural and religious backgrounds and experiences. It is necessary to take this into account, since factors such as family, home and school affect each other.

  • Osbeck, Christina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Buchardt, Mette
    Aalborg University.
    Editorial Nordidactica 2017:1: Epistemologies of Religious Education Research in the Nordic Welfare states2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, I-VII p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The theme of this special issue is the epistemological conditions and significant features for doing research in religious education in the Nordic region. Historical and institutional conditions make up an important part of the background for understanding. The articles in this issue which are introduced here try to grasp and explore the conditions for scholarly knowledge production concerning the teaching of religion in the states in question: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark.

  • Krupka, Bernd
    Northern Norway Training Centre for Practical Theology, Tromsø, Norway.
    Response: the diversity of RE as a research field and the social function of religion as a moral negotiation ground2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:1, 109-117 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Present changes in religion as a school subject and Religious Education as a research field are generally, and also by most of the authors in this volume, explained by changes in the subject matter of religion, due to increasing religious pluralism. In a functional perspective, the school subject of religion contributes to the legitimizing function of school education for society and its institutions. With religion being a central moral negotiation ground in society, moral debate in society (and not only religious subject matter), and its constitutional role for Religious Education as a research field can explain further diversity of approaches to research in Religious Education. This also raises questions about the field's vulnerability to public instrumentalization and about moral negotiation and its place in religious education didactics.

  • Karlsson, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Föräldraidentiteter i livsberättelser2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with relations between parents and child institutions such as childcare, school and child health centers in terms of an institutionalization of childhood and expressions of parental identities in life stories. The empirical study consists of thematic life story interviews with parents focusing on their experiences of meeting and relating to these child institutions. A perspective on life stories as socially situated action and identity performance is adopted that views the life stories as co-constructed in between the interviewee and the interviewer.

    The aim of the dissertation is to contribute to an understanding of relations between parents and child institutions in Sweden that takes as its point of departure the expressions of parental identities. Methodologically, the dissertation also aims to further develop a way of working with life stories that makes the interviewer visible as co-constructor of life stories and expressions of identity.

    The analyses is focused on expressions of parental identities through the storytelling and in the stories told. Parental identities took shape and form as performances and constructions of, for example, social subordination in relation to preschool staff and other parents, helpful intervention in school helping an inexperienced teacher, worries about children being different from other children and not fitting in at preschool and of gratefulness for help and support from childcare staff when being short of time and money. The identity expressions were then analyzed in relation to recurrent discourses in research on relations between parents and childinstitutions. The results show that dominant discourses of relations between parents and child institutions tend to construct parents as a homogenous group, thereby concealing how gender, social class, ethnicity and age, and the subsequent different constructions of children and childhood, structure and influence the relations between parents and child institutions and thereby also the institutionalization of childhood.

  • Samuelsson, Therese
    Karlstad University.
    Expertskatten: skattelättnad för utländska arbetstagare2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Adam, Andersson
    Lärarnas syn på friluftsliv i Idrott och Hälsa: En kvantitativ studie om Idrott och Hälsa lärares syn på undervisningen i friluftsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education is becoming an increasingly larger subject in Swedish schools.  It makes up about a third of the curriculum in Physical education. In this quantitative study, the result shows that physical education teachers believe they have enough material resources to teach in outdoor education. However, this not applies to the students and the material they bring from home. The teachers feel that they have enough knowledge about outdoor education to teach in the subject and most considers that they have an area close to the school there they have opportunity to teach outdoor education. When it comes to how the school and colleagues are working with or against the physical education teachers, the teachers responded that a small majority of the schools work together with success regarding the curriculums in outdoor education. When it comes to how involved their colleagues are in planning and implementing outdoor activates the majority answered that they receive help from their colleagues.