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  • Borg, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, University Library.
    Dyrman, Ann
    Karlstad University, University Library.
    Åkerlund, Dan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Guide till Zotero2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Public defence: 2017-10-31 10:15 1B 309, Sjöströmsalen, Karlstad
    Larsson, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Measurement of Self-Heating of Biomass Pellets using Isothermal Calorimetry2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-heating in storage facilities of biomass pellet can lead to spontaneous combustion. This has resulted in many fires over the years, causing both financial and environmental losses.

    In order to assess the risk for spontaneous combustion of biomass pellets during storage, it is important to know how prone the fuel is to self-heating, i.e. to determine its reactivity. This thesis presents experimental work performed to develop a sensitive screening test procedure for biomass pellets, using isothermal calorimetry for direct measurement of the heat production rate. This method can be used to compare the reactivity of different biomass pellets. This could be useful for e.g. facility owners to gain better knowledge of their fuels propensity for self-heating and thereby facilitate safer storage.

    The screening test procedure can also be used for research purposes. Experiments have been performed with 31 different biomass pellet batches to investigate how the pellet composition, origin, etc. influence the reactivity of the pellets. The results from these experiments clearly show a significant difference in reactivity between different types of pellets. The results indicate that pine/spruce mix pellets are significantly more reactive than all other types of pellets tested, and that pellets consisting of 100 % pine are more reactive than pellets consisting of 100 % spruce. Pellets produced from winery wastes, straw, or eucalyptus, have low reactivity compared to pellets consisting of pine and/or spruce. The reactivity of the pellets was shown to be reduced by either introducing certain types of anti-oxidants into the pellets or by extracting lipids from the raw material of pellets.

    The screening test procedure is already being used today by some facility owners for assessing their fuels propensity for self-heating. The procedure is also one of the suggested test methods in “ISO/CD 20049 Solid biofuels — Determination of self-heating of pelletized biofuels”.

  • Public defence: 2017-11-02 13:15 11D227, Karlstad
    Rahnert, Katharina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    The evolution of the Swedish auditor's report2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The auditor’s report has been criticised for being uninformative at least since the late nineteenth century. Despite persistent requests for detailed information in order to facilitate users’ decision-making processes, auditors have only recently started to provide entity-specific information in their reports.

    Against this background, two research questions are raised: (1) What were the driving forces behind the evolution of the auditor’s report? (2) How can dissatisfaction with and misperceptions of audit reporting be reduced in order to support financial statement users’ decision-making processes? As the object of study, the Swedish auditor’s report is chosen since it has, up to the present day, deviated from reports in other jurisdictions and thus enables an extension of knowledge in the field of audit reporting.

    The first part of this dissertation contributes to previous auditing history and auditing profession research by answering the first research question through an analysis of approximately 1,800 historical Swedish auditor’s reports and numerous related documents. Applying a critical-theory perspective, the research findings suggest that during the course of history, auditors were able to adopt an auditor’s rather than a user’s perspective despite arguing in the interest of users.

    The second part of the dissertation contributes to previous audit reporting and expectation gap research by answering the second research question through a vignette experiment with Swedish financial statement users. The research findings indicate that dissatisfaction with the current auditor’s report can be reduced through additional entity-specific information concerning the auditor’s independence, the audit process and the audit findings, and less general information about the auditor’s responsibilities.

    Overall, this dissertation connects past events concerning the auditor’s report to current challenges and indicates possible future developments.

  • van Bommel, Jorryt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Liljekvist, Yvonne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    The notion of heigth: touched upon by variation theory andvan Hiele levels of thinking2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this pilot study two different worksheets were tested and pupils’ answers were analysed. The analysis focused on what information could be obtained on pupils’ notion regarding height. The two worksheets were constructed using two different theories. The worksheet based on Variation theory captured pupils understanding in relation to known misconceptions, whereas the van Hiele worksheet captured in what way pupils used formal notation.

  • Public defence: 2017-10-26 10:15 Agardhsalen, 11D 257, Karlstad
    Netz, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    First things first - think before you decide: The how, what and who of idea screening2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates decision-making activities leading to the initial selection of which new ideas should be selected for further development or rejected. This process, often referred to as idea screening, is described as being one of the most important, but also challenging, tasks to master during the entire innovation process. There are two main reasons for this: Firstly, not all ideas are good and secondly no firm has the resources to develop every single idea proposed to it. Thus, it is important to be careful when initially deciding which ideas are to be selected and developed into future possible innovations in order to eliminate weak ideas and retain those that have a substantial chance of becoming successful. 

    Two alternative decision-making approaches are explored in the thesis (the intuitive and rational approaches). In the thesis, the concept of intuition during the screening of product and service ideas is demystified. The empirical findings show that decision-makers utilize five main underlying criteria when intuitively assessing ideas. Of these, the findings indicate user-value to be the most important one, or at least the criterion that most assessors emphasize when making intuitive decisions. The findings presented in the thesis increase our understanding of the use of rational and holistic intuitive decision-making when screening ideas during the Front End Innovation phase, as well as questioning the traditional view of intuition, as a decision-making tool that is only reliable if applied by those with a vast amount of experience and expertise. The reported findings indicate that, for example, users with an understanding of the idea context are able to intuitively identify the ideas that decision-making experts identify as the top (best) ones. Hence, managers faced with a situation where they are being inundated with new ideas can turn to non-experts for help.

  • Narbutaite Aflaki, Inga
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Schneider, Thomas
    Jönköping university.
    Utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer för att initiera, genomföra och anpassa ett idéburet-offentligt partnerskap: Ett kunskapsunerlag från följeforskning av IOP ensamkommande i Göteborg 2016-20172017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet ensamkommande barn som kom till Sverige för att söka asyl ökade kraftigt under en period mellan 2014 och 2016, och speciellt många kom under hösten 2015. Flyktingvågen ställde nya krav på kommunerna men öppnade samtidigt möjligheter för innovativa angreppssätt. För att ta ett helhetsgrepp om mottagandet av ensamkommande barn och ungdomar inleddes en relativt ny form av samverkan, ett idéburet–offentligt partnerskap (IOP), mellan Göteborgs kommun (Social resursförvaltning) och sju (senare nio) idéburna verksamheter. Ett IOP utgör ett nytt sätt att tänka kring samverkan mellan staten och det civila samhället och kan ses som ett alternativ till upphandlingskontrakt och sedvanliga föreningsbidrag, framförallt inom sociala och integrationsfrågor. Det finns ännu begränsad kunskap kring implementeringen av IOP och implikationerna för båda sektorerna. Syftet med denna rapport är att ta fram kunskap om samverkansmodellen idéburet–offentligt partnerskap till nytta för framtida liknande arrangemang. Genom att samla in kunskap om IOP-samarbete i form av framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar ges bättre förutsättningar för tillämpningen av IOP-avtal inom andra välfärdsområden och inom andra kommuner och offentliga verksamheter. Projektet har genomförts i form av följeforskning på IOP Ensamkommande i Göteborg. Sammanfattningsvis, baserat på innehållet i detta kunskapsunderlag om IOP lyfter vi fram fyra rekommendationer för att öka användningen av IOP som samarbetsform: (1) Det behövs en ökad vilja och ett mod bland politiker och ledande tjänstemän inom den offentliga sektorn att våga initiera IOP-avtal trots juridiska oklarheter. Initierandet av IOP-samarbeten behöver stödjas av policyentreprenörer inom bägge sek-torerna och ha som utgångspunkt att olika organisationers identitet ska bevaras, och att klimatet ska vara präglat av tillit, öppna dialoger och en gemensam värdegrund. (2) För att framgångsrikt kunna genomföra ett IOP är det nödvändigt med en partnergemensam styrning, ledning och en aktiv samordning som bygger på vilja, tillit, ömsesidigt inflytande och kommunikation över organisationsgränserna. Något annat som är viktigt för att lyckas med ett IOP är att de idéburna aktörerna hittar sina unika roller i partnerskapet och förmedlar komplementära tjänster/insatser och därmed mervärden. (3) För att partnerskapet ska bli hållbart över tid och kunna anpassas efter nya förutsättningar krävs en fortsatt gemensam vilja, tillit och utvecklade relationer så att man hela tiden kan balansera mellan konflikt och konsensus, och mellan kontinuitet och förändring. (4) Det behövs en djupare och bredare kunskap om IOP generellt inom båda sektorerna, och i synnerhet om när och hur man kan initiera och driva ett IOP. Detta kan erhållas genom olika former av kunskapsutveckling och kunskapsspridning som utgår från flera praktiska exempel på IOP-samverkan.

  • van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Ogling Lo: For an Erotics of Literary Description2011In: myops - Berichte aus der Welt des Rechts, ISSN 1865-2301, E-ISSN 1911-8422, Vol. V, 1-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Cinematic shots and cuts: on the ethics and semiotics of real violence in film fiction2011In: Journal of Aesthetics and Culture, ISSN 2000-4214, E-ISSN 2000-4214, Vol. 3, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I discuss a few ethical and semiotic problemsrelated to reality’s ability to actually take place within, andbreak through, fictional representations. I am particularlyconcerned with the presence of material bodies in theperforming arts. I consider Hideshi Hino’s Flower of Fleshand Blood (Ginıˆ piggu 2: Chiniku no hana, 1985) as aninitial example of purely fictional film violence. From abrief presentation of traditional theatre semiotics and theconcept of a fictive stance, I then discuss two specific filmswhere the body of the actor functions not only as thecarrier of symbolical meaning but also as an indexicalreference to a factual situation: John Waters’ Pink Flamingos(1972) and Ruggero Deodato’s Cannibal Holocaust(1980). My main interest lies in the occurrence of realviolence, and particularly animal killings, in exploitationcinema. By considering directors’ own statements on thematter, I suggest that such violence can not simply bedismissed as ethically flawed; rather, it carries a potentialcritique of the ideology of meat as pure commodity.

  • Schalley, Andrea C.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    Griffith University.
    Gagarina, Natalia
    Centre for General Linguistics Berlin (ZAS) & Humboldt University.
    HOLM 2016 – The International Conference on Social and Affective Factors in Home Language Maintenance and Development2017In: Journal of Home Language Research, ISSN 2537-7043, Vol. 2, 1-5 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A report on a conference initiated by the International Association for Applied Linguistics (AILA) Research Network (ReN) on Social and Affective Factors in Home Language Maintenance and Development. The HOLM 2016 conference, held in Berlin in February 2016, attracted close to 70 scholars and practitioners from over 20 countries interested in home language maintenance and development who met over a period of two days to exchange ideas and discuss projects.

  • Cunningham, Una
    et al.
    University of Canterbury.
    King, Jeanette
    University of Canterbury.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Seals, Corinne A.
    Victoria University of Wellington .
    Editorial2016In: Journal of Home Language Research, ISSN 2537 - 7043, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Olsson, Åsa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Children’s lived citizenship: A study on children’s everyday knowledge of injury risks and safety2017In: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s ‘lived citizenship’ is about how all children act as members of society, every day. This study aims at exploring such citizenship, drawing on focus group discussions about injury risks and safety, with children in Sweden. The results suggest that the way children relate to safety rules and laws is closely tied to identity. The concept of ‘action zone’ is suggested for exploring children’s lived citizenship. Furthermore, it is argued that children’s claims for physical and symbolic space can be understood as actions of lived citizenship.

  • Jackson, Robert
    University of Warwick.
    Presentation of a Council of Europe ProjectPolicy, Research and Practice for ‘Inclusive’ Religious Education – Swedish and Norwegian Translations of Signposts now available2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 111-115 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Högskolan i Väst.
    Samhällskunskapsundervisning med utgångspunkt i samhällsfrågor – vad betyder det?: Recension av Göran Moréns licentiatuppsats2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 106-110 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Osbeck, Christina
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Franck, Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Editorial Nordidactica 2017:3: SO-didaktisk forskning som förmår bidra på skilda nivåer2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, i-iii p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Lilliestam, Anna-Lena
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Att motverka fragmentering i historieundervisningen: Recension av Rickard Nordkvists licentiatuppsats2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 102-105 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Lödén, Hans
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Recension av Carina Holmqvist Lidhs licentiatuppsats Representera och bli representerad2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 97-101 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Hilli, Charlotta
    Åbo Akademi.
    Virtuella simuleringar som metod i ekonomisk kunskap2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 46-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students often perceive economic concepts as abstract. Virtual simulations may enhance students’ conceptual knowledge by allowing them to interact with various objects while learning content. The aim of this study was to understand the role of cultural resources in virtual simulations in social studies. Data were collected through interviews with thirteen Finnish upper-secondary school students 17–18 years old who took three distance-learning social studies courses using simulations in Second Life. The results imply that symbolic and human mediators were important for promoting discourses on social studies among the participants. The simulations of course content encouraged the participants to perform a range of activities (e.g. reflecting and analysing discourses in social studies). However, it is unclear how well the students understood theoretical or macro-discourses on the economy. Although this sample was small, and the study was experimental in nature, the results suggest that human mediators who actively question and challenge students are important in virtual simulations.

  • Mathé, Nora E. H.
    et al.
    Institutt for lærerutdanning og skoleforskning, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Elstad, Eyvind
    Institutt for lærerutdanning og skoleforskning, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Elevers vurdering av politikeres bruk av sosiale medier i et postfakta-samfunn og implikasjoner for samfunnsfaget2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 71-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the age of political confrontation the public is at times presented with statements in the media that are less than truthful. At the same time, social media create new arenas for political communication. These trends implicate that today’s students need to develop critical awareness, but also experience with factual argumentation about political issues to develop political understanding and their own viewpoints. The purpose of this article is to explore how Norwegian 16-17-year-old students perceive and evaluate some examples of politicians’ communication in social media, and to discuss the need for social studies to provide students with sufficient prerequisites for meeting an ever-changing future. We make use of theory on rational behaviour as well as theory on deliberative and radical democracy to shed light on the student data. The analysis shows that the students are critical of politicians’ use of social media. Further, they judge their own information evaluation abilities too positively. Implications for social studies are discussed: Students should practice political discussion and argumentation and the focus on critical analysis of political communication should be further strengthened.

  • Modig, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Lärarstudenters ekonomididaktiska kunskapsutveckling i samhällskunskap2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 23-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is on how civics/social studies student teachers develop in their ability of transforming theoretical knowledge into pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). It does so by exploring how the student teachers transform economic theory into teaching economics to pupils in primary, secondary, and upper secondary education. The study draws its findings and conclusions on qualitative in-depth interviews with four student teachers in civics/social studies. The main conclusions are that the student teachers develop PCK like a process depending on theoretical and practical studies, and that they develop both didactical skills and knowledge that influence their teaching. However the study also shows that the student teachers’ individual PCK are rather weakly developed after taking the courses. One further conclusion is that the topic of economics is perceived to be difficult to teach, however the ‘difficulty’, lies within the many concepts used and how these are interrelated with each other. As a result of these findings the article discusses the role of using threshold concepts in the context of teaching and learning economics.

  • Nyborg, Kai Arne
    Universitetet i Tromsö.
    Kvalitativ forskjellsbehandling i fremstillingen av buddhisme og kristendom i lærebøker for faget Religion og etikk2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2017:3, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative unequal treatment in the presentation of Buddhism and Christianity in textbooks for the subject Religion and ethics. This article examines how Religion Education

    1 textbooks in Norwegian upper secondary school administer and maintain the principle of qualitative equal treatment of religions by analyzing and comparing the presentation of Buddhism and Christianity. Using a discursive approach, this study shows that Buddhism is treated qualitatively different from Christianity in the textbooks for the subject Religion and ethics. The textbooks’ understanding of the national context, the status of the majority religion, and assumptions about religion and culture in general, influence the representation of Buddhism. As textbooks have authoritative status as knowledge base for learning about diverse religions (Andreassen, 2014), and function as an important tool for the evaluation and grading of students, this study can have important consequences for upper secondary school religion education in Norway.

  • Lynch, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Hunger: Passion of the Militant2014In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 13, no 2, 184-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the 2008 film Hunger made by the British director Steve McQueen, a film that dramatises events in the Maze Prison in the period leading up to the 1981 Irish Republican hunger strike and death of Bobby Sands. It considers the filmic and artistic practice of McQueen in conjunction with certain concepts from the work of Deleuze and Guattari to develop a productive thinking about how the film addresses this traumatic event. Hunger employs a series of aesthetic techniques that push at the limits of the viewer’s senses and suggest new ways of thinking about the subject. McQueen’s concern to go beyond the clichés of the media coverage of the Irish conflict provides a unique insight into the production of a militant subjectivity generated by the opposition to the prison regime of the Maze in Belfast. Ultimately, however, it is argued that McQueen collapses into a form of religious iconicity that reinforces the Irish Republican mythology of suffering and redemption. Hunger, as a work of cinematic creation, offers a powerful sense of how resistance can be made manifest on screen yet, simultaneously, can become captured by the transcendental unity of identity thinking operating through the image of the romanticised face.

  • Lynch, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    BELFAST IN THE FALL: POST-CONFLICT GEOGRAPHIES OF VIOLENCE AND GENDER2017In: Series, ISSN 2421-454X, Vol. III, no 01, 61-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the TV series The Fall in terms of the relationship to its location in the city of Belfast. Viewing the process of production and dramatization as intrinsically linked to aspects of the city from a post-conflict perspective, the paper examines how issues of onscreen violence and gender are worked out in this context of economic regeneration in operation since the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. The introduction of a fictional serial killer to the province after decades of violence and a fragile peace process can be seen as an attempt to normalize the region in the popular imagination. The paper firstly examines the various ways that the older geography and spatial markers of the city are incorporated into the series and characters. At times used by the director to add a sense of unresolved social tension and spectral presence of simmering violence, the city and its history provide a repressed background to the foregrounded conflict. This is examined further by framing the series as an example of third-wave Troubles drama where cultural production plays an important role in the stabilizing of this post-conflict society. Within the drama itself images of birth and the tenuous beginnings for future generations are configured around issues of gender, masculinity and unpredictable reactions to the opening up of Northern Irish society to forces of globalization. The paper reflects on how the series effectively intertwines issues of loss, grieving and fragile recovery in a place still not clear on how to deal with its recent history and the anxieties over the return of violence.

  • Lindblom, Anne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Exploring autism and music interventions through a FirstNations lens2017In: AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Scholarship, ISSN 1177-1801, E-ISSN 1174-1740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research project set out to examine the meaning of music for five First Nations children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder in British Columbia, Canada. A pan-tribal framework within an Indigenist research paradigm was used. Data were collected during visits in 2013 and 2014. Five First Nations children with different tribal affiliations and living locations, their families, and professionals were engaged in the project. Methods were conversations, observations, filmed observations, interventions, and notes. It was found that current autism discourses and practices are based on a deficit model within Western paradigms, and therefore not compatible with inclusive, First Nations worldviews and perceptions of autism representations. Music is used for purposes such as relaxation, communication, and whenstudying. Indigenous music is not used in targeted music interventions. This article presents unique material, emphasizing the lack of cultural sensitivity, and colonial residue in music interventions for First Nations children with autism.

  • Enefalk, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skillingtryck!: Historien om 1800-talets försvunna massmedium2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken undersöker historikern Hanna Enefalk vad ett skillingtryck egentligen var. Vad handlade ”visorna” om, och vilka var det som kom till tals i detta tryckmedium? Boken inleds med en grundläggande genomgång av skillingtryckens historia, deras position inom forskningen och deras bevarandestatus i arkiven. I bokens andra halva studeras särskilt skillingtrycken från 1800-talets mitt. Genom att analysera tryckens innehåll, proveniens och samhälleliga kontextvisar författaren vilka mekanismer som styrde skillingtrycksproducenternas val av texter. Boken presenterar på så sätt en ny historia om skillingtrycken: en historia om ett medium som förändrades från att ha tjänat den kyrkliga reformationen under 1500-talet till att gå hand i hand med den liberala tidningspressen vid 1800-talets mitt. Boken vänder sig till forskare, studenter och alla som ärintresserade av förelöparna till vår tids massmedia.

  • Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Umeå universitet.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet.
    Vad ska man ha ett land till?: Matchning av bosättning, arbete och produktion för tillväxt2013Report (Other academic)
  • Haugen, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Umeå universitet.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet.
    New forest owners: Change and continuity in the characteristics of Swedish non-industrial private forest owners (NIPF owners) 1990-20102016In: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 15, no 4, 533-550 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a total survey of the characteristics and changes over time (1990–2010) within the entire population of Swedish non-industrial private forest owners (NIPF owners). By charting the changed demographic, socio-economic and geographic profile of the NIPF owners, it also provides a baseline for a discussion and analysis of potential implications for forest management, policy and values. NIPF owners differ in important ways from the general population of Sweden. However, the gap has narrowed over time with regard to, e.g., educational level and sex composition. The ongoing urbanization process is evident in the growing share of non-residential NIPF owners who live at a distance from their forest property and who differ from their residential (rural) peers through, e.g., higher education, higher income and a higher prevalence of co-ownership of their forest holdings. Although these changes might translate into updated views on forest values among NIPF owners, there could be a delay before this impacts on forest management practices and output.

  • Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Ecology, Telepathy and Melancholia in John Ajvide Lindqvist’s Handling the Undead2017In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 104, no 2, 145-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature is omnipresent and ecological questions are often problematized in Gothic fiction produced in the Nordic region during the last two decades. By developing the concept of eco-Gothic in combination with theory related to the concept of the uncanny, this article will discuss how contemporary Gothic texts can be understood as dealing with different notions of nature, place and identity in a time of ecological crisis. The analysis will focus on John Ajvide Lindqvist´s Handling the Undead (2005), a novel that can be understood as dealing with the issue of solidarity with the nonhuman or unhuman other, the undead people who transgress the boundary between life and death, but also with matters of climate and environmental politics. The discussion will be concentrated mainly on three aspects of the novel of relevance to ecology and the uncanny: the depiction of character, place and climate; the motif of mind reading and mind-altering experiences, and the importance of melancholia and death.

  • Lindroos, Jeanette
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Petter, Kai
    Hanwha Q CELLS GmbH.
    Sporleder, Kai
    Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP.
    Turek, Marko
    Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP.
    Pacho, Paolo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Rinio, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Light beam induced current of light-induced degradation in high-performance multicrystalline Al-BSF cells.2017In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Silicon Photovoltaics, SiliconPV 2017, 3-5 April 2017, Freiburg, Germany / [ed] Ralf Preu, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 124, 99-106 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sponge-LID decreases the Al-BSF cell efficiency by up to 10 %rel. and is only partially recoverable at 200°C. This contributionshows that Sponge-LID occurs at and near most grain boundaries, but only in the centre of the affected cell.  Furthermore,Sponge-LID is not the only type of LID in the silicon bulk. High-resolution Light Beam Induced Current mapping reveals localinternal quantum efficiency losses of up to 8 %rel. at dislocation clusters and small angle grain boundaries, which recover(nearly) fully at 200°C. Nevertheless, this dislocation-related LID appears to reduce the Al-BSF efficiency by less than 1 %rel.

  • Brandheim, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    A systemic stigmatization of fat people2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to develop knowledge about and awareness of fatness stigmatization from a systemic perspective. The stigmatization of fat people was located as a social problem in a second-order reality in which human fatness is observed and responded to, in turn providing it with negative meaning. Four separate studies of processes involved in this systemic stigmatization were performed.

    In study I, the association between weight and psychological distress was investigated. When controlling for an age-gender variable, this association was almost erased, questioning the certainty by which a higher weight in general is approached as a medical issue. In study II, the focus was on stigma internalization where negative and positive responses combined were connected to fat individuals’ distress. We found that both responses seemed to have a larger impact on fat individuals, suggesting that the embodied stigma of being fat sensitizes them to responses in general. In study III, justifications of fatness stigmatization was explored by a content analysis of a reality TV weight-loss show. The analysis showed how explicit bullying of a fat partner could be justified by animating the thin Self as violated by the fat Other, thus downplaying the evils of the bullying act in favor of highlighting the ideological value of thinness.

    The implications of these studies were related and seated in a context comprising a historical aversion toward the fat body, a declared obesity epidemic, a new public health ideology, a documented failure to reverse this obesity epidemic, and a market of weight-loss stakeholders who thrive on keeping the negative meanings of being fat alive.

    The stigmatization of fat people was intelligible from a systemic perspective, where processes of structural ignorance, internalized self-discrimination, and applied prejudice reinforce each other to form a larger stigmatizing process. In paper IV, it was argued that viewing fatness stigmatization as oppression rather than misrecognition could hold transformative keys to social change.

  • Wästlund, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Shams, Poja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Otterbring, Tobias
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Unsold is unseen … or is it?: Examining the role of peripheral vision in the consumer choice process using eye-tracking methodology2018In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 120, 49-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In visual marketing, the truism that “unseen is unsold” means that products that are not noticed will not be sold. This truism rests on the idea that the consumer choice process is heavily influenced by visual search. However, given that the majority of available products are not seen by consumers, this article examines the role of peripheral vision in guiding attention during the consumer choice process. In two eye-tracking studies, one conducted in a lab facility and the other conducted in a supermarket, the authors investigate the role and limitations of peripheral vision. The results show that peripheral vision is used to direct visual attention when discriminating between target and non-target objects in an eye-tracking laboratory. Target and non-target similarity, as well as visual saliency of non-targets, constitute the boundary conditions for this effect, which generalizes from instruction-based laboratory tasks to preference-based choice tasks in a real supermarket setting. Thus, peripheral vision helps customers to devote a larger share of attention to relevant products during the consumer choice process. Taken together, the results show how the creation of consideration set (sets of possible choice options) relies on both goal-directed attention and peripheral vision. These results could explain how visually similar packaging positively influences market leaders, while making novel brands almost invisible on supermarket shelves. The findings show that even though unsold products might be unseen, in the sense that they have not been directly observed, they might still have been evaluated and excluded by means of peripheral vision. This article is based on controlled lab experiments as well as a field study conducted in a complex retail environment. Thus, the findings are valid both under controlled and ecologically valid conditions.

  • Öhman, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Återkoppling i interaktion: En studie av klassrumsbaserad bedömning i frisörutbildningen2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present dissertation concerns social organization of feedback in ongoing hairdressing education. The central aim is to explore feedback between teacher and student in multimodal interaction within classroom assessment, as co-production of action and student’s participation. Classroom assessment and feedback are understood as social actions situated in interaction.

    The empirical data consists of video recordings from two vocational schools. From 31 hours of video material, selections of feedback interactions were made. At first, teacher and student communication in feedback cycles and loops was analysed from a social semiotic perspective. Secondly, examples of student initiated feedback loops were analysed from a conversation analytic perspective. Thirdly, a single case of a teacher and a student interacting through feedback related to creative subject content was analysed from a conversation analytic perspective. 

    The analyses show the importance of collaborative use of artefacts and embodied communication in the production of mutual understanding; opening for student initiatives in actions of assessment as well as feedback. Silence and body position were found to be important resources giving the student space to display concern. Participation in feedback practices within creative subject content emerged in a trajectory of problem detection to problem solving, resulting in tacit dimensions of hairdressers’ knowing made explicit.

    The findings indicate the importance of taking a participatory perspective on multimodal interaction when exploring actions of assessment and feedback between teacher and student. This study shows how feedback is not only given from the teacher, but also locally produced as a collaborative practice between teachers and students, displaying tacit dimensions of professional knowledge and subject content.